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translation of what he had said, but which deponent is not lying at anchor off the island of Sacrificios, being duly satisfied was in accordance with his declaration made in and solemnly sworn, did depose, declare, and say as follows: English at the time, and which he now repeats.
That, on the passage up, they became very wet and cold. The examination being gone through with, they were The officer of the boat accordingly promised them a drink permitted to go out into the yard with the native prisoners. of grog when they arrived. On reaching the mole, Hover On the 25th day of November they were taken out and de- was left in charge of the boat, and the rest of them, by the livered to the American consul..
consent of Mr. Renshaw, took a walk into the plaza, where In testimony whereof, the said deponent has hereunto set they procured half a bottle of liquor with twenty-five cents his hand, this 17th day of December, A. D. 1836. given them by Mr. R. This they took to the boat and
JOHN WILLIAMS. drank among them. The boat was now left in charge of M. BURROUGH,
Davis, and deponent went to assist the steward in getting Consul United States. marketing to the mole; after which he took charge of the
boat. Habest soon brought a hammock down by order of
Mr. Renshaw, who now returned to the mole, and asked Henry Habest, aged 35 years, a native of Germany, being them if they were all sober, and told them that he was duly and solemnly sworn, did depose, declare, and say as going off in a few minutes, (immediately,) and went up to follows: That he is one of boat's crew of the United States the consul's. Deponent and Richard Freeman were standship Natchez, and who set out from the said ship in the 31 | ing near the boat, when the former said to the latter, "we cutter, under charge of Midshipman Renshaw, on the will go on the other side of the mole and look at the fish morning of the 2d day of November, and arrived at the mole they are catching.” They accordingly went and picked up of this city at about 11 o'clock in the day; and all of them one of the fish to examine it, and then returned to the boat; being wet and cold, Mr. Renshaw gave them some money, and whilst they were there, Williams informed them that with which they got half a bottle of rum. Mr. R. left the Habest was about to get into a fight with a fisherman. boat in charge of Hover, the coxswain, and the rest of them They went to Habest at the upper end of the mole, where walked to the plaza. Deponent there saw Mr. R. purchas- he was engaged in a quarrel with a negro, and who was ing a hammock, which was given to him to carry to the standing before him in an attitude of defence. Some genboat ; and on passing the gate, a fisherman came up to him tlemen who stood near them said, let them have fair playand tried to take it from him, but which he placed in the
one at a time. Deponent, however, not wishing to see a boat. Deponent left the boat for a short time, and on re- fight, stepped in between Habest and the negro; at which turning, was a second time assailed by the fisherman, (a moment a soldier coming up struck Habest several times negro fellow,) who would not let him pass to the boat.
over the head and shoulders with the broad-sword. DepoDeponont pushed him aside, (but did not strike him,) and. nent was now pushed down in the crowd, and, on recorwent down towards the boat; but before he had time to ering himself, and in the act of going to the boat, was struck reach it, was knocked down by a soldier, who struck him across the back with a cutlass by a soldier. Finding himwith a musket over the head. His knife was now taken self thus assailed, be and Freeman ran to the boat, and got from his pocket, and the cord divided by which it was fas. each a boal hook to defend themselves against the soldiery tened round his neck, and in cutting which the soldier gave and others by whom they had been attacked. But, before him a wound on the face. On recovering his senses, and deponent had an opportunity of using his hook, he was when in the act of rising up, 1o crawl to the boat, he was
struck over the back by a corporal with a broad-sword. He again knocked down with a large stone thrown by a soldier, now made a pass at the corporal, and at the same moment and which struck him upon the knee-pan, the same being was knocked down, either by a stone or some other missile, already fractured. He was also several times kicked in the and from that period does not recollect any thing further side by the soldier, whilst lying upon the mole and unable that occurred, till he found himself in the guard house. to rise. Deponent was supported by two men to the guard. The same evening he was conveyed to the hospital with house, where he was placed in confinemerit with the others. Habest, who was also badly hurt. After a fortnight or so, deAt 5, P. M., he and Samuel Long were taken out and ponent was examined by a Mexican officer, with an interconveyed to the hospital by a guard of soldiers, where they preter. His declaration was subscribed by him, agreeably remained till they recovered.
to the order of the interpreter, and who stated that it was On the 13th of November, they were called up and ex- a translation of what he had said in English; but deponent, amined by an officer and the interpreter of the captain of not understanding Spanish, the language into which the the port. Deponent signed some paper at this time, which translation was made, is not prepared to say whether or not he was told to do, being informed that it was bis declara- | it was a true translation. tion translated into Spanish, but which he thinks might The said deponent was now sent to the prison where the not have been committed to paper as expressed, inasmuch others were confined, and there remained until the 25th of as the interpreter made several mi takes in it, as he, depo- November, at which time they were released and delivered nent stated at the time. Soon after being examined, depo- over to the consul of the United States. nent, with the rest of the sick, was sent to the prison in Deponent did furthermore declare that the quantity and which their shipmates were confined, and where they re- quality of the food given to them whilst in prison was miained till the 25th of the month, at which time they were scarcely sufficient to sustain life, and that they were ob. brought out and delivered in charge of the American consul. liged to sleep on a cold and damp brick floor, without bed
In testimony whereof, the said deponent has hereunto or bedding of any kind being allowed them. subiscribed his name, at the city of Vera Cruz, this 171h In testimony whereof, the said deponent has hereunto day of December, A. D. 1836.
set his hand, at the city of Vera Cruz, this 17th day of HENRY HABEST, his X mark. December, A. D., 1836. M. BURROUGH, C. U. S.
SAML. LONG. M. BURROUGH,
Consul U. 'States. Samuel Long, aged 23 years, a native of Europe, of and b-longing to the United States ship Natchez, left the said ship in the 3d cutter, with seven other seamen and two Nathaniel Groves, aged 25 years, a native of the United strwards, under charge of Midshipman Renshaw, on the States of America, of and belonging to the United States 2d slay of November, for the city of Vera Cruz, ship thenship Natchez, being duly and solemnly sworn, did ulepose',
declare, and say as follows: That he, with seven other Samuel Molden, aged 28 years, a native of Europe, sea. seamen and two stewards, (viz. the captain and ward-room man, of and belonging to the United States ship Natchez, steward,) did on the morning of the 20 November, set out being duly and solemnly sworn on the day of the date herefrom the ship to which they were attached, in the third of, did depose, declare, and say as follows: 'That he, with cutter, under the charge of Midshipman Renshaw, for the seven other seamen and two stewards, left the ship Natchez, city of Vera Cruz, and arrived at the mole hetween 11 and to which they were attached, on the 2d of November, in 12 o'clock. Mr. R. went up to the consul's, and left the the third cutter of the ship, under charge of Mr. Renboat in charge of the coxswain, Hover, and told them not shaw, (inid shipman,) and who told them on the passage to be out of the way, that he should be ready to go off in a up that “ if they would behave themselves, as he hoped they few minutes. Deponent having half a dollar in his pocket, would, on arriving at the city they should have all the libpurchased some liquor, which was drank among them. erty he could allow them; and hoped that they would not Mr. Renshaw returned to the mole in a short time, and get drunk.” The wind was high, and a heavy sea runbeing asked by some of them for a little change to get a ning, and the boat's crew got very wet. Mr. R. told the glass of grog, gave them twenty-five cents, not being aware coxswain to take charge of the boat; the rest walked to the that they had already had liquor. Mr. R. again left on market, and procured a bottle of liquor, which was drank business, (as supposed,) when the charge of the boat was among them; after which, Hover went with the steward to given to Davis, and the rest of them went towards the mar- the market, and deponent got into the boat, laid down, and ket.
eponent quickly returned to the mole, near which went to sleep, hut was soon awoke by a noise on the mole; he met a passenger who was going in their ship, who in- saw at this time several soldiers around the boat, and a formed him that a fight was about to ensue between one of Mexican officer, with his sword drawn over the head of his shipmates and some of the Mexicans upon the mole. Mr. Renshaw, and the others with muskets in their hands Deponent, and the four that were with him, viz. Richard pointed at him and the other seamen in the boat. Not Freeman, Hover, John Williams, and Samuel Long, on knowing the cause of the disturbance, and fearing that Mr. returning lo the boat, saw Habest and a black fellow en- Renshaw was about to be cut down, deponent wished to gaged in a quarrel, but who were not fighting. The officer get upon the wharf to defend him, but Mr. R. would not of the boat was soon after met by deponent near the corner permit him, and ordered him to keep quiet, and whilst deof the plaza, and who ordered him and the rest of the crew ponent was standing in the boat, he was struck across the down to the boat that “ he should be off immediately." face with a cutlass, which was nigh knocking him down. On reaching the mole saw Richard Freeman and Samuel After a little time all got into the boat, except two or three Long with boat-hooks in their hands, near the boat, de- who had been wounded by the people of the country, and fending themselves against the soldiery and fisherman by were now lying on the mole. whom they were attacked. The latter of them was struck Deponent was ordered by Mr. Renshaw to come out of by one of the guards with a sword, and who then made a the boat, to go up and bring down some things from the blow at the soldier with his boat-hook; this was parried by market, and, when opposite the guard-house, was told to go the bayonet of the soldier, and whilst he was thus defending in with the others, and where they were all, except the two himself, a soldier struck Richard Freeman with his bayonet, that were most hurt, placed in confinement; remained there inflicting a wound which brought him to the ground. Á till the following evening, and was then sent to a prison in corporal now came up and struck Samuel Long over the another part of the town, placed in a small damp room, face with his bayonet, and by which he was knocked down, with but little to eat, and nothing to lie upon but a mat. and supposed dead. Ths corporal turned and made a pass After about two weeks confinement, they were examined by with a bayonted musket at deponent just as he was getting a Mexican officer and an interpreter, and then allowed access into the boat. Mr. Renshaw had by this time arrived at to the prison yard. Deponent put his name to a paper, the mole, and ordered them all into the boat, and into which the interpreter told him was a translation of his which all at once placed themselves, with the exception of deposition, but whether it was a true translation he is unaRichard Freeman, and Samuel Long, and Henry Habest, ble to judge; he was informed that it was correct. who were so badly wounded as not to be able to reach the On the 25th of November, they were all liberated, and boat.
conducted to the office of the consul of the United Stater, The soldiery had their muskets charged, and stood along- where they were left. side the boat, and pointing them directly upon the boat's In testimony whereof, the said deponent has hereunto crew, and who, it is said, would have fired on them had subscribed his name, at the city of Vera Cruz, this 18th the captain of the port not prevented it. They were now day of December, A. D. 1836. all ordered to the guard-house, where they were placed in
SAMUEL MOLDEN. stocks, anil kept till the next evening, when deponent, with
M. BURROUGH, C. V. S. J. Davis, Jolin Williams, and Samuel Molden, were conveyed to prison, and there placed in a small damp apartment, with little to eat, and nothing in the way of bed or Richard Freeman, aged 24 years, a native of Ireland, bedding to protect them against the cold and humidity of mariner, of and belonging to the United States ship Natchez, the ground floor.
William Mervine, commander, being duly and solemnly On or about the 16th of the month they were all taken sworn, did depose, declare, and say as followe: That he out and examined by a Mexican officer and the public in- and seven other seamen, with the cabin and wardroom terpreter. Deponent did not sign any document, he hav- stewards, set out and departed from the said ship Natchez ing informed them them that he could not write. The ex- on the 20 day of November, in the third cutter, under the amination being gone through with, they were permitted charge of Midshipman Renshaw, and arrived at the mole of to go into the prison yard, but were securely locked up at this city at about the hour of 11 o'clock, A. M. Had a night, and a sentry placed at the door. On the 25th No- rough passage up, and being wet and cold, on reaching vember, they were brought out and delivered over to the Vera Cruz, went and got a glass of grog, with some money charge of the United States consul.
given to them by the officer of the boat. Hover being left In testimony whereof, the said deponent has hereunto to take care of the boat, was relieved by others in turn. subscribed his name, at the city of Vera Cruz, this 18th After a little time Mr. Renshaw, who had gone to the office day of December, A. D. 1836.
of the consul, returned and told them to keep about the NATHL. GROVES, his x mark. hoat, that he should be ready to go off in a few minutes.'
M. BURROUGH, C. U. S. Samuel Molden was now in the boat. Samuel Long asked
deponent to go and look at some fish which they were plaza, met a gentlemun who was going passenger in the catching on the other side of the mole. They went and ship, who told deponent that there was a quarrel going on examined them, and then returned to the boat. At this between the Americans and the Mexicans upon the mole; time Williams came to them and said that Habest was deponent said that he would go down when he saw the about to fight with some one ; upon which deponent and officer of the boat, but not seeing the officer, joined the Lung went to see what the matter was, and on arriving at two stewards and went to the mole; and there saw fighting the spot, near the upper end of the mole, saw Habest, who between Samuel Long, Henry Habest, and some of the told them that he was going to fight a negro fellow," citizens and soldiers of the place. Deponent went directwho had just come out of the water, (a fisherman.) The ly to the boat, and before he had time to get into the boat, negro was quarrelling with him, and standing in an atti and whilst standing upon the mole in waiting for Samuel tude for fighting. Some gentleman who was near them Molden to haul up the boat, that he might get into her, said " let them fight, give them sair play, one at a time," was struck by a soldier or some other person of the counbut Habest did not strike him. Samuel Long insisted on try with a stone upon the head, which knocked him down; whipping the fellow, and proposed to fight him, (the fish- and when his hat fell into the water, recovering himself, esman ;) the negro at this time standing in readiness to
be jumped into the sea, order to clear himself from the sol. make a blow; deponent tried to dissuade his shipmates diers and others by whom they were attacked, and succeedfrom fighting, and was using all his exertions to get them ed in getting into the boat; about this time, Mr. Renshaw back into the boat, when a soldier came up and struck him arrived at the mole, and ordered all to take seats in the and Samuel Long with a sabre; several other soldiers were boat, and six of the boat's crew and the two stewards obey. likewise present, and whose muskets with mounted bayo-ed, leaving the other two upon the mole, who were badly nets were used against them; deponent and Long finding wounded. Soon after, Mr Renshaw ordered deponent and themselves likely to be overpowered by the arms of the sol- the rest of them out of the boat, and to go up with diery, ran to the boat and got boat-hooks to defend them- him-all obeyed—and when they arrived opposite to the selves.
guard-house, were told to go in- and there deponent and They were followed by the assailants near the boat, and six others remained for the night and next day, when deon regaining the mole were again attacked, and deponent ponent and Richard Freeman were convey to the hospital ; received a bayonet wound in the hip, and another in the there, they remained about two weeks, when they were right side, which brought bim to the ground. The officer taken out and examined by some Mexican. Deponent of the boat had now arrived on the mole, and who ordered signed a paper which the interpreter told him was a depothem into the boat, where they at once got. The Mexican sition which he was making out for the new governor, and soldiery were standing upon the edge of the quay, with mus- who also told him that, in about two weeks, they would kets pointed towards them, and from whom they expected be released (as he expected.) In the course of four or to have received a fire.
five days, deponent, Richard Freeman, Henry Habest, and Shortly after they (the boat's crew) were ordered to the Samuel Long, who were now in the hospital, were all conguard-house, and where deponent and others were confined veyed to a prison near the south gate of the city; there in stocks. Deponent was struck several times, after being they remained till the 25th of November, when they were secured in the stocks, with a large cane, by the corporal of all taken out and delivered over to the charge of the Amerithe guard; remained in the guard-house with the others lill
can consul. next night, when deponent and the others that were In testimony whereof the said deponent has hereunto wounded were conducted to the hospital. On or about the set his hand at the city of Vera Cruz, this third day of 13th day of November, deponent was taken out of his January, Anno Domini, 1837. room and examined by an officer and an interpreter. De
JAMES HOVER, his to mark. ponent signed his declaration, as translated into Spanish,
M. BURROUGH C, U, S. which he was told by the interpreter was a true translation of his deposition.
CONSULATE OF THE U. S. OF AMERICA, After remaining near three weeks in the hospital, depo
At Vera Cruz. nent was reinoved, with James Hover, to the prison in
I, M. Burrough, consul of the United States of Ameriwhich their other shipmates were confined.
ca at Vera Cruz, do hereby certify that the foregoing, On the 25th day of November they all obtained their re
subscribed - James Hover," is a true and faithtul copy of lease, being delivered over to the charge of the consul of the original, finding place in my consular register, letter the United States.
C, pp. 29, 30, 31. In testimony whereof, the said deponent has hereunto
Witness my hand and seal of office hereunto affixed, at set his hand, at the city of Vera Cruz, this 18th day of the city of Vera Cruz, this sixth day of January, A. D., December, 1836.
1837, and of the independence of the United States of
James Hover, aged 32 years, a native of the State of
CONSULATE OF THE U. S OF AMERICA, New Jersey, United States of America, mariner, of and
At Vera Cruz, Mexico. belonging to the United States ship Natchez, W. Mervine, These are to certify that John Davis, inariner, of and commander, being duly and solemnly sworn, did depose, belonging to the United States ship Natchez, W. Mervine, declare, and say : that on the second day of November, he, commander, and one of the boat's crew of said ship imwith seven other seamen, and two stewards, under charge prisoned at this place on the 20 day of November last past, of Mr. Renshaw, midshipman, left the said ship Natchez, did, on or about the 4th of December, desert from the and arrived at the mole at Vera Cruz, at about 11 o'clock charge of this consulate, since which, he has not returned, in the day; all left the boat except deponent, who was de- and, in consequence, the deposition of the said mariner puted to take charge of the boat. John Davis, after a lit does not appear. ile time, came and relieved him, when deponent went up In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and to the market with the wardroom steward, and brought affixed my seal of office, at the city of Vera Cruz, this 6th down some articles for the ship; left the boat a second time day of January, A. D. 1837, and of the independence of in company with the steward, and returned without him; the United States of America the 60th. again quitted the mole, and when near the curner of the
1. Mexican Company of Bal- 1816
Not stated. (a) timore. 2. A. P. Choulteau and Ju- 1817
The claimants imprisoned at Value of property lost lius de Mun.
Santa Fe, and their property
$30,380 74). (6)
confiscated. 3. Mrs. Young 1817
Not stated. (c) 4. John Jacob Astor, P. P. 1818
Vessel and cargo sold Pope.
for about $40,000. (d) 5. S. G. Arnold & Co. Rich- 1821
Ship Louisa, cargo of
$33,945. (e) ard J. Arnold, Ratcliffe
is dated June 8, 1824.
Not stated. (8) 8. Borie and Laguerenne November, 1824
Illegal exaction of duties $32,729 79. (h) 9. T. E. Dudley and J. C. 1824
Robbery by Indians
Not stated. (i) Wilson. 10. Not stated 4th January, 1825
Schooner Scott fired upon and Not stated. (j)
injured at Vera Cruz. 11. Assignees of John Coul- 6th September, 1825
Quantity of brandies seized
Not stated. (k) ter. 12. G. G. & S. Howland October, 1825
White wax seized
$10,000. (1) 13. Thomas Wilson 1826
Schooner Fair American and Not stated. (m)
president of the company ask- been illegally seized.
UNIVERZIT ruary 7, 1826. (a) This was an association of individuals that furnished General Mina with the means of underestimationen bei poa vaation of Mexico, which amount they aver has never been repaid them.
(6) The claimants, chiefs of a hunting expedition, were, with their followers, arrested by the Spanish authorities, carried into Santa Fe, and, without trial, imprisoned and otherwise maltreated, for an alleged trespass upon the dominions of Spain in that quarter. For a detailed statement of the case, see Wait's State Papers, vol. 12, page 435.
(c) The claimant is the widow of Colonel Guilford D. Young, who was a partisan of Mina, and was killed while serving under him in 1817. The claim is understood to be for arrears of pay.
(d) One of the pretexts for the seizure in this case was the alleged want of a sea-letter. The seizure took place at Mazallan, on the western coast of Mexico. It does not appear whether there were any judicial proceedings. A decree of the Mexican Government, dated 27th July, 1821, directed restitution of the vessel, but the decree was never executed, and no compensation for the loss has ever been received.
(e) The vessel arrived at Acapulco laden with provisions, arms, &c.; upon learning which, Iturbide issued two edicts, one dated Chilpasingo, 20th February, the other Igunla, 41h of March, 1821, directing the cargo to be taken for his use. On the 1st February, 1822, the regency of Mexico decreed indemnity, which was to be received in part from the Treasury of Mexico, and the residue from the customs at Vera Cruz and Acapulco. A part of the amount has been received, and the claim is for the balance.
(f) The property seized on the road from Mexico to Vera Cruz by officers of the Mexican Government.
(g) The goods were seized upon the pretext of their having been introduced contrary to a Mexican law prohibiting the importation of such articles. The claimant says that he was ignorant of the existence of the law.
(h) The exaction was made upon a quantity of cotton goods imported into Alverado.
(i) The claimants were robbed of a part of their property by the Camanche Indians on their return from a trading expedition to Mexico. Original papers in the case sent to Mr. Poinsett.
(j) The outrage was perpetrated for an alleged violation of the blockade of the castle of St. Juan de Ulloa.' fk) The property was seized upon the pretext of its being the produce of Spain, whereas it was the produce of France. (1) The property was seized at Alvarado upon the ground of its being of Spanish, whereas it was of Russian origin.
(m) The seizure was made at Brazos Santiago, the port or harbor of Refugio in Mexico, upon the ground at the vessel was not provided with the proper consular certificates. All the papers sent to the legation at Mexico. (n) All the original papers in this case having been sent to Mr. Poinsett, the particulars of it cannot be ascertained.
Vol. XIV.-A 29
15. S. Russell and H. Nixon
16. R. M. Whitney & Co.
17. John Andrews
Date of second act Soptember, Brig Delight. Illegal exac
Not stated. (a)
tion of duties at San Blas,
her cargo at Sisal.
Not stated. (b) ter of claimants dated Nov.
ember 23, 1826.
White wax seized at Alvarado Not stated. (c)
Not stated. (d)
$9,678 71. (e)
$1,528. () requesting interposition, da
ted May 19, 1828. May, 1829
Brig Ann detained at Vera $14,000. (8)
Cruz, and her voyage bro
21. Charles Callaghan
Brig William seized and em- $4,532. (h)
ployed as transport. Brig Urzula seized and em- $2,005, with interest. (i)
ployed for the same purpose. Brig Splendid seized and em
Not stated. (k) ployed for the same purpose. Schooner Rebecca and Eliza Not stated. The ves. and cargo seized and sold. sel was insured for
destroyed at Tampico.
his vessel, the schooner
Not stated. (0)
a transport, captain and
(a) The seizure at Sisal was made because of an alleged want of consular certificates. All the original papers sent to Mr. Poinsett.
(b) All the papers in this case were sent to Mr. Poinsett.
(c) The property was seized at Alvarado on the ground of its being of Spanish origin, whereas it is represented to have been imported into New York from St. Petersburg, and thence to Alvarado. "There seems to have been a condemnation by a tribunal.
(d) Nothing further relative to this case can be ascertained than that Mr. Clay, in a letter to Mr. Poinsett, dated 9th June, 1827, instructs him to give the claimant such assistance as he might deem udvisable.
(e) The claim in this case is for supplies furnished the Mexican brig of war Hermeon, which put into Key West in distress.
(f) The papers in this case having been sent to Mr. Poinsett, the letter to him which accompanied them is the only document in which it is mentioned, and that only states that the claimant was deprived of the money by certain irregu. lar and unjust proceedings of the anthorities at Sisal.
(g) It is stated that the vessel put into Vera Cruz in distress, and that the amount claimed is for the loss sustained in consequence of being obliged to pay duties on the cargo. The inferior court decided in favor of allowing the vessel to depart, but the authorities appealed to the supreme court of Puebla, whose decision does not appear.
(h) The seizure took place at Vera Cruz during the Spanish invasion, and the vessel was constrained to carry a di. vision of troops to Jaculata.
(i) No further particulars respecting this case appear.
(k) The vessel was employed to transport troops from Vera Cruz to Jaculata. Original papers sent to the legation at Mexico.
(1) The seizure was made at Tampico, for an alleged intent to supply with provisions the Spanish invading army. (m) The seizure was made during the Spanish invasion. (n) The claimant, who was master of the vessel, was imprisoned six weeks for no apparent cause.
( The claim in this case is for a bill of exchange drawn by Mr. Henera in favor of the claimant, when Mr. H. was appointed minister to the United States, and for supplies sent to Mexico by his direction.
(p) The captain contracted to carry 150 soldiers from Matamoras to Galveston ; on the passage he and his mate were causelessly murdered by the soldiers, and the vessel taken possession of.