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dust ;

sure,

cure ;

“ Thus I learn wherë true hap- p cipal blood vessel. And when

piness is placed ; where all found by his friends was discovour cares must end ; and how ered with a pencil in his hand

very little reason I have to with which he had just conclud“ repine, or to complain." ed writing the following lines :

Reader! what a wise, good, Ejaculatory Sonnet. and blessed character !-May THY judgments Lord, are holy, we all be ambitious to obtain it!

right and just, GoGo man, whosoever thou Tho' evils press, and tho' we sink to art, and give all diligence to copy Tho' darkness shroud thy throne and it. Make this right use of your

cloud thy face, eyes, and you

shall be approved I'cleave to thee and hope thy parof by God, and numbered a

doning grace. mong the children of light.

Firm is thy truth, thy promise ever

And Jesus' blood my safety will proDoctor Timothy Todd, an Thy mercy beams wită full respleneminent physician of Rutland in And ope's thie portals of eternal day, Vermont, riding at full speed to

Before thy throne I bow beneath thy visit a patient dangerously sick,

rod, was thrown from his horse, broke And own the arm and angry frown his leg and wrenched the foot so

of God ; as to dislocate it at the ankle. Thy hand I feel, nor dare thy dread. In this deplorable situation the

ful pow'r, Doctor remained near two hours Support me, God, in this tremendous

hour. before any assistance came. In

Whate'er my doom, whate'er my the mean while he crawled to a

state may be, rock by the side of a run of wa- Oh, grant me still to put my trust in ter, in which he laved the

thee. .wounds and.cleansed them from Much has been vaunted of the firm. the clotted blood and the frag- ness of the ancient stoics; but he ments of his stocking which had who can enter into the dreadful agobeen impelled into them ; and nies of the Doctor's distress must taking his instruments from his confess, that the serene fortitude and

true magnanimity of the Christian, pocket, withi astonishing forti- by far excel the boasted insensibility tude proceeded to take up a prin- I of the stoic.

Donations to the Missionary Society of Connecticut. August 24. A Friend of Missions of Farmington,

A youg Lady of Vermont, Septem. 1.

A Friend of Missions in Cayuga County, N. Y.

A Friend of Missions,
16. Enos Merrill, of Castleton, Vermont,

1 0 34 5 5 58 2

Doll. 13 92

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À Dissertation on the atonement, I would make the following ob

extracted from a manuscript servations. written about twenty years ago, I. The design of the atonewith a special reference to cer- ment made by Christ was so to tain questions relative to this declare or manifest the rightimportant doctrine, which were eousness of God, as would renthen a subject of considerable der it consistent with justice, for enquiry.

God to justify the sinner who

believeth in Jesus. At least, this QUESTION. How is the scrip- was one of the great ends to be

ture doctrine of Christ's atone answered by it. ment to be understood ?

This observation is, I think,

sufficiently supported by the aTHE words propitiation and postle's words in Rom. iii. 25, 26.

atonement are of the same 66 Whom God hath set forth to signification. The apostle John be a propitiation through faith tells us, that “ God sent his Son in his blood, to declare his rightto be the propitiation for our eousness that he might be just, sins," and says expressly, “ he and the justifier of him which is the propitiation for our sins." believeth in Jesus.” From these i John iv. 10. and ii. 2. There- words it seems natural to confore, the doctrine, that Christ clude, that it would not have hath made atonement, or that been consistent with justice, for he is the propitiation for sins, is God to have justified sinners, if indisputably a scripture doc-Christ had not been set forth a trine. But what this doctrine propitiation, to declare his rightimports, or how it is to be under- eousness. And perhaps, from a stood, may be a question of some little attention to the subject, it clifficulty ; as professing Chris- may clearly appear, that this is tians have entertained different the case. For if God, the supreme sentiments about it. To this Lord and Ruler of the universe, question I shall now attempt an to whom it belongs to take care answer, and for this purpose of its interests, did not manifest VOL. VI. NO. 5.

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great displeasure at sin, and ly to God and to the intelligent take the most effectual meas- creation—the only principle, ures to discountenance and con- which will render to all their demn it, and to support his law, due, and be careful to injure or which requires perfect holiness, wrong none, and seek and reand forbids all sin, on a most joice in the greatest good of the dreadful penalty, he would, for system. ought that appears, do great in- Sin, on the other hand, is, in justice to himself and to the mo- its nature and tendency, an eneral world in general.

my to being in general. It withHoliness, in its nature and ten- holds from God and 'from creaclercy, is friendly to universal be-tures their due, injures and abuing—to God and to his creatures; ses them, and tends to universal it readily renders to all their misery and ruin. elue, and seeks and rejoices in the Sin is a transgression of the law greatest universal good. Holi- of God of that law, which reness consists in conformity to quires nothing but holiness, nothe divine law, which requires thing but love with its genuine us to love God with all our heart fruits and effects. Therefore all and soul and mind; and to love sin, the opposite to holiness, inour neighbors as ourselves. It volves the nature of enmity. It is evident at first view, that this sets up an interest different from love will readily give to God the and contrary to the glory of God glory which is his due, and yield and the general good. It with. a cheerful, unreserved obedi- holds from God the love, resence to his will. It will readily pect, honor and obedience due to glorify him as God. It will like him, and implicitly and practicwise readily render to creatures ally denies, that he is worthy of their due, and be careful to in- supreme love and perfect obedijure none; bet to do to all as it ence: yea, by hating him, it imwould wish to be done by. This plicitly declares that he is an unlove will naturally and necessa- worthy and hateful being, and, vily seek, as its highest and last as much as in it lies, undeisies end, and rejoice in God's greai- and dethrones him, and, if ables est glory in connection with the would dethrone and destroy him. greatest happiness of the intel. It also with-holds from crcatures ligent creation ; that is, the their due, and treats them injugreatest universal good. And riously, to exalt and gratify itif this love prevailed in perfec- self and serve its own ends. And tion through all the ranks of in- if sin universally prevailed, and telligences, it would produce and reigned without restraint, it be attended with universal un-would throw the whole system jon, peace, and harmony, and into disorder and confusion, demake all seek and rejoice in one stroy or exclude all happiness, cammon interest, and excite each and produce universal misery individual to do his utmost to and ruin. Hence, promote it. Hence, holiness ev- The evil of sin is infinite ; idently is, in its nature and ten- and, therefore, the penalty andency, friendly

y to universal be- nexed to it in the divine law is ing; yea, it is the only disposi- just. tion or affection, which is friend- From what hath now been ob. served of holiness, as a friend tol happiness of the intellectual being in general, and of sin, as a world ; that is, as though he was universal enemy, it manifestly totally destitute of holiness, jusis essential to the character of a tice, and goodness, and accordperfectly holy, just, and good ing to the stupid sinner's tho'ts, God, not only to love and take altogether an one as himpleasure in holiness, but also to self. But would such an idea of hate sin with perfect hatred. God be just ? Infinitely far from Infinite hatred of sin is the it. And if he conducted in such natural and necessary result a manner as to make it appear of infinite holiness-of infinite to creatures, as though he was goodness. It is evidently im- such a being-in such a manner, possible that God should be as would afford just occasion for perfectly holy and infinitely them to view him in this dishongood, without hating sin, the orable light, he would, for ought universal enemy and destroy that I can see, do infinite injuser, with perfect hatred. And tice to himself-to his own chatherefore he cannot anpear to be racter. And is it not as inconperfectiy holy and good, without sistent with justice, for God to appearing to be a perfect, irrecon- wrong and injure himself, as to cilable enemy to sin. Hence, wrong and injure his creatures ?

If God did not, in some way Again, or other, manifest great displeas- As God is the head of the ure against all sin, and take the universe, and by natural, undemost effectual measures to dis- rived right, the proprietor and countenance and condenin it, to supreme Lord of the whole creprevent its universal prevalence ation, it belongs to him to take and the evils naturally resulting care of the interests of the whole therefrom, it would not appear system, comprehending himself to creatures that he is a holy, and created intelligences. Hence, just, and good being: it would If he did not in any way manappear as though he did not re-ifest great displeasure against gard his own glory, or the hap- sin, but conducted in such a piness of the moral world. If manner, as to afford just occahe did not discover great dission for creatures to think, that pieasure at this universal enemy, he was not at all, or, at most, but which treats him with the great little displeased with it, it apo est contcmpt, and seeks to de- pears to me, that he would greatthrone and destroy him, and to ly injure his creatures. For throw the whole intellectual sys- such conduct in the Deity, would tem into disorder, confusion, and manifestly tend to make crearuin, it would appear as though tures think, that sin is nowise he did not care how much dis- comparably so great an evil honor and contempt were cast in itself, and so pernicious and upon him, or how much disor- destructive in iis tendency and der, confusion, and misery pre- consequences, as it really is ; vailed among his creatures as and thus serve to embolden though he loved neither himself, one after another to go into nor his creatures as though he the commission and practice of had no regard for his own hon sin, to their unspeakable damor, or for the well-being and I age or ulter- juin.

Such a

conduct in the Deity would ap- guarded with sanctions infin. pear or seem to afford great en itely weighty and important ? couragement to the commission If an earthly king knew what and practice of sin. And was conduct in his subjects was right Godto conductin such a manner, in itself, and best calculated to was he to manifest but little or secure and promote the comno displeasure at sin, it might mon interest and welfare of the naturally be expected, that the kingdom, and what conduct, on consequence would be universal the other hand, was wrong in it, prevalence (among creatures) self, and naturally tended to of this most pernicious and dead- throw the kingdom into disorder ly evil, to the exclusion of all and confusion, and to work the true happiness, and the produc- overthrow and ruin of the whole; tion of universal misery and ru- if he was also duly invested with in. Hence, the supposition of authority sufficient to enjoin the God's manifesting but little or one and forbid the other, by law, no displeasure against sin, ap- under a penalty proportioned to pears to me to be utterly irre: the evil of disobeying it; and concilable with the idea of his he nevertheless, neglected to de being just, either to himself, or it, and left his subjects at full lito his creatures. Again, berty, to pursue either the one

course or the other, as might From what has been illustra- best suit their inclinations ; we ted, of holiness as friendly to should naturally and necessarily being in general, and of sin as conclude, that he was neither a the universal enemy, it may ap- just, nor a good king. Or if he is of the greatest

should, in words, enact such a importance, that such a law, as law, but take no care to have it the divine law is, should exist observed, or its penalty execuand be supported a law, which ted upon the disobedient, but requires perfect holiness and for leave them to go on, just as tho? bids all sin under a most dread there had been no such law, and ful penalty. What can be of thus virtually and practically set greater importance, than that it aside, and render it of no more moral beings should be held un- effect upon

the minds of the subder obligation to the exercise jects, than if it had never been and practice of that holiness, enacted; we must still come in, which is friendly to the moral to the same conclusion, that he world, and seeks and naturally was not a just or a good king: tends to promote and rejoices in So if the divine law, which rethe greatest good ; and to re-quires nothing but what tends frain from sin, the universal en- to the well being and happiness emy and destroyer ? Is it not of the moral world, and forbids then of vast importance, and do nothing but sin, the universal not his essential goodness, jus- enemy, and, in its natural tentice, and holiness require, that dency, productive of universal this law, which has its founda- misery, was suffered to be trans, tion in the nature of things, gressed with impunity ; if God, should be enjoined by God, the the supreme governor, after re: head and supreme governor of vealing or enjoining it, should the universe, and enforced and take no further care to have it

pear, that

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