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principle politiciansl eulogised on all occasions by our anti-constitutional writers, to practical statesmen, on all occasions the objects of their sneers, and whom one of their number has recently published a quarto volume to decry. No sooner had the nation got rid of the popish tyrant, than Lord Somers drew up3 the famous Declaration of Right. Mark that title-a Declaration of Right. This document enumerated

. and claimed for Englishmen all the rights and liberties to which they were entitled by4 laws which James the Second had violated. So careful were the leaders of 1688 of not5 vitiating or injuring the valued title to our liberties, that they omitted in this great remedial8 statute all mention of those further guarantees of our freedom which they had already devised, and which they immediately afterwards proposed and passed 10 in Parliament. First," and before they made any addition to their inheritance, they determined to secure themselves in the clear freehold 12 of their rights. They were careful, while they were meditating 13 improvements and increase, that they should not, from present neglect, be forced to bring actions of ejectment hereafter for property to which they had become entitled in the times of 14 Charles the



1 From the abstract-principle politicians, des politiques aux principes abstraits and whom, decry, et que l'un d'eux vient encore de décrier dans un in-40: publié dans ce but—3 drew up, rédigea – 4 to which they were entitled by, qui leur appartenaient en vertu de - 80 careful were......of not, ....eurent si grand soin de ne pas or injuring, de ne pas endommager_7 valued title to, titre précieux de

remedial, réparateur further, autres—10 passed, firent adopter 11 first, tout d'abord 12 in the clear freehold, dans la libre et souveraine possession-13 they were careful while they were meditating, ils eurent soin, tout en méditant-14 that they should not, etc...... in the times of, de ne pas se mettre, par leur négligence actuelle, dans la nécessité d'intenter plus tard une action possessoire pour une propriété qui était devenue leur droit au temps de.

First or the Plantagenets, and which in their hot zeal and hurry they had now overlooked. The Declaration of Right connected the pedigree of our rights and liberties with the Petition of Right, which again carried them upwards to the Great Charter, in like manner dependent on the charter of Henry Beauclerc and the laws of the Confessor. Whether it ascended further, was now a matter of interest only to3 the antiquary. A pedigree of six centuries was proud enough even for our glorious British freedom.

BENJAMIN DISRAELI, “ Dindication of the British Constitution.”

THE POOR RELATION. He is known by his knock. Your heart telleth you, “That is Mr. "

.A rap between familiarity and respect, that demands, and at the same time seems to despair of entertainment.5 He entereth smiling and embarrassed. He holdeth out his hand to you to shake, and draweth it back again. He casually looketh in? about dinner time, when the table is full. He offereth to go away, seeing you have company, but is induced to stay. He filleth a chair, and


visitor's two children are accommodated at a side table. He never cometh upon open days,lo when your wife says with somell complacency,





Again, à son tour_ carried them upwards to, les faisait remonter jusqu'à-3 whether, etc......only to, quant à la question de savoir si cette igine remontait plus haut, cela ne pouvait plus intéresser que.

4 He is known by, on le reconnait à 5 that demands and......seems to despair of entertainment, qui demande l'hospitalité et......semble désespérer de l'obtenir–6 to shake, à serrer_7 he......looketh in, il passe chez vous —8 company, du monde 9 is induced to stay, il se Taisse dire et reste-10 upon open days, les jours où vous êtes libre 11 some, une certaine.

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“My dear, perhaps Mr. —will drop in to-day.” He remembereth birthdays, and professeth he is: fortunate to have stumbled upon one. He declareth against fish, the turbot being small, yet suffereth himself to be importuned into a slice,6 against his first resolution. He sticketh by the port, yet will be prevailed upon to empty the remainder glass of claret, if a stranger press it upon him.10 He is a puzzle to 11 the servants, who are fearful of being too obsequious, or not civil enough to him.12 The guests think they have seen him before. Every one speculateth upon his condition; and the most part take him for a tide-waiter.13 He calleth you by your Christian name,14 to imply 15 that his other is the same with your own.16 He is too familiar by half, yet you wish he had 17 less diffidence. With half the 18 familiarity, he might pass for a casual dependent; with more boldness, he would be in no danger of being 19 taken for what he is. He is too humble for a friend, yet taketh on him more state than befits 20 a client. He is 21 a worse guest than a country tenant, inasmuch as he bringeth up no rent; yet ’tis odds,2 from his garb and demeanour, that 23 your guests


1 My dear, mon ami_2 will drop in, entrera en passant—3 and professeth he is, et s'estime_4 one, un de ces jours de fête—5 against fish, ne pas vouloir de poisson—6 suffereth, etc......a slice, il s'en laisse infliger une tranche—7 he sticketh by the port, il se tient .au vin d'Oporto—8 will be prevailed upon, il consentira à—remainder, dernier_10


it upon him, insiste pour qu'il le prennel to, pour _12 to him, à son égard--13 tide-waiter, douanier 14 Christian name, nom de baptême-15 to imply, pour donner à entendre-16 with your own, que le vôtre-17 you wish he had, vous voudriez qu'il eût_18 half the, moitié moins de 19 he, etc......being, il ne serait pas exposé à être—20 taketh on him more state than befits, il se donne des allures plus libres qu'il ne convient à_21 he is, c'est-22 'tis odds, les chances sont-23

from his garb and demeanour, that, qu'à sa tournure et à ses manières.



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take him for one. He is asked to make one at the whist table;? refuseth on the score of poverty, and resents being left out. When the company break up,4 he proffereth to go for a coach, and lets the servant go. He recollects your grandfather; and will thrust in some mean and quite unimportant anecdote of the family. He knew it when it was not quite so flourishing as “he is blest in seeing it

He reviveth past situations to institute what he calleth favourable comparisons. With a reflecting sort of congratulation he will inquire the price of your furniture ;8 and insults you with a special commendation of your window curtains. He is of opinion that the urn is the more elegant shape ;' but after all there was something more comfortable about 10 the old tea-kettle which you must remember. He dare say you must find a great convenience in having a carriage of your own, and appealeth to your lady if it is not so. Inquireth if you have had your arms done on vellum yet ;12 and did not know till lately 13 that such and such had been the crest of the family. His memory is unseasonable, his compliments perverse, his talk a trouble, his stay 14 pertinacious; and when he goeth away, you dismiss his chair into a


1 Take him for one, s'imaginent que c'est là ce qu'il est— he is, etc...... table, on le prie de joindre le whist—3 and resents being left out, et se formalise de ce qu'on joue sans lui—4 when the company break up, quand le monde s'en va—5 to go for, d'aller chercher_7 and will, etc......anecdote, et il vous jette au visage quelque anecdote triviale et parfaitement insignifiante— as he is blest in seeing it now," qu' “il a maintenant le bonheur de la voir”—8 with, etc...... furniture, il vous complimente sur vos meubles, non sans allusion au passé, en vous en demandant le prix is the more elegant shape, est d'une forme plus élégante-10 about, dans_11 of your own, à


if you have had......done......yet, si vous avez fait faire...... 13 did not know till lately, ce n'est que tout récemment qu'il a appris 14 stay, présence.




corner as precipitately as possible, and feel fairly rid? of two nuisances.

There is a worse evil under the sun, and that is a female Poor Relation.? You may do something with 3 the other; you may pass him off tolerably well; but your indigent she-relative is hopeless. * “He is an old humourist,”5

you may say, “and affects to go threadbare. His circumstances 6 better than folks would take them to be.? You are fond of having a character8 at your table, and truly he is one."9 But in the indications of female poverty there can be no disguise. No woman dresses below herself 10 from 11 caprice. The truth must out without shuffling:12 “She is plainly related to the L-s, .

-S or 14 what does she at their house?”15 She is, in all probability, your wife's cousin. Nine times out of ten,16 at least, this is the case. Her garb is something between a gentlewoman and a beggar, yet the former evidently predominates. She is most provokingly humble, 17 and ostentatiously sensible to 18 her inferiority. He may require to be repressed sometimes aliquando sufflaminandus erat-but there is no raising her. 19 You send her soup at dinner, and she begs to be helped—after the gentlemen.





1 And feel fairly rid, et vous vous sentez réellement débarrassé 2 a female Poor Relation, une pauvre parente_3 with, de—4 is hopeless, ne vous offre aucun espoir_5 he is an old humourist, c'est un vieil original his circumstances, sa position— than folks would take them to be, que les gens ne seraient portés à le croire—8 character, original9 he is one, c'en est un- .10 below herself, au-dessous de son rang

from, par–12 the truth, etc......shuffling, il n'y a pas à dire, il faut que la vérité se fasse jour_13 she is plainly related to the Lest clair que c'est une parente des L

autrement- -15 at their house, chez eux—16 out of ten, sur dix–11 most provokingly humble, d'une humilité on ne peut plus contrariante_18 and ostentatiously sensible to, et elle affecte de montrer qu'elle sent—19 but there is no raising her, mais elle, il n'y a pas moyen de la relever,

's, il


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