Imagens das páginas

H. OF R.)

Represenlative from Michigan.

(Jan. 27, 1837

thorizing these proceedings declared that, unless Con. Michigan when she claimed to exercise the right of electgress would receive the new State into the Union, it ing her Representative. should continue subject to the laws of Virginia. The if it was a valid election, then Mr. CRARI had been unday was fixed; Congress gave its assent that it should on justly and unlawfully kept out of his seat for more than that day be formed into a new State and admitted into twelve months. But Michigan, at that time, could not the Union; and it never ceased to be under the dominion be constitutionally represented. To illustrate this, Mr, of Virginia, never did become a State, until the day of R. observed that the constitution declared that no one ils admission. It was not true, therefore, that no Terri. should be a Representative who should not when elected tory could be admitted till it first became a State. The be an inhabitant of the State in which he should be converse was true; or rather the true principle was, that chosen. Suppose Mr. CRARI had, in October, 1835, the same moment it threw off its territorial character, it been an inbabitant of some other State, but, previous to Assumed at once that of a State and a member of the his claiming his seat, had settled in Michigan, could Union,

Congress, under this doctrine of relation, have recog. If it be insisted (said Mr. R.) that, prior to that time, nised his claim? Surely not. There was a constitutional Michigan became a State, then the question would arise, incapacity which Congress could not remedy. Here at what time did she assume that character? Was it there was also a constitutional incapacity; not in the perwhen she underlook to frame a constitution? Upon the son elected, but in the electors. But the same principle principle asseried, that she could not be admilied into applied. The election was as unconstitutional, owing the Union until afier she became a State, because none to the defect of right in the electors to representation, as but States could be admitted, it would seem to follow it would have been if they had chosen a non-resident to that she must have been a State before she formed a con. represent them. Mr. R. concluded with repeating his stitution; for it mighi be said, perhaps with greater pro. conscientious conviction that there was an inherent de. priely, that none but States or independent communities fect in the title by which Mr. CRART claimed a seat in could form constitutions; and then it would be dificult, that hall; and that Congress had no power to dispense if not impossible, 10 fix upon the period when her sov. with the constitution, or to make that valid wlich was to ereigniy commenced. Was it in June, 1836, when it is void in its origin. He hoped that gentlemen who had said her constitution was accepted and ratifird by Con. not fully satisfied their minds upon the subject would gress? That ratification (Mr. R. contended) was, for consent to its reference to the Committee of Elections, the reasons he had mentioned, necessarily conditional, Mr. THOMAS contended that to send this subject to : even if it were not so in lerms. Michigan could not be. & committee would be a work of supererogation, aster come a State, with or without the consent of Congress, the thorough examination which had been given to it. until she was admited into the Union; because, as he He contended that the constitution of the Stale of Michi. had endeavored to show, she would thereby be detached gan was now as perfect as it would have been if its or, and separated from the confederacy, and absolved from ganization had been preceded by a law of Congress au• its laws, contrary to the explicit provisions of the ordi. thorizing a convention for that purpose, and cited pre. nance, that she should forever remain a part of the one, cedents in the history of the Union to corroborate this and subject to the other. These absurd consequences position. could not be denied.

A communication was read from Mr. CRARI, enclo. But if the position which he had endeavored to main- sing a certificate of election from the Governor of the tain be correct, that Michigan never could become a State of Michigan. Slate prior to her admission, it would follow !hat her Mr. HUNTSMAN demanded the previous question; . right to be represented in Congress would date from the and the House seconded the call: Yeas 97, nays not same period. Representation, under the provisions of counted. the constirution, must be apportioned among the Stales And the House ordered that the main question should in the Union, and in the nature of things can belong to now he taken. no Stale out of it. But the right of election must be de. Mr. YOUNG called for the yeas and nays on the main pendent upon the right of representation. Where there question; which were ordered. is no lawful right to be represented there can be no law. And the main question, “Shall Isaac E. CRARI DE ful right to elect representatives. In October, 1835, qualified as a member of the House from the State o: Michigan had no better right to be represented in Con- Michigan?" was then taken, and decided in the affirma gress ihan Wisconsin or Canada. The election of Mr. tive: Yeas 150, nays 32, as follows: CRABY was therefore an unauthorized act-a mere nullity. YEAs-- Messrs. Adams, Chilion Allan, Anthony, Asha

But it was said that the ratification of her constitution Ashley, Bailey, Barton, Bean, Bell, Black, Boon, Boyd by Congress in 1836, or her admission on yesterday, by Brown, Buchanan, Bunch, Burns, Bynum, Jihn Calhoun relation, made her constilution valid from its date, and William B. Calhoun, Cambreleng, Carr, Casey, George, confirmed all that had been done under it. This doctrine Chambers, Chapman, Chapin, John F. H. Claiborne would lead to dangerous consequences. Suppose Michi. Cleveland, Coles, Craig, Cramer, Cushing, Cushman gan had continued to refuse the terms offered by Con. Darlington, Doubleday, Dunlap, Efner, Elmore, Fair gress, were the Government and laws of the Union tc be field, Farlin, Forester, Fowler, Fry, Fuller, James Gai regarded as superseded by the mere formation of a Slale land, Rice Garland, Gholson, Gillet, Glascock, Gre constitution by Michigan, or by jis conditional acceptance ham, Granger, Grantland, Grennell, Haley, Josep by Congress? Then might they remain superseded for. Hall, Hamer, Hard, Hardin, Harlan, Samuel S. Har

The only way to avoid the difficulty was to con- rison, Albert G. Harrison, Hawes, Hawkins, Haynes sider the constitution so formed as an inchoate act, hav. Henderson, Herod, Hoar, Holt, Hopkins, Howard, Hut ing no vitality, no operation, until the State was finally ley, Hunt, Huntington, Huntsman, Ingham, Willias received into the bosom of our confederacy. The doc. Jackson, Janes, Jarvis, Jenifer, Joseph Johnson, Car trine of relation, at most, could only confirm the ir. Johnson, Henry Johnson, Benjamin Jones, Kennon, ki regular exercise of a power where the body recognising gore, Klingensmith, Lane, Lansing, Lawler, Lawrence the act might have lawfully conferred the power. but Lay, Gideon Lee, Joshua Lee, Luke Lea, Leonard the riglit of representation could neither be granted nor Lewis, Logan, Loyall, Lyon, Job Munn, William Maso taken away by Congress. It was derived from higher Moses Masun, Samson Mason, Maury, May, McComs authority from the constitution of the United States. McKay, McKennan, McKeon, McKim, Moore, Morga Under that constitution it did not lawfully belog io Page, Parker, Patterson, Franklin Pierce, Peyton Jas. 28, 1837.)


Texas-Enlistment of Boys in the Navy, &c.

(H. OF R.

Phelps, Pickens, Rencher, John Reynolds, Joseph Rey. Mr. HOWARD inquired if the motion referred to by
nolds, Richardson, Rogers, Schenck, Seymour, Augus- / him would come up again to-day.
tine H. Shepperd, Shields, Shinn, Sickles, Spangler, The CHAIR replied that it could not at the present
Standeler, Steele, Storer, Sutherland, Taylor, Thomas, lime, nor, in his opinion, to-day, because, at the expira.
John Thomson, Waddy Thompson, Turner, Torrill, tion of an hour for reports, the private orders would
Vanderpoel, Wardwell, Washington, Webster, Weeks, come up.
White, Elisha Whittlesey, Thomas T. Whittlesey, Yell, Mr. HOWARD remarked that that was his own im.

pression; but his object in making the inquiry was to as. Nars--Messrs. Heman Allen, Beale, Bond, John Cham- certain it, and, in view of that, to make a suggestion to bers, Chet wood, Childs, Nathaniel H. Claiborne, Cor. the House, which he trusted would be favorably received win, Crane, Dawson, Deberry, Evans, Everett, Graves, from all quarters. It was that, as the question was not Grayson, Griffin, Harper, Hazeltine, Ingersoll, Love, to be resumed until Monday next, and as the documents Milligan, Patton, Pearson, Pettigrew, Phillips, Potts, lying on the table would have a very direct and impor. Robertson, Russell, Taliaferro, Underwood, Vinton, tant bearing upon the question the House would be Lewis Williams--32.

called upon to decide, by general consent these docuSo the House decided that Isaac E. CRARY be now ments be printed, with the understanding that the moqualified to take bis seat as a member from the State of tion was in no way to affect the position of the other Michigan.

question which was pending. He would ask the consent Mr. CRARY was then proceeding to the table to qual of the House to make the motion to print. ify, when

This was agreed to, and the documents ordered to be Mr. DAWSON arose, and expressed an intention of printed accordingly. moving to reconsider the last vote, to enable him to give bis reasons for voting against the admission of Michigan,

ENLISTMENT OF BOYS IN THE NAVY. and against the motion to qualify the gentleman present. Mr. JARVIS, from the Committee on Naval Affairs, ing himself as its member.

moved to discharge the Committee of the Whole from The CHAIR reminded the gentleman from Georgia the “ bill to provide for the enlistment of boys in the na. that, as he bad not voted with the majority, he could not val service," and that it be now taken up and considered. Bake that motion.

Mr. BELL objected to giving precedence to bills over Mr. DAWSON appealed to some gentleman who had other business of an important character. voted in the majority to make the motion he had indica- Mr. JARVIS explained that he had been unanimously ted.

instructed to make the motion by the Committee on Na. Mr. THOMPSON, of South Carolina, said he had done val Affairs, and gave several reasons for the speedy pas50; and, to enable his friend from Georgia to assign rea

sage of this bill. sons for his vote, he moved to reconsider accordingly. Some difficulty of a personal character took place be.

Mr. DAWSON briefly assigned his reasons, which tween the genilemen from Maine and Tennessee, in refsere substantially that Michigan was only a Territory, erence to the objection made by the latter to setting and not a State, at the election of Mr. CRARY.

aside pending business, and giving the priority to other Mr. PICKENS contended that Michigan was a State | bills that would produce debate. de facto before ber admission, and must be so, by the Mr. MERCER, after some few remarks of a concilia. terms of the constitution, or she could not be admitted tory nature, moved that a pledge be required of the two into the Union at all; for Congress had power only to ad. gentlemen that the difficulty might not be prosecuted mit “States," and not "Territories," into the confedera. further. cy. Therefore, he sbould vote for the qualification of After some remarks from Messrs. BELL, JARVIS, Mr. CHARI.

MERCER, PATTON, PICKENS, GLASCOCK, Mr. EVERETT rose, and caught the eye of the WHITTLESEY of Ohio, BOULDIN, THOMAS, Speaker.

PEYTON, THOMSON of Ohio, LAWLER, CRAIG, M. THOMPSON rose at the same time, and said he PHILLIPS, THOMPSON of South Carolina, BYNUM, would withdraw his motion to reconsider; but the Chair, HAWES, BOON, BRIGGS, EVANS, PARKS, and haring announced the former gentleman as oblaining the / WISE, mutual explanations took place, and then, on fioor, could not entertain the withdrawal.

Mr. EVERETT contended that Michigan could not The House adjourned.
be a State, even under the ordinance, until her admission
by Congress.

Mr. CUSHMAN moved the previous question.
Mr. THOMPSON, of South Carolina, withdrew his

ENLISTMENT OF BOYS IN THE NAVY. motion to reconsider.

The motion made yesterday by Mr. JARVIS, to dig. Mr. CRARY was then qualified, and took his seat as charge the Committee of the Whole on the state of the • Representative in Congress from the State of Michigan. | Union from the further consideration of the bill to proTEXAS.

vide for the enlistment of boys in the naval service of

the United States coming up as the unfinished business, Mr. HOWARD inquired at what time the motion was considered and rejected. pending when the House adjourned last evening would


(The motion in qiiestion was to commit certain papers Mr. DROMGOOLE, from the select committee on that id correspondence on the subject of Texas to the part of the President's message relating to an amend. Committee on Foreign Affairs, made by Mr. H. himself, ment of the constirution of the United States, made the with the amendment of Mr. Boyd, to instruct the com following report, in part, and resolutions: mittee to report a resolution acknowledging the inde- The select committee to whom was referred so much pendence of Texas.]

of the President's message as relates to amending the The CHAIR

replied that the regular proceedings of constitution of the United States, logether with all prop. the day had so far been set aside by the consideration of ositions and resolutions submitted at the last and present privileged question, and he would now proceed to call session of Congress, proposing amendments to the con

stitution, report, in part: That, according to order, they

ice reports.

H. OF R. )

Hour of Meeting-Buffalo Farbor, &c.

[Jan. 28, 1837.


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have had under consideration sundry propositions and Mr. CRAIG moved a suspension of the rule. resolutions for the amendment of the constitution in re. Mr. VANDERPOEL called for the yeas and nays; Jation to the election of President and Vice President of which were ordered, and were: Yeas 123, nays 45. the United States. Upon examination, they find that a So the rule was suspended. report on this subject was made at the last session of Mr. VANDERPOEL moved the adoption of the resoCongress, on the 30th March, 1836, by a select commit-lution.

The joint resolution reported by said com.nittee Mr. BOYD moved to amend it by inserting 10 o'clock was twice read, and committed to a Committee of the instead of 11. Lost. Whole House on the state of the Union. No further ac- The resolution was then agreed to without a division. tion was had thereon, and the said reported joint resolu

BUFFALO HARBOR. tion remains on the calendar, and may, at the pleasure of the House, be considered in said Committee of the Mr. LOVE moved a suspension of the rule for the Whole. If, therefore, the House be disposed to act on purpose of taking up and considering the following resothis subject during the present session of Congress,

lution: your committee think it more advisable to consider the Resolved, that the Secretary of War be directed to report now on the calendar than to begin de novo. Your report to this House ibe survey and examination made committee, therefore, submit the two following resolu.

of a harbor at the east end of Lake Erie, connecting the tions:

present harbors of Buffalo and Black Rock; together Resolved, that the select committee to which the sub. with his opinion of the practicability of the construction ject was referred be discharged from the further con

of said harbor, and of its utility and necessity in regard sideration of all propositions and resolutions relating to

to the increasing commerce upon that lake. the amendments of the constitution on the subject of the

The motion was agreed to; and the resolution having election of President and Vice President.

been read, Resolved, that this House will, on the 31st inst., re- Mr. MANN, of New York, inquired of his colleague solve itself into a Committee of the Whole on the state if he expected to procure any further action of the of the Union, to take into consideration the joint resolu- House upon the subject of the harbors of Buffalo and tions proposing an amendment to the constitution of the

Black Rock during the present session; because, if he United States, in relation to the election of President did, he (Mr. M.) had a word or two to say on the subject. and Vice President.

Mr. LOVE replied ibat all he expected to procure Mr. WILLIAMS, of North Carolina, called for a di- before the close of the present session was the opinion vision of the question on the resolutions; and the first of the Secretary of War in regard to the controverted being agreed to without a count

questions of the practicability and expediency of conMr. W. asked for the yeas and nays on concurring structing the work referred to. He had no expectation with the second resolution, (wbich would require a vote

to obtain legislation early enough this session. of two thirds,) and they were ordered.

The resolution was then agreed to. Mr. VANDERPOEL moved to insert the 7th of Feb.

CANADA TRADE. ruary instead of 31st inst. Lost.

Mr. HALL, of Maine, asked leave to offer the followMr. CAMBRELENG and Mr. BOON both severally | ing resolution; which was read, as follows: expressed a hope that no more special orders would be

Resolved, that the Committee on Commerce be in. adopted, since the inconvenience of them had been suf

structed to inquire into the expediency of revising the ficiently experienced last session. Mr. C. further in laws regulating the trade upon the frontiers, between

quired if it was designed to cut off the appropriation the United States and the British provinces, and abolishbii's of this session altogether; because, if so, he trusting duties on lumber, the growth of the United States, ed the order would not be adopted. Mr. HOWARD inquired, if the order should be adopt. States; and also upon produce, the growth of the prov

sawed in the said provinces and brought into the United ed, whether it would take precedence of other bills on inces, brought into the United States. each day thereafter, or only on that day.

Objection being made, Mr. H. moved a suspension of The CHAIR replied that, after that day, it would take

the rule. Lost, 86 to 55-not two thirds. its place on the calendar among the unfinished business.

Mr. MANN, of New York moved a suspension of the The question was then taken, and decided in the nega- rule for the purpose of calling the States for resolutions, tive: Yeas 66, nays 83.

and considering the same, provided that such resolutions So the second resolution was disagreed to.

should not occasion debate. Before the decision was announced,

Mr. PARKER suggested a modification, so as to emMr. PARKS rose and stated, that when his name was

brace resolutions calling for information from the decalled he was not in his seat, being in attendance upon a

partments, and now lying on the table for consideration. select committee, which bad leave to sit during the ses.

Mr. MANN assented, but the motion to suspend was sions of the House; and he therefore asked leave to re- lost. cord his vote.

The House then proceeded to the orders of the day, Mr. MERCER objected.

and took up the private orders. Mr. PARKS moved a suspension of the rule. Mr. WILLIAMS, of North Carolina, thought a mem.

N. & L. DANA & CO. ber had a right to vole under the circumstances stated The first business in order was the mution made on by the gentleman from Maine, viz: absence under an or- Saturday last, by Mr. Jarvis, to reconsider the vote by der of the House.

which the bill for the relief of N. & L. Dana & Co. The CHAIR replied that that question had frequently was rejected. been decided otherwise by the House itself.

After some remarks by Messrs. JARVIS, ADAMS The motion of Mr. PARKS was disagreed to.

PEARCE of Rhode Island, and SUTHERLAND,

Mr. McKiM moved the previous question.

Mr. WARDWELL then moved to lay the bill on th
Mr. VANDERPOEL asked leave to offer a resolution table.
proposing to change the daily hour of meeting of the Mr. CAVE JOHNSON called for the yeas and nay
House, from and alter this date, to 11 o'clock, A. M. which were ordered, and were: Yeas 89, nay's 63.
Objections being made,

So the bill was laid on the table.

Jax. 30, 1837.)

Ebenezer Breed-Abolition of Slavery.

(H. OF R.


were granted, they would not be granted as matter of The bill for the relief of Ebenezer Breed was then courtesy, and not of right. taken up on its third reading.

The SPEAKER said the gentleman from Massachu. Mr. CAVE JOHNSON moved to lay the bill on the selts could obtain his object by submitting a motion to table.

suspend the rule. Mr. HAWES called for the yeas and nays.

Mr. ADAMS said it was immaterial to him as to the Mr. PATTON said, as this vote would be the settling mode in which he effected his object. He therefore of an important principle, he moved a call of the House. submitted his

request or motion; upon which motion the Lost.

yeas and nays were ordered, and, being taken, were: The yeas and nays were then ordered, and were: Yeas 44, nays 124. Yeas 60, nays 90.

So the House would not suspend the rule. So the House refused to lay the bill on the table. Mr. ADAMS presented the memorial of the Young

Mr. WILLIAMS, of North Carolina, moved a call of Men's Abolition Society of the city and county of Philathe House.

delphia, remonstrating against the recognition of Texas. Mr. PATTON called for the yeas and nays on this

Mr: A. moved that it be read, and called for the yeas motion; which were ordered, and were: Yeas 60, nays and nays on that motion. 94.

Mr. JARVIS moved to lay the whole subject on the So the House refused to order the call.

table. The question then recurred on the passage of the bill.

The SPEAKER said he would have no hesitation to After some remarks by Messrs. CAVE JOHNSON, do so, under the rule of the House, if it should appear PHILLIPS, LAWRENCE, PARKER, and HOAR, that the memorial contained any reference to the sub

Mr. SUTHERLAND moved the previous question ject of slavery. He then (having looked into the memowhich was seconded: Yeas 88, nays 36.

rial) pronounced it to contain allusions to the subject of Mr. CAVE JOHNSON then moved an adjournment. slavery, and that it must therefore be laid on the table, Lost.

without being read. Mr. GRAVES called for the yeas and nays on order- Mr. ADAMS then appealed against the decision of ing the main question. Lost.

the Chair, and contended that wben petitions were beMr. PARKS then moved a call of the House, and on fore the House, the member presenting bad the right to that motion called for the yeas and nays; which were not read them; the Chair had decided against this right; ordered; and the motion for the call was lost.

against this decision he now appealed. Mr. A. called for The main question was then ordered.

the yeas and nays on the appeal. Mr. CAVE JOHNSON called for the yeas and nays

The SPEAKER said that, by the rule of the House, on the passage of the bill; which were ordered, and every petition making reference to the subject of slavery were: Yeas 85, nays 59.

was ordered to lie on the table. He had looked into So the bill was passed.

this petition, and was clearly of the opinion that it did Alter (ransacting some other business,

relate to the subject of slavery. The House adjourned.

Mr. ADAMS. I deny it. [Cries of “ order!" "or

der!”] MONDAY, JANUARY 30.

The SPEAKER stated the question before the House,

namely: it had been decided by the Chair that this peti. The House met at eleven o'clock, pursuant to the or.

tion falls under the rules of the House, by wbich it der of Salurday last; and there being no quorum present,

should be ordered to lie on the table; such was the de. Mr. HOWELL moved a call of the House.

cision of the Chair. Against this decision an appeal had On that motion Mr. GRANGER called for the yeas

been made; and, further, the yeas and nays had been and nays; which were ordered, and were: Yeas 57,

called for. Days 55. .

Mr. PHILLIPS here rose and demanded, before he So the call was ordered. The SPEAKER having, on motion of Mr. BRIGGS,

could vote on the question, that the petition should be

read. ascertained that a quorum was present, the House, on motion of Mr. C. ALLAN, suspended all further pro: peal, and the whole subject, on the table; which motion,

Mr. ROBERTSON moved to lay the petition, the ap. ceedings on the call, and the journal of Saturday was

after some remarks by Mr. LAWLER, was withdrawn, then read. Petitions and memorials were then called for in the

and the petition was read by the Clerk.

Mr. HAWES moved to lay the whole subject on the order of States and Territories.

table; on which question the yeas and nay's were orABOLITION OF SLAVERY.

dered, and were: Yeas 131, nays 62. Mr. ADAMS said that he had in his possession a num- So the whole subject, both the memorial and appeal, ber of petitions in relation to slavery-some praying for

were laid on the table. the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia; some Mr. ADAMS then presented, in succession, thirteen for the abolition of slavery in the Territories; some for

or fourteen additional memorials and petitions, on the the abolition of slavery and the internal coasting slave.

sama subject, praying against the coasting slave trade, Irade; and some for the prohibition of the esportation of the exportation of slaves to Texas, &c. Each petition slaves to Texas, or to the dominions of any foreign Pow. was immediately, under the rule, ordered to lie on the er. He was under the necessity of presenting these pe.

table. lutions separately and distinctly, as they came partly

For each petition Mr. A. moved a reading; which, from his constituents and partly from people in other under the rule, was refused by the Chair; and against parts of the United States.' He asked leave to address each decision of the Chair Mr. A. appealed to the

their House. petitions read. He wished that the request might be en- In

lay the whole tered on the journals, and that he might have the yeas subject on the table; and in this manner the whole balch sad nays upon it.

of petitions was summarily and speedily disposed of. Objections were made, and Mr. ANTHONY raised A memorial of certain citizens of Kenlucky, in favor te question whether it was in order to ask for the yeas of aid and support being extended to the Colonization iod days on a matter of this kind; and whether, if they Society, being presented by Mr. Calhoon, Mr. ADAMS

H. or R.)

Freedom of Elections-Indian Appropriation Bill, &c.

(Feb. 1, 1837.

moved that the memorial be read; which having been Mr. ASHLEY moved an amendment for the payment done, Mr. A made some remarks in the view that, as of $1,610 for services performed under the superintend. this memorial related to slavery, it should meet with the ent of Indian affairs at St. Louis. same trealment which his own petitions had. Mr. A. After some remarks from Messrs. ASHLEY, CAY. moved, therefore, that the memorial be laid on the table. BRELENG, and HARRISON, the amendment was

After some remarks from Mr. MERCER in favor of adopted. the petition, the motion was put, and lost by a great ma. Mr. GHOLSON offered an amendment making an ap. jority against it.

propriation of $50,000 for compensation to citizens of The petition, therefore, was received, and lies over. Mississippi who have lost their improvements under

The remainder of the day was occupied in the recep. the treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek; which amendment tion of memorials and resolutions proposing inquiry, till was rejected. the House adjourned.

Mr. CUSHING said that, as this bill opened the whole

policy of Indian appropriations, and as he proposed to TUESDAY, JANUARY 31.

submit his remarks to the committee, he would either Mr. Alronn, member elect from the State of Georgia, proceed now, or move an adjournment, as the House

might think proper. appeared, was qualified, and took his seat.

Mr. CAMBRELENG suggested to Mr. Costing that FREEDOM OF ELECTIONS.

he should permit the bill to be reported to the House. The unfinished business of the morning hour was the He could then move an adjournment, and claim the floor motion, heretofore made by Mr. Bell, of Tennessee,

when the bill came up before the House. for leave to bring in a bill to secure the freedom of elec. Mr. CUSHING consented, and the bill was laid aside. tions.

LAND OFFICE IN LOUISIANA. Mr. BELL then resumed and concluded his remarks in illustration of the objecis of the bill, and urging the On motion of Mr. GARLAND, of Louisiana, the com. necessily of action upon it. (Mr. B's speech, entire, will mittee took up the bill to establish an additional land be found in preceding pages.]

office in the State of Louisiana; and no amendment has. Mr. B. having concluded his remarks,

ing been offered thereto, Mr. GRAVES obiained the foor; when,

On motion of Mr. CAMBRELENG, the committee On motion of Mr. CAMBRELENG, the House passed rose, and reported both the bills to the House. to the orders of the day.

The question being on concurring with the committed Mr. W. THOMPSON inquired whether the business in their amendmenis to the Indian appropriation bill, first in order was not the motion and resolution pending

Mr. CUSHING moved that the House adjourn; but on the message of the President of the Uniied States on

withdrew the motion, to enable the subject of our relations with Mexico and tbe condi. The SPEAKER to present a communication from the tion of Texas.

Secretary of War; after which, The SPEAKER said that, after engrossed bills, &c.

The House adjourned. on the table were disposed of, that subject would be first in order,

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARI 1. Mr. CAMBRELENG moved to suspend the rules, to

WESTERN INDIANS. go into committee on certain appropriation bills; which motion prevailed.

Mr. EVERETT, from the Committee on Indian Af.

fairs, reported a bill to provide for the security and pro« INDIAN APPROPRIATION BILL.

tection of the emigrant and other Indians west of MisThe House resolved itself into a Committee of the souri and Arkansas. Read twice, and committed to & Whole on the state of the Union, í Mr. Craig, of Vir. Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union. gina, in the chair,) on the bill making appropriations Mr. E. gave notice of his intention to bring this bill for the current expenses of the Indian department, and before the House at as early a day as possible, as it was for fulfilling treaty stipulations with the various Indian a very impurtant measure, for the purpose of its being tribes, for the year 1837.

acted upon at the present session.' He did not wish to Mr. CAMBRELENG explained that this bill was es- interfere with the appropriation bills, and he would, sentially different, in form, to the bill of the last year. therefore, name a day, before which it was possible That bill consisted of twenty-seven pages, and embraced those bills would be passed. He accordingly gave 10every minule stipulation for and every triling article of tice that he should call up the above bill for considera. expenditure. At that rale, the bill would soon reach to a tion on this day fortnight. hundred pages. The department had sent in a statement embracing all things required, which was laid on the ta

FREEDOM OF ELECTIONS. bles of members, and a simple provision for each tribe The unfinished business of the morning hour was the was to be inserted in the bill.

motion, submitted herelofore by Mr. BELL, for leave lo Mr. CAMBRELESG moved to strike out from the bring in a bill to secure the freedom of elections. 21st and 22d lines the words "the same act.” Agreed to. Mr. GRAVES, who was entitled to the floor, rose and

Mr. CAMBRELENG moved to amend the bill by in- addressed the House as follows: berting an appropriation of $701,676 for removal and Mr. Speaker: The highly distinguished gentleman subsistence of Creek Indians, under the treaty of 24th from Tennessee, (Mr. BELL, ) whom it is my lot to fol. March, 1832; for the subsistence of the females of war. low, in the speech with which he has just favored the riors in the service of the United States; for purchase of House, in support of his motion for leave to introduce articles of defence and clothing, &c.

this bill, has not only shown a degree of research and After some remarks from Messrs. GARLAND of preparation

highly creditable to himself, and very edify: Louisiana, EVERETT, CAMBRELENG, A. H. SHEP. ing to the House, but has displayed a high order of abil. PERD, PARKER, and HOLSEY, the amendment was 1y, to which it is the fortune of but few ever to attain. agreed to.

And I am not unapprized that it is bad taste for me to Mr. CAMBRELENG moved an amendment, embra- follow in this debate, with the crude remarks which I cing a number of additional items for various Indian tribes; propose to submit. I had not determined to say a single which was agreed to.

word, until just before the honorable gentleman conclu.

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