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to a spunge.

Por. That he hath a neighbourly charity in Shy. For three months,—well. him ; for he borrow'd a box of the ear of the Eng Bass. For the wbich, as I told you, Anthonio lishman, and swore he would pay him again, shall be bound. when he was able: I think, the Frenchman became Shy. Anthonio shall become bound, --well. his surety, and seal'd under for another.

5 Bass. May you stead me? Will you pleasure me? Ner. How like you the young German, the

Shall I know your answer? duke of Saxony's nephew?

Shy. Three thousand ducats, for three months, Por. Very vilely in the morning, when he is and Anthonio bound. sober; and most vilely in the afternoon, when be Bass. Your answer to that. is drunk: when he is best, he is a little worse than 10 Shy. Anthonio is a good man. a man; and when he is worst, he is little better Bass. Have you heard any imputation to the than a beast: an the worst fall that ever fell, contrary? hope, I shall make shift to go without him.

Shy. Ho, no, no, no, no;—my meaning, in sayNer. If he should offer to chuse, and chuse the ling he is a good man, is, to have you understand right casket, you should refuse to perform your 15 me, that he is sufficient: yet his means are in supfather's will, it you should refuse to accept him. position: he hath an argosy bound to Tripolis, ano

Por. Therefore, for fear of the worst, I pray ther tothe Indies; I understand moreover upon the thee, set a deep glass of Rhenish wine on the Rialto, he hath a third at Mexico, a fourth for Engcontrary casket; for, if the devil be within, and land, and other ventures he hath,squander’dabroad: that temptation without, I know he will chuse it. 20 But ships are but boards, sailors but men: there I will do any thing, Nerissa, ere I will be marry'd be land-rats, and water-rats, water-thieves, and

land-thieves; I mean, pirates; and then, there is Ner. You need not fear, lady, the having any of the peril of waters, winds, and rocks: The man these lords; they have acquainted me with their is, notwithstanding, sufficient;-three thousand determination : which is, indeed, to return to their 25 ducats;-I think, I'may take his bond. home, and to trouble you with no more suit: un

Bass. Be assur'd, you may.

[be assurd, less you may be won by some other sort than your Shy. I will be assur'd, I may; and, that I may father's imposition, depending on the caskets. I will bethink me: May I speak with Anthonio:

Por. If I live to be as old as Sybilla, I will die Bass. If it please you to dine with us. as chaste as Diana, unless I be obtained by the 30. Shy. Yes, to smell pork; to eat of the habitamanner of my father's will: I am glad this parcel tion which your prophet the Nazarite conjured of wooers are so very reasonable; for there is not the devil into : I will buy with you, sell with you, one ainong them but I dote on his very absence, talk with you, walk with you, and so following: and I pray God grant them a fair departure. but I will not eat with you, drink with you, nor Ner. Do

you not remember, lady, in your fa-|35pray with you. What news on the Rialto : ther's time, a Venetian, a scholar, and a soldier, Who is he comes here? that came hither in company of the marquis of

Enter Anthonio. Montserrat?

Bass. This is signior Anthonio. Por. Yes, yes, it was Bassanio ; as I think, so Shy. [ Aside.] How like a fawning publican he he was call'd.

401 hate him for he is a Christian: [looks ! Ner. True, madam; he, of all the men that But more, for that, in low simplicity, ever my foolish eyes look'd upon, was the best He lends out money gratis, and brings down deserving a fair lady:

The rate of usance here with us in Venice, Por. I remember him well; and I remember him If I can catch him once upon the hip', worthy of thy praise.--Ilow now! what news ? 45 I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him. Enter a Servant.

He hates our sacred nation; and he rails, Ser. The four strangersseek for you, madam, to Even there where merchants most rlo congregate, take their leave: and there is a fore-runner come On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift, from the fifth, the prince of Morocco ; who brings Which he calls interest: Cursed be my tribe, word, the prince, his master, will be here to-night. 50 If I forgive him! Por. If I could bid the fifth welcome with so Bass. Shylock, do you

hear? good heart as I can bid the other four farewell, 1 Shy. I am debating of my present store; should be glad of his approach: if he have the And, by the near guess of my memory, condition of a saint, and the complexion of a de I cannot instantly raise up

the

gross vil, I had rather he should shrive me than wive 55 of full three thousand ducats: What of that? me. Come, Nerissa. Sirrah, go before.- Wbiles Tubal, a wealthy Hebrew of my tribe, we shut the gate upon one wooer, another Will furnish me: But soft; Ilow many months knocks at the door.

[Excunt. Do

you

desire?- Rest you fair, good signior; SCENE III.

[To Anthonio. A publick Place in Venice. 60 Your worship was the last man in our mouths. Enter Bussunio and Shylock.

Anth. Sbylock, albeit I neither lend nor borShy. Three thousand ducats,--well.

By taking, nor by giving of excess, row, Buss. Ay, sir, for three months.

Yet, to supply the ripe wants of my friend, This is a phrase taken from the practice of wrestlers.

hear you;

I'll break a custom :-Is he yet possess’d, You, that did void your rheum upon my beard, How much you would ?

And foot me as you spurn a stranger cur Shy. Ay, ay, three thousand ducats.

Over your threshold; monies is your suit. Anth. And for three months.

[so. What should I say to you? Should I not say, Shy. I had forgot-three months, you told me 5 Hath a dog money? Is it possible Well then, your bond; and, let me see, -But “ A cur can lend three thousand ducats?" or

[row, Shall I bend low, and in a bondinan's key, Methoughts, you said, you neither lend nor bor With 'bated breath, and whispering humbleness, l'pon advantage.

Say this,—“Fair sir, you spit on me on WednesAnth. I do never use it.

101

“ day last; Shy. When Jacob graz'd his uncle Laban's |"You sparn'd me such a day; another time This Jacob from our holy Abraham was (sheep, “ You call'd me-dog ; and for these courtesies (As his wise mother wrought in his behalf) " I'll lend you thus much monies." The third possessor : ay, he was the third,

Anth. I am as like to call thee so again, Anth, And what of him ? did he take interest ? 15To spit on thee again, to spurn thee too. Shy. No, not take interest; not as you would If thou wilt lend this money, lend it not say,

As to thy friends; (for when did friendship take Directly interest : mark what Jacob did.

A breed of barren metal of his friend ?) When Laban and himself were compromis'd, But lend it rather to thine enemy; That all the eanlings, which were streak’d, and 20 Who if he break, thou may’st with better face py'd,

Exact the penalty. Should fall as Jacob's hire ; the ewes, being rank, Shy. Why, look you, how you storm! In the end of autumn turned to the rams: I would be friends with you, and have your love, And when the work of generation was

Forget the shames that you have stained me with,
Between these woolly breeders in the act, 25 supply your present wants, and take no doit
The skilful shepherd peeld me certain wands, Of usance for my monies, and you'll not hear me;
And, in the doing of the deed of kind?,

This is kind I offer.
He stuck them up before the fulsome ewes ; Anth. This were kindness.
Who, then conceiving, did in eaning time

Shy. This kindness will I show :
Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were Jacob's. 30 Go with me to a notary, seal me there
This was a way to thrive, and he was blest; Your single bond; and, in a merry sport,
And thrift is blessing, if men steal it not [for: ilf you repay me not on such a day,

Anth. This was a venture, sir, that Jacob serv'd In such a place, such sum, or sums, as are
A thing not in his power to bring to pass, Express'd in the condition, let the forfeit
But sway'd, and fashion'd, by the hand of heaven. 35 Be nominated for an equal pound
Was this inserted to make interest good ?

Of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken
Or is your gold and silver, ewes and rams? In what part of your body pleaseth me.

Shy. I cannot tell; I make it breed as fast: Anth. Content, in faith ; I'll seal to such a bond, But note me, signior.

And say, there is much kindness in the Jew. Anth. Mark you this, Bassanio.

40 Bass. You shall not seal to such a bond for me, The devil can cite scripture for bis purpose.

I'll rather dwell’in my necessity. An evil soul, producing holy witness,

Anth. Why, fear not, man ; I will not forfeit it: Is like a villain with a smiling cheek;

Within these two months, that's a month before A goodly apple rotten at the heart:

This bond expires, I do expect return O, what a goodly outside falshood hath! (sum. 45 Of thrice three times the value of the bond. [are ;

Shy. Three thousand ducats,-'tis a good round Shy. O father Abraham, what these Christians Three months froin twelve, then let me see the Whose own hard dealings teaches them suspect rate.

[you? The thoughts of others! Pray you, tell me this ; Anth. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to If he should break his day, what should I gain

Shy. Signior Anthonio, many a time and oft 150 By the exaction of the forfeiture ? In the Rialto you have rated me

A pound of man's tlesh, taken from a man, About my monies and my usances *:

Is not so estimable, profitable neither,
Still have I borne it with a patient shrug;

As flesh of muttons, beefs, or goats. I say,
For sufferance is the badge of all our tribe : To buy his favour, I extend this friendship:
You call me-misbeliever, cut-throat dog, 55 If he will take it, so; if not, adieu;
And spit upon my Jewish gaberdine'.

And, for my love, I pray you, wrong me not. And all for use of that which is mine own.

Anth. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this bond, Well then, it now appears, you need my help: Shy. Then meet me forthwith at the notary's; Go to then : you come to me, and you say,

Give him direction for this merry bond, “Shylock, we would have monies;" You say so ::60And I will go and purse the ducats strait;

'i. e. lambs just dropt.'i.e.of nature. 'Meaning, lascivious, obscene. Use and usance were both words formerly employed for usury. A gaberdine means a course frock. That is, interest poney bred from the principal. To dwell, here seems to mean the same as to continue.

See

See to my house, left in the fearful guard'

Bass. I like not fair terms, and a villain's mind. Of an untbrity knave; and presently

Anth. Come on; in this there can be nodismay, I will be with you.

[Exit. My ships come home a month before the day. Arih. Hie thee, gentle Jew.

[Escunt. This llebrew will turn Christian ; he grows kind.) 5

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SCENE I.

Never to speak to lady asterward
Belmont.

15 in way of marriage: therefore be advised. Enter the Prince of Morocco, and three or four

Mor. Nor will not; come, bring me unto my

chance. Jollowers accordingly; with Portia, Nerissa, and her train. Flourish Cornets.

Por. First, forward to the temple; after dinner

Your bazard shall be made.
Mlor.
M'SLIKE me not for my complexion,
120 Mor. Good fortune then!

(Cornets.
The shadow'd livery of the burnish'd To make me blest, or cursed'st among men.
sun,

[Ercunt. To whom I am a neighbour, and near bred.

S CE N E II.
Bring me the fairest creature northward born,
Where Phæbus' fire scarce thaws the icicles,

A Street in Venice.

25 And let us make incision for your love,

Enter Launcelot Gobbo. To prove whose blood is reddest, his or mine. Laun. Certainly, my conscience will serve me I tell thee, lady, this aspect of mine

to run from this Jew my master: The tiend is at Hath feared the valiant; by my love, I swear,

mine elbow,and tempts me, saying to me,"Gobbo, The best regarded virgins of our clime

30

“* Launcelot Gobbo,good Launcelot, or goodGobHave lov'd it too: I would not change this hue,

bo, or good Launcelot Gobbo, use your legs, Except to steal your thoughts, my gentle queen.

" take the start, run away.”—My conscience says, Por. In terms of choice I am not solely led

“No: take heed, honest Launcelot; take heed, By nice direction of a maiden's eyes:

honest Gobbo; or," as aforesaid, “honest LaunBesides, the lottery of my destiny

35

“ celot Gobbo ; do not run; scorn running with Bars me the right of voluntary chusing:

thy heels." Well, the most courageous fiend But, if my failer had not scanted me,

bids me pack: “Via !” says the fiend ; “ away!" And hedg'd me by his will, to yield myself says the fiend, “ for the heavens; rouse up a brave His wife who wins me by that means I told you,

mind,” says the fiend, "and run.” Well, my conYourself, renowned prince, then stood as fair, 40" science hanging about the neck of my heart, As any comer l have look'd on yet,

says very wisely to me,-“My honest friend For my affection.

Launcelot, being an honest man's son," Moi. Even for that I thank you;

ther an honest woman's son ;-for, indeed, my faTherefore I pray you, lead me to the caskets,

ther did something smack, something grow to, he To try my fortune. By this scimitar,

had a kind of taste;-well, my conscience says, That slew the Sophy, and a Persian prince,

Launcelot, budge not.” • Budge,” says the That won three fields of Sultan Solyman, fiend. “ Builge not,” says my conscience.I would out-stare the sternest eyes that look, Conscience, say I, you counsel well. Fiend, Out-brave the beart most daring on the earth, say I, you counsel well. To be ruld by my Pluck the young sucking cubs from the she-bear, 50 conscience, I should stay with the Jew, my masYea mockihe lion when he roars for prey,

ter, who, God bless the mark, is a kind of devil; To win thee, lady : But, alas the while!

and, to run away from the Jew, I should be rul'd If llercules, ani Lichas, play at dice

by the fiend, who, saving your presence, is the deWhich is the better man, the greater throw

vil himself. Certainly, the Jew is the very devil inMay turn by fortune from the weaker hand; 155 carnation; and, in my conscience, my conscience So iš Alcides beaten by his page ;

is but a kind of hard conscience, to oiler to counAnd so may I, blind Fortune leading me, sel me to stay with the Jew: The fiend gives the Miss that which one unworthier may attain,

more friendly counsel. I will run, fiend; my And die with grieving.

heels are at your commandment, I will run. Por. You must the your chance;

1601 Entır old Gobbo, his father, with a basket. And either not attempt to chuse at all,

Gob. Master, young man, you, I pray you; Or swear, before you chuse,- if you chuse wrong, Juhich is the way to master Jew's ?

Furful guard means a guard that is not to be trusted, but gives cause of fear, *i. e. hath, made tre valiant afraid.

Laur.

—ог ra

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Lapın. [aside.] O heavens, this is my true-begot ja beard hast thou got! Thou hast got more hair ten father! who, being more thani sanu-blind on tig chin, than Dobbin my thill-horsehas on high-gravel blind, knows me nut:--I will try coiclusions' with him.

Luun. It should seem then, that Dobbin's tail Gob. Master, young gentleman, I pray you grows backward; I am sure he had more hair on which is the way to m ster Jews?

mis tail, than I have on my face, when I last saw luun. Turn up on your nuht hand, at the next turning, but, at the next turung of all, on your Gob. Lord, how thou art chang'd! How dost Jeft; marry, at the very next turning, turn oi no thou and thy master agree? I have brought him hanıl, but turu down indirectly to these.'s house. ule present: ilow agree you now?

Gh. By God's sont:es, 'twill be a hara way to Luun. Well, w ll; but tor mine own part, as hit. Can you tell me whether une Launcelot, that I have set up my rest to run away, so I will not duello win him, dwell with it, or no?

rest 'till I have run some ground: My master's a Lun. Talk you of young ma ter Launcelot ? very Jew; give liim a present! give him a halter: Mark me now, {nside. ] now will I raise the wa-151 am fainish'd in his service; you may tell every ters:-Talk you of young master Launcelot? longer I have with my ribs. Father, I am glad

Gob. No, master, sir, but a poor man's son; his you are come; give your present to one master father, though I say it, is an honest exceeding poor Bassanio, who, indeed, gives rare new liveries; mail, and, God be thanked, well to live.

if I serve not him, I will run as far as God has Lau. Well, let his father be what he will, we 20 any ground.-O rare fortune! here comes the talk of young master Launcelot.

man;--to him, father; for I am a Jew, if I serve Gob. Your worship's friend, and Launcelot, sir. Ithe Jew any longer.

Lann. But I pray you ergo, old man, «rgo, 18. Enter Bassanio, with Leonardo, and a follower beseech you; Talk you of young master Laun

or two more, celot?

123 Buss. You may do so:--but let it be so hasted, Gob. Of Launcelot, an' please your mastership. that supper be ready at the tarthest by tive of the

Laun. Erg), inaster Launcelot, talk not of mas clock. See these letters deliver’d; pui the liveries ter Launcelot, father; for the young gentleman to making; and desire Gratiano to come anon to (according to fates and destinies,and such odd sar my lodging: ings, the sisters three, and such branches of learn- 30 Lam. To him, father. ing) is, indeed, deceased; or, as you would say, Gob. God bless your worship! in plain terms, gone to heaven.

Buss. Gramercy; Wouldst thou aught with me? Goh. Marry, God forbid! the boy was the very

Gob. llere's my son, sir, a poor boy, stail of my age, my very prop..

Luun. Not a poor boy, sir, but the rich Jew's Luun. Do I look like a cudgel, or a hovel-post, 35 man; that would, sir, as my father shall specify,a staff, or a prop ?-Do you know me, father? Gob. He hath a great infection, sir, as one would

Gob. Alack the day, I know you not, young say, to serve gentleman: but, I pray you,

tet
me, my

Laun. Indeed, the short and the long is, I serve (God rest his soul!) alive, or dead?

the Jew, and have a desire as my father shall speLaun. Do you not know me,

father?

40/cify,Gob. Alack, sir, I am sand-blind, I know you Gob. His master and he (saving your worship's Dot.

reverence) are scarce cater-cousins: Lun. Nay, indeed, if you had your eyes, you Luun. To be brief, the very truth is, that the, might tail of the knowing me: it is a wise father Jew having done me wrong, doth cause me, as my that knows his own child. Well, old man, I will 45 jather, being I hope an old man, shall frutify unto tell you news of your son: Give me your blessing: yoll, truth will come to light; murder cannot be hid Gob. I have here a dish of doves, that I would long, a man's son may ; but, in the end, truth whil bestow upon your worship; and my suit is, out.

Luun. In very brief, the suit is impertinent to Gob. Pray you, sir, stand up; I am sure, you so myself, as your worship shall know by this honest are not lalocelot, my boy.

old man; and though I say it, though old man, Laun. Pray you, let's have no more fooling about lyet poor man, my

father. it, but give me your blessing; I am Launcelot, Bass. One speak for both;-What would you? your boy that was, your son that is, your child that Laun. Serve you, sir. shall be.

55 Gob. This is ihe very defect of the matter, sir, Gob. I cannot think, you are my son.

Buss. I know thee well, thou hast obtain'd thy Laun. I know not what I shall think of that:

suit: but I am Launcelot, the Jew's man; and, I am Shylock, thy master, spoke with me this day, sure, Margery, your wife, is my inother.

And hath preferr'd thee; if it be preferment, Gob. Her name is Margery, indeed: I'll be Go To leave a rich Jew's service to become sworn, if thou be Launcelut, thou art my own tesh The follower of so poor a gentleman. and blood. Lord worshipp'd might he be! whall Laun. The old proverb is very well parted be. : That is, I will try experiments with him. ? Thill, or fill, means the shafts of a cart or waggon.

tween

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tween my master Shylock and you, sir; you have Bass. No, that were pity; the grace of God, sir, and be bath enough. I would entreat you rather to put on Buss. Thou speak’st it well: Go, father, with Your boldest suit of mirth, for we have friends thy son:

That purpose merriment: But fare you well, Take leave of thy old master, and enquire

5 I have some business. Aly lodging out:-give him a livery

Gra. And I must to Lorenzo, and the rest;

[To his followers. But we will visit you at supper-time, [Exeunt. More guarded than his fellows: see it done.

$ CE N E III. Lun. Father, in:-1 cannot get a service, no;I have ne'era tongue in my head. -Well, [look- 101

Shylock's House. ing on his palm} if any man in Italy have a fairer

Enter Jessica and Launcelot. table, which doth offer to swear upon a bouk, 1 Jes. I am sorry, thou wilt leave my father so; still have good fortune.-Go to, here's a simple Our house is hell, and thou, a merry devil, line of life! here's a small tritle of wives: alas, tif Didst rob it of some taste of tediousness: deell wives is nothing; eleven widows, and nine 15 But fare thee well; there is a ducat for thee. Hizicks, is a simple coming-in for one man: and And, Launcelot, soon at supper shalt thou see then, to 'scape drowning thrice; and to be in pe Lorenzo, who is thy new' master's guest : sob ot my life with the edge of a feather-bed'; Give him this letter; do it secretly, here are simple 'scapes! Well, if fortune be a wo And so farewell; I would not have my father Ya, she's a good sench for this geer. --Father,/20/See me talk with thee. coine; I'll take my leave of the Jew in the twink Laun. Adieu!-tears exhibit my tongue.ling of an eye.

Most beautiful pagan,-—ınost sweet Jew! if a [Ercunt Launuclot and old Gobbo. Christian did not play the knave, and get thee, I Bites. I pray thee, good Leonardo, think on this: am much deceiv'd: but adieu! these foolish drops These things being bought, and orderly bestow'd, 25 do somewhat drown my manly spirit; adieu! Return in baste, for I do feast to-night

[Erit. My best esteem'd acquaintance; bie thee, go. Jes. Farewell, good Launcelot. Leon. My best endeavours shall be done herein. Alack, what heinous sin is it in me, Enter Gratiano.

To be asham'd to be my father's child! Crn. There's your master?

30 But though I am a daughter to his blood, kron. Yonder, sir, he walks. [Exit Leon. I am not to his manners: O Lorenzo, Gru. Signior Bassanio,

If thou keep promise, I shall end this strife; Bass. Gratiano!

Become a Christian, and thy loving wife. [Exit. Gra. I have a suit to you.

SC EN E IV. Bruss. You have obtain'd it.

351 Gr'. You must not deny me; I must go with

The Street. you to Belmont.

Enter Gratian!), Lorenzo, Salarino, and Salanio, Buss. Why, then you must;-But hear thee, Gratiano:

Lor. Nay, we will slinh away in supper-time; Thun art too wild, too rude, and bold of voice;- 40 Disguise us at my lodging, and return

All in an hour. Farts, that become thee happily enough,

Gru. We have not made good preparation). And in such eyes as ours appear not faults:

Sal. We have not spoke us yet of torch-bearers. But where thou art not known, why, there they shew Sunething too liberal-pray thee, take pain

Sala. 'Tis vile, unless it may be quaintly ordered; Toallay with soune cold drops of modest! [viour, 43 And better, in my mind, not undertook. [hours

Lor. 'Tis now but four o'clock: we have two Tly skipping spirit; lest, through thy wild beha

To furnish us:
I be miscontru'd in the place I go to,
And lose my hopes.

Enter Launcelot with a letter.
Gru. Signior Bassanio, hear me:

Friend Launcelot, what's the news? If I do not put on a sober labit,

50

Laun. An it shall please you to break up this“, Tulk with respect, and swear but now and then, it shall seem to signity. Wear prayer-books in my pocket, look demurely: Lor. I know the hand: in faith, 'tis a fair hand; Way, inore, while grace is saying, hood mine eyes And whiter than the paper it writ on, This with my liat, and sigh, and say, amen;

Is the fair hand that writ, l'se all the observance of civility,

150 Gru. Love-news, in faith. Lik one well studied in a sad ostent'

Luun. By vour leave, sir. To please bis grandam, never trust me more.

Lor. Whither goest thou? Buss. Well, we shall see your bearing. mel Laun, Marry, sir, to bid my old master the

Gru. Nay, but I bar to-night; you shall not gage lew to sup to-night with my new master the By what we do to-night.

60 Christian. ' That is, more ornamented. 2 The chiromantic term for the lines of the hand.

? A cant phrase to signify the danger of marrying. * That is, too gross, licertious,

That is, grave appearance. To break up was a terın in carving.

Lor.

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