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effect. Twenty years later, and not very long ago, that a pedigree was named from its doubtfulness, a very respectable farmer's wife, in the parish of in derision. Or, if the right form be really pediWest Rainton, co. Durham, told me she had been gree (pied de grès), perhaps this proverb may at any exceedingly ill from erysipelas in her head and rate account for its being turned into pied de grue. face, and the doctor (a very able one) had done her What we most want is more evidence. I had not no good whatever. So she sent for a wise man to noticed this proverb till now. charm it, and he very soon took it away. I sug
WALTER W. SKEAT. gested that perhaps the complaint had run its
THE DERIVATION AND MEANING OF CARISTIAN course, or the doctor's remedies were beginning to NAMES (6th S. i. 195, 243).—I suspect Bridget is take effect. “Oh, no," she said, “it is well known charming is the best thing for St. Anthony's from beatus. Ferdinand is said to have been cor
a diminutive of Bridge, for Bright. Beatrice is fire." I believe she paid the quack very hand:somely.
rupted from Bertram, inverse of Rambert (re
nowned for strength). Raymond is from Ger. Moor House, Durham.
ram-mund (strong man). Last syllable in Beranger “THE DOG AND DOCK” (6th S. i. 313).—The is doubtless a patronymic; first syllable may transsite of this old tavern is now occupied by the late bear or man (see Wachter). Hospital of Bethlehem or Bedlam, in what was
R. S. CAARNOCK.
Paris. St. George's Fields, erected in 1812. The old stone sign of the house, a dog with a duck in his FERNAN CABALLERO (6th S. i. 315, 339) had mouth, bearing date 1617, is let into the brick three husbands; the first was Capt. Plannells, the wall of the hospital garden, and is figured in second was the Marquis von Arco Hermoso, and Cassell's London, vi. 344. For some account of the third was Herr von Arrom. W. M. M. will its former history see Larwood's History of Sign- find, in a book by Miss M. Betham Edwards, boards, 1868, p. 196. The exact position of the which will shortly be published by Messrs. Griffith house and the four adjoining ponds, where ducks & Farran, entitled Six Life Studies of Famous were bred and slaughtered for “sport,” is well Women, á memoir of the justly famous Spanish shown in Rocque's map of London and its environs, novelist, containing many new and interesting facts. 1744. From the date on the old stone sign it is
CaaS. WELSH. plain that the tavern was an old one, and one of the forts erected by order of Parliament in 1642 Jan. 1, 1742, he was brought up as a conveyancer,
Isaac REED (6th S. i. 237,304).—Born in London was close to the “Dog and Duck" tavern ; but the house did not become notorious till about the a profession he relinquished for literary pursuits, year 1770. There is a small woodcut view of the he collected a large and curious library. In 1768
still retaining his chambers in Staple Inn, whore tavern as it appeared in 1780 in Chambers's Book he published the poems of Lady Mary. Wortley of Days, ii. 74.
Montaguc; in 1773 he edited the Seatonian Prize CORPORATION MACES (6th S. i. 292).-MR. poems ; in 1780 he revised and enlarged Dodsley's Gomme will find full descriptions of the maces of Old Plays; in 1782 he published the Biographia the London societies in the Catalogue of Anti- Dramatica, in 2 vols.; in 1783 four volumes of quities exhibited at Ironmongers' Ball, London, humorous pieces, under the title of the Repository; 1869, pp. 339-49, and 629-31. F. G. S. and in 1785 an edition of Shakspere, in 10 vols.,
which he extended afterwards to twenty-one. For RECTORS OF WORCESTER (6th S. i. 315).-J. S. many years he was editor and one of the proprietors will find a list of these worthies of the period he of the European Magazine. He died on Jan.5, 1807, mentions in Nash's History of Worcestershire, and was buried at Åmwell. The sale of his books vol. ii., appendix, p. cxlvi, &c. J. B. WILSON.
took up thirty-nine days, and realized 4,0001. Worcester.
WILLIAM PLATT. CASCACIRUELA (6th S. i. 336).- Proverbial,
115, Piccadilly. apparently. In Neumann and Baretti's Spanish The following lines by an anonymous writer
Dictionary I find “Cascaciruelas, s.m., a mean, were intended to characterize his notes on Shakdespicable fellow.”
NOMAD. TAE ETYMOLOGY OF “PEDIGREE” (6th S. i.
“Too pompous, labour'd, confident, refin'd,
Most annotations on our Bard appear; 309).—MR. WEDGWOOD's suggestion is very wel- Thine trace with modest care his mighty mind, come, and may be right. I only write to say that And, like thy life, are simple, just, and clear." there is, perhaps, some evidence for the etymology
W. Butler's Chron. Biog. Hist. and Miscell. from pied de grue in the 0. French proverb à pied
Exercises, Lond., 1811, p. 16. de grue, “in suspence, on doubtfull tearms; or, not
ED. MARSHALL. wel, or but halfe, setled, like a crane that stands Boswell, in his Life of Johnson, refers to the but upon one leg." Thus it is just conceivable assistance rendered by Isaac Reed in the Lives of
the Poets, and speaks of him as my steady friend Gentleman's Magazine, which will suffice for the Mr. Isaac Reed, of Staple Inn, whose extensive name of the regicide, but what I more especially and accurate knowledge of English literary history wish to enforce is this, that the person torn to I do not express with exaggeration when I say it pieces by horses in no wise answers to the descripis wonderful; indeed, his labours have proved it tion. The two lines referred to are attributed by to the world, and all who have the pleasure of his some to Dr. Johnson, and are more in his antiacquaintance can bear testimony to the frankness thetical style than in Goldsmith's more simple of his communications in private society.” Several numbers; certainly Dr. Johnson had read the lines references are to be found in the Walpole corre- before publication, and I fancy so "learned a scholar spondence, and it would seem that the first edition could hardly have suffered three blunders to pass of the Biographia Dramatica was published in unchallenged in one line," Luke's (read George's) 1781. JOHN COLLINS FRANCIS. iron crown, and Damien's (read Damiens's) bed of
steel (read wild horses). It was George Dosa of "THE ROSE OF DAWN” (6th S. i 296, 340) was Hungary who was put to death in 1514 by a redetched by the Rev. St. John Tyrwhitt. There is hot iron crown; and as for Damiens, he was pulled another engraving, which makes a pair with it, piecemeal by wild horses, after being flayed and called " The Brig of Dread.”
otherwise tortured. Hence I want to know if Dr. C. A. CARMALT JONES.
Johnson or Goldsmith did not refer to some other A WINGFIELD BRASS (6th S. i. 273). — My persons ; for “Luke” Dosa was not put to death by attention having bee drawn to the remarks by
an iron crown, and Damiens was not put to A. J. M. on his discovery of this missing memorial, death or tortured, like the victims of Procrustês, by I at once applied to my learned friend the Honorary or on a bed of steel. Poets way dare almost anySecretary to the Essex Archäological Society, for-thing, but even the licence of poetry must not out
E. COBEAM BREWER. warding to him the copy of “N. & Q.” containing rage common history. the inscription upon the brass. Mr. King, in
P.S.- MR. RULE informs me that he has an reply to my letter, says: “I knew the inscription edition of Goldsmith which has “ Zeek's iron the instant I saw it. I copied it, with the arms crown.” In the Life of Dr. Johnson by Boswell and another Saunders inscription, with all the the line is referred to, but I have not by me the rest of the inscriptions, in South Weald Church, History of Hungary to which he alludes. Essex, on the 31st of August, 1852." No evidence can be clearer than this; and now that sunset, included tearing with iron pincers and
Damiens's torture, which lasted from morning to the brass has been identified, and the church from which it was abstracted made public, I trust it alluded to the latter. When the sentence was
breaking upon the wheel. Goldsmith may have will soon be restored to its original position. Its rend to the unhappy victim, he quietly replied, present possessor must remember that he is in "The day will be very long, but it will come to possession of property to which he can show no
an end at last."
M. F. D. title. No rector, vicar, or other person had or has the power to sell or dispose of any monument Dr. Brewer must quote from an imperfect from a church; and should a representative of the edition of The Traveller. In that before me, the family interested discover the recipient of this Aldine, I find "Damiens'," and there is a foot" little present,” he may possibly find himself in note referring the reader to Anecdotes de la Cour an awkward predicament. The abstraction of this de France pendant la faveur de Mad, de Pompadour, brass does not in the least surprise me. It is all 1802, 8vo. p. 143, for a full account of the tortures of a piece with the outrageous and reckless un- ivflicted on Damiens ; also a reference to Horace checked doings of many of the clergy and church- Walpole's Memoirs of George II. for another wardens of bygone days in this and other counties. description. The annotator speaks of " Luke's I remember seeing the peculiarly interesting iron crown" as a mistake of Goldsmith's. "Luke fourteenth century military brass of Sir John and George Dosa (brothers) were both engaged in Gifford doing duty as a shelf in a farmhouse. a rebellion in Hungary in 1613, and George suffered This brass, I am happy to say, has, through the the torture of the red-hot crown of iron as a punishintervention of the owner of the property, been ment for allowing himself to be proclaimed king by replaced in its original position in Bowers Gifford the revolted peasants.”
W. WEISTON. Church. For the instruction of the authorities, and especially the present possessor of the Wingfield
INTRODUCTION OF COTTON INTO ENGLAND (6th brass, I may add that it was abstracted from the S. i. 137, 320).—Your correspondent will find
I north aisle. J. A. SPARVEL-BAYLY, F.S.A.
cotton referred to as one of the "commoditees" Billericay, Essex.
imported into England in the beginning of the
fifteenth century by the “Japuays," in the Libil "Damien's BED OF STEEL” (6th S. i. 276, 306). of English Policie, printed by the late Mr. T: -Thanks to Mr. Dobson for his reference to the Wright in his Political Poems and Songs (Rolls
rocke alum and gode golde of Jene.»
Series, 1861, vol. ii. p. 157). The Libel is dated the "Free and Easy Counsellors under the Cauliflower."
WILLIAM BATES, B.A. earlier mention of cotton is quoted by Dr. Whit
(6th S. i. 316 ) aker, in his History of Craven, p. 326, from a by Baronne de Montalica, who was born at Lausanne
The Enchanted Plants ; or, Falles in Verse, were written Compotus of Bolton Abbey, A.D. 1290,” in which in 1751, and died in 1832. An incomplete edition of her occurs the following item : "Im. sapo et cotoun ad works, comprising forty volumes in 12mo., was published candelam, xvijs 1d."
S. J. H. at Paris in 1821-Ž (cf. Dict. Univ. des Lillératures, par
G. Vapereau, pp. 1438-9, Paris, 1876).
NOTES ON BOOKS, &0.
1825."., Small 880., pp. 296. Besides the For this publication of the Roman Breviary in English, printed title-page the volume should contain a curious and in good sterling English, Lord Bute deserves well of folding frontispiece, exhibiting humorous illustrations of his English-speaking fellow.countrymen. For the first twenty-two popular public house signs. I have seen this time in their lives and in the lifetime of the Church in attributed to one of the Cruikshanks in booksellers' England, the opportunity is offered them of knowing catalogues, but the etching is certainly from the needle what the Book of Common Prayer of the Western of W. Heath, by whom is also the vignette of “The Church-the Choir Book as distinct from the Altar Moon-Rakers? on the engraved title-page. There is Book-really is. Englisbmen are now placed in the same besides a well-engraved portrait on copper, “copied from position with respect to the Breviary of Rome that the the original of Johannes Eckstein," of Mr. Christopber French were when Thierry published, at Paris in Brown, Secretary to the Free and Easy Counsellors 1688, bis Roman Breviary in four volumes or parts, viz., under the Cauliflower," to whom the plate is dedicated Winter, Spring, Summer, and Autumn-a system fol. by the artist. This latter-named worthy, I may add, lowed in France almost invariably after the time and bad been the occasional assistant and confidential friend book of Cardinal Noailles. Lord Bute, according to the of Mr. Evans, the bookseller, of Paternoster Row, and Anglican custom of Sarum, divides bis book into two had succeeded to the greater part of his fortune. He parts, Winter and Summer, each with its Psalter, was also a manager in the house of Longmans, the Propers of Season and Saint, its Commons, and Addipublishers, and father of Mr. Thomas Brown, who bub- tional Services, the whole supplemented with "The sequently became a partner in that well-known firm. I Offices Peculiar to England" and "Ireland.", Scotland now come to speak of the authorship of the book. There is not provided with a Peculiar Proper, no doubt for a is a queer, quackish, paste-and-scissors sort of compilation well-understood reason. That may perhaps be ere long entitled, “ Fifty Years' Recollections of an Old Bookseller. provided, and the Tria jurcla in uno effected. No Consisting of "Anecdotes, Characteristic Sketches, and English version has ever achieved, or even attempted, so Original Traits and Eccentricities of Authors, Artists, much before. Divine Offices (a mixture of Breviary Actors, Books, Booksellers, and of the Periodical Press and Missal), Day Hours, Vesper Books, Psalters, Holy for the last Half Century, with Appropriate Selections ; Weeks, Christmas Services, are all beside the markand an unlimited Retrospect, including some Extra- parts, not wholes—stones of Sion, not the Temple in its ordinary Circumstances relative to the Letters of Junius, oneness and beauty. The only English book that occurs and a Chain of Corroborative Evidence respecting their to us at the moment as at all a parallel to Lord Bute's Author. Cork, printed by and for the Author, 67, South translation is the Breviary compiled and translated by Mall, 1835." 8vo., pp. 200. There is no doubt that this the learned and pious sisters of St. Margaret's Home, volume was the production of William West, author, East Grinstead, for the use of themselves and their inter alia, of a History of Warwickshire (Birm., 1830, House. But that, admirably adapted as it was to its pur8vo., pp. 800), and subsequently editor of the short-lived pose at the time of its compilation, is too widely sepaAldine Magazine (Simpkin & Co., Dec., 1838—June, rated from Lord Bute's to be other than a distant 1839). An obituary of him will be found in the Gentle- parallel. large tract-shall we say of debateable man's Magazine for Aug., 1855, p. 214. Well, in his Fifty land ?- lies between them, the one being intended for an Years' Recollections, he reproduces the portrait of Mr. English house, the other for the Roman-English world. Christopher Brown, to which I have alluded, and accom. The bamo holds good with regard to the beautiful fragpanies it by the illustrative text from the Tavern A nec ment-alas! still a fragment in print-of a version doles, of which he speaks as “a late publication, in which made, many a year ago, for the gratification of English I gave a short sketch of this gentleman, accompanied by Churchmen. It, like that of the sisters of East Grinstead, a portrait." I thus feel justified in ascribing this latter is rooted and grounded, both in Psalter and other Scripcompilation, in part, if not in whole, to bis gossiping pen. ture, on the accredited English Church versions
of Holy The Tavern Anecdotes has been recently reissued by Writ, and therefore stands in contrast with, rather than Messrs. Tinsley (1875, 8vo.,
pp. 414) under the editorial as bearing a resemblance to, the version of Lord Bute, care of Mr. Charles Hindley, now of No. 8, Booksellers' which is made anew loyally, but rhythmically, from the Row, Strand. The "get-up" of the reprint is hand. Vulgate. And with great judgment Lord Bute's version Bomer, according to modern taste, and it contains new is formed. Its execution, in this respect, is an important matter. But stil it will hardly be held to supersede the feature in the book. Between the wall of Authority on original edition, for we miss the etched frontispiece and the one hand, and the open ground of taste and judg. portrait; the want of an index is not compensated for by ment on the other, it moves onward with a stately march the alphabetical arrangement of the matter, and we look that becomes its straightforward purpose. This is no in vain for the account of Mr. Christophor Brown, and place for minutely criticizing, if criticism were needed.
It is enough to say, that whoever wishes to know what ployment of unnecessary adjectives, and a quite juvenile the old service of Sarum, York, and Hereford was like, frowardness of personal attack. We cannot too mucb in quire, as distinguished from that of the altar, will find admire such passages of appreciation as that on the its likeness here. Identical in all points the services of Bastard in King John, that on Cleopatra, or that on Rome and Old England are not, but they are sufficiently Iago. We feel it to be nearly, if not quite, certain that alike to satisfy the curiosity and inform the mind. Shakespeare had something to do with Arden of Fever. Michelangelo, Lionardo da Vinci, and Raphael. By the keen examination of the former would bave been a
sham and nothing to do with A Yorkshire Tragedy; but Charles Clément. Translated by Louisa Corkran. still more acceptable thing had it not been summed up
With Illustrations. (Seeley, Jackson & Halliday.)
in a sentence of twenty-three lines not free from obRichter, Ph.D. With Illustrations. (Sampson Low & Co.) It was well said lately by Julian Klaczko, in one of his periods, lyric and fantastic, comic and historic, and very interesting." Causeries Florentines” in the Revue des tragic and romantic, is a true conception, admirably Deux Mondes, that Michael Angelo created for himself planned and worked out; and, only subject to suck an empire, of which he was the emperor. For such, in deductions as we have been making, the book is a treasury
of critical insight and wide-reaching knowledge, always truth, is the best mode in which we can represent to ourselves the position of that Titanic genius, whose work in ready to hand at the right moment. It is the most the Sixtine Chapel draws forth the awe-struck admiration lished for a great while.
Shakspearian book on Shakspeare which has been pub. of generation after generation of pilgrims to the Eternal City. It is not difficult to see that of the great triad whose praises he sings, Michael Angelo is M. Clément's
A HINT TO LOVERS OF INDEX-MAKING. — They assure favourite. Dr. Richter, on the other hand, undisturbed me that there are some enthusiastic genealogists who by the conflicting emotions roused by the contem would enjoy the labour of compiling an index of names. poraneous treatment of such an immortal triad, writes and places in a book of any merit. I have just printed of Leonardo in terms of the loftiest praise. We must
a book of some seventy pages, and should highly appreconfess, for ourselves, to being most attracted by that ciate the co-operation of an amateur who has sufficient. mystic perfume of the “sacred Umbrian land " which leisure, patience, and good-nature, to undertake the
TXWARS. never quite left Raphael. The question is perhaps rather index of a family history. one of deciding between the relative claims of majesty THE May number of the Law Magazine and Revier and grace, and will always be settled differently by will contain an article by Sir Travers Twiss on Mediæval different minds. It is all the better for lovers of art that Law in Cyprus, in which much new light will be thrown they should bare varying judgments set before them by on the administration of the island under the House of two such accomplished critics as Charles Clément and Lusignan and the Venetian Republic. Dr. Richter. Both authors have been fortunate in tbeir translators, a circumstance of no small importance to the comfort of English readers. We think Dr. Richter far
Notices to Correspondents. too decided in bis statement that a “rooted dislike" to
We must call special attention to the following nolice: Leonardo was cherished by Michael Angelo. And the
On all communications should be written the name and story from the anonymous biographer by which he sup: ports this theory, at p. 76, seems to us quite unworthy of address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but gerious belief. M. Clément evidently does not share in as a guarantee of good faith. any such view. We can only regret our inability to
H. G. T. E.-The two kings of Brentford are two extract any of the passages we had marked in both characters in Buckingham's farce of The Rehearsal, per. volumes. But, as Leonardo himself perhaps sang,
baps intended for Charles II. and James, Duke of York, “Who cannot do as he desires, must do
afterwards James II., or for Boabdelin and Abdalla, the What lies within his power."
two contending kings of Granada. See Adums's DicAnd it does lie within our power to commend heartily tionary of English Literature. to the art-loving public both Charles Clément's vivid R. A. B. A. (Hull).- Many thanks, but entirely out story of the three great masters and Dr. Richter's care- cf our line. ful analysis of the life and works of the author of the F. (Colossus of Rhodes).-See Pliny, Strabo, and PolyCenacolo.
bius. A Study of Shakespeare. By Algernon Charles Swin- Norwich, was born in 1648, and died Nov. 1, 1724.
S. M. (Eastbourne).-Humphrey Prideaux, Dean of burne. (Chatto & Windus). MR. SWINBURNE's Study of Shakespeure exhibits in num
JOAN TAYLOR.—Dr. Busby was born at Lutton, berless instances the highest critical faculty. It is one Northamptonshire. of the most suggestive and readable books in this branch W. O. asks in what book ho may find The Scroller's of literature issued for a long time. It has the high Story, by Coller. merit of being usually in the right where the question J. CURTIS.— Charles II. is said to have sportively is of differences of opinion, the higher morit of being knighted the loin of beof. able to expound the right and carry conviction, and the A. BEAZELEY.-Nicholas Ponce, born 1746, died 1831. highest merit of being based wholly on poetic intuition or perception as opposed to mechanical analysis. No for “ Pisselen” read Pisseleu.
ERRATUM.-"Wordsworth's Prelude" (anle, p. 343) one who takes up this book will throw it down again unread or half read; it is too full of piercing insight,
NOTIOX. choice illustration, amusing invective, and small sweet Editorial Communications should be addressed to “ The resting. nooks of the most perfect style. But, taken as a
Editor of Notes and Queries'"-Advertisements and whole, the style is less finished and elegant than that of Business Letters to "Tho Publisher"-at the Office, 20, the Essays and Studies, and but little, if any, less faulty | Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. than that of the Note on Charlotte Brontë and Under the We bog leave to state that we declino to return com. Microscope. Thus we are frequently annoyed by the munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and negligent building up of page-long sentences, the em. to this rule wo can make no exception.
LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1880.
insoluble problem, but letter No. II. shows Mr.
Baker yielding to the Mayor's persuasive powers. CONTENTS.-N 19.
Whether Mr. Baker went to the poll does not NOTES :-Parliamentary Candidates in 1683, 369-The “Sixth
Nobility” Roll of Arms, 370 - Horsemonger Lane Gaol, appear from the papers. The roll of Parliament 371–The Publication of Church Registers, 372—"Marked for 1688-9 instructs us that Sir Robert Davers, with Tau"-"Read and run "-Wood Dalling Registers, 373 Bart., and Sir Thomas Hervey, Knt. (ancestor of
Antilles' - The House of Comcons Analyzed.–Forged the Marquises of Bristol), were elected. Others,
besides the latter and Mr. Baker, were solicited to QUERIES :-"The Curious Maid”-F. D. Maurice - Queen stand, as your readers will see by letter No. III.,from Elizabeth a lover of Dancing - A suppressed Gillray a Sir Robert Bacon, Bart., of Redgrave, and letters “Rodges-blast" "of and Ballads Wanted — "Like death on a morstick" - The Nos. IV. and V., from Mr. William Bridgewan. The "Record,” 375– Lorenzo de' Medici - William Pitta in latter gentleman appears to have been put to some colnshire Use of "an"--Goldworth Family-Dershavin's "Ode to God"-Condemned Criminals and Royal Practice- expense in the matter. You have so many readers Cadwallader D. Colden - American Hymns - Iwarby ,,or well informed in Suffolk antiquities, that this note Ewardby, 376-“Not been born"-"School for Scandal"Authors Wanted, 377.
may possibly elicit the fact or information whether REPLIES :-John Gilpin, 377–"The stupid party”—The the election of_1688 was a contested one, or
Altar in the Pyx Chamber, Westminster Abbey, 379-John whether Sir R. Davers and Sir T. Hervey, one or Phelps and Andrew Broughton - Valentine Family-The Literature of Pope and his Quarrels, 380-F. Willoughby both of whom represented Bury St. Edmunds in The Courtenays and Ford Abbey-J. Smithson-The Brick- several Parliaments between 1679 and 1701, layers' Arms, Southwark, 331–Election Colours-Roger walked over the course in 1688 without opposiBacon-The E. 0. Table--"Whenever"- Tennyson's "Mariana," 382-Anecdote Byron-"Premises ""Empt"
tion? The letter No. VI. is added as it contains Col. A. Goodwyn-Rev. J. Weatherly-Marriage Seasons, 383 curious evidence of the anxiety of the Bury St.
Etchings by Le Prince. The Sulky-Campbells of Lawers Edmunds Corporation to give proof at a critical -“Pick"-"The Woodbine"-"Lead, kindly light," 384"Damien's bed of steel "-Anthorship of "Vestiges of time of their attachment to the Crown :Creation "-Anomalies in English Pronunciation, 385– Houses of Jewish Converts at Oxford and London-"Aliri"
I. -Book-plates - Elias Asbmolo, Windsor Herald - John “Mr. Mayor,-It was but last night I understood that Hunter, Sargeod, 1728-93— Authors Wanted, 386
my Letter to Mr. Jonathan Noble wrot on Thursday last NOTES ON BOOKS:-Masson's "Life of John Milton"- week, bad not been comunicated to you by him as I bad
Herbert Spencer's "Ceremonial Institutions". - Butler's desired him, both by word, and expressly in the Letter "Purgatory of Dante" - Salisbury's "Border County itself, wherein he dealt not so candidly with mee as he
Worthies"-Matthews's "Theatres of Paris.' Notices to Correspondents, &c.
should have done, having pitched on this medium of applying myself to your Letter, I was wholly a Stranger
and knew not how to suppose you to be with the Disgates.
senters for the electing mee a Burgess. My wife also
being in town on Thursday last did forbear though she PARLIAMENTARY CANDIDATES IN 1688.
was coming to wait on you, presuming you had seen my
Letter and thought it uncivil to give you a second trouble The difficulties experienced by many English on the same Errand. I therefore beg leave to offer you boroughs and shires, in olden days, in getting the sum of that Letter in fewer words hoping it may not candidates of a more or less suitable character at be too late. Parliamentary elections, must have been something friends
' as design mee an honour far above my Meritts,
“Sir, I acknowledge myself very much obliged to such very serious. Eren two hundred years ago those but I entreat you to consider the service is so much bewho pulled the wires that worked the mechanism yond my abilities in every respect as they will suffer & of the constituencies must often have been at their great disappointment in the undertaking My bodily wits' ends in the search for candidates who would infirmities
have for more than 20 years taken me off be willing to face the expense and inconvenience versation as to unfitt mee for publick busines in the
from making inprovement of my time by reading or con. of journeys to and from London, and of residence smallest capacity, much more in so high a sphear of ser: there, although the certainty of election may have vice and difficult juncture of affairs. Besides were I been a pretty well foregone conclusion.
engaged my often infirmities render it next to impossoble The following original letters afford good illus- to attend my duty in performance for as I am so weako trations of how the course of things went in those ofttimes as my mind cannot
bear the weight of my
private Concerns if at all difficult without disordering days in the search for a member. They also indi- my body, so I have contracted such a tendernes by long cate that the net had to be spread rather widely, indisposition and confinement thereby as I can seldom when they show a man, if we are to believe his stirr abroad or sitt in another House near the Winter statement, so shattered in health, and so deficient Season but I take Cold which often causeth Griping and in either book learning or practical wisdom, as was from yo Spleen sometimes to an high degree and of a
Flux (my reigning distemper) attended with vapours Mr. Samuel Baker (the writer of letter No. I.), week or longer continuance, in which time I am utterly solicited to stand for the election at Bury St. disabled for action or sometimes for so much as Converse Edmunds by the chief officer of its Corporation. with a Friend in my Chamber as they continually with The discovery of what Mr. Stafford, the Mayor, with mee last Tuesday night were satisfied of the truth,
mee can attest and Mr. Dennis with the others who were may have written to Mr. Baker to induce that though they would not consult for my discharge. gentleman to waive his scruples, is probably an “But I hope, Mr. Mayor, you will more compassionately