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You would for paradise break faith and troth: King. If it mar nothing either,
[To Long. The treason, and you, go in peace away together. And Jove, for your love, would infringe an oath. Jaq. I beseech your grace, let this letter be read;
[To Dumain. Our parson misdoubts it; it was treason, he said. What will Biron say, when that he shall hear 5 King. Biron, read it over. (He reads the letter. A faith infringed, which such zeal did swear? Where hadst thou it? How will he scoru? how will be spend his wit? Jaq. Of Costard. How will he triuinph, leap', and laugh at it? King. Where hadst thou it? For all the wealth that ever I did see,
Cost. Of Dun Adramadio, Dun Adramadio. I would not have him know so much by me. 10 King. How now! what is in you? why dost Biron. Now step I forth to whip hypocrisy.
thou tear it? Ah, gooi my liege, I pray thee, pardon me: Biron. A toy, my liege, a toy; your grace [Coming forward.
needs not fear it. [fore let's hear it. Good heart, what grace hast thou, thus to reprove Long. It did move him to passion, and thereThese worms for loving, that art most in love ? 15 Duin. It is Biron's writing, and here is his name. Your eyes do make no coaches; in your tears, Biron. Ah, you whoreson loggerhead, you were There is no certain princess that appears ;
born to do me shame.- [To Costard. You'll not be perjur'd, 'tis a hateful thing; Guilty, my lord, guilty; I confess, I confess. T'ush, none but minstrels like of sonneting.
king. What? But are you not asham'd? nay, are you not,
20 Biron. That you three fools lack'd me fool to All three of you, to be thus much o'er-shot?
make up the mess. You found his mote; the king your mote did see; He, he, and you, and you, my liege, and I, But I a beam do find in each of three.
Are pick-purses in love, and we deserve to die. O, what a scene of foolery I have seen,
0, dismiss this audience, and I shall tell you more. Of sighs, of groans, of sorrow, and of teen! 23 Dum. Now the number is even. O me, with what strict patience have I sat,
Biron. True, true; we are four :To see a king transformed to a knot?!
Will these turtles be gone? To see great Hercules whipping a gigg.
King. Hence, sirs; away, And profound Solomon tuning a jigg,
Cost. Walk aside the true folk, and let the trai. And Nestor play at push-pin with the boys,
tors stay. (Ereunt Costard & Jaqueneita. And critic? Timon laugh at idle toys!
Biron. Sweet lords, sweet lovers, 0 let us emWhere lyes thy grief? ( tell me, good Dumain!
brace! And, gentle Longaville, where lyes thy pain?
As true we are, as flesh and blood can be: And where my liege's all about the breast:- The sea will ebb & flow,heaven will shew his face i A caudle, ho!
135 Young Lilood doth not obey an old decree: King. Too bitter is thy jest.
We cannot cross the cause why we were born; Are we betray'd thus to thy over-view?
Therefore, of all hands must we be forsworn. Biron. Not you by me, but I betray'd to you: King. What, did these rent lines shew some I, that am honest; 1, that hold it sin
love of thine? To break the vow I am engaged in ;
1401 Biron. Did they, quoth you? Who sees thę I am betray'd, by keeping company
heavenly Rosaline, With men like men, of strange inconstancy. That, like a rude and savage man of Inde, When shall you see me write a thing in rhime? At the first opening of the gorgeous east, Or groan for Joan? or spend a minute's time Bows not his vassal head; and, strucken blind, In pruning me? When shall you hear, that I 145 Kisses the base ground with obedient breast? Will praise a hand, a foot, a face, an eye, What peremptory eagle-sighted eye: A gait, a state, a brow, a breast, a waist,
Dares look upon the heaven of her brow, A leg, a limbi
That is not blinded by her majesty? [now? King. Soft; Whither away so fast?
King. What zeal, what fury, háth inspir'à thee A true man, or a thief, that gallops so? 50 My love, my mistress, is a gracions moon; Biron. I post from love; good lover, let me go. She, an attending star, scarce seen a light. Enter Jaquenetta and Costard.
Biron. My eyes are then no eyes, nor I Biron : Jaq. God bless the king !
(), but for my love, day would turn to night! King. What present last thou there?
Of all complexions the cull'd sovereignty Cost. Some certain treason.
155 Do meet, as al a fair, in her fair cheek; King. What inakes treason here?
Where several worthies make one dignity; (seek. Cost. Nay, it makes nothing, sir.
Where nothing wants, that want itself doila • To leap means in this place to exult. ? Some critics have conjectured, that Shakspeare here at ludes to the Knott, a Lincolnshire bird of the suipe kind, which, from the easiness with which it was ensnared, was deemed foolish even to a proverb. “Mr. Steevens, however, thinks that our author alludes to a true lover's knot; meaning, that the king remained so long in the lover's posture, that he seemed actually transformed into a knot. Critic and critical are often used by Shakspeare in the same sense as cynic and cynical. A bird is said to prune himself when he picks and sleeks his leathers.
Lend me the flourish of all gentle tongues- Dum. Ay, marry, there ;-some flattery for this
Fye, painted rhetorick! O, she needs it not: Long. O, some authority how to proceed; (evil. To things of sale a seller's praise belongs; [blot. Some tricks, sonie
quillets, how to cheat the devil.
' She passes praise; then praise too short doth Dum. Somne salve for perjury. A wither'd hermit, fivescore winters worn, 5 Biron. 0, 'tis more than need!
Might shake off fifty, looking in her eye: Have at you then, affection's men at arms': Beauty doth varnish age, as if new born,
Consider, what you first did swear unto;And gives the crutch the cradle's infancy. To fast,—to study,--and to see no woinan; O, 'tis the sun that maketh all things shine ! Flat treason'gainst the kingly state of youth. King. By heaven, thy love is black as ebony. 10 Say, can you fast? your stomachs are too young; Biron. Is ebony like her? O wood divine ! And abstinence engenders maladies. A wife of such wood were felicity.
And where that you have vow'd to study, lords, O, who can give an oath? where is a book, In that each of you hath forsworn his book :
That I may swear, Beauty doth beauty lack, Can you still dream, and pore, and thereon look? If that she learn not of her eye to look? 15 For when would you, my lord, or you, or you,
No face is fair, that is not full so black. Have found the ground of study's excellence, King. O paradox! Black is the badge of hell, Without the beauty of a woman's face?
The hue of dungeons, and the scowl of night; From woman's eyes this doctrine I derive : And beauty's crest' becomes the heavens well. They are the ground, the book, the academes,
Biron. Devils soonest tempt, resembling spirits 20 From whence doth spring the true Prometheun O, if in black my lady's brow be deckt, [ot ligbt. Why, universal plodding prisons up [tire.
It mourns, that painting, and usurping hair, The nimble spirits in the arteries* ;
As inotion, and long-during action, tires
25 Now, for not looking on a woman's face, For native blood is c unted painting now:
You have in that forsworn the use of eyes; And therefore red, that would avoid dispraise, And study too, the causer of your vow:
Paints itself black, to imitate her brow. For where is any author in the world, Dum. To look like her, are chinney-sweepers Teaches such beauty as a woman's eye? black. [bright. 30 Learning is but an adjunct to ourself
, Long. And, since her time, are colliers counted And where we are, our learning likewise is. King. And Ethiops of their sweet complexion Then, when ourselves we see in ladies' eyes, crack.
[light. Do we not likewise see our learning there? Dum. Dark needs no candles now, for dark is O, we have made a vow to study, lords; Biron. Your mistresses dare never come in rain, 35 And in that vow we have forsworn our books;
For fear their colours should be wash'd away. For when would you, my liege, or you, or you, King. Iwere good, yours did; for, sir, to tell In leaden contemplation, have found out you plain,
Such fiery numbers', as the prompting eyez Il find a fairer face not wash'd to-day.
Of beauteous tutors have enrich'd you with? Biron. I'll prove her fair, or talk till dooms-40 Other slow arts entirely keep the brain: day here.
And therefore finding barren
practisers, King. No devil will fright thee then so much Scarce shew a harvest of their heavy toil: Dum. I never knew man hold vile stuff so dear. But, love, first learned in a lady's eyes, Long. Look, here's thy love; my foot and her Lives not alone immured in the brain; face see.
[Shewing his shoe. 45 But with the motion of all elements, Biron.O, if the streets were paved with thine eyes, Courses as swift as thought in every power;
Her feet were too much dainty for such tread ! And gives to every power a double power, Dun. O vile! then as she goes, what upward lies Above their functions and their offices.
The street should see as she walk'd overhead. It a:lds a precious seeing to the eye, King. But what of this? Are we not all in love? 50 A lover's eyes will gaze an eagle blind; Biron. Nothing so sure; and thereby all forsworn. A lover's ear will hear the lowest sound, King. Then leave this chat; and, good Biron, When the suspicious head of theft is stoppid: now prove
Love's feeling is more soft, and sensible, Our loving lawful, and our faith not torn. Than are the tender horns of cockled snails ; 'In heraldry, a crest is a device placed above a coat of arms. Shakspeare therefore uses it here in a sense equivalent to top or utmost height. ? Dr. Warburton says, that quillet is the peculiar word applied to law-chicane, and imagines the original to be this: In the French pleadings, every several allegation in the plaintiff's charge, and every distinct plea in the defendant's answer, began with the words qu'il est ;-trom whence was formed the word quillet, to signify a false charge or an evasive answer. That is, ye soldiers of affection. In the old systein of physic they gave the same office to the arteries as is now given to the nerves. “Alluding to the discoveries in modern astronomy, at that time greatly improving, in which the ladies' eyes are compared, as usual, to stars. That is, a lover in pursuit of his mistress has his sense of hearing quicker than a thief (who suspects every sound he hears) in pursuit of his prey. M 2
Love's tongue prores dainty Bacchus gross in And who can sever love from charity?
[them, lords ; Subtle as sphinx; as sweet and musical,
Biron. Advance your standards, and upon As bright Apollo's lule, strung with his hair'; 5 Pell-mell, down with them! but be first advis d, And, when love speaks, the voice of all the gods In conflict that you get the sun of them. [by: Makes heaven drowsy with the harmony.
Long. Now to plain-dealing : Jay these glozes Never durst poet touch a pen to write,
Shall we resolve to woo these girls of France? Until his ink were temper'd with love's sighs; King. And win them too: therefore let us devise 0, then his lines would ravish savage ears,
10 Some entertainment for them in their tents. And plant in tyrants mild hunility.
Biron. First, from the park let us conduct Proin women's eves this doctrine I derive:
them thither; They sparkle still the right Promethean file; Then, homeward, every man attach the hand They are the books, the arts, the academes; Of bis fair mistress: in the afternoon Thai shew, contain, and nourish, all the world; 15 We will with some strange pastime solace them, Elsk, none at all in aug'it proves excellent: such as the shortuess of the time can shape; Then fools you were, these women to forswear; For revels, dances, inasks, and merry hours, Or, herping what is sworn, you
fools. Fore-run tair love, strewing her way with flowers. For wisdom's sake, a word that all inen love; King. Away, away! no time shall be omitted, Or for love's sake, a word that loves all meu; 20 That will be time, and may by us be fitted. Or for men's sake, the authors of these wonnen; Biron. Allons allons !.~Sow'd cockle reap'd Or women's sake, by whom we men are men;
no corn'; Let us once lose our oaths, to find ourselves,
And justice always whirls in equal measure: Or eise we lose ourselves to keep our oaths: Light wenches mayproveplagues to men forsworn; It is religion, to be thus forsworn:
1251 If so, our copper buys no better treasure. For charity itself fullls the law ;
135) Nath. A most singular and choice epithet. The Street.
[Draws out his table-book.
Hol. He draweth out the thread of his verbosity Enter Holofernes, Nathaniel, and Dull.
finer than the staple of his argument. I abhor such Ilol.
phanatical phantasms, such insociable and pointNat.'I praise God for you, sir: your 40 devise companions; such rackers of orthography, reasons' at dinner have been sharp and sententi- as to speak, dout, tine, when he should say, doubt; ous; pleasant without scurrility, witty without altec- let, when he should pronounce, debt; d, e, b, t; tion", audacious' without impudency, learned with- not d, e, t: he clepeth a calf, cauf; half, haur; out opinion, and strange without heresy. I did neighbour, vocatur, nebour; neigh, abbreviated, converse this quondam day with a companion of 45 ne: This is abhominable. (which he would call the king's, who is intituled, nominated, or called, abominable) it insinuateth me of insanie: Nein Don Adriano de Armado.
telligis, domine? to make frantick, lunatick? Hol. Novi hominem tanquam te: His huinour Nath. Laus deo, bone intelligo. is lofty, his discourse peremptory, histongue tiled, Hol. Bone?
-bone, for bene: Priscian a his eve ambitious, his gait majestical, and his gene- 50 little scratch’d; 'twill serve. ralbehaviour vain, ridiculous, and thrasonical. He Enter Armado, Moth, and Coslard. is too picked“, too sprice, too atlected, too odd, Nath. I'idesne quis venit? as it were; too peregrinate, as I may call it.
Hol. Video of gaudeo. Apollo, as the sun, is represented with golden hair; so that a lute strung with his hair means no more than strung with gilded wire. 2 This passage has been very fully canvassed by all the various commentators upon our author: the following explanation, however, strikes us as the most simple and intelligible: “When love speaks, (says Liron) the asse mbied gods reduce the elements of the sky to a calm, by their harmonious applauses of this furoured orator:” 'This proverbial expression inrinates that, beginning with perjury, they can expect to reap nothing but falshood. *That is, enough's as good as a feast.
**Reason liere, as in olier passages of our author's plays, signities discourse. . That is, without affectation. dudlucious is used tor spirited, animated; and opinion imports tie sumpe with obstinacy or opiniutreté. Meaning, too nicely dressed ; alluding probably to a bird picking out or is uning its feathers; a metaphor which our author has before wiscid u tius play,
poon: the word is well culld, chose: sweet and Hol. Quare Chirra, not sirrah?
ut, i do assure you, sir, I do assure. Arm. Men of peace, well encounter'd.
arm. Sir, the king is a noble gentleman; and Hol. Most military, sir, salutation.
any familiar, I do as ure you, very good friend:Mloth. They have been at a great feast of lan- 51 or what is inward between 115, ler it pass:--1 do guages, and stolen the scraps. [To Costard uside. veseech thee, rememberthy courtesy:- I beseech
Cost. O, they have liv'd long on the alnis-basket thee, apparel thy head:-änei among other imporof words!! I marvel, thy master hath not eaten thee lunate and most serious designs, -and of great imfor a word; for thou art not so long by the head as port indeed, tov;-but let ihüt pass:----for I must honorificabilitudinitatibus: thou art casier swa:- 10 tell thee, it will please his grace by the work) lowed i han a tlap-dragon-.
sometime to lean upon my poor shoulder; and Aloth. Peace, the peal begins.
with his royal linger, thus, dully with my excreArm. Monsieur, are you not letter'd?
ment“, with my mustachio; but, swert heart, lit Noth. Yes, yes; he teaches boys the horn-book: that pass. By the world, I recount no fable: some What is a, b, spelt backward, with a horu on his 15 certain special honour: it pleasith bis greatnes, in head?
unpart to Armado a soldier, a man of travel, that Hol. Ba, pueritia, with a horn added. naih seen the worll: but let that pass.-----The
Aloth. Ba, most silly sheep, with a horn:-You very all of all is--but, sueet heart, I do implore lear his learning:
secresy,—that the king would have me present Hol. Quis, quis, thou consonant?
20 the princess, sweet chuck, with some delightful Jioth. Thethird of the tive vowels, if you repeat fostentation, or show, or pageant, or antick,or firethem; or the fifth, if I.
work. Now understanding that the curate, and Hol. I will repeat them, a, e, i.
your sweet self, are good at such eruptions, and Moth. The sheep: the other two concludes it; sudden breakings out of mirth, as it were, I have
25 acquainted you withal, to the end to crave your Arm. Now, by the salt water of the Mediterra- assistance. -nean, a sweet touch, a quick venew* of wit : snip, Ho!. Sir, you shall present before her tlie nine snap, quick and home; it rejoiceth my intellect : worthies.-Sir Nathaniel, as concerning some en
tertainment of time, some show in the posterior of Moth. Offered by a child to an oldman; which 30 this day, to be render'd by our assistance,--atthe is wil-old.
king's command ; and this most gallant, illustrate, Iln'. What is the figure? what is the figure ? and learned gentleman,-before the princess; I say, Jioth. Horns.
none so fit as to present the nine wortbies. Hol. Thou disputest like an infant: go, whip Müh. Where will you find men worthy enough thy gigg.
35 to present them? Uloth. Lend me your horn to make one, and I Whol. Joshua, yourself; myself, or this gallant will whip about your in.amy circùm circà; Agig3 gentleman, Judas Maccabæus; this swain, because of a cuckold's hom!
of his great limb or joint, sliall pass Pompey the Cost. An I had but one penny in the world, thou great; the page, Ilercules, shouldst have it to buy ginger-bread: hold, there is 40 Arm. Pardon, sir, error; he is not quantity the very remuneration i bad of thy master, thou enough for that worthy's thumb: he is not so big half-penny purse of wit, thou pigeon-egg of discre- as the end of bis club. tion. O, an the heavens were so pleased, that thou Hol. Shall I have audience? he shall present wert but my bastard! what a jovtul father would Ilercules in minority: his enter and erit shall be thou make me? Go to: thou bäst it ad dunghill, 15 strangling a snake; and I will have an apology tor at the fingers' ends, as they say.
that purpose. Hol. Oh, I smell false Latin; dunghill for un- Molk. Anexcellent device! so if any of the auguem.
klience hiss, you may cry, It'ell don', Hercules! Arm. Arts-man, præambula; we will be singled now thou crushest ihe snuke! that is the way to from the barbarous. Do you not educate youth at 50 make an oitence gracious; though few have the the charge-house on the top of the mountain? Hol. Or, mons the hill.
drin. For the rest of the worthies? Arm At your sweet pleasure, for the mountain Hol. I will play three myself. Hol. I do, sans question.
Moth. Thrice-worthy gentleman! Arm. Sir, it is the king's most sweet pleasure an:|55| Arm. Shall I tell you a thing? ailection, to congratulate the princess at her pavi- Ilol. We attend. lion, in the posteriors of this day; which the rude Arm. We will have, if this falge’not, an antick. multitude call the afternoon.
I beseech you, follow. Hlol. The posterior of the day, most generous Hol. Vin", goodman DullI thou hast spoken no is liable, congruent, and measurable for the after-60 word all this while.
... That is, the very oftal, or refuse of words. ? A fiap-dragon is a small inflammable substance which topers swallow in a glass of wine. By o, u, Moth would mean---Oh, you-. e. You are the sheep still, either way; no matter which of us repeats them. * A renere is tlieti chanical term at the fencing school for a bout. 'Mr. Steevens supposes the charge-house to mean the free-school, Meaning, his beard. That is, suit not. An Italian exclamation, signifying Couruge! come on!
grace to do it.
Dull. Nor understood none neither, sir. Ros.'Ware pencils '! How? let me not die your Hol. Allons ! we will employ thee.
My red dominical, my golden letter: [debtor, Dull. I'll make one in a dance or so; or I will 0, that your face were not so full of O's! play on the tabor to the worthies, and let them Kath. Pox of that jest! and I beshrew all shrows. dance the hay:
5 Prin. But what was sent to you from fair DuHol. Most dull, honest Dull, to our sport away. Kath. Madam, this glove.
[main ? [Excunt. Prin. Did he not send you twain ?
Kath. Yes, madam; and moreover,
Some thousand verses of a faithful lover:
Vilely compild, profound simplicity. [ville ;
Prin. I think no less; Dostthou not wishin heart, Look you, what I have from the loving king, 15 The chain were longer, and theletter short: (part.
Ros. Madam, came nothing else along with that: Mar. Ay, or I would these hands might never
Prin. Nothing but this ? yea, as much love in Prin. We are wise girls, to mock our lovers so. Aswouldbe cramı'dup in asheet of paper [rbime, Ros. They are worse fools to purchase mocking Writ on both sides the leaf, margent and all; That same Biron I'll torture ere I go. [so. That he was fain to seal on Cupid's name. 200, that I knew he were but in by the week'!
Ros. That was the way to make his god-head wax'; How I would make him fawn, and beg, and seek; For he hath been five thousand years a boy. And wait the season, and observe the times,
Kath. Ay, and a shrewd unhappy gallows too. And spend his prodigal wit in bootless rhines; Ros. You'll ne'er be friends, with him; he killd And shape his service all to my behests: your sister.
25 Andmake him proud to make me proud that jests! Kath. Hemade her melancholy, sad, and heavy; So portent-like would I o'ersway his state", And so she died; had she been light like you, That he should be my fool, and I his fate! [catch'd, Of such a merry, nimble, stirring spirit,
Prin. None are so surely caught, when they are She might have been a grar.dam ere she dy’d: As wit turn'd fool: folly, in wisdom hatch'd, And so may you, for a light heart lives long. 30 Hath wisdom's warrant, and the help of school ; Ros. What's your dark meaning, mouse, of this And wit's own grace to grace a learned fool. Jight word?
Ros. The blood of youth burns not with such Kath. A light condition in a beauty dark. [out. As gravity's revolt to wantonness. [excess, Ros. We need more light to find your meaning Mar. Folly in fools bears not so strong a note, Kath, You'llmar the light, by taking it in snutt; 35 As foolery in the wise, when wit doth dote; Therefore I'll darkly end the argument.
Since all the power thereof it doth apply, Ros. Look what you do, you do it stilli' the dark. To prove, by wit, worth in siinplicity. Kath. So do not you, for you are a light wench.
Enter Boyet. Ros. Indeed, I weigh not yo!; and therefore light. Prin. Herecomes Boyet, and mirth is in his face. Kath. You weigh me not,-0, that's, you care 40 Boyet. O, I am stabb'd with laughter! Where's not for me.
Prin. Thy news, Boyet? [her grace? Ros. Great reason; for, Past cure is still past care. Boyet. Prepare, madam, prepare !
Prin. Well bandied both; a setofwit well play'd. Arm, wenches, arm!-encounters mounted are Buit, Rosaline, you have a favour too:
Against your peace: Love doth approach disguis'd, Who sent it? and what is it?
45 Armed in arguments; you'll be surpris’d: Ros. I would, you knew :
your wits ; stand in your own defence; Anif my face were but as fair as yours,
Or hide your beads like cowards, and fly hence. My favour were as great, be witness this.
Prin. St. Dennis to St. Cupid ! What are they, Nay, I have verses too, I thank Biron :
That charge their breath against us? say, scout, The numbers true; and, were thenumb’ring too, 1501 Boyet. Under thecool shade of a sycamore,(say. I were the fairest goddess on the ground: I thought to close my eyes some half an hour: I am compard to twenty thousand fairs.
When, lo! to interrupt my purpos'd rest, 0, be hath drawn my picture in his letter! Towards that shade I might behold addrest Prin. Any thing like?
The king and his companions: warily
"That, by and by, disguis'd they will be here. "To wir here signifies to grow. - Snuff is here used equivocally for anger, and the snuff of a candle. * Meaning “'Ware painting. Alluding, perhaps, to the pits in her face, occasioned by the smallpox. This expression probably alludes to the practice of hiring servants or artificers by the week ; and the meaning of the passage inay be, I wish I was as sure of his service for any time limited, as if I had hired him. See note 4, p. 87, in Measure for Measure. The meaning is, I would be his fate or destiny, and like a portent, hang over and intluence his fortuncs. For portents were not only thought to jorebode, but to influence.