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and placexl his production, where read with some little diligence, he the poet, should he look for it, would will find the grammarian, under the be surprised to find - Home" in a head of Prosody, sanctions Pope's 34 strange land, on the identical shelf prudence in this respect by exact: with the Pleasures of Memory ing that the Alexandrine should be and the Pleasures of Hope. Yet " uscd sparing!y and with judget for de Rowland heads his remarks with a ment." hint from Boileau, that Rhodolphus “Relentless watch that knows not rest is more inclined to blame, than or sleep." coinmend, known merit. « Risum Ilere it was said by the Reviewer teneatis, amici!"

in your paper, “or" should be nor, ** His brown cliffs towering to the sun.

not being used for neither. Howny sky,”

ever plain this bc, it seems not to

preclude dispute. . Murray is takis a line adduced by the Reviewer of en out of the satchel, and what the “ Home” as an instance where pron was probably part of the boy's last thi sody is outraged. “Inuumerable lesson, and therefore fresh in his se instances,” says Rowland, “ of the memory, turned to, as an authority « accent falling on the epithet in- to prove the contrary. When « stead of the word which it quali- the conjunction either may be sup “ fies, may be produced from almost posed, though not expressed, after

any modern poem of any, celebri, the first negative, we may with pro

ty." We advise a “ l'e-perusal" priety use either or or not for the of the review, as it might make correspondent conjunction: as, “He the commentator better apprehend was not (either) learned or wise:? the meaning of the reviewer." He never (either) ate or drank afThe fault of this line arises not terwards ;" or, “ He was not learned froin the faliing of the accent on the nor wise;" or,“ not learned or wise," epithet or the word it would quali Boston 2d edit. p. 170. What does fy ; but from quite another cause ; Bishop Lowth say on the subject ? from the coming together of two He at least equals Murray for * the long syllables so in the same line as unqualified commendation he has to destroy harmony. That Rocol- received from the literati both of phus is well founded in this censure, Great-Britain and America.” Ilis I see no other reason to doubt, than words are, “í soine conjunctions have what arises from Rowland's coinci- « their correspondent conjunctions dence of opinion.

belonging to them, so that in the As to the caveat entored by the subsequent member of the senpoet in his notes against censure “ tence, the latter answers to the for the frequent use of Alexandrines, formur," and instances « rither, Rhodolphus was not bound to no-09," " neither, nor." New Gratitice it. Nor was it proper he shoul. mars are made, it seems, as new It is beneath the dignity of a critic medicines, by pouring out of one to be kept at bay by the object of phial into anoiher.". Tiris sentence his criticism, nor should he deign from Lowili, word for word, Murray to give him battle. Iie very proper- has adopted, but then he labors to ly took Pope's own construction, as introduce an exception. Now tliis given in liwa own practice, of what exception to schooiboy readers would Le meant by the “ needlese Alexani- seem fair enough. Or is corresdrine,"

And if the lad will turn to pondent to çith:7. his Murray, which he seems to have ther is understool, it must be the

Whenever ri.

same as if expressed or in any ification ? No wonder te, whose such case will do, and even nor, if a style is a diad letter throughout, Begitive should chance to lie úsed, should object, were life to be given would be quite tolerated. We won: to any one word' in the language. der this reasoning should have misa s His form more dazzlig bright. led Murray. There is not a case We know no poetic licence, says in which “ neither" is used, that is the Emerald Reviewer, that will pot rcsolvable into not eith:r. We make the participle an know not but etymology would so “ The participle" says the Reperresolve it. But it needs not Horne tory writer “when used as an adTooke's ingenuity of research into jective, is subject to the same rules, the docurine of conjunctions to as- and is consequently entitled to the certain that it is universally so re same license as the adjective.”solvable. Unfortunately the very

Who ever doubted this? It follows example introduced by Murray, as of course from its being used as an within the first rule, is also within adjective: “ But this commentator the exception. Neither thou nor I furnishes us with no evidence that it " am able to compass it." Not ri-is so used other than his confidence, ther thou or I am able to compass When confidence is once taken for it. The exception proves too much ; argument or arrogance for proof, it therefore proves nothing. The there is no point we shall not readirole then starxls without exception, ly yield to the redoubtable Rowland, 56 Analogy might have taught the · But what is the substance of the bard that Goldsmith or Pope would reasoning on this peint? The parti, have written it thus,"

ciple, when used as an adjective, is * Relentless-watch, that knows nor rest

entitled to the same license as the nor sleep."

adjectivc: No instance is adduced

where the participle is tbus used. Rowland can not understand what But an adjective is used as an adis here meant hy “ Analogy.". This

verb. is no fault of Rhodolphuis. The used as an adverb. This is being

Therefore a participle is father of spirits can alone give un- rather circumlocutory to express derstanding Rowland saves

a naked asseruon, that participles the trouble of searching for similar are used as adverbs. But unluckily instances in the pages of Goldsmith the example from Milton will hardor Pope. He grants such instan- ly bear him out in the position, that ces can be found. In the language lan adjective may be used as an ad-of a special pleador, he demurs for

Terb. want of form, and admits the facts.

Air, water, carth, Goldsmith and Pope did then use By fowl, fish, beast, was flown, was negative conjunctions in this way swum, was talk'a, in other lives, and yet we cannot Frequent. say they would have thus used them The construction we are bourd in this line. What is the very de- to give to a sentence from any co!'finition of analogy, but reasoning rect writer is that which will most from past instances to present or completely reconcile it with the future? Or in the better language common rules of grammar. 'Beof Rodolphus, from what does anal cause the presumption is, such wiiogy teach, " but from past to pre- ter used the words of the sentence sent and future examples ? Does with this construction. Agreeably Rowland find fault with the person. I to this rule, the fair and obvious con.



struction of the sentence in questini, jissyllatie of aiother ;" Teridently is that which will make frequent an denoting, if I may be allowed the adjective to agree with fowl, as if tctology, that it need not necesthe sentence read in prose, by fre- varily be, ".to the last sound of anoquent fowl, fis', beast, air, water," ther.” But the poet in bis Note, Earth, was flown, was swum, &c. seems to say that he is “ not bound

This is really too plain to need fur-" to subject himself to stricter fera ther illistration..

“ ters than those worn by the most As to pour baing marked in the l“ distinguished of his predecessors, late edition of Johnson's Walker - Pope.” As to Alexandrines, he precisсiy like power, we liave to would have done well to have subsay only, that it is TRUE. jected himself to fetters as strict:Pour is there made a monosylable But Pope wrote an abundance ; and and power a dissyllable. : ?

if this illustrious versifier alone be As to the observations on the sug- conclusive authority for rhyme gestion of unwarrantable "digres- scarcely a rhyme in the languages sion," to show how ridiculous such that is not correct. remarks are, we have merely to We advise Rowland thoroughly to take the other side the dilemma, learn his lesson before he again atand return Rowland his own words. tempts to recite: In scribbiing. We can only observe that we * do" bout the accent « falling on the rpir : (i consider it as such. We have not thet," about " lofty and figurative si room to discuss this point, but ro- language," and the marking of "commend a re-perusal of turee or “ power” and “, pour," he has cer-, “ four pages, in which this passage stainly blundered most strangebie. W'esis included, We presume iin's crit- do not mean thus publicly to admon“ic has misunderstood his cuthor." isl him for negligence. At the same

The censure of the line description, would he voluntarily retire intive of a storın at sea seenis to be to the country, it might be for 1 is wholly misunderstood. It was not intellectual improvement. He must iupreliended !ecause the language have forgotten that to write, it was " lofty or figurative," brit be- is first necessary to think; that it is cause it was too mean and diminu-essential to the correctness of a tive for a subject really lofty and commentary that the text be rightdignified. It was said to be bathos, ly understood ; that the heat gaiii. not bombast." But was not this ed from haste of composition is not blunder purposely made to intro- the ardor of conviction ; that the duce the hairy quotation ? sophomoric strut of juvenile ario

As to real being a monosyllable, gance can never be mistaken for we remember a professor of rheto- the mcek triumph of truth. sic of some eminence, that pronoun

PHILO-RODOLPHUS, ced and considered it in the same way. As to the doctrine of rhymes, BIOGRA PICAL AND LITERARY. NOTIve believe it sanctioned by the first crítics in the language. Were it otherwise, one half the rhymes of MORAL PHILOSOPHY AND LOCIG our best vernacular poets would be vrauthorized. Doct. Johnson and

(Gantiteeds) Murray define * rhyme to be the

Mr. BEATTIE had now aoquired «i correspondence of the last sound known to be possessed of learning'; his

soine poetical reputation. He was " of one verse, to the last sound.or! studious disposition continually urged



him to acquire more : -be was entitled to, Mr. Beattie published his “Essay on be raised above the drucigery of teach the Natwe and Immutability of Truth, ing children; and through the influence in Opposition to Sopluistry and Sceptiof the Earl of Errol, he was elected a cism," in the year 1770. Professor in that College where he him. It has suretimes been alle ged, tiat self had been a student.

the motive which induced Mr. B. to The contrast betwixt the school mas. oppose the writings of Hume was not ter at Alloa and the Professor in the of the purest nature ; that he was ek? University of Aberdeen, was sufficiently cited by personal chagrin, and a desire striking. Mr. Beattie no doubt felt it to revenge some insult he had receiveci in its full forces and he resolved to act from Hume. Whether or not this was. in a manner worthy of his dignified sit-f the case, it is not now on business to : uation. Poeury had probably engrossed inquire. The motives which a writer a great number of his leisure hours may have for his publication are not of previous to this period, bilt studies so much concern to the problic as the inore immediately necessary now claim merits of his work ; whether it coned his whole attention. He determin- tains an able treatment of its subject, ed not to be an inactive member of the and accomplishes what was purposad.. honourable;body to which he belonged, The popularity.hich the Essay on but to prove, bg his diligent application, Truth obtained for its author was very and his philosophical exertions, that he extensive. It was eagerly perused by was worthy of the seat to which he had all who were fond of preumatological been elevated.

studies, and received the warmest apAn active and penetrating mind will probation of those wbo shuddered at.. at all times discover excellent subjects the view of the Ideal Philosophy. Its on which to exercise, its powers; but fame was equally extensive in England, this was a period fruitfiil in investiga- The Common-Sense philosophers retion, and especially of those objects | joiced at having this defence of their which more peculiarly belonged to system ; the most unbounded praises Mr. Beattie's sphere of study in the were lavished upon the Professor of tire University. The philosophy of mind North; and it was even suggestce by was the fasuionable pursuit, and had some eminent in power,, lo have him been treated by several eminent au- converted from the Church of Scotland, thors, and, in particular, by Mr. Hume. and to present him with a dignified The opinions of this writer, and his con- benefice in the English Chureh. clusions on the subjects of his research, The impoiicy of this proposition was, were characterised by a boldness which however, soon recognized. It was obhard seldom bcen equalled in any coun- served, that the writings of a clergytry, and never in Scotland. But though man in defence of religion were more Hume's reasonings led to the most liable to be viewed as an interested debolindless scepticism, and were so op- ' fence of the opinions of his order, than' posite to the sober spirit of thinking the unprejudiced productions of a laya, previously cherished in Scotland ; yet man; and that Beattie could more es, such were the acuteness of his powers, sentially serve the cause of truth, and and the ingenuity of his logical induc- with better grace, as a Professor of tions, that he had become the leader of Moral Philosophy in Scotland, than as 2 new school, and formed the opinions a Bishop in the Church of England. As of many who had formerly belonged to a compensation for past, and an inducea more temperate philosophy. The abet. ment for future exertions, , he was, tors of the old systems were alarmed therefore, presented with an annuity of at his conclusions ; they grieved to see 2001, ; and it was understood, that sich dangerous nations acquire so ex- thus pensioned, he should lie on the tensive an infuence ; they were anx- watch, and confute every sceptical and iJus for what appeared to them to be profane opinion that should, after all the cause of truth and sound philoso- that he had written, dare to start up in ophy, and directed all their powers to the world." confute the reasonings and to overturn Perhaps the most pleasing advantar the positions, of this mighty opponent. which Beattie derived from the publica-,

Dr. "Reid had already begun the ats tack, in 1762, in his excellent “ In. Bosurell's life of Dr. Samuel Fokaquiry into the Human Mind and I san, Vol. II.

tion of his work was, its being the oc- struck the fancy of the juvenile poet, it şion of his obtaining the acquaintance had been warmly cherished in secret, and friendship of many learned and em- and gradually enlarged, as the poeucal inent characters in England. The ac. fancy dilated, and the intellectual re. quisition of a circle of learned friends sources of the author became more exis the most valuable and soothing re- tensive. The elementary senu mesta Ward of literary toil, because the cor- of the Minstrel had been conceived in respondence and conversation which the country, among rural del sbts, result from such connexions are equal, when the imagination was highly ss. ly productive of further instruction and ceptible of those inpressions which are the most refined pleasure. The author never to be erased, and which modify of the Essay on Truth was now entitled all future associations. But the princi- ; to the attention of the literary world ; pal finishing was executed in 1768, and he was to be considered as adding one it was polished from time to time until more to the literati ot' his country, and its publication. as a distinguished member of the re

( To be continued.). public of letters. Among his brethren at home, he was highly respected; and whenever he went to London, his com

For the Emerald. pany was courted by persons of illustrious rank ; by all who were celebrat

DESULTORY SELECTIONS, ed for literatnre, or venerable in the


Dr. Samuel Johnson, at this time, It would be well if those who presided over the literature of England. have the immediate direction of The acquaintance of Beattis, with in

youth would realize the propriety took place in the year 1771, through the following introductory letter of Mr.

of Juvenal's admonitione, Boswell, and continued with mutual Nil dictu fæddum visuqne hæc limits kindness till Dr. Johnson's death :

tangat To Dr. Johnson,

Intra quæ puer est “ MY DEAR SIR,

Maxima debetur puero reverentia., * The bearer of this, Mr. Beattie, Professor of Moral Philosophy at Ab.

KVOH BOYD AND SIR WM. DRAPER. erdeen, is desirous of being introduced The Biographer of Boyd strenuto your acquaintance. His genius, and ously contends for the praise learning, and labours, in the service of of having been the author of Junius, virtue and religion, render him very and introduces the following anecwortlıy of it; and as he has a high es. teem of your character, I hope you will dote. give him a favourable reception.

Some months after the letters of 6. I am, &c.

Juniers were published, Boyd met " James Bosve!.." Sir Wm. Draper at the Tennis Though Mr. Beattie had obtained

court, where their acquaintance was greater fame as a pliilosoplier than per. haps the merits of his work deserved, originally formed in 1769, and where in this year (1771) appeared another (being both great tennis-players.) production, of a very different kind, they used frequently to meet. The and on which his reputation will be conversation turning on Junius, Sir founded with a greater degree of sta- | William observed that tho: Junius hility and permanence than upon al his other works. This was, " Book I. of the had treated him with extreme sethe Minstrel : or, the Progress of Gen. verity ; he now looked upon bim ius.” The second book followed in 1774. as an honest fellow-that he freely

The subject of this delightfiil poem forgave him for the bitterness of his had, it is probable, occurred to Beattie at a period of life comparatively early. with whom he would more gladly

censures ; that there was no man It is altogether in unison with the ro. mantic emotions of the youthful heart :

drink a bottle of Burgundy. Boyd and from the moment wlien it first look no notice of the assertion, bu.

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