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First, never to unfold to any one
O these deliberate fools! when they do choose, Which casket 'twas I chose ; next, if I fail They have the wisdom by their wit to lose. of the right casket, never in my life
Ner. The ancient saying is no heresy ;-
Por. Come, draw the curtain, Nerissa.
Enter a Servant.
Here; what would my lord ? To my heart's hope !-Gold, silver, and ba lead.
Serv. Madam, there is alighted at your gate Who chooseth me, must give and hazard all he hath: A young Venetian, one that comes before You shall look fairer, ere I give, or hazard. To signify the approaching of his lord: What says the golden chest? ha! let me see: From whom he bringeth sensible regreets ;' Who chooseth me, shall gain what many men desire. To wit, besides commends, and courteous breath, What many men desire. --That many may be meant Gifts of rich value; yet I have not seen By the fool multitude, that choose by show, So likely an embassador of love: Not learning more than the fond eye doth teach; A day in April never came so sweet, Which pries not to the interior, but, like the martlet, To show how costly summer was at hand, Builds in the weather on the outward wall, As this fore-spurrer comes before his lord. Even in the force and road of casualty.
Por. No more, I pray thee; I am half afeard, I will not choose what many men desire,
Thou wilt say anon, he is some kin to thee, Because I will not jump with common spirits, Thou spend'st such high-day wit in praising him.And rank me with the barbarous multitudes. Come, come, Nerissa; for long to see Why, then to thee, thou silver treasure-house; Quick Cupid's post, that comes so mannerly. Tell me once more what title thou dost bear; Ner. Bassanio, lord love, if thy will it be! Who chooseth me, shall get as much as he deserves ;
[Exeunt. And well said too: For who shall go about To cozen fortune, and be honourable Without the stamp of merit ! Let none presume To wear an undeserved dignity.
. O, that estates, degrees, and offices, Were not deriv'd corruptly! and that clear honour SCENE I.–Venice. A street. Enter Salanio, Were purchas'd by the merit of the wearer !
and Salarino. How many then should cover, that stand bare ?
Salan. Now, what news on the Rialto? How many be commanded, that command ? Salar. Why, yet it lives there uncheck'd, that How much low peasantry would then be glean'd Antonio hath a ship of rich lading wreck'd on the From the true seed of honour? and how much honour narrow seas; the Goodwins, I think they call the Pick'd from the chaff and ruin of the times, To be new varnish’d? Well, but to my choice :
place; a very dangerous flat, and fatal, where the
carcases of many a ship lie buried, as they say, Who chooseth me, shall get as much as he deserves ; if my gossip report be an honest woman of her word. I will assume desert ;-Give me a key for this, Salan. I would she were as lying a gossip in that, And instantly unlock my fortunes here.
as ever knapp'd ginger, or made her neighbours bePor. Too long a pause for that which you find lieve she wept for the death of a third husband : there.
But it is true,-without any slips of prolixity, or Ar. What's here ? the portrait of a blinking idiot, crossing the plain high-way of talk,--that the good Presenting me a schedule? I will read it.
Antonio, the honest Antonio,-0 that I had a title How much unlike art thou to Portia ?
good enough to kecp his name company!How much unlike my hopes, and my deservings ? Salar. Come, the full stop. Who chooseth me, shall have as much as he deserves.
Salan. Ha,—what say'st thou ?-Why the end Did I deserve no more than a fool's head ?
is, he hath lost a ship. is that my prize ? are my deserts no better?
Salar. I would it might prove the end of his Por. To offend, and judge, are distinct offices, losses ! And of opposed natures.
Salan. Let me say amen betimes, lest the devil Jr.
What is here?
cross my prayer; for here he comes in the likeness The fire seven times tried this;
of a Jew. Seven times tried that judgment is, That did never choose amiss :
Enter Shylock. Some there be, that shadows kiss ; How now, Shylock ? what news among the merSuch have but a shadow's bliss :
chant's? There be fools alive, I wis,
Shy. You knew, none so well, none so well as Silver'd o'er; and so was this.
you, of my daughter's flight. Take what wife you will to bed,
Salar. That's certain ; 1, for my part, knew the I will ever be your head :
tailor that made the wings she flew withal. So begone, sir, you are sped.
Salan. And Shylock, for his own part, knew the Still more fool I shall appear
bird was fledg'd; and then it is the complexior of By the time I linger here :
them all to leave the dam. With one fool's head I came to woo,
Shy. She is damn'd for it. But I go away with two.
Salur. That's certain, if the devil may be her Sweet, adieu! I'll keep my oath,
judge. Patiently to bear my wroth.
Shy. My own flesh and blood to rebel ! (Exeunt Arragon, and train. Salan. Out Por. Thus hath the candle sing’d the moth.
supon it, old carrion ! rebels it at these
years (1) Prepared. (2) Power. (3) Agree with
Shy. I say, my daughter is my flesh and blood. Tub. Your daughter spent in Genoa, as I beard,
Salar. There is more difference between thy flesh one night, fourscore ducats. and hers, than between jet and ivory; more be Shy. Thou stick'st a dagger in me:- I sha! Iween your bloods, than there is between red wine never see my gold again: Fourscore ducats at : and rhenish :-But tell us, do you hear whether sitting! fourscore ducats ! Antonio have had any loss at sea or no ?
Tub. There came divers of Antonio's creditori Shy. There I have another bad match: a bank- in my company to Venice, that swear he canno rupt, a prodigal, who dares scarce show his head on choose but break. the Rialto ;-a beggar, that used to come so smug Shy. I am very glad of it ; I'll plague him ; I'l upon the mart;-let him look to his bond: he was torture him ; I am glad of it. wont to call me usurer;-let him look to his bond: Tub. One of them showed me a ring, that he had he was wont to lend money for a Christian courte- of your daughter for a monkey. sy ;--let him look to his bond.
Shy. Out upon her! Thou torturest me, Tubal. Salar. Why, I am sure, if he forfeit, thou wilt it was my turquoise ;' I had it of Leah, when I was not take his flesh; What's that good for? a bachelor: I would not have given it for a wilder
Shy. To bait fish withal: if it will feed nothing ness of monkies. else, it will feed my revenge. He hath disgraced Tub. But Antonio is certainly undone. me, and hindered me of half a million; laughed at Shy. Nay, that's true, that's very true; Go, Tu my losses, mocked at my gains, scorned my nation, bal, fee me an oflicer, bespeak him a fortnight be thwarted my bargains, cooled my friends, heated fore: I will have the heart of him, if he iorfeit; mine enemies; and what's his reason? I am a Jew: for were he out of Venice, I can make what merHath not a Jew eyes? hath not a jew hands, organs, chandise I will; Go, go, Tubal, and meet me at dimensions, senses, affections, passions ? Ted with our synagogue; go, good Tubal; at our synathe same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject gogue, Tubal.
[Ereuni. to the same diseases, healed by the same means, warmed and cooled by the same winter and sum
SCENE II.-Belmont. A room in Portia's mer, as a Christian is ? if you prick us, do we not
house, Enler Bassanio, Portia, Gratiano, Nebleed ? if you tickle us, do we not laugh? if you
rissa, and attendants. The caskets are set out. poison us, do we not die ? and if you wrong us, Por. I pray you, tarry; pause a day or two, Shall we not revenge? if we are like you in the Before you hazard; for, in choosing wrong, rest, we will resemble you in that. If a Jew wrong I lose your company; therefore, forbear a while. a Christian, what is his humility ? revenge; If a There's something tells me (but it is not love, Christian wrong a Jew, what should his suíferance I would not lose you; and you know yourself, be by Christian example ? why, revenge. The Hate counsels not in such a quality : villany you teach me, I will execute; and it shall But lest you should not understand me well go hard, but I will better the instruction. |(And yet a maiden hath no tongue but thought,) Enter a Servant.
I would detain you here some month or two, Serv. Gentlemen, my master Antonio is at his How to choose right, but then I am forsword;
Before you venture for me. I could teach you, house, and desires to speak with you both. Salar. We have been up and down to seek him. But if you do, you'll make me wish a sin
So will I never be : So may you miss me;
That I had been forsworn. Beshrew your eyes, Salan. Here comes another of the tribe; a third They have o'er-look'd me, and divided me; cannot be matched, unless the devil himself turn One half of me is yours, the other half yours, Jew. (Ereunt Salan. Salar, and Servant. Mine own, I would say; but if mine, then yours,
Shy. How now, Tubal, what news from Genoa ? And so all yours: 0! these naughty times hast thou found my daughter?
Put bars between the owners and their rights; Tub. I often came where I did hear of her, but And so, though yours, not yours.-Prove it 90, cannot find her.
Let fortune oo to hell for it, -not I. Shy. Why there, there, there, there! a diamond I speak too long; but 'tis to peize the time; gone, cost me two thousand ducats in Frankfort! Toeke it, and to draw it out in length, The curse never fell upon our nation till now; I To stay you from election. never felt it till now:-two thousand ducats in that; Bass.
Let me choose ; and other precious, precious jewels.—I would, my For, as I am, I live upon the rack. daughter were dead at my foot, and the jewels in Por. Upon the rack, Bassanio? then confess her ear! 'would she were hears'd at my foot, and What treason there is mingled with your love. the ducats in her coffin! No news of them ?-Why, Bass. None, but that ugly treason of mistrust, 30:—and I know not what's spent in the search: Which makes me fear the enjoying of my love : Why, thou loss upon loss! the thief gone with so There may as well be amity and life much, and so much to find the thief; and no satis-'Tween snow and fire, as treason and my love. faction, no revenge: nor no ill luck stirring, but Por. Ay, but I fear, you speak upon the rack, what lights o' my shoulders ; no sighs, but o' my Where men enforced do speak any thing. breathing ; no tears, but o' my shedding.
Bass. Promise me life, and I'll confess the truth Tub. Yes, other men have ill luck too; Antonio, Por. Well then, confess, and live. as I heard in Genoa,
Confess, and love, Shy. What, what, what? ill luck, ill luck ? Had been the very sum of my confession :
Tub. —hath an argosy cast away, coming from O happy torment, when my torturer Tripolis.
Doth teach me answers for deliverance! Shy. I thank God, I thank God:-1s it true? is But let me to my fortune and the caskets. it true?
Por. Away then: I am lock'd in one of them ; Tub. I spoke with some of the sailors that es- If you do love me, you will find me out.caped the wreck.
Nerissa, and the rest, stand all aloof.Shy. I thank thee, good Tubal ;-Good news, mod news: ha' hal-Where? in Genoa ?
(1) A precious stone. (2) Delav.
Let music sound, while he doth make his choice; As doubtful thoughts, and rash-embrac'd despair Then, if he lose, he makes a swan-like end, And shudd'ring fear and green-ey'd jealousy. Fading in music: that the comparison
O love, be moderate, allay thy ecstasy, May stand more proper, my eye shall be the stream, In measure rain thy joy, scant this excess : And watry death-bed for him: He may win; I feel too much thy blessing, make it less, And what is music then! then music is
For fear I surfeit í Even as the flourish when true subjects bow Bass.
What find I here? To a new-crowned monarch: such it is,
[ Opening the leaden casket. As are those dulcet sounds in break of day, Fhir Portia's counterfeit 16 What demi-god That creep into the dreaming bridegroom's ear, Hath come so near creation ? Move these eyes ? And summon him to marriage. Now he goes, Or whether, riding on the balls of mine, With no less presence, but with much more love, Seem they in motion ? Here are sever'd lips, Than young Alcides, when he did redeem Parted with sugar breath; so sweet a bar The virgin tribute paid by howling Troy
Should sunder such sweet friends : Here in her To the sea-monster: I stand for sacrifice,
hairs The rest aloof are the Dardanian wives,
The painter plays the spider; and hath woven With bleared visages, come forth to view, A golden mesh to entrap the hearts of men, The issue of the exploit. Go, Hercules ! Faster than gnats in cobwebs : But her eyes,Live thou, I live :-With much much more dismay How could he see to do them? having made one, I view the fight, than thou that mak'st the fray. Methinks, it should have power to steal both his,
And leave itself unfurnish'd: Yet look, how far Music, whilst Bassanio comments on the caskets to The substance of my praise doth wrong this shadow himself.
In underprizing it, so far this shadow
Doth limp behind the substance.--Here's the scroll, 1. Tell me, where is fancy2 bred,
The continent and summary of my fortune.
You that choose not by the view,
Chance as fair, and choose as true !
Since this fortune falls to you,
Be content and seek no new.
If you be well pleas'd with this,
And hold your fortune for your bliss,
Turn you where your lady is,
And claim her with a loving kiss. Bass. So may the outward shows be least them- A gentle scroll ;-Fair lady, by your leave, selves;
(Kissing her, The world is still deceiv'd with ornament. I come by note, to give, and to receive. In law, what plea so tainted and corrupt,
Like one of two contending in a prize, But, being season'd with a graciousvoice,
That thinks he hath done well in people's eyes, Obscures the show of evil? In religion,
Hearing applause, and universal shout,
Wheiher those peals of praise be his or no;
As doubtful whether what I see be true,
I would not be ambitious in my wish, Who, inward search'd, have livers white as milk? To wish myself much better; yet, for you, And these assume but'valour's excrement, I would be trebled twenty times myselt; To render them redoubted. Look on beauty, A thousand times more lair, ten thousand times And you shall see 'tis purchas'd by the weight More rich; Which therein works a miracle in nature,
That only to stand high on your account, Making them lightest that wear most of it: I might in virtues, beauties, livings, friends, So are those crispede snaky golden locks, Exceed account: but the full sum of me Which make such wanton gambols with the wind, Is sum of something; which, to term in gross, Upon supposed fairness, often known
Is an unlesson'd girl, unschoold, unpractis'd: To be the dowry of a second head,
Happy in this, she is nol yet so old
She is not bred so dull but she can learn ;
Commits itself to yours to be directed,
or none of thee, thou pale and common drudge, of this fair mansion, master of my servants, Which rather threatnest, than doth promise aught, This house, these servants, and this same myself, Thy plainness moves me more than eloquence! Are yours, my lord; I give them with this ring; And here choose I: Joy be the consequence!
Which when you part from, lose, or give away, Por. How all the other passions feet to air, Let it presage the ruin of your love,
And be my vantage to exclaim on you. (1) Dinity of mien. (2) Love. (S) Winning favour. (4) Curled.
(5) Treacherous. (6) Likeness, portrast.
Bass. Madam, you have berest me of all words, Your hand, Salerio; What's the news from Venice 1 Only my blood speaks to you in my veins : How doth that royal merchant, good Antonio? And there is such confusion in my powers,
I know, he will be glad of our success; As, after some oration fairly spoke
We are the Jasons, we have won the fleece. By'a beloved prince, there doth appear
Sale. Would you had won the fleece that le Among the buzzing pleased multitude;
hath lost! Where every something, being blent' together, Por. There are some shrewd contents in yon? Turns to a wild of nothing, save of joy,
same paper, Express'd, and not express'd : But when this ring That steal the colour from Bassanio's cheek : Parts from this finger, then parts life from hence; Some dear friend dead; else nothing in the world 0, then be bold to say, Bassanio's dead.
Could turn so much the constitution "Ner. My lord and lady, it is now our time, Of any constant man. What, worse and worse? . That have stood by, and seen our wishes prosper, With leave, Bassanio; I am half
yourself, To cry, good joy; Good joy, my lord, and lady! And I must freely have the half of any thing
Gra. My lord Bassanio, and my gentle lady! That this same paper brings you. I wish you all the joy that you can wish;
O sweet Portia, For, I am sure, you can wish none from me: Here are a few of the unpleasant'st words, And, when your honours mean to solemnize That ever blotted paper ! Gentle lady, The bargain of your faith, I do beseech you When I did first impart my love to you, Even at that time I may be married too. I freely told you, all the wealth I had
Bass. With all my heart, so thou canst get a wife. Ran in my veins, I was a gentleman; Gra. I thank your lordship; you have got me one. And then I told you true: and yet, dear lady, My eyes, my lord, can look as swist as yours : Rating myself at nothing, you shall see You saw the mistress, I beheld the maid ; How much I was a braggart: When I told you You lov'd, I lov'd; for intermission?
My state was nothing, I should then have told you No more pertains to me, my lord, than you. That I was worse than nothing; for, indeed, Your fortune stood upojille caskets there; I have engag'd myself to a dear friend, And so did mine too, as the matter falls :
Engag'd my friend to his mere enemy,
To feed my means. Here is a letter, lady;
Issuing lífe-blood.—But is it true, Salerio?
From Tripolis, from Mexico, and England, Por.
Is this true, Nerissa ? From Lisbon, Barbary, and India ? Ner. Madam, it is, so you stand pleas’d withal. And not one vessel ’scape the dreadful touch Bass. And do you, Gratiano, mean good faith? Of merchant-marring rocks? Gra. Yes, 'faith, my lord.
Not one, my
lord. Bass. Our feast'shall be much honour'd in your Besides, it should appear, that if he had marriage.
The present money to discharge the Jew, Gra. We'll play with them, the first boy for a He would not take it : Never did I know thousand ducats.
A creature, that did bear the shape of man, Ner. What, and stake down ?
So keen and greedy to confound a man: Gra. No; we shall ne'er win at that sport, and He plies the duke at morning, and at night: stake down. —
And doth impeach the freedom of the state, But who comes here? Lorenzo, and his infidel ? If they deny him justice: twenty merchants, What, my old Venetian friend, Salorio ? The duke himself, and the magnificoes?
of greatest port, have all persuaded with him; Enter Lorenzo, Jessica, and Salerio.
But none can drive him from the envious plea Bass. Lorenzo, and Salerio, welcome hither; Or forfeiture, of justice, and his bond. If that the youth of my new interest here
Jes. When I was with him, I have heard him Have power to bid you welcome :-By your leave,
swear, I bid my very friends and countrymen,
To Tubal, and to Chus, his countrymen, Sweet Portia, welcome.
That he would rather have Antonio's fiesh, Por.
So do I, my lord; Than twenty times the value of the sum They are entirely welcome.
That he did owe him: and I know, my lord, Lor. I thank your honour :--For my part, my If law, authority, and power deny not, lord,
It will go hard with poor Antonio. My purpose was not to have seen you here; Por. Is it your dear friend, that is thus in trouble? But meeting with Salerio by the way,
Bass. The dearest friend to me, the kindest man, He did entreat me, past all saying nay,
The best condition'd and unwearied spirit To come with him along.
In doing courtesies; and one in whom
I did, my lord, The ancient Roman honour more appears,
Ere I ope his letter, Bass. For me, three thousand ducats.
What, no more? Sale. Not sick, my lord, unless it be in mind; Pay him six thousand, and deface the bond; Nor well, unless in mind : his letter there Double six thousand, and then treble thal, Will show you his estate.
Before a friend of this description Gra. Nerissa, cheer von' stranger; bid her wel- Shall lose a hair through Bassanio's fault. come.
First, go with me to church, and call me wife : (1) Blendes (2) Pause, delay.
(3) The chief men.
And then away to Venice to your friend; SCENE IV.-Belmont. A room in Portia's For never shall you lie by Portia's side
house. Enter Portia, Nerissa, Lorenzo, Jessica, With an unquiei soul. You shall have gold and Balthazar. To pay the petty debt twenty times over; When it is paid, bring your true friend along: Lor. Madar, although I speak it in your preMy maid Nerissa, and mysell, mean time,
sence, Will live as maids and widows. Come, away;
You have a noble and a true conceit For you shall hence upon your wedding-day: of god-like amity; which appears most strongly Bid your friends welcome, show a merry cheer:' In bearing thus the absence of your lord. Since you are dear bought, I will love you dear. But, if you knew to whom you show this honour. But let me hear the letter of your friend.
How true a gentleman you send relief,
There must be nceds a like proportion
I will make haste: But, till I come again, Being the bosom lover of my lord,
Must needs be like my lord : If it be so, No rest be interposer 'twixt us twain. How little is the cost I have bestow'd,
(Ereunt. In purchasing the semblance of my soul
From out the state of hellish cruelty? SCENE III.–Venice. A street. Enter Shylock, This comes too near the praising of myself; Salanio, Antonio, and Gaoler.
Therefore no more of it: hear other things. Shy. Gaoler, look to him ;-Tell not me of Lorenzo, I commit into your hands mercy;
The husbandry and manage of my house, This is the fool that lent out money gratis ; Until my lord's return: for mine own part, Gaoler, look to him.
I have toward heaven breath'd a secret vow Ant.
Hear me yet, good Shylock. To live in prayer and contemplation,
Until her husband and my lord's return :
Now lays upon you.
Madam, with all my heart; Ant. I pray thee, hear me speak.
I shall obey you in all fair commands. Shy. I'll have my bond; I will not hear thee Por. My people do already know my mind, speak:
And will acknowledge you and Jessica I'll have my bond; and therefore speak no more. In place of lord Bassanio and myself. I'll not be made a soft and dull-ey'd fool,
So fare you well, till we shall meet again. To shake the head, relent, and sigh, and yield Lor. Fair thoughts, and happy houis, attend on To Christian intercessors. Follow not;
you. I'll have no speaking; I will have my bond. Jes. I wish your ladyship all heart's content.
[Erit Shylock.! Por. I thank you for your wish, and am well Salan. It is the most impenetrable cur,
pleas'd That ever kept with men.
|To wish it back on you: fare you well, Jessica.Ant. Let him alone,
[Exeunt Jessica and Lorenzo, I'll follow him no more with bootless prayers. Now, Balthazar, He seeks my life; his reason well I know; As I have ever found thee honest, true, I oft deliver'd from his forfeitures
So let me find thee still: Take this same letter, Many that have at times made moan to me;
And use thou all the endeavour of a man, Therefore he hates me.
In speed to Padua ; sec thou render this Salan.
I am sure, the duke Into my cousin's hand, doctor Bellario; Will never grant this forfeiture to hold.
And, look, what notes and garments he doth give Ant. The duke cannot deny the course of law. For the commodity that strangers have
Bring them, I pray thee, with imagin'd speed With us in Venice, is it be denied,
Unto the tranect, to the common ferry Will much impeach the justice of the state; Which trades to Venice:-waste no time in words, a Since that the trade and profit of the city But get thee gone; I shall be there before thee. Consisteth of all nations. Therefore, go:
Ballh. Madam, I go with all convenient speed. These griefs and losses have so 'bated me,
(Exit. That I shall hardly spare a pound of flesh
Por. Come on, Nerissa; I have work in hand, To-morrow to my bloody creditor.
That you yet know not of: we'll see our husbands, Well, gaoler, on :-Pray God, Bassanio come Before they think of us. To see me pay this debt, and then I care not ! Ner.
Shall they see us ?
Tha tey etaji think we are accomplished
With wal we rack. i. Pühere thee any wager,