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hand. On the left is a trunk of a tree, which for Ilchester in 1700, and for the county of Somerrises against the arch. The design bears the set 1701-5. He was a man of literary pursuits, stamps of the Hudson, Richardson, and Sir formed a considerable library, corresponded with Joshua Reynolds collections, and is certainly very men of letters, was elected a Fellow of the Royal interesting, as it appears to be the first rough Society in 1700, but withdrew from the society in sketch for Vandyck's famous picture.

1707. I am not aware that he published anything

RALPH N. JAMES. with his name. For family history see Burke's Ashford, Kent.

Extinct Baronetage, and for some letters which are "THE RANK IS BUT THE GUINEA'S STAMP ” (5th characteristic, see Nichols's Illustrations of LiteraS. xii. 426).—The parallel from Wycherly is noticed


ture, iv. 77-9. in Bartlett's Familiar Quotations.

Sir P. Sydenham died Oct. 10, 1739 (Gent. ED. MARSHALL. Mag., 1739, ix, 554).

L. L. H. VISITATION Books, &c. (5th S. xii. 347, 475). — A PRINT BY DAVID LOGGAN (5th S. xii. 509).— With thanks to MR. PETIT for his reply, I observe This print is rather rare, but surely a search that Noble says that the Visitation of Northumber- amongst the dealers of engraved portraits in land in 1615 has forty-two pedigrees. This is London would discover one. For an account of probably Vincent MS. 149, marked by Sim, p. 170, the family of Sanders of Derbyshire, &c., reference as original. But Harl. MS., 1448, printed in the may be made to Burke (Sir B.), Landed Gentry, Genealogist, vols. i. and ii., contains more than fifty fourth edition, under “Sandars of Chesterford." pedigrees, as shown by the index. Is Mr. Sim's The writer has an original portrait of Thomas manual wrong? Is it possible that MS. D. 8, Sanders, which was exhibited at the National PorColl. of Arms, noticed in the Genealogist, vol. iii

. trait Gallery.

S. SANDARS. p. 195, may be the Visitation of Lincolnshire

Oxford and Cambridge Club, S.W. 1562, or a copy of it? Noble (College of Arms, p. xix) prints the circular of the Earl Marshal and

“PERRY AS APPLIED to WOODY SPOTS (5th a summons to the Visitation of Gloucester in 1682. S. xii. 428).—I have observed and published that Was it not held ? He says (p. 353) that the Earl Perry or Pury occurs in or near to Roman roads, of Egmont possessed many of the heraldic books of and denotes some abandoned Roman establishment. Henry St. George, including heralds' visitations. It is quite possible it may be a form of byrag. Among them might be Northumberland, 1615,

HYDE CLARKE. and Gloucester, 1682. Where are they now?

A ROMAN BANQUET (5th S. xü. 506).—Had the NOTA BENE.

Romans bills of fare, or what means did they take Noble, in his History of the College of Arms, to explain to their guests the good fare which was says that the Visitation of Lincoln for 1562 is in to grace the feast ? Had they tablets for the purKing's College, Oxford, and that there were Visita- pose, and, if so, how did they arrange them, where tions for Gloucester in 1632 and 1683. I presume did they put them, and what were they called ? these are in the College. EDWARD FRY WADE.

C. B. Axbridge, Somerset.

BULL-BAITING IN ENGLAND (5th S. xii. 328, 455, “Posy”=A SINGLE FLOWER (5th S. xii. 188, 518).—Within the first quarter of the present 289, 329, 350, 378, 470, 515).— I thought the con- century, there used to be a yearly bull-baiting in troversy respecting this term was closed, so I the market-place at Wokingham, Berks. hesitated to send a contribution, but as I see that

X. P. D. it is not I forward my mite. At the disbanding A MEDIÆVAL BELL : A CURIOUS INNOVATION of the Republican army, shortly after the Restora- (5th S. xii. 388,434, 498).-In reply to MR. NORTH tion, Charles II. presented a week's pay to each let me say that the Rev. J. W. Moore, Rector of soldier. In acknowledgment of this gratuity the Hordley, is quite sure that the letters, though men of one of the regiments “ unanimously re- worn, are correctly copied from the Old English solved with the week's pay to buy each man a ring, characters on the bell, and adds :whose Posie should be . The King's Gift'” (Merc.

“We thought at first that the letters we deciphered Pub., No. 58, Nov. 22 to 29, 1660). S. D. S.

trinitas ' might be the name of some saint, but careful

inspection decides that they are trinitas' and nothing SIR PHILIP SYDENHAM, BART. (5th S. xii. 429). else. If there were any doubt as to the ora pro,' which -Sir Philip, the third and last baronet, was born there is not, the letters could not be 'miserere,' for what1676, and died unmarried Oct. 16, 1739. He was

ever they are they are only six," educated at Catherine Hall, Cambridge, and took

A. R. his degree as M.A. 1696. In that year, his father The anomalous bell inscription, “Sancta Trinitas and elder brother being both dead, he succeeded ora pro nobis,” is to be found on one of the oldest to the family title and estates. He became M.P. undated of the three bells in the parish church of

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Stoke Charity, Hants. The church is in good pre- in 1652. Barlow the etcher (who was a Lincolnservation, and is, with good reason, generally con- shire man), in his beautiful edition of Esop's sidered to be of the twelfth century. Could it Fables, 1687, generally represents countrymen have been the same founder who supplied both wearing very much the same covering for the legs churches ?

C. B. that they wear here to-day-easy-fitting breeches,

with “yanks" or "splats” (=gaiters). R. R. MANORS IN ENGLAND AND IRELAND (5th S. xii.

Boston, Lincolnshire. 428).-Does ECLECTIC not know the fundamental work of J. P. Neale, Views of the Seats of Noble

BAPTISMAL FONTS (5th S. xii. 443).-In the hope men and Gentlemen in England, Wales, Scotland, that some one will carry out the suggestions and Ireland, in six descriptive and illustrated made, I should like to make a note of the quarto volumes, published in London between following, which, if its present resting place can be 1818 and 1823 ? He can inspect a copy of it in found, would probably be of great help :the Finch Library, preserved at the Taylor Insti

“7192. A curious and very interesting manuscript tution, Oxford.


work on 'Ancient and Remarkable Baptismal Fonts in

this Country,' prepared for the press by Jos. Taylor, WHEN WERE TROUSERS FIRST WORN IN Eng. author of many antiquarian works, illustrated with

numerous drawings and engravings of the most curious LAND? (5th S. xii. 365, 405, 434, 446, 514.) fonts in this country. 4to. half calf neat, 48s.”—J. C. Some sixty years ago a "woman Friend," preaching Hotten's Handbook of Topography and Family History. in a country Quaker meeting, admonished her

H. G. C. hearers against vanity in raiment, and said it was

AUTHORS OF Books WANTED (5th S. xii. 389).“ distressing to see so many of the younger pem- Twenty Years in Retirement is by Captain Blakiston. bers running down into longs ; but, thank the

(5th S. xii. 449.) Lord, there was still a precious remnant left in

The Two Rectors is by G. Wilkins. shorts." When I was a boy, the spelling of the

(5th S. xii. 489.) word was trowsers. Is there any relationship Old Bailey Experiences is by the late Mr. Wontner, betweeu this and the Scottish trews ?

the grandfather of the present well-known solicitor, Í X. P. D.


A Dictionary of Writers on the Prophecies is by the What kind of trousers were those which figure Rev. J. W. Brooks. See Lowndes's British Librarian, in Somerville's tale of “The Officious Messenger," p. 963, art. 47 (%).

OLPHAR HAMST, a poem which, unsavoury as is its subject, was

Authors or QUOTATIONS WANTED (5th S. xii. deemed worthy of a place in Elegant Extracts ? 469).As Somerville died in 1742, the verses must have

“ There lies a little lonely isle," &c. been written in the earlier part of last century ; See Verses for Holy Seasons, by C. F. H. (Mrs. Alex. and yet, when Squire Lobb sets out on his way to ander), London, F. & J. Rivington, 1846, Hymn for St. make a complimentary call,

John the Evangelist's Day.

S, G. S. S. " In his best trowsers he appears, (A comely person for his years).”

Miscellaneous. These can scarcely be the sort of trousers MR.

NOTES ON BOOKS, &0. Peacock refers to, especially as the Squire seems Life of the Right Rev. Samuel Wilberforce, D.D., Lord only to have had wbite “drawers” beneath them Bishop of Oxford, and afterwards of Winchester, “ breeches."

Clk. Edited by the late Canon Ashwell. Vol. I. (Murray.)

Of the two Bishops of the Church of England who in I offer the following to MR. PEACOCK, which I recent times have left the strongest personal impression imagine to be an earlier instance of the word, upon the memory—" Henry Exeter" and "S. Oxon ". though I may be, and probably am, wrong

the widest and strongest impression is that left by Samuel

Wilberforce. For of the two he was by far the more dis“ To see this fight all people then

tinctively many-sided, and his varied relations with Got up on trees and houses;

princes, statesmen, men of science and of letters, helped On churches some, and chimneys too,

the more to make him such. To a certain extent, indeed, But these put on their trowses,

this very characteristic, which so greatly increased his in. Not to spoil their hoso

fluence, tended, at the same time, to lessen it. Perhaps “ Dragon of Wantley,” in Percy's Reliques, the actual measure of that influence has not yet been iii. 302, ed. 1767.

fully realized. To the nation generally, in which his C. F. S. WARREN, M.A. name had practically become a sort of household word,

the sense of what had been lost in him came home most My copy of Benlowe's Theophila contains a powerfully, though, at the same time, somewhat vaguely, plate facing p. 218, not always found in the book, with the tragically sudden tidings of his death. Now, which Lowndes describes as “ The author the means of the story of his life, which the lamented country conversing with a Shepherd.” The author and almost equally sudden death of its editor leaves for is represented correctly dressed as a gentleman of a time incomplete, it will be possible to form a more

matured judgment on the work done by Bishop Wilberthe period, and the shepherd wears a tunic, trou, force. Canon Ashwell's book is, even in its present sers, stockings, and shves. The book was published state, a valuable addition to the history of the English


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Cburch during some of the most stirring years of a English Men of Letters. Edited by John Morley,period of constant stir alike in Church and State. It Milton. By Mark Pattison. (Macmillan & Co.) carries us back, indeed, to some half-forgotten times of MR. PATTISON has earned the gratitude of Milton's conflict. We find ourselves amid the crowd of angry admirers by gliding lightly over the history of the faces in the Convocation of the University of Oxford years during which the poet was tied down to the combent upon the degradation of Mr. W. G. Ward, which position of official letters. With the exception of Milton's another pen, that of Canon Oakeley, has so graphically attacks on Salmasius and Morus not one of his pamphlets described from a different point of view.-We are in Bow excited any attention from the external world or rufied Church, protesting against the election of Dr. Hampden the quiet of English life. Save in the solitary instance to the see of Hereford.— We are in a carriage hastily of the indignant remonstances against the massacre of tacked on to a luggage train, jolting on through the the Vaudois, his pen was never required for any of the weary length of Saturday night to reach Osborne in important despatches addressed to foreign courts. The time to preach the sermon wbich is being written under charm of Milton's life lies in the bappy years spent in such unique circumstances of discomfort. It is likely composing the musical yet melancholy poetry of L'Allegro enough that many of the readers of this most interesting and 'Il Penseroso amid the meadows of Horton, and in biography will not agree with some of the various ex. the enforced seclusion of Bunhill Fields, which was only pressions of theological and political sentiment scattered broken by a casual visitor, like the "ancient clergyman through its pages. But no one can open the book with- of Dorsetsbire.” Even in the prosperity of the Commons out being grateful, both to the Wilberforce family and wealth he“ dwelt apart," and consorted not with any of to Canon Ashwell, for the picture bere presented of one the eminent writers of his time but Marvell. For this who devoted bimself heart and soul to every phase of isolation in early life Mr. Pattison has found some his life-work, and who deserves beyond any of his con- excuse by stigmatizing the illustrious band of scholars temporaries the name of the representative bishop of at Oxford in tho days of Dr. Prideaux as "the vulgarthe Church of England."

minded and illiterate ecclesiastics who peopled the col

leges of that day." Mr. Pattison has had the advantage Memorials of the Civil War between King Charles I. and of finding in the bulky volumes of Mr. Masson all the

the Parliament of England, as it affected Herefordshire material ready to his band for a sketch of Milton's life, and the adjacent Counties. By the late Rev. John but the pages of this little volume contain many inWebb. Edited and completed by Rev. T. W. Webb. dications of an independent study of the history of the 2 vols. (Longmans & Co.)

age, and their value is heightened by many a bumorous MR. WEBB devoted the leisure of a long life to historical touch and many a bright thought. We may be pardoned research. He did much in an entirely unobtrusive mun. for expressing some regret that the language of a book dener, and it is but bare justice to say that his work was signed for popular perusal should have been disfigured by thorough. It is much to be regretted that he was not many words—e.9.,“ pudicity," "pervasive,"" asyntactic,” spared to complete the book before us. The plan is most “digladiations"--which ordinary readers would find some excellent, and the parts which were finished are worked difficulty in understanding. In the second issue these well up to the design, but the book was left but a fragment. blemishes might easily be removed, and a few errors in No one, however intimate, can use another's notes as the date, such as those on pages 168, 169, and 214, might compiler himself would have used them. Mr. Webb was profitably be corrected. Mr. Pattison persists in using the a stout royalist, and we must be prepared to see the old word "cotemporary.

" It meets us in almost every page, world of the seventeenth century through Cavalier and wherever it arises it repels. Has the rector of spectacles, fully to enjoy the volumes. If we can but do Lincoln never read the keen criticism of the “slasbing this there is a great treat in store. The first pages, in Bentley” on that corruption of the proper spelling ? which the secluded state of Herefordsbire in days gone by is described, are really charming: The slow travelling, Henrici Archidiaconi Huntendunensis Historia Arthe foul ways and deep ruts, come before us as if we bad glorum. Edited from the MS. by Thomas Arnold, seen them. The book is full of biographical detail, for

M.A., for the Master of the Rolls. much of which (would that we could say aill) exact refer. No complete edition of Henry of Huntingdon's Historia ences are given, and the lives are not given dictionary Anglorum has been printed in England since 1596, when wise, as if written for the purpose of being forgotten as it was included by Sir Henry Savile in the folio volume soon as possible, but with point and colour that make entitled Rerum Anglicanarum Scriptores post Bedam them cling to the memory like a verse of a ballad. How præcipui. Having waited so long, we would gladly have many of us know anything about Lady Brillana Harley, waited a little longer ; for although Mr. Arnold has imexcept, perhaps, the fact that she took her name from proved the text by a careful collation of several MSS., his the Dutch town of Brille, of which her father was want of familiar knowledge of the details of Anglo-Norman governor when she was born. Mr. Webb tells us that history is constantly forced upon the reader. For exher name should never be forgotten among us, “not ample, he has printed in his text at p. 261 that Paganel only so long as there is a Harley, but wbile there is a fortified against King Stephen in 1138 the castle of wife or mother among us to record her praise.” This “Ludelaue," when any one familiar with the baronial ią strong language, but not too strong, as the sequel history of the period would know that the true reading shows. The accounts of the various sieges are well done was Dudelaue, because Paganel's castle was not Ludlow, and contain new matter. That of the siege on Raglan but Dudley. Again, he says that Eustace Fitz-John Castle is especially worthy of notice. We wish the editor held the castle of “Merton," when the true reading was had revised the account of the surrender of Colchester. obviously Malton in Yorkshire, where Eustace founded It is not just to speak of “the bard, pitiless Ireton," a priory in 1150 (Monasticon, vi. 970). He tells us, too, We suspect that the words are not Mr. Webb's, but have in the index at p. 351, that “ Roger Earl of Norfolk recrept into the text from some of his notes, without marks belled against William JI.," when it is notorious that of quotation being given. Opinions will always differ as Roger Bigot, who rebelled in 1088 and died in 1107, had to the expediency of putting Lucas and Lisle to death no pretension to be Earl of Norfolk, and that the earlafter the surrender, but it bas now been established be- dom was granted to his son Hugh by King Stepben. In yond cavil that the act was strictly in accordance with like manner he fails to observe that “Rogerus Consul the laws of war.

de Moretuil,” who fortified Pevensey in 1083, was an as belonging both to the Dukes of Athole and Lords corrected and the etymology generally to be revised. Mistakes, however, will occur, and in no kind of work,

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" aseth,"

obvious misreading in the text at p. 214 for “ Robertus ON December 27, at his residence in St. James's Consul de Mortain," the Domesday baron of Pevensey, Terrace, Regent's Park, died William Hepworth Dixon, and the well-known half-brother of William the Con. F.S.A., historian and critic. His first literary efforts queror. Mr. Arnold is not more successful in his glos-were poems in a periodical called Bradshav's Magazine, sary,

where we are told that a Hide was “about thirty but he also contributed to Douglas Jerrold's Illuminated acres of land”! Thore are other blunders of the same Maguzine and Shilling Magazine. In 1845 he published kind, but we have pointed out enough to justify the a five-act tragedy entitled The Azamoglan, and in 1846 criticism which we have felt bound to apply.

he entered as a student at the Inner Temple, where in

due time he was called to the Bar, but never followed up The Encyclopædic Dictionary. A New and Original

Work the profession. From 1853 to 1869 Mr. Dixon was editor of Reference, &c. By Robert Hunter, M.A., F.G.S. of the Athenæum. A paper of his, entitled A Morning (Cassell & Co.)

at Eden Lodge, induced Lord Auckland to publish his The object of this publication is stated to be to supply father's journal, and a similar paper, on the Treasures of “a work which should present the ordinary features of a Kimbolion, caused the preparation of the Duke of Mandictionary of the English language, and, at the same chester's Court and Society, to which Mr. Dixon contime, treat certain subjects with something of the tributed the “Memoir of Queen Catherine." In 1864 exhaustiveness adopted in an encyclopædia.” Such a plan, Mr. Dixon made an Eastern tour, which resulted in the properly carried out, would undoubtedly meet a general publication of The Holy Land, in two volumes. On his want, and fill an acknowledged gap. Unfortunately, in return from Syria he assisted in founding the Palestine the present instance, it can hardly be said that the Exploration Fund, and, in conjunction with Dean work is in every way satisfactorily done. The book Stanley and others, conducted excavations in Jerusalem is, no doubt, so far as it has gone, the most com- and elsewbere. Among Mr. Dixon's works, William prehensive English dictionary that has yet appeared, Penn, Robert Blake, Free Russia, Her Majesty's Tower, but this fulness is obtained at the cost of a great The Switzers, &c., are familiar to all. waste of space, inasmuch as all, even the slightest,

THE QUEEN has been graciously pleased to accept a variations of spelling are separately inserted. Thus

presentation copy of Icon Basilikè, a new edition of we find "aberne," "aburne, "alburn," "auburn," which, with a preface by Miss Catherine Mary Philliand “awburn";

asseth," "assith," and

more, has just been issued. “ assyth "; "according," and "accordyng,” and many

MESSRS. ROUTLEDGE & Sons write :-“We issued others. The editor does not appear to have followed any definite rule as to compounded words, but to have

a shilling edition of the Four Sons of Aymon in 1852. admitted all which he has found joined by a hyphen. It has long been out of print.” To such an extent has this been done that after and “all," with their compounds, extend over seven and thirteen columns respectively. Amongst the etymologies

Notices to Correspondents. we meet with many long since exploded, as well as some We must call special attention to the following notice: fresh ones of the same class. • Adder," we are again On all communications should be written the name and told, is from A.-S. atlor, poison; whilst the true form, address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but nædre, is only incidentally mentioned. « Afford is

as a guarantee of good faith. derived from "Lat, ad=to, and Eng. or A.-S. forth," an absurdity, well exposed by Prof. Skeat in his Etymon shall have agreed upon an explanation of such a motto

M. D. C. (Devonshire Club).-When English heralds logical Dictionary, à book which the editor of thie present work would do well to consult. In the quotation heralds may find one for “ Furth Fortune, and fill the

as “Stryke Dakyns, the Devil's in the hempe," Scottish given under“ Aforthe” that word is a verb, not an adverb,

fetters." Mr. Seton (Laro and Practice of Scotlish "Agraze" is said to be from A.-S. agrazian, a verb as yet unknown to Anglo-Saxon scholars. Under “ Arbour"

Heraldry, 1863, p. 250) attempts no explanation, but there is no reference to the true history of the word as

simply quotes the opinion expressed by the author of first shown by Dr. Murray in his edition of Thomas of Atholl motto “ defies all the heralds of Europe to explain

a Journey through Scotland (1732) to the effect that the Erceldoun. “ Abide" we are told was primarily intran. sitive, and meant to dwell or live in a place, whereas it it! Mr. Elvin, however, in his Handbook of Mottoes really was transitive, and meant to await. Abthane" | (1860), p. 73, had already ventured upon that trackless is explained as the "High Steward of Scotland," whereas the reign of one of the early Scottish kings (notice this

sea, and this is the explanation which he gives : " During the true meaning is an abbacy, as was clearly shown by delightful vagueness) a robber was in the habit of plunDr. Skene, Historians of Scotland, iv. Fordun, pt. ii. dering the country. One of the Murrays, ancestor of p. 413, ablhanus being an invention of Fordun, due to the Duke of Athol (sic) undertook to put a stop to the his misunderstanding the word. Halliwell's mistake as to the meaning of abofe, in the phrase, “ to bring to one's annoyance, and as he was setting out the king is reported above” (a phrase not so very infrequent in Gower and you), and (may you) fill the fetters (with your captivo).".

to have said to him, '(Go) forth, (good) fortune (attend Caxton), is reproduced, although it has been fully Ir.'Elvin rather misleads his readers by giving the motto explained by Prof. Child, in Ellis, Early Eng. Pronunc., i. 375. The whole article " Anend” will require to be Glenlyon, the fact being that the sixth duke, himself


Viscount Glenlyon in the peerage of Scotland, had sucperhaps, are they more liable to occur than in diction: ceeded as second Lord Glenlyon, U.K., in 1837. aries and books of that class. While, therefore, we should like to see fewer misprints, which tend greatly to Editorial Communications should be addressed to “The depreciate the value of an otherwise valuable book, we Editor of «Notes and Queries '"- Advertisements and cannot doubt that as a work of reference the volume Business Letters to “The Publisher"-at the Office, 20, will, from its fulness, more especially in scientific terms, Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. be found exceedingly useful. It is well and clearly We beg leavo to state that we declino to return comprinted on good paper, and very neatly got up.

munications which, for any reason, wo do not print; and to this rule we can make no exception,


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LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 10, 1880. what a moral philosopher must have looked like.

A primâ facie objection, however, to the ascripCONTENTS.- N° 2.

tion has existed from the first, and, as it was sugNOTES :-The so-called Head of Seneca, 29– The Mystery of gested by the famous Winckelman, ought to have St. Pantaleon, 30-The Pitcairn Islanders, 31-Shakspeariana prevailed. The workmanship of the bust is not of

English Banquet in 1768, 32-i The New English mbretionary the age of Seneca, but of some epoch more or less of -Princess Olive of Rejected MSS., 33-How Jokes are Concocted-Obituary anterior. In Nero's time, as Pliny asserts, art in Verses-“The Rooky_Wood" - Bedfordshire-Parallelism - Transformation of Words-Hare Brains given to a New-bronze had fallen off, but this bust shows a perborn Child –" Anders,* &c --Curious

Epitaph, 34-The Red- fect and unabated excellence in that craft. There breast in Scilly-Vanderstop's “Gentle Shepherd," 35.

is more also than this objective difficulty. There QUERIES:-A Pair of Puzzles-Williams Baronetcy-An Equestrlan Player on the Pianoforto-Dickens's Bartholomew is a subjective discrepancy also. Such a head as I Fair Collection Lieutenant”-Aodrecs Woelf, 36–"The have described cannot embody an intellect so high, Flogging Welch Bishop"-Copper Coins of 1864–J. Wymon George Virtue—“ The city of Dreadful Night"_ May so subtle, and so generously comprehensive as that Culzean" _The Vowel "a"-old Colonial Story --Altham, 38 of the brother of Gallio. -Derry-Molière — Brooke, Lord Cobham — “Scup"—A

Either of these objections should dispose of the Druidical Revival-"Twitten"-" Burned in the Hand". "The forty-nine officers '-Zulu Pillows—“Suverlings" common ascription, and leave the field open to a King Alfred-Poem Wanted - Edward Strudwick, 37–Nao- newer and a better one. This better attribution georgus's “ Sprituall Husbandrie," &c.-Saunders and Dun

combe-Eden-The “Tachiferografo" - Authors Wanted, 38. is now supplied by Signor Comparetti, the disREPLIES A Biographical Society, 38—Sir John Cheke, 39– tinguished professor at Florence, whose admirYakoob Khan-A Topographical Society, 40-01d Hundredth able work on Virgil in the Middle Ages has made

"Brandlet"-Celtic Races, 41-Superstitions–Employment of Women-" Week-end," 42" Don Quixote" - Martyrs at him known to all the learned of Europe. In Newbury Christmas in Yorkshire - Female Churchwardens, his work just published at Naples, entitled 43-The India House-Grimm's "Mémoires "-A TokenPortraits of Centenarians-The History of Literary Forgeries, La Villa de Pisoni in Ercolano é la sua 44-A Humorous Motto-W. Linton-"Esopas” Prices- Biblioteca, he has undertaken to prove a new Binding of_Book of Charles In English Vineyards... affirmative, and to show distinctly whose bust the

, 45 Family–Balcony- A Roman Banquet --" History of the one in question really is, viz., that it is a family drinking–Ink-"Glagged, ".&c, 46-Deed of Denization consul against whom, in company with his colMutiny at Spithead."--Ancient English Mansions, &c. --Tea- portrait of Lucius Calpurnius Piso Cæsoninus, the Royal Signature-Authors Wanted, 47. NOTES ON BOOKS :--Dobson's “Hogarth "-"Pen Sketches league and his humble Greek friend, Cicero so

by a Vanished Hand "The Philosophy of Handwriting" candidly inveighed. “The Antiquary "Songs of society."

In the villa before mentioned was found a

library consisting (with some few exceptions) of Notes.

Greek philosophical treatises. It is this library

which has supplied the only papyri found at THE SO-CALLED HEAD OF SENECA AT Herculaneum. Of these 341 bave been up to the NAPLES.

present time unrolled and published or got ready Those who know the Museo Reale of Naples can- for publication. Of the whole number thirty-ninenot but remember the presence there of a bronze have been recognized and identified as distinct. bust, executed in the best style of art, and por- works of specific Greek authors. As among the traying a man of middle age, who at all points shows names of the authors we find Epicurus him“ frontem Dis iratam”.

—a gloomy and discontented self, with Demetrius of Byzantium, Polystratus, temperament, which no amount of self-indulgence Colotes, and Chrysippus, all Epicureans, we may has subdued or removed. He is a man of more safely regard this library as having been essentially than average intellect and firmness. ·· He_is Epicurean. But though Epicurean it lacked the great bearded, beetle - browed, and wrinkled. His works of the great leaders of the school. This is a cheeks are sunken and emaciated. He is un curious omission. But there is another fact conkempt and unshorn, and a pronounced animal nected with it which is quite as curious in its way, occiput completes the anamiable individuality. viz., the fact of what it did possess. It contained So masterly a reproduction of nature is rarely to also many works- -a majority of the whole colbe seen. Accordingly, it is the pet of all the art lection-of a second-rate, perhaps less than secondshops in Naples, where it figures in bronze and in rate, Epicarean anthor - Philodemus of Gadara, terra cotta, in large size and in small.

Piso's well-known friend. Of this man one work The original bust was found with others, as far only is mentioned by the ancients, and that has: back as 1750, at Herculaneum, in a villa magnificent been ably identified by Prof. Comparetti with a in its size and adornments. From that time to this treatise of an unnamed author among the papyri it has been unhesitatingly labelled “Seneca." No of the villa. Philodemus, like most Epicureans, authority of any kind, direct or indirect, however, was many-sided.

He was

a charming poet of has ever been adduced for the justice of the iascivious vers de société. The Greek anthologia ascription, its sole ground seeming to have been a has preserved a great many of his epigrams.

He vague feeling that such a head best expressed was known generally as a man of the world rather

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