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Care, com. noun, neut., sing., obj., gov. by 82. First term 45, second 41.25; find the 6th prevents.

term. Ah! interjection.

(6) 83. A boy, selling oranges, sells half his Do spurn, act. verb, desiderative, pres., 2nd stock and one more to A, half of what remains pers. plu., agr. w. children.

and two more to B, and three that still remain to Not, adv. qual. do spurn.

C; how many had he at first ? Misfortune's, com. noun, neut., sing., poss. C., 84. In a garrison of 2,744 men, there are two gov. by child.

cavalry soldiers to 25 infantry, and half as many Outcast, adj. qual. child.

artillery as cavalry; find the number of each. Child, com. noun, com., sing., 3rd pers., obj. 85. A farm of 270 acres is divided among A, B, C., gov, by do spurn.

and C. A has 7 acres to Il of B, and C has half Who, rel. pron., nom. c. to knows.

as much again as A and B together; find the Knows, verb act., ind. pres., 3rd pers. sing., shares. ag. w. who.

86. The first digit of a certain number exceeds No, adjective.

the second by 4, and when the number is divided Shelter, com. noun, neut., 3rd, obj. ca, gov, by by the sum of the digits the quotient is 7; find it. knows.

87. In a mixture of copper, lead, and tin, the Finds, verb act., ind. pres., 3rd sing., ag. w. copper was 5 lbs. less than half the whole quanwho understood.

tity, and the lead and tin each 5 lbs. more than a No, adj. qual. door.

third of the remainder; find the respective quanEarthiy, adj. qual. door.

tities. Door, com. noun, neut., sing., obj., gov. by (c) 88. What are the solid contents of a rectfinds.

angular mass, 15 ft. 6 in. long, 18 ft. 5 in. wide, A, numeral adj. qual. snowdrop.

and 23.5 ft. thick? Snowdrop, com. noun, neut., sing., nom.c. after 89. The weight of a cubic foot of water is about is understood (who is a snowdrop).

1,000 ounces; what weight of water will fill a cis. Shattered, adj. qual. snowdrop.

tern 4 ft. 6 in. long, 3 st. broad, and 4 ft. 3 in. In, prep. gov. wild in the objective case. deep ? The (as above).

90. If a brick be 9 in. long, 4 in. wide, and 3 in. Dreary, adj. qual, wild.

thick, how many will be required for a wall 1 ft. Wild, com. noun, neut., sing., obj., gov. by in. 10 in. thick, 100 yds. long, and 4! yds. high ? Nipt, past parts of the verb to nip, having is 91. The weight of a cubic foot of Portland stone understood.

is 156 lbs ; find the weight of a block 7 ft. long, Is nipt, verb pass., ind. pres., 3rd, ag. w. its 3 A. 9 in. broad, and 2 ft. 1 in. thick. nom, which understood.

92. The weight of a cubic foot of oak is 58 lbs. ; By, prep.gov. storm in the obj. c.

what is the weight of 3 beams, each being 12 ft. The (as above).

6 in. long, 2 ft. 3 in broad, and I ft. 6 in. thick ? Storm, com. noun, neut., sing., obj., gov, by by. With, prep. gov. rain in the obj. c.

GEOGRAPHICAL CLASS, Rain, com. noun, neut., sing., obj., gov. by with.

Junior Division. Besprinkled, past part. of to besprinkle, haviug is understood.

Perform Exercise 7, in the September No., 1854, Is besprinkled, verb pass., ind. pres., 3rd pers. Vol. V., p. 358. sing., ag. with which understood. O'er, adv. qual. is besprinkled.

Senior Division.

EXERCISE No. XVII.
MATHEMATICAL CLASS.

1. Give the boundaries of the Crimea. ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS.-VI. 2. The latitude of its most N. and S. points. (a) 63. 2 oz. 4 dwts. 14 grs. 64. Oxygen, 889

3. Its length, breadth, and area. oz.; hydrogen, 111 oz. 65. Nitre, 1702 lbs.;

4. What is the Perekop, and where situated ?

5. The situation of Sebastopol. sulphur, 212 lbs.; charcoal, 324, lbs. 66. 3 ft.;

6. Eupatoria. 8 tons, 3 cwt. 3 qrs. 11ig lbs. 67. 1263 ; 25.68.

7. Simpheropol. (b). 72 lbs. 68. 24. 69. 63 and 13. 70. 144

8. Inkerman. sq. yds. 71. 5. (c) 72. 1151 sq. yds. 73. 863.75. 74. 331. 75.

9. Capes Chersonesus and Parthenium. 78.54. 76. 16-2310.

10. The Sea of Azof and the Putrid Sea.
11. Kalamita Bay and Gulf of Kaffa.

12. River Alma.
QUESTIONS FOR SOLUTION.-VII. 13. Strait of Genatch.

14. Peninsula of Kertch ; of Arabat. (a) 77. Find the 9th term of a progression, 15. Draw a map of the Crimea, and mark the whose first term is 7, and whose common differ- above named places. ence is 8. 78. First term 6, common difference 12; find

LOGIC CLASS. the 20th term. 79. First term 3, common difference 2; find the ing," No. 5., in the July No., 1851, Vol. II.

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Perform the Exercise on the “ Art of Reason 24th term.

80. First term 5, common difference 4; find the 100th term.

PHONETIC SHORT-HAND CLASS. 81. First term 33, second 32}; find the 14th Go through the 7th and concluding lesson, as

directed in the No. for July, 1834, Vol. V., p. 277.

term.

The Surieties

Zurieties' brrtian.

The ex

REPORTS OF MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT SOCIETIES. Edinburgh Young Men's Association.-A series, evening throughout the year, at 12, South St. of lectures has been delivered under the auspices David-street, and the attendance continues large. of this society, on Saturday evenings, in the A series of essays on Astronomy, including the School of Arts, Adam-square. Former lectures question of the Plurality of Worlds; and a series were delivered in connection with the Young on the French Revolution, interspersed with misMen's Literary Union, of which this was the chief cellaneous essays and debates, have been con. society. This was the first occasion on which cluded with great success; and two series of any attempt had been made in Edinburgh to em- essays, the first on “Men of this Century celeploy the Saturday evenings for public educational brated in different capacities," and the second on purposes, and has been tried chiefly with reference “ Physiology," are in course of arrangement for to the Saturday half-holiday movement.

the winter. The society some time since received, periment has been crowned with complete suc- unsolicited, from the respective authors, the Rev. cess, and it is trusted other societies will be stir. Charles Kingsley's “Lectures on the Alexandrian red up in a similar direction. The lecture hall Philosophy,” and Mr. Combe's “Notes on North was crowded on each occasion. The first lecture America." was delivered by Professor Blackie on the “Phi. The High Wycombe Discussion and Mutual losophy of War;" the second and third by Dr. W. Improvement Class was formed in the month of T. Gairdner, on" Epidemic Diseases," illustrated; December last. At the first meeting, which was the succeeding lectures by P. E. Dove, Esq., re- held on the 4th January, an essay was read by spectively on“ Hampden," and " Oliver Crom- Mr. William Judson, on “The Elements and well;" the next by the Rev. F. D. Maurice, on Principles of Successful Disputation;" and since “ Milton's “Samson Agonistes; and the con- that period twelve meetings have been held, and cluding lecture by Alexander Smith, Esq. (author the following subjects have been discussed:of the Life Drama"), on the “Poorer Poets of “Having the light which recent researches have England."

afforded, does Cromwell stand forth to our view The half-yearly soirée of the association took as a first-rate general, a great statesman, and a place at 20, Waterloo-place, on the evening of the sincere man?" “Is capital punishment for the 9th of April last. The society was able to draw crime of murder justifiable ? “Has the conduct together a much larger number of ladies and of Lord John Russell at the present crisis been gentlemen than on any previous occasion; and patriotic ?" “Is the use of tobacco in all its the crowded and brilliant appearance of the com. forms injurious ?" "Ought the conduct of a man pany who filled the elegant saloon was fitted to be influenced by public opinion ?" “ Which greatly to cheer the members and friends, who is the greater cause of crime and misery,-ignorhad witnessed the gradual rise of the society to ance or intemperance ?". “ Did Mahomet believe its present influential position, in many respects in his mission as a prophet?" “Was the Duke not unworthy of the Young Men's Association of of Wellington a great statesman ?" “ Whether is the Scottish metropolis. The president, Mr. Low, there greater pleasure derived from, the eye or the who occupied the chair, addressed the meeting on ear?" The study of_astronomy has also been the “ Diffusion of Science;" followed by Mr. commenced by Mr. F. Manning introducing a Brodie, on“ Peter the Great," and Mr. Warden, “ Conversational introduction on the study of the on“Female Influence." In the second part of heavens," when he gave a short but explicit lecthe proceedings, J. W. Jackson, Esq. (author of ture on the subject. Several of the members are the "Peoples of Europe," &c.) spoke on the “Im- subscribers to the British Controversialist ; and perative Duty of Acquiring and Diffusing Know at the last meeting of the class it was resolved ledge;" Mr. T. Usher, on“ Cervantes aud Don that I should send you a statement of its formaQuixote; and Mr. J. R. Duncan, on “Man's tion. I am happy to be able to add that, notwith. Conquest." A glee party attended, who sang five standing the short period during which the class pieces of music in the course of the evening; a has been in operation, a deep interest appears to duett was performed by two of the members; two exist in its prosperity, which, combined with a recitations were given ; and a number of songs desire on the part of the members to gain instrucsung by ladies and gentlemen present.

tion and arrive at truth, will doubtless urge them The society continues to meet every Friday to greater exertions.-J. H.,jun., Hon. Sec.

Literature.

LIST OF NEW BOOKS,

ON EDUCATIONAL, LITERARY, AND SCIENTIFIC SUBJECTS. Alison's History of Europe, 1815 to 1852, vol. 4, | Annals of England, vol. 1, 5s. 15s.

Arnold's (Rev. T. K.) Latin Word-Building, 4s.6d. Andlau's (Baron) Key to the German Language, Bell's English Poets, “ Chaucer, vol. 4,” 28. 6d. n. ed., 3s, 6d.

vol. 18,“ Shakspere," 2s.6d. n. ed. ls. 3d. Greenfield's (Rev. W. F.) Exercises in Arith White's Landmarks of the History of England, metic, 3s.

Bohn's Brit. Class., “Burke's Works, vol. 3," | Gnizot's Meditations and Moral Sketches, trans3s. 6d.

lated by Marquis Ormonde, 28. 6d. Scientific Lib., “Painters of Dutch and Hammond's (D.) Practical Stenographer, 5s. Flemish Schools," 5s.

Hind's Catechist's Manual, 2nd ed., 4s. 6d. Stand. Lib.,“ Conde's Arabs in Spain, vol. History in all Ages, 23rd ed., 7s. 3," 3s. 6d.

Howlett's (Rev. J. H.) Metrical Chronology “History of Russia, ed. by n. ed., 7s. Kelly, vol. 2,"3s. 6d.

Hughes's (Rev. T. S.) History of England, 1760 Cheap Series, “Life of Washington, by to 1837, n. ed., with Memoir, 7 vols., 73s. 6d. Irving, vol. 1,"2s.6d.

Jacobs's Latin Reader, parts I. and II., n. ed., Class. Lib., • Natural History of Pliny, 2s.6d. and 3s. vol. 2," 5s.

Jarves's (James J.) Art Hints, 9s. Brougham's (Lord) Works, vol. 2,“ Lives of Men Jennings's Natural Elements of Political Ecoof Letters," 58.

nomy, 5s. Burke's Genealogical Dictionary of Landed Gen- Keightly's Account of Life, Writings, &c., of Miltry, part 1, 10s. 6d.

ton, 12s. 6d. Burnett Treatise, 2nd prize,“Theism, by Rev. J. Lacaita's Selections from the best Italian Writers, Tulloch," 10s. 6d.

5s. Cæsaris Commentarii, by Anthon, n. ed., by Lardeur's (M. M.) New Method of Reading Hawkins, 4s. 6d.

French, ls. Carpenter's Principles of Human Physiology,5th Lectures to Young Men's Christian Association, ed., 26s.

1854-5, 4s. Chambers's Educational Course, “Rudiments of Liebig's (J. V.) Principles of Agricultural CheZoology," n. ed., 38. 6d.

mistry, 3s. 6d. Cloncurry's (Lord) Life, Times, &c., by Fitzpat- Lieven's Outlines of the History of Rome, vol. 1, rick, 63.

Is. (Weale) Collis's (Rev. J.D.) Praxis Græca, part 1,“ Etym- Mann's (P.J.) Lessons on General Knowledge, ology," 2s. 6d.

1st series, ls. Combe's (G.) Phrenology applied to Painting and Newton's Principia, sections 1, 2, 3, 9, 11, by Sculpture, 3s. 6d.

Evans, n. ed., 6s. Congreve's (Rev. R.) Roman Empire of the West,

(Sir 1.) Life, Writings, &c., by Sir D. 4s.

Brewster, 2 vols., 24s. Constable's Foreign Miscellany, “Brittany and Percivall's Hippopathology, 6 vols., n. ed., La Vendée,'' 3s. 6d.

85s, 6d. Conybeare's (Rev. W. J.) Essays, Ecclesiastical Pictorial History of England, n. ed., vol. 1., 15s. and Social, 12s.

Popular Lectures for Young People, illust., Crabbe's Extracts from Best German Authors, n. ls. 6d. ed., 5s.

Potter's (R.) Elementary Treatise on Mechanics, Cyclopædia of Universal History, ed. by M'Bur- 3rd ed., 8s. 6d. ney aud Neil, 10s. 6d.

Reed's (H.) Lectures on English Literature, 6s.6d. Day's (S. P.) Monastic Institutions, n. ed., 7s.6d. Russell's (G.) Art of Miniature Painting, ís. De Porquet's Le Petit Secrétaire, 3s. 6d.; Nou Schmitz's (Dr.) Manual of Ancient History, 7s.

velles Conversations Parisiennes, 3s. 6d.; Key Smith's (W., LL.D.) Latin-English Dictionary, to Sequel to “ Le Trésor," 3s. 60.; First Italian Reading Book, 3s. 6d. ; Key to Italian Trésor,

Smaller Latin-English Dictionary, 7s.6d. 4s. 6d., n. ed.

- (Rev. Sydney) Memoir, by Lady Holland, -Abrégé de l'Histoire de France, 3s.6d. 2 vols., 28s. Doran's (Dr.) Habits and Men, 3rd ed., 7s. 6d. Spectator, n. ed., 4 vols., 3s. each. Drew's (J.) Practical Meteorology,5%.

Stories and Lessons on the Catechism, edit. by Essay on the Art of Writing, ls. 6d.

Jackson, vol. 1,5s. Ency. Met.,"Occult Sciences, by Smedley," 6s. Tarbuck's Popular Account of Styles of ArchiEncy. Brit., 8th ed., vol. 8, 24ś.

tecture. ls. 6d. Engineer and Machinist's Drawing Book, 40s. Taylor's (W. E.) Geology: its Facts and its FicFleury's L'Histoire d'Angleterre, 2s. 6d.

tions, 5s. de France, 23. 6d.

Thrupp's (Rev. J. F.) Ancient Jerusalem, 15s. Fresenius's(Dr.)Qualitative Chemical Analysis, 9s. Topham's (Rev. E. C.) Philosophy of the Fall, Galbraith and Houghton's Manual of Trigonome- 8s. 6d. try, Key to, 2s.

Trav. Lib., “Arago's Autobiography and Stark's

Arithmetic, 2s. Printing," 2s. 60. Garrod's (Dr. A. B.) Essentials of Materia Medica,

“ Stark's (Adam) Printing," ls. 6s. 6d.

“ Life with the Zulus of Natal, by General Atlas of the World, 52 maps, 10s. 6d. G. H. Mason," 2 parts, ls, each, and 1 vol., Goodwin's (Rev. H.) Parish Sermons, 2nd series, 28, 6d. 2nd ed., 6s.

Trench's English, Past and Present, 2nd ed., Graham's (Miss) Visits to the Zoological Gardens, 4s. 2s. 6d.

Vandenhoff's (G.) Art of Elocution, 59. Grant's (Dr. A.) Historical Sketch of the Crimea, Virgil, part 1, by Rushton and Young, 13. 3s. 6d.

(Weale's Class, series.) Gray's Elements of Arithmetic, by Rutherford, Weisse's (T. H.) Grammar of the German Lan.

2ls.

2nd ed., Is. 6d.

guage, 3s.

Wood's Index Testaceologicus, ed. by Hanley, Wylie's Pilgrimage from the Alps to the Tiber, No. 1, 4s. 6d.

7s.6d. Entomologicus, ed. by Westwood, | Young's (H.) Virgil, part 2, 2s. (Weale.) No. 1, 3s. 6d.

LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. A memoir of the late Lord Cockburn is preparing Mrs. Everett Green, authoress of the “ Lives of for the press by the Lord Advocate, whose father, the Princesses of England," has been engaged, Lord Moncrieff, was his contemporary at the we are informed, for the last six years in preparScottish bar and on the bench.

ing the “Lives of the Queens of England of the We learn that the prize of One Hundred Gui House of Brunswick." neas, offered by the Wesleyan Mediation Com- Countess d'Arbouville is advertised in Paris. The

A complete edition of the works of the late mittee for the best essay on “ The Pastoral Func

name of this lady is not so widely known as it tion in the Christian Church," has been awarded to the Rev. Micaiah Hill, of Brixham, Devon, ought to be, seeing that she has written some of author of one of the prize essays on “Juvenile the purest, most pathetic, and most fascinating

tales in the French language. Delinquency."

The third and fourth volumes of Mr. Macan. A “History of Russia," by Lamartine, is ad. lay's History are expected to appear in the present vertised to appear in Paris, as a companion work year; the concluding volumes of Moore's life, by to his recent “ History of Turkey." M. de La Lord, John Russell, are in the press; Charles martine has besides entered into arrangements Dickens is engaged upon a new novel to appear with the Sierle newspaper to publish literary in November; and Alfred Tennyson has a new and philosophic lucubrations in it under the title work,“ Maude, and other Poems," ready to issue of“ My Readings."

from the press.

NOTICES OF BOOKS. The Pilgrim Fathers. A Lecture by R. W. , pure air, activity, cleanliness, temperance, and Dale, M.A. Price 6d.

habits of self-control are indispensable, when men A Supplement to Mr. Dale's Lecture on the dwell together in society. Just so much of these, Pilgrim Fathers. Price 6d

and other like momentous matters, is set forth, as London: Hamilton, Adams, and Co. every rational creature ought to be intimately We have here two pamphlets, which present acquainted with, when entrusted with indepenthemselves to us as an affirmative and a negative dent responsibility in the affairs of life. article on the question of the laudable character The book is addressed, in the main, to the com. of the “ Pilgrim Fathers," and the scriptural munity at large, but it is also particularly denature of the Church of England. The first is signed for the use of teachers and schools of the substance of a lecture delivered by a popular every class. On this account the text has been Dissenting minister, and appears to have attracted arranged into pine hundred condensed, distinct, much local attention, and provoked not a little and numbered propositions, so that the most imangry controversy. The latter profe to supply portant facts may be readily seen in their mutual certain historical facts, which it would not have relations, and be as easily retained in the memory. been convenient for the lecturer to have noticed, as But these condensed propositions are, at the same well as to refute some of the sentiments which he time, copiously illustrated by a running commenadvanced. Now, without offering an opinion on tary, printed in a slightly smaller type, and by the points at issue, we cannot but express our pictorial illustrations. We cordially recommend regret that the author of the “ Supplement" has it to the notice of our readers. not written in a calmer and more gentlemanly style. We have always discouraged harshness in The Extension, Security, and Moral Influence debate, and we will protest against it wherever of the United Church of England and Ireland, we see it, in friend or foe.

augmented by a Revision of its Economy, Dis

cipline, and Ritual, and by its Alliance with A Guide to the Knowledge of Life. By Robert other Branches of the British Reformation, on

James Mann, M.D., F.R.A.S., &c. London: the Basis of Mutual Aid and Concession. By Jarrold and Sons, price 4s.

the Rev. John Ryland, M.A. London: Hamil. It is the aim of this little work to supply what ton, Adams, and Co. is avowedly the great educational want of the day, The object of this work is sufficiently explained a simple and clear exposition of the nature of the by its lengthy title. The least we can say of it is human body, and of the several conditions upon that it is worthy of a thoughtful perusal. The which its well-being have been made to de- writer is a man of years and influence. pend. The subjects explained within its pages are-The character of the atmosphere-The office The British Workman and Friend of the Sons of the vegetable organization-The peculiarities of Toil. London: Partridge, Oakey, and Co. of animal vitality-The composition and uses of 1a., Monthly. the blood-The different structures and powers A well-meant attempt to gain the attention of of the human frame-The operations and faculties the working classes to the subjects of temperance of the mind, viewed in relation to the influences and religion by means of pictorial representations of judicious training-The grounds upon which and interesting articles.

Kids to örlf-Culture.

THE ESSENTIALS OF GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION.-No. II.

THOUGH wishing and working ought to be sequent processes, we very seldom find them 80. Labour is the purchase-money of success. Know thyself, said the old Philosophy. Improve thyself, saith the new. The great object of the sojourner in time is not to waste all his passions and gifts on things external, that he must leave behind; that which he cultivates within is all that he can carry into the Eternal Progress.” To effect such selfculture as this, the intensity of desire must be perseveringly followed by the intensity of effort. If we would fitly fulfil our part in “ that spiritual probation which we call Life," we must hallow it by high aims and noble exertions. Wishing and working must be re-wedded to each other. Especially in “the pursuit of knowledge under difficulties,” it is needful to oppose a stubborn resolution to the obstacles before us. Not by discontinuous or intermittent efforts is intellectual power acquirable; but by steady, persevering, constant labour. Ultimate excellence is the unvarying result of well directed diligence and honest effort. We fain hope that those self-educating students to whom we address ourselves will give assiduous labour to the accomplishment of the tasks which, from time to time, we shall appoint them. We are well assured that if they do so they shall not fail to reap the reward of their labours.

In our previous paper on “ The Essentials of Grammar and Composition,” we explained the general design and scope of this series, and we shall not now occupy space in recapitulating the observations then made. It seems to us, that by the painstaking performance of the exercises herein given, many young men may be enabled to reclaim the lost or misdirected time of their earlier years, and acquire with ease and readiness such an acquaintance with the theory and practice of those branches, as may enable them to speak or write with propriety, elegance, and force.

Adjectives indicate the qualities, attributes, differences, &c., of objects.
EXERCISE XVII.— Underline the adjectives in the following sonnet:-

“The sweetest flower that ever saw the light,

The smoothest stream that ever wandered by,
The fairest star upon the brow of night-

Joying and sparkling from his sphere on high,
The softest glances of the stockdove's eye,
The lily pure,

the marybud gold-bright,
The gush of song that floodeth all the sky

From the dear flutterer mounted out of sight;
Are not so pleasure-stirring to the thought,

Nor to the wounded soul so full of balm,
As one frail glimpse, by painful straining caught

Along the past's deep, mist-enfolded calm,
Of that sweet face, not visibly defined,
But rising clearly on the inner mind."-Alford.

Z

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