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Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms;
Even in the cannon's mouth: And then, the justice;
With eyes severe, and beard of formal cut,
With spectacles on nose, and pouch on side;
Re-enter ORLANDO, with ADAM.
Duke S. Welcome: Set down your venerable burden, And let him feed.
stuck up, both for ornament and instruction, in the generality of houses, it is more probable that Shakspeare took his hint from thence, than from Hippocrates or Proclus, who are quoted by Mr. Malone. HENLEY.
6 and bearded like the pard,] Beards of different cut were appropriated in our author's time to different characters and professions. The soldier had one fashion, the judge another, the bishop different from both, &c.
7 — sudden and quick —] Lest it should be supposed that these epithets are synonymous, it is necessary to be observed that one of the ancient senses of sudden, is violent.
8 - modern instances,] Modern means trite, common.
I thank you most for him.
Adam. So had you need;
Duke S. Welcome, fall to; I will not trouble you
Blow, blow, thou winter wind,
As man's ingratitude;
Although thy breath be rude.
Heigh, ho! sing, heigh, ho! unto the green holly:
Freeze, freeze, thou bitter sky,
As benefits forgot:
As friend remember'd not". Heigh, ho! sing, heigh, ho! &c.
9 Thou art not so unkind, &c.] That is, thy action is not so contrary to thy kind, or to human nature, as the ingratitude of
1 Thy tooth is not so keen,
Because thou art not seen,] It is the opinion of the best commentators, that this can only be tortured into a meaning. Dr. Johnson paraphrases thus :- Thou winter wind, thy rudeness gives the less pain, as thou art not seen, as thou art an enemy that dost not brave us with thy presence, and whose unkindness is therefore not aggravated by insult.
2 As friend remember'd not.] Remember'd for remembering.
Duke S. If that you were the good sir Rowland's
As you have whisper'd faithfully, you were;
SCENE I-A Room in the Palace.
Enter Duke FREDERICK, OLIVER, Lords, and
Duke F. Not see him since? Sir, sir, that cannot be:
Of my revenge, thou present: But look to it;
Thy lands, and all things that thou dost call thine,
Oli. O, that your highness knew my heart in this! I never lov'd my brother in life.
3 an absent argument] An argument is used for the contents of a book, thence Shakspeare considered it as meaning the subject, and then used it for subject in yet another sense.
Duke F. More villain thou.-Well, push him out of doors;
And let my officers of such a nature
Make an extent upon his house and lands:
Enter ORLANDO, with a paper.
Orl. Hang there, my verse, in witness of my love: And thou, thrice-crowned queen of night, survey With thy chaste eye, from thy pale sphere above,
Thy huntress' name, that my full life doth sway. O, Rosalind! these trees shall be my books,
And in their barks my thoughts I'll character;
Shall see thy virtue witness'd every where.
Enter CORIN and TOUCHSTONE.
Cor. And how like you this shepherd's life, master Touchstone?
Touch. Truly, shepherd, in respect of itself, it is a good life; but in respect that it is a shepherd's life, it is naught. In respect that it is solitary, I like it very well; but in respect that it is private, it is a very vile life.
4 Make an extent -] "To make an extent of lands," is a legal phrase, from the words of a writ, (extendi facias,) whereby the sheriff is directed to cause certain lands to be appraised to their full extended value, before he delivers them to the person entitled under a recognizance, &c. in order that it may be certainly known how soon the debt will be paid. MALONE.
expediently,] That is, expeditiously.
Now in respect it is in the fields, it pleaseth me well; but in respect it is not in the court, it is tedious. As it is a spare life, look you, it fits my humour well; but as there is no more plenty in it, it goes much against my stomach. Hast any philosophy in thee, shepherd ?
Cor. No more, but that I know, the more one sickens, the worse at ease he is; and that he that wants money, means, and content, is without three good friends :That the property of rain is to wet, and fire to burn: That good pasture makes fat sheep; and that a great cause of the night, is lack of the sun: That he, that hath learned no wit by nature nor art, may complain of good breeding, or comes of a very dull kindred.
Touch. Such a one is a natural philosopher.
Wast ever in court, shepherd?
Cor. No, truly.
Touch. Then thou art damn'd.
Cor. Nay, I hope,
Touch. Truly, thou art damn'd; like an ill-roasted egg, all on one side.
Cor. For not being at court? Your reason.
Touch. Why, if thou never wast at court, thou never saw'st good manners; if thou never saw'st good manners, then thy manners must be wicked; and wickedness is sin, and sin is damnation: Thou art in a parlous state, shepherd.
Cor. Not a whit, Touchstone: those, that are good manners at the court, are as ridiculous in the country, as the behaviour of the country is most mockable at the court. You told me, you salute not at the court, but you kiss your hands; that courtesy would be uncleanly, if courtiers were shepherds.
Touch. Instance, briefly: come, instance.
may complain of good breeding,] May complain of a good education, for being so inefficient, of so little use to him. MALONE.
like an ill-roasted egg,] Of this jest I do not fully comprehend the meaning. JOHNSON.
Shakspeare's similies hardly ever run on four feet. MALONE.