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them in the field of battle, they will go, for they are all volunteers; but I for my part am, I do aver, sir, heartily willing to sacrifice my sons, believing that with such sacrifice God is well pleased: for he has hitherto marvellously blessed our arms and conquered our enemies for us, and he who, in the days of his flesh, spoiled principalities and powers, and made a shew of them to only, will in the end, 1 doubt not, evince to the world that he is conqueror.” This, my lord, is the language of the American women; your lordship knows it is generally the reverse with the English, the mother's and sister's lives are bound up in the boys; but I am afraid I shall trespass on your lordship's patience: There. fore,
In the great name, and for the sake of the ever
blessed Trinity, I now beseech your lordship to weigh thoroughly, and with patience, impartiality, and love, this narrative of facts; and may that ever
blessed adorable person, Jesus Christ, the wonder.
ful councellor and prince of peace, give your lordship a right judgment and understanding in all things, and council and influence administration to act wisely, and repeat the acts in dispute, and so make peace. I am, my lord, your lordship's ready
and willing servant, for Christ's sake, H. P.
.Maryland, Dec. 20, 1775.
Town of Boston. The following proclamation was published by gene
ral Washington, on his taking possession of the
town of Boston:
By his excellency George Washington, esq. gene
ral and commander in chief of the thirteen unit
“Whereas the ministerial army has abandoned the town of Boston, and the forces of the united
colonies, under my command, are in possession of
the same: I have therefore thought it necessary for the preservation of peace, good order and discipline, to publish the following orders, that no person offending therein, may plead ignorance as an excuse for their misconduct.
All officers and soldiers are hereby ordered to live in the strictest peace and amity with the inhabitants; and no inhabitant, or other person, employed in his lawful business in the town, is to be inolested in his person or property, on any pretence whatever.
- If any officer or soldier shall presume to strike, imprison, or otherwise ill-treat any of the inhabitants, they may depend on being punished with the utmost severity; and if any officer or soldier
shall receive any insult from any of the inhabitants, he is to seek redress in a legal way, and no other.
Any non-commissioned officer or soldier or others under my command, who shall be guilty of robbing or plundering in the town, are to be immediately confined, and will be most rigidly punished. All officers are therefore ordered to be very vigilan: in the discovery of such offenders, and report their names and crime to the commanding officer in the town, as soon as may be.
The inhabitants and others, are called upon to make known to the quarter-master-general, or any of his deputies, all stores belonging to the ministerial army, that may be remaining or secreted in the town: any person or persons whatever, that shall be known to conceal any of the said stores, or appropriate them to his or their own use, will be considered as an enemy to America, and treated accordingly.
The seleat men and other magistrates of the town, are desired to return to the commander in chief, the names of all or any person or persons, they may suspect of being employed as spies upon the continental army, that they may be dealt with accordingly.
All officers of the continental army, are enjoined to assist the civil magistrates in the execution of their duty, and to promote peace and good order. They are to prevent, as much as possible, , the soldiers from frequenting tippling-houses, and strolling from their posts. Particular notice will be taken of such officers as are inattentive and remiss in their duty; and on the contrary, such only as are active and vigilant will be entitled to future favor and promotion. .
Given under my hand, at head quarters, in Cambridge, the 21st day of March, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six.
GEORGE WASHINGTON.” Boston, JMarch 29.
The address of the honorable council and house of representatives to his earcellency George Washington, esq. general and commander in chief of the forces of the united colonies. .May it please your carcellency“when the liberties of America were attacked by the violent hand of oppression—when troops, hostile to the rights of humanity, invaded this colony, seized our capital, and spread havoc and destruction around it; when our virtuous sons were murdered, and our houses destroyed by the troops of Britain, the inhabitants of this and the other American colonies, impelled by self-preservation
and the love of freedom, forgetting their domestic
His earcellency's answer.
“Gentlemen—I return you my most sincere and hearty thanks for your polite address; and feel myself called upon, by every principle of gratitude, to acknowledge the honor you have done me in this testimonial of your approbation of my appointment to the exalted station I now fill; and what is
more pleasing, of my conduct in discharging its important duties.
When the councils of the British nation had formed a plan for enslaving America, and depriv. ing her sons of their most sacred and invaluable privileges, against the clearest remonstrances of the constitution, of justice and of truth; and to execute their schemes, had appealed to the sword, I esteemed it my duty to take a part in the contest, and more especially, on account of my being called thereto by the unsolicited suffrages of the representatives of a free people; wishing for no other reward than that arising from a consciencious discharge of the important trust, and that my services . might contribute to the establishment of freedom and peace, upon a permanent foundation, and merit the applause of my countrymen, and every virtuous citizen.
Your professions of my attention to the civil constitution of this colony, whilst acting in the line of my department, also demands my grateful thanks. A regard to every provincial institution, where not incompatible with the common interest, I hold a principle of duty, and of policy, and shall ever form a part of my conduct. Had I not learnt this before, the happy experience of the advantages resulting from a friendly intercourse with your honorable body, their ready and willing concurrence to aid and to counsel, whenever called upon in cases of difficulty and emergency, would have taught me the useful lesson.
That the metropolis of your colony is now relieved from the cruel and oppressive invasions of those who were sent to erect the standard of lawless domination, and to trample on the rights of humanity, and is again open and free for its rightful possessors, must give pleasure to every virtuous and sympathetic heart, and being effected without the blood of our soldiers and fellow-citizens, must be ascribed to the interposition of that Providence, which has manifestly appeared in our behalf through the whole of this important struggle, as well as to the measures pursued for bringing alcut the happy event.
May that Being who is powerful to save, and in
whose hands is the fate of nations, kok down with
an eye of tender pity and compassion upon the whole of the united colonies; may he continue to smile upon their counsels and arms, and otown them with success, whilst employed in the cause of virtue and mankind.—May this distressed colony and its capital, and every part of this wide extend. ed continent, through his divine favor, be restored to more than their former lustre and once happy state, and have peace, liberty, and safety secured upon a solid, permanent, and lasting foundation.” GEORGE WASHINGTON, -o-mese South Carolina.
At a general assembly begun and holden at Charleston, on Tuesday the twenty-sixth day of Mareh, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six; and from thence continued, by divers adjournments, to Thursday the eleventh day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six. ..on act to prevent sedition, and punish insurgents and disturbers of the public peace. “Whereas a horrid and unnatural war is now carried on by the ministry and parliament of Great Britain, against the united colonies of North Ame. rica in general, and this colony in particular, with a cruel and oppressive design of robbing the colonies and good people of this colony of their dearest and most valuable rights as freemen, and reducing them to a state of the most abject slavery and oppression: and whereas, also, in order further to accomplish the said iniquitous and unwarrantable designs, every means has been adopted by a wicked administration to sow civil dissentions and animosities, and to create disorder, confusion and blood. shed amongst the good people of this colony, by employing secret emissaries to stir up in the minds of wicked and evil-disposed persons, persuasions and principles inimical to the ties of humanity, and the common rights of mankind, and thereby induc. ing them not only to disturb the common peace, safety, and good order of this colony, but to take up arms and spill the blood of their fellowscitizens, who are only acting in the defence of their lives, liberties, and properties, against the hands of a lawless and despotic power: to the intent, therefore, and in order the more effectually to preserve and secure the peace, order, and good government of this colony, and to deter and prevent such evilminded persons from committing such offences, and all such other offences declared in this act, to the great danger of the lives, liberties, and properties of the inhabitants of this colony: Be it enacted by his excellency John Rutledge, esq. pre
sident and commander in chief in and over the colony of South Carolina, and by the honorable the legislative council and general assembly of this colony, and by the authority of the same, that if any person or persons within this colony do, or shall, from, and immediately after, the passing of this act, take up arms with a hostile intent, and by force and violence, or by words, deeds, or writing, or any other means whatsoever, cause, induce, or persuade, or attempt to cause, induce, or persuade any other person or persons, with such hostile intent, to take up arms, and by force and violence to oppose and subvert the authority of the government of this colony, established by the constitution, agreed on and confirmed in congress at Charleston, on the twenty-sixth day of March, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, or to wound, maim, or kill any person or persons, or destroy any of the houses, goods, or chattels of any such persons, who shall under, and by virtue of any authority of the said government, be acting in support and defence of the same, or the execution of any power, authority or office derived therefrom, all and every of such person or persons, and the aider and abettor, or aiders and abettors of such person or persons so offending, in either of the offences aforesaid, shall, on being indicted and convicted of the same, by due course of law, be deemed and adjudged guilty of felony, and suffer death without benefit of clergy.
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any persons within this colony shall, immediately after the passing of this act, or at any time thereafter, by letter, writing, message, or other means of intelligence, hold any correspondence or intercourse, or conspire or concert in any manner whatever with, or aid or abet any land or naval farce, raised or to be raised, or which shall be sent by Great Britain, in a hostile manner, against this colony, or any other force or body of men within this colony, who shall, in a hostile intent or manner, oppose the power and authority of the present government of this colony, established as aforesaid, with an intent to promote the ac: complishments of any hostile plan of operation, designed by such force or forces against the lives, liberties and properties of all or any of the inhabitants and friends to the constitution of this colony, established as aforeseid—every such person or persons, so offending in any of the said offences, shall, on being indicted and convicted thereof by due course of law, be deemed and adjudged guilty of felony, and suffer death without benefit of clergy.
And be it further enacted by the authority afore
said, That if any person or persons within this colony shall, immediately after the passing of this act, dr at any time thereafter, furnish or supply, or cause or procure to be furnished or supplied, with any bills of exchange, monies, goods, provisions, liquors, or other necessary articles of subsistence, or any military or naval stores whatever, any of the land or naval forces, raised or to be raised, or sent by Great Britain, or any authority derived from that government, against this colony, or shall, in like manner, furnish or supply, or cause to be furnished or supplied, any force or body of men who shall, in a hostile manner, oppose the government of this colony, established as aforesaid—every such person or persons, so offending in either of the offences aforesaid, and the aider or abettor, or aiders andé abettors of any of the said offences, shall, on being indicted or convicted thereof, by due course of law, be deemed and adjudged guilty of felony, and suffer death without benefit of clergy.
And be it further enacted by the authority afore. said, That if any person or persons within this colony shall, at any time after the passing of this act, compel, induce, persuade, or attempt to compel, induce, or persuade any white person, or persons, er any free negro, or negroes, mulatto or mulattoes, Indian or Indians, to desert from their habitation or habitations, or any negro or other slave or slaves, to desert from his or their master, mistress, or owner, and to join any land or naval force, raised or to be raised, or sent by Great Britain, or any authority derived from that government, against the united colonies of America, or this colony, or to join any person or persons armed in a hostile manner, with intent to oppose or subvert the government of this colony, established as afore said, or with intent of killing any person or persons, or destroying his, her, or their goods or property, who shall be acting, or ready and willing to act in support and defence of such government, or any of the inhabitants of this colony and friends to the same—every such person or persons, so offending in any of the above offences, and all such as shall aid and abet the said offender, or offenders, in the perpetration and execution of any of the said offences, shall, on conviction thereof, by due course of law, be deemed and adjudged guilty of felony, and shall suffer death without benefit of clergy. Provided always, nevertheless, that nothing in this act contained shall be construed or taken to prevent the good people of this colony from arming of slaves or negroes, for the better defence of this celony
against all enemies whatsoever, who shall invade or attack the same, or endanger the safety thereof.
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any person or persons within this colony shall, immediately after the passing of this act, or at any time thereafter, collect or assemble with any body or assembly of persons, or cause or procure them to be so collected and assembled, with intent, in a riotous and seditious manner, to disturb the public peace and tranquility, and the good order of the government, and by words or otherwise to create and raise traiterous seditions or discontents in the minds of the good people of this colony, against the authority of the present government established as aforesaid—every such person or persons, so offending in any of the said offences, shall, on conviction thereof, by due course of law, be deemed and adjudged guilty of felony.
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the lands and tenements, goods and ehattels, and other real and personal estate of all such person or persons, who shall be duly convicted, by virtue of this act, of any of the crimes and offences thereby made felony, shall, within one month after such conviction, by the sheriff of each district respectively, in which such real and personal estate of the person or persons so convicted, or any part thereof, shall be found, with three freeholders of the said district, be appraised upon oath, and the said appraisement duly returned, by the said sheriff of such district, to the secretary's of. fice in Charleston, within one month after such appraisement is made, and the said sheriff of such district in which the appraiseinent is made, as aforesaid, shall, within one month thereafter, expose such estate so appraised to public sale, first giving twenty-one days public notice of the sale; and shall, within three months after such sale, deposite the amount of the same, deducting legal poundage and charges, in the office of the colony treasury in Charleston, and the commissioners of the colony treasury, or any one of them, on receipt of such monies from the sheriff, as aforesaid, shall give a receipt or voucher for the same.
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any sheriff or sheriffs, for any of the districts in this colony, shall in any wise transgress, or disobey, or neglect the putting in execution, any of the provisions or clauses in this act, respecting their duty and office—every sheriff so offending, disobeying or neglecting the same, shall forfeit his office, and incur the penalty of one thousand Pounds current money, to be sued for, and recovered by Honorable gentlemen of the legislative council—
bill or plaint in any court of record in this colony, wherein no essoign, privilege, protection or wager of law, or more than one imparlance, shall be
.Mr. Speaker and gentlemen of the general assembly,
It has afforded me much satisfaction to observe, that though the season of the year rendered your sitting very inconvenient, your private concerns,
And be it further enacted by the authority afore- which must have suffered greatly by your long said, that the monies arising from the sale of all; and close application, in the late congress, to the such estates as shall become forfeited, by virtue of affairs of the colony, requiring your presence in
this act, shall be appropriated for a fund, and shall become a reprisal fund, for reimbursing all such losses and damages which have been, or shall be
the county, yet continuing to prefer the public weal to ease and retirement, you have been busily engaged in framing such laws as our peculiar cir
sustained by any person or persons who have been, Cumstances rendered absolutely necessary to be
are, or shall be, engaged in opposition to the op. pressive measures of the British ministry, or the defence of the present established constitution, and the liberties of this colony.
And be it further enacted by the authority afore. said, That no person or persons shall be reimbursed, by virtue of this act, for any losses or damages sustained from persons acting in open hostility against the present constitution of government, and the liberties of this colony, unless the said reimbursement be, on application, and oath made
passed before your adjournment. Having given my assent to them, I presume you are now desirous
of a recess.
On my part, a most solemn oath has been taken for the faithful discharge of my duty; on yours, a |solemn assurance has been given to support me therein. Thus, a public compact between us stands recorded. You may rest assured that I shall keep this oath ever in mind—the constitution shall be the invariable rule of my conduct—my ears shalt
be always open to the complaints of the injured,
of the damages actually sustained, deemed just justice, in mercy, shall neither be denied, or delay
and reasonable by the general assembly of this
ed—Our laws and religion, and the liberties of
colony, or such other body or persons as the legisla. America, shall be maintained and defended, to the
tive body of this colony shall appoint:
always, nevertheless, That such person or persons, confidence in your engagement.
And be it further enacted by the authority afore- in are still strangers to the nature and merits of said, That the fines and penalties to be incurred, the dispute between Great Britain and the colonies, by virtue of this act, shall, upon recovery thereof.” will explain it to them fully, and teach them. be paid into the colony treasury, to be applied to, t they are so unfortunate as not to know their and for such uses and purposes as are herein men- inherent rights. Prove to them, that the privileges
tioned. G. G. Powell, speaker of the Legislative council. JAMEs Pansoxs, speaker of the
of being tried by a jury of the vicinage, acquainted with the parties and witnesses; of being taxed only with their own consent, given by their representa|tives, freely chosen by, and sharing the burthen
In the council chamber, the 11th day of April, equally with themselves, not for the aggrandizing
1776—Assented to, J. RuTLEDGE.
In general assembly, South Carolina, April 11, 1776.
a rapacious minister, and his dependent favorites, and for corrupting the people, and subverting their liberties, but for such wise and salutary purposes,
as they themselves approve; and of having their
both houses, by his excellency the president and internal polity regulated, only by laws consented
commander in chief of this colony, be forthwith
to by competent judges of what is best adapted to
printed and made public, as well in the newspapers their situation and circumstances, equally bound
too by those laws, are inestimable, and derived |from that constitution, which is the birth-right of the poorest man, and the best inheritance of the