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those in the above enumeration, were the only books a child
A TALE OF LA VENDEE. e could purchase with his pence; and even of these the best were The war in La Vendée, the insurrection of the peasants of that devoted : always the most difficult to procure. Five shops were district against the authority of the Convention, their determined stand in
sacked for a copy of King Pippin ; but the rest, any of the shops defence of the monarchy, was one of the most remarkable events which - could have supplied. Now, one or two pence will purchase a large occurred during the progress of the French Revolution, and it has been sur
rounded with tenfold interest by the publication of the memoirs of the cele. a quantity of interesting and useful literature. Children have now
an extensive literature of their own, their larger volumes, their brated Madame de La Rochejaquelin, whose unparalleled adventures and little books, their annuals, their magazines ; * and to speak of those sufferings fill the miud of the reader with astonishment and sympathy.
The district usually denominated La Vendée, comprises more than is tiny books which children more especially delight to possess, the
strictly entitled to that name; the prominent part which the Vendéans, prostupid things with which our own early childhood was obliged to be
perly so called, look in the contest, caused the term to be extended to the whole satisfied, are in the course of being rapidly superseded by others
tract of country to the south of the Loire, which engaged in the contest. It perhaps not less attractive, and certainly far more useful-far consists of that part of Poitou called the Pays du Bocage, (the woodlands) part more healthily stimulative of the new-born appetite.
of Anjou and of the Comté Mautais, or, according to the modern division of the Here, then, was at the very first outset, in those days, a difficulty,
country into departments, of parts of the Lower Loire, Maine and Loire, and which-apart from any difficulties of personal position-required the two Sèvres and La Vendée. something more than all the “ silver spoons” in Cornhill, and The district nearly approached the sea coast on the west and south, but a something more than a concentration of all the “ luckiest chances" narrow tract on each of those boundaries adhered to the Convention, and thus in the lottery of life, to overcome.
La Vendée was entirely surrounded by a hostile country, except on the side of In like manner, in later years, the entire absence of cheap pub- Brittany, where the inhabitants were also favourable to the Royal cause, and lications, and hence the absolute want, in the homes of working there the Loire intervened.
The country is peculiar in its character, consisting of low hills and narrow people, of useful books, which they might lend to a poor seeker after knowledge, while the absence of proper lending libraries, valleys, few eminences rising to a height sufficient to command an extended
view. It was traversed by only one great road, that leading from Nantes to precluded even those who could afford to spare a few weekly pence Rochelle
, and was intersected by numberless cross roads of the most wretched from any other resource than the novel and romance,-were circum
description, forming such a labyrinth that the inhabitants themselves were stances necessarily continuing the same class of obstacles which puzzled if they went far from home. Woods and forests occurred here and there, required far other endowments than “luck” to overcome. Yet although of no great extent, but the whole was scattered with trees, in clumps they were overcome; not, though we say it ourselves, by any de- and hedge-rows, and thence obtained the name of Bocage. Every valley pos. sultory efforts of what is termed genius or ability, but simply by sessed its little rill, which, increasing in its onward course, swelled into considerperseverance. The knowledge we are now master of, has placed able streams, as they approached the coast. and sustained us in a situation of life far superior to the most
The inhabitants held but little communication with their neighbours, and sanguine hopes of our early years.
lived among themselves in a state of almost patriarchal simplicity. Their
chief wealth was in their cattle, and the produce of the soil and their rents were This argument appears so self-evident, that we should deem the statement of it a work of perfect supererogation, were it not that generally paid in kind. The seigneur and his tenants lived in a state of friendly we have had some strong experience in the case of others and in intercourse, in which all the good, and but little of the evil, of the feudal rela.
tion of lord and vassal was experienced. our own, that there is often too much of a disposition to remember
It is not surprising that a sudden change in the government, arbitrary and nothing but the “luck” of the successful
, to forget the long and oppressive decrees emanating from an unacknowledged and unaccustomed Feary years they had to wait before they could find the doors of authority, could not be acceptable to a rural population who had never felt, knowledge open to them,-how long they were excluded from the
and consequently could not sympathise with, the grievances which had excited feast, yet fainted not, but diligently gathered up the crumbs which the rest of the nation to madness. The first decrees of the Convention estabfell from the table,-and how very often, in those their self-guided lisbing a national guard were unwillingly submitted to by the Vendéans, but days, they found only stones and unprofitable things, where they the seigneur was elected captain of the troop in every parish. The next step, had sought the bread of true knowledge with hunger that might the deprivation of all the clergy who refused to take the national oath, produced not be appeased. Yet there is much in this of the history of the first display of open opposition ; the people assembled in arms to hear mass hundreds whom their old companions regard only as “fortunate.” performed by their old teachers in the open fields, and on several occasions But this is no marvel; for those who do not like to think must
resisted the attempts made to disperse them; the churches were deserted, and
the new clergy were so much detested that one of them who wished to celebrate very often be unjust.
the mass, could not find one person in a parish containing 4000 souls, who
would afford him the means of lighting a taper. . It is worthy of notice that the first low-priced magazines were appropriated to the service of children. The Child's Companion, Children's Friend,
The attempt to levy the conscription at length drove them into open resistance. Teacher's Offering, Tract Magazine, and many others, were established a long On the 10th March 1793 the drawing of the conscription was appointed to comwhile before any decided attempt was made to furnish the general public with mence at St. Florens in Anjou. The young men attended and refused to subcheap periodicals. The above were all religious publications, but contained a mit; they were attacked by the gens-d'armes, and a piece of cannon was brought great deal of general information.
out against them. They drove off the gens-d'armes and captured the gun.
On that very day two troops were raised, one by Cathelineau, a dealer in wool, THE GULF STREAM.
and the other by Foret, a countryman. A third was shortly raised by Stoffilet, The remarkable current between the Bahamas and the American coast, a German who had been for sixteen years a soldier, and was then gamekeeper called by navigators the Gulf Stream, is that which passes through the Gulf of to the Marquis de Maulevrier. After gaining several advantages over scattered Florida, running to the north-east with considerable velocity. It crosses the bodies of republican troops, they returned to their homes to keep the feast of Atlantic in an easterly direction, sweeps along the shores of the Azores, and Easter, but they re-assembled immediately after, and demanded of the chief turns towards the straits of Gibraltar and the island of Madeira.
gentlemen of the country that they would become their leaders. D'Elbe, Bonacross the Western Ocean may always be distinguished by the high temperature champ, Royraud, Joly, and Lescure (the first husband of Madame de Larocheof the waters, their deep blue colour, the quantity of sea-weed floating on their jaquelin), were thus called upon, The celebrated La Charette raised a troop, surface, and by the heat of the surrounding atmosphere. The steadiness with and Henri de Larochejaquelin, a young man of twenty, who had been one of the which substances thrown into this stream are carried onward in its course, is king's constitutional guard, and had escaped almost miraculously from the strikingly illustrated by the recorded fact, that towards the close of the fifteenth massacre of the 10th of August, raised the peasants on his estates, and addressed century, before Europeans were acquainted with the existence of America, two them in these memorable words ; “Friends !-if my father was here, you bodies of an unknown race of men were cast on the shores of the Azores, and would have confidence in him. I am only a boy; but by my courage I will pieces of the indigenous cane of the West Indies were brought by the same show myself worthy of commanding you. If I advance, follow me! if I give current to the little island of Porto Santo. These circumstances are said to way, kill me-if I fall, revenge me." have strengthened Columbus in his conclusions with respect to the existence Their success was such as to create the greatest alarm, and the Convention of a Western Continent, and to have led to his subsequent important discovery passed a decree of extermination against this ill-fated country, which was exeof the New World.
cuted to the letter. The resistance of the Vendéans was most obstinate, and
they obtained repeated victories over the republican troops, but they could not "Since I have had the honour of serving under you, general, ultimately withstand the overwhelming forces brought against them. General I have received so many proofs of it, that I should be as ready to Turreau, who put the finishing hand to the destruction of la Vendée, after doubt of it as of the existence of a God." noticing his instructions" to exterminate the Vendéans, lo destroy their hiding. “ You are a flatterer, baron, but as you only flatter a poor places, to burn their woods, to cut down their crops," adds, “and in fine the land game-keeper, I hope Heaven may forgive you." was utterly laid waste, and nothing left in this populous country but heaps of
Turning to Francis, who, like an old soldier, had shouldered his dead bodies, of ruins and of ashes, the frightful monuments of national ren piece, and remained motionless, the general beckoned him to apgeance."
proach, and demanded of him how far it was to La Chaponnière. The horrors of this war, in which no quarter was given on either side, in
“Only a short league, general," replied the sentinel. “ And which even boys of twelve years old bore arms, in which women and children you have seen nothing. The blues have sent out no patrols on were massacred in cold blood by the republicans wherever they were met with, this side to-night?" inquired the general.
“We have neither seen nor heard anything." are detailed in the Memoirs of Madame de Larochejaquelin, who accompanied
"That is well, your watch is evided, and you may go home to her husband secure throughout all the marches and countermarches of the
bed; but first take a little brandy with us, it will warm your hearts; army till his death. She subsequently married Louis de Larochejaquelin, the the abbé carries the bottle in the same pocket as his breviary.” brother of Henri. During the hundred days, on Napoleon's return from Elba,
During this conversation a fourth person had come up, panting, Louis headed the second insurrection in La Vendée, and fell in battle:
and almost overpowered by fatigue. “Come along, Monsieur The dreadful character of the war animated the whole population with a Bernier," cried the general, with that hoarse laugh, by which he determination and a devotion to the cause, which is seldom exhibited in a
was so well known among the Vendéans, “Come along! If it popular outbreak, and serves to expluin some circumstances in the tale to which took you as long to prepare a diplomatic note, or a proclamation, these remarks are introductory, which might otherwise appear forced and as to make your way through by-paths, to escape an enemy, you unnatural. Turreau complains that he could never procure any information as would never have been chosen secretary-general of the catholic to the proceedings of the Vendéans, and that if any of them ever consented to army. You are a regular tortoise, and upon my soul, your lagging act as spies, they in every instance either betrayed or trided with him. has two or three times nearly made us fall into the hands of the
The stern virtue which animated the whole mass of the people is well illus. blues." trated by the following authentic anecdote of Joly, one of their leaders.
Without replying a word, the abbé leant against a tree, but He had two sons, one of whom was an officer in the republican army. When handed over the bottle, which Stofflet had asked for. The general the insurrection took place, and he learned that his father and brother were took a draught, and passed it to Francis, who in turn gave it to
Baron Lichteningen. engaged in it, he naturally desired to join them; but, aware of his father's charucter, he did not dare to do so, without obtaining his consent. Joly sent
“Well, now to you, abbé," said the general, "you seem more
in need of it than any of us.' him word that he would pistol him with his own hand, if he deserted his colours.
“Pardon me, general," replied the aged curé of Angers, with In one of the many engagements which took place, the father found himself opposed to the troops among whom his son was numbered. That day deprived a few hours I shall offer the holy sacrifice of the mass for the
a calm and dignified air, “ pardon me, it is past midnight, and in Joly of both his children ; lhe Vendéans were victorious, and on searching the success of our cause." field of battle, both the brothers were found among the slain, and were buried These words checked Stofflet, who was about to utter a jest ; the in one grave. Joly was sitting that evening overwhelmed with grief, when better to conceal it, he turned round to Francis, and said, “ you two young men, prisoners, were brought to him for sentence. " Let the poor look like a brave man. You are not too fatigued to go on with boys live," he said ; "their death cannot restore my sons.”
us to the farm-house, where we are expected ?" We fear we have been too garrulous, and that our preface has become tedious. "If I were, Monsieur Stoffet, I should still find strength We will no longer try our readers' patience, but proceed at once to our Tale enough to follow you." or LA VENDBE.
"Well, give your arm to Monsieur l'abbé Bernier, who is not Tax night was dark and stormy, the wind raged among the de Colbert's game-keeper. I shall reward you, and possibly to
so well accustomed to forest-paths and cross-roads, as the Comte branches of the forest, and the icy rain of a December night morrow, by leading you to fight the republicans at my side." drenched the clothes, and chilled the blood of two sentinels, who
“I desire nothing better, general ; but I am not single on this kept watch beneath the chesnut-trees, at a spot where two forestpaths met. They had long watched in silence, when the younger ready to follow you as I am. Andrew," continued he in a low
post. My brother is here, who, if you will permit him, will be as thus addressed his companion :-" It is a bitter night, Francis, to keep guard in. The north-east wind freezes our hands and feet."' voice, " Andrew, come here."
Andrew did not reply. “ What would you have, Andrew ?” replied his brother ; " it is
“This is strange," said Francis, “ he was there when you our duty. If our good king had not been murdered, should not
came up." we have been in his service, and obliged to keep guard at the palace, and in the field ? Why do you grumble at doing the same
" And he went away, I suppose, when he heard me say you need thing out of devotion to the good cause ?"
not remain longer. He has done quite right. You will see him
in the morning.' " I was not grumbling, Francis, but I should like to know why
So saying, General Stofilet, accompanied by his aide-de-camp, we have been fixed here, like the trees, ever since nine?” “Our captain told me, this morning, that he needed two brave dreadful paths, plunging through ruts and pools of water, which
and the abbé Bernier, supported by Francis, proceeded through men to guard a dangerous post, and that he had fixed on me for they had no time to turn away from ; and at length, covered with one. I told him I was ready, and that you would bear me com.
mud, pierced with cold, and drenched with rain, they reached La pany; and here we are."
The farmer was still up ; a bright fire of heath burned, upon the “Andrew," continued Francis , drawing closer to his brother, large vessel filled with a stew of bacon and greens, the smell of
hearth, and at the end of a long table of chesnut-wood, smoked a "we are watching over the safety of an officer, who is to-night on his road to La Chaponnière, to attend a general meeting there. Now which filled the whole apartment, where several officers were advanced guard, and the least noise may betray us to the republi- said he, “ two generals of our army will be here, to confer with you know as much as I do. Silence and attention! we are the already waiting for their chief.
The abbé Bernier drew the farmer aside. “Within four hours," can patriots." Another hour elapsed, during which no word was spoken by been waiting for us here, know that they are expected. Your
Stofflet, like these gentlemen. Nobody, not even those who have the shivering sentinels, who sheltered themselves as well as they house, it is true, is safe ; it is hidden, as it were, in the midst of could beneath the trees, when at length a step was heard ; both the forest. But, nevertheless, we must keep a good watch against shouldered their arms, and Francis stepped forward to reconnoitre. “Who goes there?" he exclaimed.
any surprise of the blues ; for on the interview of to-morrow “For God and the king," answered one of the travellers, in a
morning depends perhaps the destiny of the catholic and royal loud voice, and in a foreign accent.
army. “Pass on, Monsieur Stoflet,” replied the sentinel, presenting already doing ample justice to the provisions of his host, although
“Come, come, abbé," cried Stofflet, who, with his officers, was arms to the commander-in-chief, “ pass on, I know your voice."
“There,” said Stofilet to his companion, " you see that German you cannot sup with us, there is no reason why you should not is worth something in La Vendée, my dear baron."
warm yourself by this fire, and thaw your frozen limbs ; or why you
should busy yourself with giving signs and counter-signs to this Francis took the nearest road to his father's house, and crossed good man, as if you had exchanged your cocked hat for a helmet." | fields, hedges, swamps, and ditches ; but nothing stopped his
“ General," replied the abbé, "God has not interdicted us from course, so anxious was he to remove the doubts entertained by exercising prudence. I am doing the best both for you and these Monsieur Bernier. He had gone a considerable distance, when he gentlenen. I am making arrangements to prevent any surprise, was astonished at the appearance of several lights, which appeared or that at least no traitor may slip in among us.”
to come towards him, and to be proceeding in the direction of La “Still the same, my friend; ever in dread of spies and surprises. Chaponnière. He stepped aside, and concealed himself behind a You think all the world is as black as your cassock. For my part, bush, through which he had a full view of a body of republican I'm glad I do not hold the same opinion."
soldiers, who, carrying lanterns, were advancing under the guidance "You are in the wrong, general. When the whole fabric of of a countryman, who marched at their head. They passed close religion and monarchy depend on the safety of a few individuals, to Francis, who, with a thrill of horror, recognised Andrew, in the no means must be neglected to provide for their security. You leader. There he was, with his Vendéan musket, his white cockade, are good in war, my dear Stofilet, but, out of the battle-field, you and his sacred scapulary, his hands at liberty, and his head erect. know not how to protect yourself.”
There could be no doubt as to the object of these troops; and "I do not deserve your reproaches, my friend; for in truth I swift as an arrow Francis retraced the road to La Chaponnière, and should be as little pleased as you to fall into an ambuscade. to die sank breathless at the feet of M. Bernier. without fighting these republicans, cut off by a musket-ball, or on “Save yourselves!” he cried; " save the general! my brother is the scaffold. But there seems nothing to fear here. Coulon, my a traitor !" secretary, has recommended this place, and this honest man; and “ I felt a presentiment that it was so,'' said the abbé.
“ Genewhy the devil do you wish to frighten us away?”
ral-gentlemen--rouse yourselves!" he exclaimed, in a voice of "I cannot tell,” said Bernier, covering his face with his hands, thunder; "arouse, for we are surprised !" “I cannot tell.” Then after a few minutes of silence a sudden Stofflet, Lichteningen, and the other officers, sprang to their idea struck him, and stepping towards Francis, who, with the rest, arms. “Where is the enemy? Where is the enemy ??? repeated was busy at the supper-table, he laid his hand on his shoulder. the general.
“Young man," said he, “ I think you said that two were sta- " The enemy is not here," replied Francis, in tears ; but he tioned at the spot where the general met you ?”
will not be long, for I am but a few minutes in advance. Fly." "Yes,” replied Francis, “two of us were on guard ; my brother “ Where shall we fly to ? " cried all at once. Andrew and myself. The captain of our parish placed us there, “Precautions have been already taken," replied the abbé, with and confided to me the pass-word and the secret.”
admirable coolness, “ taken whilst you were sleeping. Our honest “Why not to your brother also ?" said the abbé, keeping his host has prepared a place of concealment ; let us follow him." eyes fixed on the open countenance of Francis.
They went forth under the guidance of the farmer, the abbé “Oh! I was going to tell you. Andrew, although he is as walking at their head, leaning on the arm of Francis, who wept brave as a lion, is sometimes indiscreet.”
and trembled. In about an hour they reached a cottage, where "And to whom does he tell his secrets ? "
their host assured them they were safe from pursuit. “Oh! to his comrades, Monsieur Bernier, to the villagers, all, Francis was plunged in mournful reverie, when Stofflet aplike us, under the royal standard."
proached him. “Give me your hand," said he, “ your brother is “To no others?"
a coward, but you have courage enough for two. You have saved But, abbé," began Stofilet, “ what is the use of interrogating La Vendée and your family from the most horrible crime. I am this poor boy, who would certainly much prefer eating his supper proud to embrace you. Come, cheer up! But remember, if Anto replying to all the idle questions you shower upon him ?" drew ever falls into my hands, whilst I am in power, his last hour
“My inquiries are both for his interest and yours ; I beg you is come. Traitors cannot be suffered to exist on the soil of La Ven. will not again interrupt me. When did your brother leave you out dée; and if by any chance he is taken, a musket ball at five paces there in the forest ?
will finish his account. I love the son of the Comte de Colbert, " Andrew left me as soon as you came up. The general said our who has been my protector, my father : well, if it were possible service was no longer necessary. As my brother was on the other that M. de Colbert could be placed in such a position as Andrew's, side of the road, he thought I was following him, and went away.” I would not pardon even him!”
The abbé, muttering some unintelligible words, retired to the " I will repeat all this to my brother," murmured poor Francis, large old-fashioned chimney, and sitting down began to read his sobbing: “I promise it to you, I swear it to you. Heaven must breviary ; but first he said, " I would recommend you, gentlemen, decide the rest." to snatch an hour or two's repose. Who knows if you will find so “Gentlemen," continued Stofflet, turning to the rest, “ here we favourable an opportunity to-morrow!”'.
are on the brink of danger ; but M. de Charette, M. de Marigny, "Truly," whispered the Baron Lichteningen to the general, who were to join us this morning at La Chaponnière, will infallibiy " these are the first sensible words the abbé has uttered to-day." fall headlong over the precipice, from which we have escaped,
“Comrades,” said Stofflet, “ let us take the abbé's advice, and through the especial goodness of God. They must be warned at whilst he is praying for us, let us sleep for him.”
all hazards; we must — In a few minutes all who had been sitting at the table with “ That is already cared for, general," replied the abbé," they Stofflet were asleep, with the exception of Francis, who, disturbed are in no danger. Our host's two sons set off to them with letters, at the questions of the abbé, approached him, and requested him which I wrote to them in your name, whilst Francis was gone in to explain his reasons.
search of his brother. My fears were too strong for my patience, "My child," said the abbé, “ I am far from believing your and it is happy that they were so." brother to be a traitor ; God preserve me from condemning my “ Capital, my dear abhé! If Lichteningen was not here, I should neighbour without proof; but I, all that are here, are burdened say you were the cleverest aide-de-camp that ever belonged to a with a fearful responsibility. In three or four hours, all the prin- general's staff.” cipal chiefs of the Vendéan army will be assembled under this roof, Francis and the farmer now retraced their steps towards the for the purpose of arranging a movement on which the glory, and farm-house ; but when they reached La Chaponnière, not one stone perhaps the pacification of the country, depends ; if this meeting was left upon another. A few hours had sufficed to destroy the does not take place, if Stoflet, or the generals who are on the road, house, to burn the barns, stacks, and granaries, and to slaughter passing through the woods without any escort, should be betrayed and mutilate the cattle. A cry of horror burst from the poor to the blues, think what a reckoning he will owe to his country, farmer, who called aloud upon his children. No voice replied. A who has traitorously, or even only indiscreetly, revealed so import- scornful laugh, which issued from a shed spared by the conflagraant a secret! !"
tion, was the only answer to his piteous lamentation ; the farmer "But, sir, my brother is incapable of treachery; he has returned sprang towards the door, but ere he reached it, a shot laid him to the farm, -and if you would only give the word, I would go dead upon the ruins of his homestead. there."
At seven o'clock that morning, Francis was sitting by the fire, "My good Francis,” cried Monsieur Bernier, “ Heaven has which his old mother was occupied in tending and exciting to a inspired you with that thought. Go quickly, and return yet more flame. His mind was agitated by the most dreadful thoughts: he swiftly; please God, you will find Andrew with his family. had not spoken a word since his return; he had not even looked
Francis set out, and the abbé, still troubled by anxious doubts, at his parents, and did not seem to hear the questions they reitebegan again to peruse his breviary.
rated, as to what had become of Andrew. A length, overcome
by their repeated solicitations, he rose, traversed the room with father's feet. “Father,” cried he, “my father, in the name of hasty steps, striking his forehead and tearing his hair ; at length, Heaven, do not read that letter; it is a death-warrant." with a convulsive effort, he approached his parents.
" For whom?” said Francis, making his musket ring upon the "Father,'' cried he, “this night a man of La Vendée, born in this floor; “is it for La Vendée or for spies ? Answer, for the hour of village, under this roof, (but he is no more my brother, he never judgment is about to strike." could have been your son,) this man has sold the life of Stofflet, has But Andrew answered not. sold the life of M. Bernier, has betrayed Messieurs Charette and Andrew," continued Francis, “we can learn nothing from Marigny, who were on their way to La Chaponnière. That house this paper, we cannot read; but answer me. Who betrayed the is a mass of ruins and ashes, on which the blood of its master is yet secret of Stofflet to the blues? Who trafficked for his head? Who led fresh. I have seen all these crimes committed, and I know their the soldiers to the slaughter at La Chaponnière ?" author."
Andrew was silent. “And have you suffered him to live?" demanded his father. “What is this gold which lies at our feet, not one half of which
“ He has not received his sentence. But M. Stofflet has told we could gain by the honest labour of a whole year? Who has me that if the Comte de Maulevrier, his old master, whom he loves polluted this house? What is the recompense of infamy?" next to God and the king, should (but that is impossible) commit Andrew uttered not a word. such a crime, he should die by his own hand. Father, in these After some minutes of mournful silence, the mother, obeying words the general pronounced Andrew's sentence. To purify our the signal of her husband, covering her face with her apron, slowly name, hitherto without stain, although lowly, from this foul blot, quitted this place of horror. When she had reached the bottom of I must take upon myself the execution of this judgment; and I the stairs, the old man advanced towards his son, whose clasped have come here, before I shall quit this dwelling for ever, to give hands trembled, and whose haggard eyes dared not to look upon you and my mother my last salute, and to bid you an eternal his father or his brother. adieu."
“There have never been either traitors or spies in our family, This dreadful announcement seemed to paralyse the hearers. A and such there shall not be whilst I live. Andrew, collect yourself, mournful silence succeeded, which was only interrupted by the confess your sins, and pray to God for that pardon which your sobbing of the poor mother.
father can never give you on earth; pray as we three prayed for “Wife,” said the old Vendéan at length, in a firm voice, “ this the guilty, when Providence conducted you to the house ; pray! for is no time for tears and sighs. God gave us two sons; one has when you have performed that act of penitence, I shall have only been taken from us in a cruel manner; but let us bless His name, one son." notwithstanding.”
Then with the majestic sorrow of a judge, who in the name of “ But oh! unhappy man, what are you about to do ?” cried she, society bas condemned a criminal to death, the old man remained in one of those transports of love, which nature explains so well. with folded arms and steady countenance, betraying no traces of
“What are we about to do? That which Abraham, at the com- emotion. mand of God, would have done upon the mountain, where he made Francis, with his musket still in his hand, now approached ready to sacrifice Isaac, who was innocent, and had not violated Andrew, whose livid face was marked by terror and remorse. his faith, or been a traitor to his king; that which M. Stoffet “ Brother," said he, “recommend your soul to God, repent of would not hesitate to do, if Colbert had betrayed him. Wife, pray your great crime, and since you cannot live an honest man, at for the traitor, if you have courage to do it; for me, I will pray for least die like a Christian." strength to enable me to do my duty.”
“ I will die so, my father, if Heaven grant me grace," replied And all three fell on their knees.
Andrew, whose teeth chattered together; “ I am guilty towards At this moment the door opened, and Andrew entered with a you, whose name I have disgraced; towards La Vendée, whose trust smiling face, and joy sparkling in his eyes; but his step was un- I have betrayed. I am still more guilty than you think me, but steady, and his voice betrayed his debauchery and intoxication. grant me no favour ; for I feel that I am still weak, and that for
"Mother,” stammered he, sitting down on the table, and rapping gold or wicked pleasures I should barter my soul.” on it with his fingers, “ I am thirsty, give me some wine ; you will “ Back, Francis!" said the father; “ leave him the few minutes have plenty of time to say your prayers by-and-bye.”
he has to live, to make his
with God.” “We are praying for the dead," said Francis,“ especially for “ It is made, my father,” said the criminal, rising, with a face those slaughtered this morning at La Chaponnière."
full of serenity; “I deserve death, I am ready to receive it at These words brought Andrew to his senses; he dreaded lest his
your hands." brother had conceived suspicions against him ; and in a hurried That moment a terrible report resounded through the house. voice he began a tale he had devised to account for his absence. " He died a brave man and a Christian!” cried the old man.
“Well,” said his father, who, still on his knees beside the hearth, “ Francis, let us go down and comfort your mother.” had listened to his son ; “ well, both night and day have been It was unnecessary. At the bottom of the stairs they found a wearisome to all of us, we need repose, and to-morrow we shall see corpse; the stroke of grief had rendered them a widower and an what is to be done."
orphan. Happy to have escaped so easily from the inquiries of his Forty-eight hours had elapsed since that terrible night. Stoftlet family, Andrew retired. His mother, then leaving the spot, where was in his tent, preparing with his staff the plan of the battle all this time she had bedewed with her tears the chaplet of beads about to take place the next day, when the Baron de Lichteningen which she rapidly passed through her trembling fingers, approached | introduced two peasants. The younger threw himself at the feet her husband.
of the general. “ Perhaps,” said she, in a supplicating voice, “Andrew is not so “ Monsieur Stofflet," he said, in an agitated voice, “my father guilty as you suppose. He may have acted only indiscreetly." and myself have put to death the man who betrayed you at La
“Mother," said Francis, “Andrew has sold his soul to the Chaponnière ; he has experienced the same fate as you declared nation, and General Stoffet to the blues. I saw him acting as yourself ready to inflict on your best friend in such a case. The their guide, when they were marching to cut our throats. He has wretched man was to us even something more, for this is his received the price of blood; drunkenness is in his brain, and wine father, and his brother is at your feet. Together with some pieces sparkles in his eyes. What he has done once he may do again." of gold, the fruit of his perfidy, we found this paper; I have
"But your suspicions may be unfounded. Will you kill our brought it to you, Monsieur Stofflet ; the only favour left us to child? Will you murder your brother?"
request after such a deed, is to be placed to-morrow in the fore. “Come with us,” said the father, “ Andrew is by this time most rank, and to die on the field of battle." asleep: it may be that his pockets contain further proofs of his To-morrow, then," said the general, who covered his eyes crime."
with his large hand to conceal the tears which flowed from themThey all ascended the stairs in silent and mournful procession. “to-morrow;" and the father and son left the tent with less of Andrew slept, or seemed to sleep. The old man began his search, gloom than they had entered it. and soon twenty pieces of gold rolled upon the floor from his red “Let M. le Abbé Bernier be called immediately,” said Stofflet. girdle. The mother grew pale, and her heart grew sick, as if the After glancing over the letter which had been placed in his gold was for her a sufficient proof of guilt. The father, suppress- hands—“Gentlemen,” he said, “these men who were here just ing his emotion, continued his examination, but when he drew a now have saved the army, whose safety would have been endan. letter from the pocket of the under waistcoat, Andrew, his fore- gered if this letter had reached its destination. I am, therefore, head covered with cold drops of perspiration, threw himself at his bound to pardon their savage virtue, as I trust God will pardon
them. We shall find them in the thick of the battle to-morrow, which appears every day, and which treats especially of things confor they are not men to survive their first field.”
cerning the army. The · Literary Supplement to the Rnssian As they had hoped, and the general had foretold, so it hap- Invalid” is a literary publication, exclusively devoted to the criti. pened, and the next day both lay dead side by side on the field of cism of plays and works in general. battle, pierced through and through with innumerable wounds. “The most widely circulated daily paper in Russia, is the
Northern Bee,' conducted by Messrs. Gretsch and Bulgarine ; the DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN PRESS. former has acquired some celebrity in Russia for his Russian A CORRESPONDENT of the “ Journal des Débats," who states grammar, and the latter by his romances, some of which have been that he is well acquainted with Russia, gives an account of the
translated into French. character of the Press in that empire, and an enumeration of the Russia. Until its appearance the want of such prompt publication
“ The Northern Bee' was the first daily paper published in various Periodicals published. The following is an abridgment of was not felt. This paper is nearly what we understand in France his account :
by a daily paper. It gives political and literary news, foreign and " During a long time all the literary exertions of the Russian domestic, analyses of new works, &c. empire were concentrated in St. Petersburgh and Moscow. The “ The Contemporary,' founded by the poet Pouschkine, is a sort provinces contented themselves with reading the productions of of review, appearing quarterly, and often contains remarkable those two capitals, but without producing anything themselves. articles on the history of Russian literature. The Son of the The foundation of universities, academies, and different establish- Country, edited for the last twenty-five years by M. Gretsch, is a ments for public instruction, added to the natural development of monthly review, in which are to be found pieces in prose and verse civilisation, has, within the last two years, changed vastly this of the best known authors, articles translated or extracted from order of things.
the principal reviews of England and France, literary and political "In the year 1838, upwards of 100 papers and periodical publi- critiques, and a very well written historical summary. cations were published in the Russian, French, Polish, and German “The Literary Library,' edited on the same plan by M. Sen. languages, and even in that commonly spoken in the provinces kowsky, a distinguished oriental linguist, has probably the most bordering on the Baltic. The principal centres whence these publi- extensive circulation of all the Russian publications, and is pecucations emanate are, St. Petersburgh, Moscow, Kieff, Kasan, liarly remarkable for the witty composition of its literary bulletin. Dorpat, Jaroslaw, Odessa, Wilna, Archangel, Witepsk, Wladimir, “The Gazette of the Arts,' edited by M. Koucolnik, the author Velogda, Jitomir, Woronesk, Viatka, Grodno, Ekaterinoslav, of several esteemed tragedies, appears forty-eight times a-year, Kaluga, Rastroma, Minsk, Mittau, Novogorod, &c. These towns, with 100 engravings, executed by French and German artists. consequently, are considered as the centres of the intellectual “ The Children's Journal,' commenced by M. Bachoutsky, apmovement in Russia.
pears monthly, and publishes beautiful vignettes, designs, and pieces "This development of the periodical press is entirely owing to of music. M. Bachoutsky is also the editor of the Journal of the Government, without whose protection, or at least permis- Useful Knowledge,' published on the plan of the French work of sion, nothing can prosper in the empire. It may, therefore, be that name. easily imagined that the character of this press is essentially dif.
“ The · Friend of Health,' a medical journal, treats of all ques. ferent from that of most part of the daily newspapers of other tions connected with medical science, and regularly acquaints its countries, and approaches nearer to that of the official journals and readers with their progress in England, France, Germany, and literary or scientific publications of France. It is very rare to find Italy. in the Russian papers any political discussion. They oftener con- “The oldest journal published in Moscow is the Muscovite tent themselves with the simple relation of facts. But it must not Observer.' The plan of the Revue des Deux Mondes' of Paris be thought that the Russians remain in invincible ignorance of will give you an idea of that on which this journal is conducted ; political discussions, because their own journals are not in the it appears monthly. The Moscow Gazette' comes out twice habit of informing them on such matters. The knowledge of a-week, and contains a summary of the events published in other foreign languages, so common among the Russians, renders the papers. It has great circulation, and 9,000 subscribers. The perusal of the French and German papers as easy to them as their monopoly of advertisements which it enjoys imparts to it a peculiar
degree of interest. The receipts from advertisements alone amount "Each Ministry has its journal, destined to keep the public to between 300,000 and 400,000 roubles per annum, and are acquainted with everything relative to its peculiar department of applied to the support of the Moscow University. Agriculture the government. The price of subscription never exceeds thirty being a much more important matter in the provinces adjoining francs, and is often only fifteen francs (12s. 6d., British) per that city than in the vicinity of St. Petersburgh, the publications annum, the government contenting itself merely with the return relative to agricultural sciences have their principal seat in Moscow, of the mere expense of the publication. Every one can easily where no fewer than four publications of the kind appear regularly, procure the paper most interesting to him. The following are the accompanied with plates. These are, the Agricultural Journal,' names which I shall content myself with citing :—The Journal of the Russian Farmer,' the • Horticulturists' Journal,' and the the Ministry of Instruction, the Journal of the Ministry of the Shepherds' Journal.' Interior, the Military Journal, the Journal of Manufactures, “The cities of Odessa, Wilna, and Teflis, have each a journal, Mining Journal, Engineering Memoirs, Journal of Military Sur- which derive their principal interest from their geographical posigeons, Journal of Ways of Communication (bridges and roads), tion. Thus the Odessa Courier' anticipates all the other jour. Journal of Forests, Commercial Gazette, Agricultural Gazette, nals in its intelligence from Constantinople, the Black Sea, and and Gazette of the Senate.
Asia in general. The Transcaucasian Courier’ publishes the "The most interesting of all these papers is that of the 'Mi- best information from Caucasus, and most valuable information nistry of Instruction ;' it appears every month, and contains respecting the provinces of that region of the empire, which are so documents relative to the progress and to the direction of the interesting, and have hitherto been so little known. public instruction of the country. It publishes, besides the official “ Finally, the professors of the University of Kasan also pubacts, articles, original or translated, upon scientific or literary lish a journal. This University, placed as an intermediate station subjects, as well as details of the learned associations and between Europe and Asia, and intended, as it were, to form a link establishments of education, (public and private,) both in Russia between both continents, is the establishment most specially and abroad. There are also critiques upon new works, Russian adapted to the study of Oriental sciences in the whole, empire. or European, worthy of attention; notices of travels and dis- Its character, reflected in the journal it publishes, is on that accoreries; in short, everything interesting to the learned world.count highly valuable for those who are, or desire to be, occupied The university professors are the principal contributors to it; but with Eastern matters. a great number of foreign correspondents supply it with intelli- “ All the journals mentioned are in the Russian language. gence concerning the rest of Europe. This journal, to which I “ There are, besides, as I have already stated, several published am not afraid of awarding too much honour by placing it at the in French ;-namely, in St. Petersburgh, the · Political and Literary head of all others, has several thousand subscribers.
Journal,' appearing three times a week; the “Scientific Bulletin ** The Gazette of St. Petersburgh,' published by the Imperial of the Academy of Sciences ;' the “ Journal of the Ways of ComAcademy of Sciences, is not, as may be supposed, an entirely munication ;' the ' Foreign Review ;' in Moscow, the Scientific scientific journal. It appears every day, and treats of all things Bulletin of the Society of Natural History;' and at Odessa, the interesting to the public. The Russian Invalid' is a gazette Odessa Journal,' and the Bulletin of Rural Economy.'