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King. Methinks, in thee some blessed spirit

doth speak; His powerful sound, within an organ weak:

ballads ; let my maiden reputation be otherwise branded; and, no worse of worst extended, i. e. provided nothing worse is offered to me, (meaning violation,) let my life be ended with the worst of tortures. The poet, for the sake of rhyme, has obscured the sense of the passage. The worst that can befal a woman, being extended to me, seems to be the meaning of the last line. STEEVENS.

Tax of impudence, that is, to be charged with having the boldness of a strumpet :-a divulged shame; i. e. to be traduced by odious ballads :-my maiden name's seared otherwise ; i. e. to be stigmatized as a prostitute:-no worse of worst extended ; i. e. to be so defamed that nothing severer can be said against those who are most publickly reported to be infamous. Shakspeare has used the word sear and extended in The Winter's Tale, both in the same sense as above:

- for calumny will sear

" Virtue itself!"And “ The report of her is extended more than can be thought."

HENLEY. The old copy reads, not no, but ne, probably an error for nay, or the. I would wish to read and point the latter part of the passage thus :

my maiden's name
Seard otherwise ; nay, worst of worst, extended

With vilest torture, let my life be ended. i. e. Let me be otherwise branded ;--and (what is the worst of worst, the consummation of misery,) my body being extended on the rack by the most cruel torture, let my


the forfeit of my presumption. So, in Daniel's Cleopatra, 1594 :

the worst of worst of ills.”
No was introduced by the editor of the second folio.
Again, in The Remedie of Love, 4to, 1600:

"If she be fat, then she is swollen, say,
“ If browne, then tawny as the Africk Moore ;
“ If slender, leane, meagre and worne away,
“ If courtly, wanton, worst of worst before.


And what impossibility would slay
In common sense, sense saves another way. *
Thy life is dear; for all, that life can rate
Worth name of life, in thee hath estimate ;5
Youth, beauty, wisdom, courage, virtue, alle
That happiness and prime’ can happy call:


3 Methinks, in thee some blessed spirit doth speak ;

His powerful sound, within an organ weak:] The verb, doth speak, in the first line, should be understood to be repeated in the construction of the second, thus: His powerful sound speaks within a weak organ.

HEATH. This, in my opinion, is a very just and happy explanation.

STEEVENS. * And what impossibility would slay

In common sense, sense saves another way.] i. e. and that which, if I trusted to my reason, I should think impossible, I yet, perceiving thee to be actuated by some blessed spirit, think thee capable of effecting. MALONE.

in thee hath estimate ;] May be counted among the gifts enjoyed by thee. Johnson.

Youth, beauty, wisdom, courage, virtue, all-] The old copy omits virtue. It was supplied by Dr. Warburton, to remedy a defect in the measure. STEEVENS. prime -— ] Youth ; the spring or morning of life.

Johnson, Should we not read-pride? Dr. Johnson explains prime to mean youth; and indeed I do not see any other plausible interprétation that can be given of it. But how does that suit with the context? (6 You have all that is worth the name of life ; youth, beauty, &c. all, That happiness and youth can happy call." —Happiness and pride may signify, I think, the pride of happiness ; the proudest state of happiness. So, in The Second Part of Henry IV. Act III. sc. i. the voice and echo, is put

for the voice of echo, or, the echoing voice. Tyrwhitt.

I think, with Dr. Johnson, that prime is here used as a substantive, but that it means, that sprightly vigour which usually accompanies us in the prime of life. So, in Montaigne's Essaies, translated by Florio, 1603, B. II. c. 6 : “ Many things seeme greater by 'imagination, than by effect. I have passed over a good part of my age in sound and perfect health. I say, not



Thou this to hazard, needs must intimate
Skill infinite, or monstrous desperate.
Sweet practiser, thy physick I will try;
That ministers thine own death, if I die.

HEL. If I break time, or flinch in property
Of what I spoke, unpitied let me die;
And well desery'd : Not helping, death's my fee;
But, if I help, what do you promise me?

King. Make thy demand.

But will you make it even?
King. Ay, by my sceptre, and my hopes of

heaven. HEL. Then shalt thou give me, with thy kingly

hand, What husband in thy power I will command: Exempted be from me the arrogance To choose from forth the royal blood of France;

only sound, but blithe and wantonly-lustful. That state, full of lust, of prime and mirth, made me deeme the consideration of sicknesses so yrksome, that when I came to the experience of them, I have found their fits but weak.” MALONE.

in property-] In property seems to be here used, with much laxity, for-in the due performance. In a subsequent passage it seems to mean either a thing possessed, or a subject discriminated by peculiar qualities :

The property by what it is should go,

“ Not by the title.” Malone. 9 Ay, by my sceptre, and my hopes of heaven.] The old copy reads:

my hopes of help. STEEVENS. The King could have but a very slight hope of help from her, scarce enough to swear by: and therefore Helen might suspect he meant to equivocate with her. Besides, observe, the greatest part of the scene is strictly in rhyme: and there is no shadow of reason why it should be interrupted here. I rather imagine the poet wrote:

Ay, by my sceptre, and my hopes of heaven. THIRLBY.

My low and humble name to propagate
With any branch or image of thy state :!
But such a one, thy vassal, whom I know
Is free for me to ask, thee to bestow.

King. Here is my hand; the premises observ'd,
Thy will by my performance shall be serv'd;
So make the choice of thy own time; for I,
Thy resolv'd patient, on thee still rely.
More should I question thee, and more I must;
Though, more to know, could not be more to trust;
From whence thou cam'st, how tended on,-But

rest Unquestion'd welcome, and undoubted blest.-Give me some help here, ho!—If thou proceed As high as word, my deed shall match thy deed.

[Flourish. Exeunt.



1 With any branch or image of thy state :] Shakspeare unquestionably wrote impage, grafting. Impe, a graff, or slip, or sucker : by which she means one of the sons of France. Caxton calls our Prince Arthur, that noble impe of fame.

WARBURTON. Image is surely the true reading, and may mean any representative of thine; i. e. any one who resembles you as being related to your family, or as a prince reflects

any part state and majesty. There is no such word as impage; and, as Mr. M. Mason observes, were such a one coined, it would mean nothing but the art of grafting. Mr. Henley adds, that branch refers to the collateral descendants of the royal blood, and image to the direct and immediate line.. STEEVENS.

Our author again uses the word image in the same sense as here, in his Rape of Lucrece: * O, from thy cheeks my image thou hast torn."


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Rousillon. A Room in the Countess's Palace.

Enter Countess and Clown.

Count. Come on, sir; I shall now put you to the height of your breeding.

Clo. I will show myself highly fed, and lowly taught: I know my business is but to the court.

Count. To the court! why, what place make you special, when you put off that with such contempt? But to the court!

Clo. Truly, madam, if God have lent a man any manners, he may easily put

may easily put it off at court: he that cannot make a leg, put off's cap, kiss his hand, and say nothing, has neither leg, hands, lip, nor cap; and, indeed, such a fellow, to say precisely, were not for the court: but, for me, I have an answer will serve all men.

Count. Marry, that's a bountiful answer, that fits all questions.

Clo. It is like a barber's chair, that fits all buttocks;? the pin-buttock, the quatch-buttock, the brawn-buttock, or any buttock.

It is like a barber's chair, &c.] This expression is proverbial. See Ray's Proverbs, and Burton's Anat. of Melancholy, edit. 1632, p. 666.

Again, in More Fools Yet, by R. S. a collection of Epigrams, 4to. 1610: " Moreover sattin sutes he doth

compare “ Unto the service of a barber's chayre; " As fit for every Jacke and journeyman, " As for a knight or worthy gentleman." STEEVENS.

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