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enlarging the wound, increasing the tional principles, and two grains, or discharge with suppurating applica- even a larger dose, given every three tions, by burning it with gunpowder, hours, seeni to have relieved the or destroying an absorbing surface symptoms, but has done no more. by a caustic. Each has been em A ptyalism, rapidly excited, and ployed, and each has had its parti- steadily continued, has scarcely sucsans; but to cut out the part is the ceeded better; and the vinegar, of only certain remedy, and it is certain which four ounces have been directat any period previous to ihe intam- ed three times a day, has equally matinu If the wound is inflicted so failed. In short, full, effectuul, and deep that the bitten part cannot be COMPLETE EXCISION of the woundseparated, a caustic must be applied ed part is ihe only certain means of to what remains; and though we rclief'; AND THIS IS CERTAIN. thus lessen the chance of relief, we should reflect that, at the depth of the wound, the tooth has already lost its venom. Yet such are the horrid PATTERN for an OINAMENT for a consequences, that even the loss of a
CHIMNEY-PIECE." limb would, in the event of a violent AS we have been requested by sea wound from a dog, certainly mad, veral of our FAIR CORRESPONDcheaply purchase security.
ENTS, among others by the lady It has been supposed that the who signs Dorothée, to give a patorgans may be sheathed with oil, tern for an ornament for a chimneyand absorption prevented, or the piece; and as we are ever desirous to asrimony of the poison covered. comply with the requests of our reaThis plan too has flattered and dis- ders as far as in our power; we have appointed practitioners; and the this month presented them with a Ormskirk medicine, which is prin- pattern of this kind, and intend occipally an antacid, has had no better casionally to give such.
With respect to the colouring, When the disease has come on, it ladies may exercise their owo ingehas been the object of practitioners nuity and taste. In the original to sooth the early symptoms of irrita- from which the present pattern was tion hy opium, or to assist the natural engraved, the figures in the medaldischarge by the more active exhibi- lion were washed over with a colour tion of mercurials. Dr. Rush, in composed of gamboge, and a small bis reveries respecting infiammation, portion of carmine or lake; those thought t''s disease also inflamma on the sides, and the ornament at tory, and proposed active bleeding the bottom, were coloured to repreWe can tiace inis remedy in the sent bronze, with a mixture of yelHistory of the Academy of Sciences low, blue, and black. at Paris for the year 1699, p. 59, recommended by Poupart; and we find it also mentioned in the Medical Essays of Edinburgh, vol. 5. part ii. § Account of the Trial of Sir 51. This also has failed. Later HOME POPHAM, by a COURT
his Station, with the Squadron Espoir sloop, and Encountergun-brig. under his Command, without Or. for the purpose of capturing the ene. ders or Authority from his Sue mies settlements at the Cape of Good periors.
Hope, in conjunction with the troops First Day, Monday March 6. under the command of major-general ON a signal gun being fired at nine sir David Baird, which settlements in the morning on board the Glas weresurrendered to theships and troops diator, and the usual signal of a jack aforesaid, in the month of January, hoisted at her mizen-peak, the ad. 1806. And whereas it appears by mirals and captains who com osed letters from the said sir Home Popa the court-martial, with the several ham to our secretary, dated the persons necessarily attendant on the thirteenth and thirtieth of April fol. trial, repaired on board the ship. lowing, that, with a view to attack The court assembled in the state the Spanish settlements in the Rio cabin, and was composed of the fole de la Plata, he did withdraw from lowing officers :
the Cape the whole of the naval Admiral Sir W. YOUNG, President.
force which had been placed under
his command for the sole purpose Vice-Admiral Sir E. Gower, Vice-Admiral J. Holloway,
of protecting it, thereby leaving the Vice-Admiral B. Rowley,
Cape, which it was his duty to guard, Vice-Admiral Hon. H. E. Stanhope,
not only exposed to attack and inRear-Admiral J. Vathon, Rear-Admiral Sir J. Coffin,
sult, but even without the means of Rear-Admiral Sir Richard Strachan, affording protection to the trade of Captain S H. Linzee,
his majesty's subjects, or of taking Captain Thomas Gravele Captain M. Scott,
possession of any ships of the enemy, Captain J. Irwin,
which might have put into any of Captain C. Boyle.
the bays or harbours of the Cape, or The
parts adjacent; all which he, the the deputy judge advocate, Moses said sir Home Popham, did, notwithGreetham, esq. reading, first, the standing that he had received prewarrant of the lords of the admiralty ships being in the neighbourhood of
vious information of the enemy's for the arrest of sir Home Popham, the Cape ; and not withstanding that after his arrival in England from South America, in order to his being
he had been apprised of a Frencla brought to trial upon the charges Mauritius, of wbich he inforined us
squadron that was expected at the alleged against him; and next, by reading the order to admiral sir by letter to our secretary, dated William Young, for holding the ninth of April, 1806, only four days court-martial; which is as follows:
prior to his departure from the Cape
for the Rio de la Plata. And whereBy the cummissioners for executing as it appears to us, that a due regard the office of lord high admiral to the good of his majesty's service of the united kingdom of Great imperiously demands that so flagrant Britain and Ireland, &c. &c. a breach of public duty should not
Whereas by an order, dated the pass unpunished; and whereas -by twenty-ninth of July 1805, sir Home our order, dated the twenty-eighth Popham, then captain of his ma- of July, 1806, rear-admiral Stirling jesty's ship Diadem, was directed to was directed to send the said sir take uoder his command his ma Home Popham to England, which jesty's ships Belliqueux, Raisonable, he has done accordingly; and where Diomede, Narcissus, and Leda, the as sir Home Popham was, on his VOL. XXXVIII.
arrival, put under an arrisi by courwa ever submitted to a court-mara order, and is now at Porism 'uin, tal. He could nat help thinking it awaiting his trial.- We' seni here- strange, that he should be brought with, for the support of the charge, to trial for having employeu the the necessary papers.
mcans placed at his disposal in makAnd we do nereby require and di- ing a successful attack on a posses. rect you forthwith to assemble a sion belonging to the enemy, instead court-martial, which court (you being of suffering them to remain inactive the president thereof) is hereby rt. and dormant. Nor did he conceive quired and directed io inquire into that it was less unprecedented to the conduct of, and try the said eap- criminate an officer, entrusted with a tain sir Home Popham for the oto command of some importance, for fences of which he is charged ac- having exercised that discretionary cordingly. Given under our hands power, without which no service this second day of March, 1807.
could be carried on with energy or Thomas Grenville. effect, when the result of such an H. Neale.
act, so far from having been attendThomas F. Freemantle. ed with any ill consequence, was, on To William YOUNG, esq. Admiral the contrary, glorious to his majesty's
of the Blue, and second officer in arms, and honourable to the councommand of his Majesty's ships try: Nor had he the smallest hesi, at Portsmouth, at Spithead.
tation to assert, that if the administraBy command of their lordships,
tion by which he was selected for the W. Marsden.
command he had the honour to hold
had still remained in power, he The following list of witnesses should have received thanks and ap. summoned upon the trial was then
probation, instead of having been read :
superseded, recalled, and then very Lord Melville, Captain Parker,
unexpectedly put under arrest and Lord Whitworth, Laughlan M'Lean, brought to trial. He had to observe, Mr. Huskisson, Lieutenant Madden, that it seemed rather singular no Mr. Sturges Bourne, Captain Dundas, Mr. W. Marsden, Mr. Thomas Browne,
notice whatever of an intention to Captain King, i Mr. Thomas Wilson, bring him to trial was intimated to Captain Edmunds, Mr. Hellingsworth. him when first ordered home from
The charge was supported by the Rio de la Plata. Had the design eighteen official docunu'nts, which of his prosecutors been then known were severally read.
to him, he might have procured a Second Duy, Saturday March 7.- variety of evidence highly important Sir Home Popham sigurtied his to his case, He would undertake to wish to be allowed till Monday to shew that not only an expedition to prepare for his defence, for which he South America was a favourite ohjeet stated his reasons; and the court, with Mr. Pitt, that be had it in con• having taken them into considera- templation, and actually took some tion, assente! to his request. steps to carry it into execution in
Third Day Monday March 9. the course of his former administra. The rouri vjeud avut nine, when tion ; but that he never lost sight of sir Home Ppham entered on his it, being only restrained from atdefence, which continued till near' tempting i he execution of it by poone. His address was both argu- litical reasons, which no longer exmentative and eloquent, and he isted when he felt it his duty, for maintained that the charge was as the interest of his country, to pro extraordinary and unprecedented as ceed from the Cape of Good Hope
npon this long projected expedition. troops on board his squadron, with As to the discretion he exercised, he which he was ready to sail from the trusted he 'need not say, were not Cape to the Rio de la Plata, in order Our naval and military commanders to attack those identical settlements employed on foreign service, in dis- which were the objects of his entertant quarters, allowed a latitude for prise. The late sir Hugh Christian the exercise of their discretion, what had carried his intention so far as he ill consequences would often arise to had stated, when an account reached bis majesty's service. He mention- him from India, stating the urgent ed the coup de main which put the necessity of sending the military reBritish crown in possession of Gib. inforcements to our army in the Care raltar. Sir George Rooke had no matic. After dwelling upon various orders for undertaking that bold en other points in his favour, sir Home terprize, nor was he arraigned by his concluded with an animated appeal superiors at home for having exer to the justice and liberality of the cised his discretion on that occasion. court. In the American war, sir Peter Par The examination of evidence for ker and general Dalling, the then the prisoner then commenced. Lord naval and military commanders at viscount Melville, Mr. Sturges Jamaica, concerted an expedition Bourne, and Mr. Huskisson, gave against the Spanish settlement of their respective testimonies. The Omoah, which was to a certain de forner stated that the administragree successful. No blame was at tion of which he had made a tached to either of those officers for part had several communications having directed this attack without with genera! Miranda, with respect orders. At the beginning of the to his projects on South America; Jate war in 1793, lord Hood entered and that he knew with certainty that Toulon, and afterwards attacked sir Home Popham had been emCorsica, without orders, and against ployed confidentially by that cabinet. the opinion of the general, who 'Mr. Huskisson stated the differwould not co-operate with him vet ent interviews sir Home had had that admiral was not brought before with the late minister and himself
court martial for having so acted; on the subject of South America, nor was it ever known that his con and the anxiety expressed by Mr. duct was censured. In 1796, lord Pitt to make use of the naval supeSt. Vincent (then sir John Jervis). 'riority of the country for the pursent the heroic Nelson to attack Te pose of obtaining an advantage there, neriffe, in consequence of informa.. and admitted that it had been cons tion which he received, that two ships stantly an object that wr.s deemed had loaded their treasure there. But very desirable. that enterprize, though productive Fourth Day, Tuesday March 10.of a great effusion of British blood, The court having met at nine o'clock, was not censured. These precedents resumed the examination of wil nesses, clearly proved the existence of that Mr. Marsden, secretary to the ad. discretionary power on which he had miralty, was the first evidence; but acted. But he had yet to cite a case still what he stated was not material to more in point, since the officer whom the cause. Mr. Wileon, a merchant he was going to mention commande of London, concerned in the trade to. ed on the very station which he was Rio de la Plata, deposed, that he had accused of having left unprotected, and strongly pointed out to Mr. Pitt and who actually prepared to embark the the privy council the propriety of
making a conquest in that part of Upon an examination of my defence, Spanish America, and also that he had I trust it will be found that several conversations on the subject with sir Home Popham. Mr. Brown,
'The head and front of nry offending
Hath this extent no more.' master attendant at the Cape, and captain King, of the Diadem, stated,
I retire, trusting in your wisdom that although the whole of the naval and justice for my honourable acforce was taken away by sir Home,
quittal, the Cape was notwithstanding left
Sir Home Popham having, with in perfect security, from its excel. his friends, withdrawn, about eleven lent state of defence.
o'clock, the court was cleared, and, Fifth Day, Wednesday March 11: after four hours' deliberation, was -The president, as soon as the again opened; when sir Home havcourt had opened, having asked ing taken his place at the foot of the sir Home Pophan whether he table, the members being covered, had any other evidence to ad- the judge advocate proceeded to read vance ? He replied, that he had the sentence as follows:it in his power to produce several
• This court having maturely con-. other witnesses; but from the time sidered the nature of the charges, the trial had already occupied, and heard all the evidence, and having from an unwillingness to trespass fully deliberated upon the whole of further on the attention of the this case, are of opinion, that the court, he would decline any further charges have been proved against evidence, if the court should think it the said captain sir Home Popham; unnecessary. He then presented a that the withdrawing, without orders list of papers, which he wished to so to do, the whole of any naval force have read in his defence, and entered from any place where it is directed on the minutes. Those which in to be employed, and the employing cluded his correspondence with the it in distant operations against the admiralty were admitted by the enemy, more especially if the success court; but others were considered as of such operations should be likely to jnadmissible evidence.
prevent its speedy return, may be atSir Home Popham then addressed tended with the most serious incona the court in the following terms :
venience to the public service, as the “'I here close my defence, and throw
success of any plan, formed by his myself entirely upon the justice and majesty's ministers for operations wisdom of this honourable court. I against the enemy, in which such have suffered much in my feelings naval force might be included, may, and character ; but I do trust and hope by such removal, be entirely preyour judgment will relieve the one
vented. And the court is further of and rescue the other. If, in my zeal opinion, that the conduct of the said for the service, I have exceeded the captain sir Home Popham, in with limits of due discretion, I trust it will drawing the whole of the naval force appear that I was solely actuated by an under his command from the Cape anxious desire to promote the inter. of Good Hope, and the proceeding ests, the honour, and the glory of with it to the Rio de la Plata, was my country. Aided by my brave highly censurable ;—but in consifollowers, and under the protection deration of circumstances, the court of Divine Providence, I was put into doth adjudge him to be only serereta possession of two capital cities, in reprimanded and he is accordingly two different quarters of the globe. hereby severely reprimanded.'