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Irogen, extracted from vegetable matter. Some lives--the science of laying out their money the yellow rivers, however, properly class with

with advantage to themselves and others. ite waters. The yellow (flavus) or tawny Tiber, Two brothers, Henry and Arthur have reinstance, is of a whitish colour, leaving a con

ceived from their uncle half a soverign apiece erable deposite on the vegetation on some part its banks, and occasionally producing singular

a present. Henry immediately has an refactions: its waters are very impure and abundance of imaginary wants, and reduces iddy; so are those of the sulphureous Nar, to his ten shillings, by numerous inconsiderate ich Virgil gives the epithet white:

purchases, from which he derives scarcely 'Sulfured Nar albus aqua

any gratification, to a few pence. On the ost of the white waters are charged with a contrary, Arthur spends his money in a itish clay or calcareous matter. This is the case way to obtain information, amusement, h the Bahr el Abiad or White River of Sennaar, and permanent pleasure to himself and ich meets the Blue River of Abyssinia nearly his companions. The style of the book is a right angle; and for many miles below the spirited, and the circumstances are well ifluence, the eastern part of the Nile is black, imagined. d the western white. The turbid water of the hite River, however, is said to be very sweet d agreeable, as is that of the Nile itself. The ter, not withstanding the mud with which it is

ANNIVERSARIES OF BENEVOLENT INSTIpregnated, is one of the purest waters known. contains the carbonates of magnesia, lime, and

TUTIONS IN THE METROPOLIS. n, the muriate of soda, and a small portion of ex and alumine. The addition of pounded alonds causes it to precipitate the substances it

THE gratification which the friends of humaids in imperfect solution, and it is then extremely nity and religion experience at this season of ar. Its natural colour undergoes a singular ceedings of the societies which are now

the year, either in assisting in those proriation at different seasons of the year. When e waters begin to rise, they first assume a green

taking place, or in observing the progress of 1 colour, and are then corrupt and unwholesome.

that spirit, which, under the influence of thirty or forty days, they change to a brownish

Divine love, is increasing the benefits of ind, and become very turbid. This continues till

struction and charity among mankind, calls e waters subside, when the river resumes its

us to the pleasing task of adapting the itural muddy appearance. The ancients styled

accounts of the several meetings to the pages 1 waters black, from the slime which it depo

of the Imperial Magazine. Early in the

of these inst tions, we ventured to * Et viridem Ægyptum nigrâ fæcundat arend.'

anticipate in our notices of them, the great ut it can scarcely be classed with black rivers.

blessings of which they have been the prolific sources,

and we earnestly strove to ivers which run over limestone, have been obprved to have a green colour: and the snow waters

silence the apprehensions of those who [ the Swiss Alps are sometimes of an emerald

looked upon them only as the temporary plour, approaching to grass-green. Several lakes

manifestations of good intentions in their i Savoy have a brown colour, approaching to

warm-hearted promoters. The public movelack; and both white and black waters occur

ments of society, however beneficent and mong its streams. The green waters are gene

sacred the impulse by which they are actuated, ally pure, if at the same time clear, but not if are certain of alarming the timid, and of arbid. Some rivers, for instance the Rhone, near incurring the disapprobation of the irreieneva, have a decidedly blue colour. The sub- solute; but society, now in the enjoyment ect of the coloration of rivers is, however, involved of the earliest fruits of these meetings and a great obscurity, the colouring principle seeming establishments, is awakened to a full sense o elude all chemical analysis. The Greeks were of their importance, and seeks to possess, by truck with the blue waters of Thermopylæ, the means of the press, a record of transactions red waters of Joppa, and the black waters of the so deeply influential in the present pursuits not baths of Astyra, opposite Lesbos. The various and future prospects of mankind. Under ints of different seas present a not less striking such impressions, we have felt it to be our phenomenon."-p.78 to 80.

duty to give as full an abstract of these meetings, as the nature of our publication will permit; and while we regret that we

are compelled to be very succinct in our Review.- The Value of Money. By abridgments, we our readers, we

Mrs. Barwell, Author of Liitle Les spare no pains in selecting those particular sons for Little Learners," Sunday points and passages, which appear to us to Lessons," ģc. Westley and Davis, be most replete with interest and inforLondon, 1834.

mation. The meetings of this spring have

been numerous, and their proceedings long This is a pleasant little book, intended to

and important ; – hence, we feel all the reach the young what many persons never difficulty of satisfying either ourselves or our correctly understand through their whole friends, in the execution of the task to



which it is the more imperative, we should these kingdoms professing soul-destroying immediately proceed without wasting any doctrines. It was difficult to convince Promore time in apologies.

testants of the rapid spread of popery; and he must, therefore, in the Catholic fashion,

address them through the senses. He held BRITISH REFORMATION Society. a map of England in his hand, prepared so

as to show its state of moral ulceration. He The Seventh Anniversary of this Society found it covered with chapels for the spread was held at Exeter Hall, on May 2d, George

of popery. In England and Wales there Finch, Esq. M.P. in the chair.

were 423 chapels, and in Scotland 74, and, After prayers, by the Rev. Mr. Thelwall, adding some recently erected, they exceeded the chairman, in addressing the meeting, 500. In 1796, there were but two Catholic! combated the idea, that the world could not

chapels in London, exclusive of those be be evangelized by societies; and expressed longing to the ambassadors; and only 24 his regret, that the support of this Society throughout Great Britain, without a single had so much diminished, that it was £700 college. They had now 9 colleges. Even in debt. The Society was not exclusively in Scotland, where such struggles had been episcopolitan, but the dissenters did not

made for the preservation of the reformed support it as a body. Its want of general religion, the Catholic church was rising patronage, was

on account of its being rapidly. When he was last in Edinburgh, opposed to the popery of the human heart, he found that a nunnery was about to be as well as to that of Rome. Persecution

established ; and Scotch provosts and magis and political agitation, though apparently trates were actually patronising the oratorios opposed to their efforts in Ireland, were in in Catholic chapels. The gallant Captain reality favourable to their endeavours, for as

then noticed the spread of liberalism in pare they set men's minds at work, they would liament, in measures actively in progress lead them, under the Divine blessing, to the against the interests of the Protestant adoption of truth. He concluded by urging church. The liberals had proposed the enthe Society to make strenuous exertions for

dowments of the Catholic Colleges : £8009 the abolition of popery.

a year had been settled on the college The Rev. Mr. Farrell, the acting secre- Maynooth, to let loose upon unhappy Iretary, read the report. It stated, that there

land swarms of Catholic priests; and a are about 500 Roman Catholic chapels in act had authorised the payment of the Great Britain, 8 colleges, and 30 preparatory Catholic clergy in the colonies. Every schools. In the large towns the Roman

principle of protestantism had been silently Catholic population is considerable, amount

swept away. Infidels, Socinians, and Caing sometimes to a fourth or a third of the

tholics were united in their attacks on the whole. There are great accessions to the established church ; even protestants had Catholic church. The adult converts pub- madly contributed for the erection of Catholic licly received into the bosom of the papal chapels. There was great danger of this church, by Dr. Walsh and other apostolic

bias to papal superstition sinking into infivicars, amount to nearly 300. The Secre

delity, as in France, and of infidelity leading tary then gave an interesting account of a

to sanguinary revolution. To avert this, the controversy at the Roman Catholic College,

friends of Christianity should contribute to Bath, between the advocates of protestantism

the support of the Reformation Society. and popery. In Scotland the Society was

The Right Hon. Lord Mountsandford making successful exertions, but in Ireland

moved a resolution, relative to the unchang, they had been able to accomplish but little. ing and dangerous tendency of popery, which The income of the Society during the last

was seconded by the Rev. E. Tottenhams, year, had exceeded £2000, and the rev.

who, in a long speech, rebutted the assumpgentleman concluded by anticipating the

tions and misrepresentations of the Catholic downfall of popery.

Magazine, and referred to the Bible as the The Marquess of Cholmondeley moved palladium of our liberties. that the Report be adopted and printed. The other speakers were the Rev. J. R. The Rev. Mr. Bickersteth seconded the

Brown, of the Scotch church, the Rer. T. motion. He viewed the Society as a pro- Myers, the Rev. G. W. Phillips, and the test against the church of Rome : the

Rev. A. S. Thelwall. The chairman, on national protest was lost, and the Society retiring, gave a cheque for £50 as his stood forward in place of that protest. He subscription. was glad to see all classes of protestants engaged in this union.

The Rev. John Cumming of the Scotch church, moved the second resolution, which

CHRISTIAN INSTRUCTION SOCIETY. referred to the increase of popery in these The Ninth Anniversary was held at Finsbury kingdoms.

Chapel, on the 6th of May, T. P. Burton in Captain Gordon seconded the resolution. the chair. The proceedings were begun by He said there were 8,000,000 persons in prayer and a psalm.

The Chairman then opened the business, means of rescuing others, and swelled the stating that the Secretary would read the ranks of the army destined to overthrow the. port.

kingdom of darkness and establish the kingThe Rev. J. Blackburn read the Report, dom of Christ. The Society was unostenm which it appeared that the Society had tatious : its means might by some be deemed ienty associations, including 1,574 visitors, almost despicable ; but it was in that cir10, twice a month, entered the abodes of cumstance that they had the strongest se,630 families, to lend religious tracts. curity of success. They were under the cal prayer-meetings were maintained. influence of God. The humble Christian here were eighty, attended by nearly 3,000 visitor, with his little tract in his hand, was the neighbouring poor. The visitors had in himself miserably accoutred for removing stributed 545 copies of the Scriptures ; the ignorance of the human heart, and d induced 2,200 children to seek admis- making an impression on the kingdom of in to Sabbath and other schools; and had Satan; but he went forth, exulting in the tained charitable assistance for nearly promise, —"Not by might, nor by power, 500 cases of distress. The stock loan but by my Spirit, saith the Lord !" It was vraries were 48, each containing 50 volumes too late to say there was no need of such a

practical theology. The Committee had Society in this, the most religious city in It a lively solicitude in the behalf of the the world, as it is called. The prisons, the any poor foreigners who annually took up haunts of vice, and the gin-shops gave forth eir abode in this metropolis, and has en- another voice. Let the wicked, of all the ged Dr. Giustiniani to visit them. With various hues and orders, speak :-let the spect to the funds, H. R, H. the Duchess multitude who spent the day of sacred rest Kent had favoured the Society with a in recreations, amusements, and vice; let the ination of ten guineas. Joseph Trueman hundreds of thousands who were as ignoad presented a second donation of £50; rant as the very heathen, speak-ah! let id 240 had been received as the produce the very opposition with which the institu'a sermon by the Rev. J. Parsons.

tion had often been met, speak! And what By the Treasurer's accounts, it appears,

tidings would they proclaim ? Wherefore at there was a balance of £125. 8s. 2d. was it that the blasphemer and infidel had, zainst the Society.

in several instances, attempted to interrupt The Rev. J. Young, of Albion Chapel, in the proceedings of the Society, but because loving the first resolution, professed himself they knew that there was a party standing nable to comprehend the structure of that upon the very arena that they had hitherto hristian's mind and heart, to whom this occupied, and were contending with them ociety did not once

approve itself.

for that very class of society they had been Vhenever they thought of its simplicity, accustomed to call their own? There was 3 economy, and its efficacy-of its visitors, one part of the Report to which he could s tracts, its preaching stations, or its prayer not help alluding. One of the most touching aeetings, they might surely defy the most passages in the Old Testament was that in aptious or cold-hearted to withhold their which the Israelites were commanded not to dmiration. He could say nothing of the oppress the stranger, because they were learness with which the Report had been strangers in the land of Egypt. God was prepared, but he congratulated the Society the stranger's shield—the stranger's help. n its advance in the accomplishing so vast The meeting would sympathize with him in amount of good. A new order of agency in expressing the fulness of his heart towards had been called forth and originated by this the honoured individual mentioned in the institution. It was a discovery of but a Report, (Dr. Giustiniani,) who, through trials few years' standing. There was a sort of and persecutions, had been brought from spiritual charm, of holy necromancy, con- the darkness of popery to the liberty of the nected with it. It had called into being children of God. God bless him, and cause 37,000 individuals, who were before as good His countenance to shine upon him, and give as dead; as if, by the touch of some mighty him peace. Dr. Giustiani was the repremagician, they had sprung forth, their sentative of the Society to foreigners residslumbering energies had been awoke, and ing in this country from France, Germany, they now became a delightful band, under Italy, and Poland- of those who came from an illustrious leader, animated with the the birthplace of the glorious Tell, and from same zeal, and all resolved to lay prostrate Hungary, the land of the more glorious the kingdom of darkness and ungodliness. martyrs, Jerome and Huss. For oppressed, The humblest disciple was elevated to the mangled, bleeding Poland, there seemeth position of a fellow-worker with God, and no hope but in that kingdom where the was made an instrument in saving the igno- voice of the oppressor is heard no more. rant and the lost. Every triumph of the Their chairman knew the elevation on which Society was the nucleus of further benefits. Britain stood, for he had contributed to it; The individuals brought to the knowledge to his exertions it was owing that Britain of the truth were not only so many gained had washed her hands of slavery. The to Christ and lost to Satan, but became the Chairman's name would descend with that 2D. SERIES, NO. 42.-VOL. IV.

2 P

186.-VOL. XVI.



of the sainted Wilberforce to the latest pos- Dr. Giustiniani seconded the resolution terity, emblazoned with patriotism, and encir- When he looked around him, he felt a thrill cled with the gratitude of millions. (cheers.) of sacred joy pervading his own breast.

The Rev. Dr. Heugh, of Glasgow seconded When he read in the Bible those blessed the resolution. It used to be thought here words, "Go out quickly, and bring in the and in his own country that the ignorant, poor, the maimed, the halt, and the blind :" the irreligious, and the careless should be when he was assured that there was joy in left to the attention of the ministers of the

the presence of the angels of God by the gospel, or rather to the functionaries of the conversion of one sinner; and when he list Establishment; and that private members of tened to the facts contained in the Report, the Christian community had nothing to do he must cry, with Peter, “ It is good to be but to look on. That feeling was greatly here!” The meeting had awakened in his changed. It was felt to be matter of Divine heart feelings of gratitude by the sympathies obligation, that they also must make pecu- they had expressed on the behalf of his liar exertions. He trusted that this feeling countrymen who were walking in the darkwould become universal. There were two ness of the shadow of death. He was sur 1 classes of argument that had great weight rounded by aged divines, but he hesitated in the north, and could not fail to have in- not to say that the passage,

* Thou shalt fluence in the south. The one was derived love thy neighbour as thyself," had been infrom general principles, the other directly correctly translated. The word rendered from the Bible. As truly as they were neighbour ought to be translated "fellow bound to love the Lord their God with all men.” The English word neighbour im their heart, they were bound to love their plied some one residing near them; but the neighbour as themselves. They were called Hebrew term included the whole family of upon to do what they could individually for

Still the spirit of the word had been the temporal and spiritual interests of those fully exemplified. Were he a Roman around them. With respect to express Catholic, he would advocate the cause Bible authority, he did not merely refer the Christian Instruction Society, because to the Divine approbation, but to the cove- he saw there, the true succession. He would nant of promise made by God to the advocate the Society, were he a Churchman, church. The promise to which he alluded for the glory of God and the salvation of was, “They shall not teach every man his sinners. The Society had not a limited neighbour, but all shall know the Lord, from jurisdiction. Their parish was the whole the least to the greatest.” He saw no limit kingdom. They had broken the chains of to the good which this Society was fitted to the hierarchy, and they distributed the achieve.

Bible freely as they received it from the The Rev. J. E. Giles moved the second Spirit of God. As an Independent he would resolution. He contended that the Society advocate the Society, because it was to the had peculiar claims to support, arising from honour of that body, that they had given the present moral state of the public mind. the impulse. As a simple Christian, as & There was an activity pervading that mind- soldier out of uniform, he would support it, men readily interchanged their ideas and because it was not the uniform, but the sentiments-combination of purpose was the heart, that made the soldier. As Christian leading feature of the day. He saw the soldiers, they must watch, pray, and fight daring attempts to grasp the helm of opinion against their common enemy. made by men whose design was to advance native country, was in a state of spiritual their selfish interests--but he could not slavery. Civil slavery could not last for hear a loud call to the exercise of Christian ever, but the man under the dominion of watchfulness - Christian prayerfulness corruption was a slave indeed. Unless the Christian exertion ! But the church of Christian public united in their efforts Christ must either advance or recede : if reli- against the common foe, it was to be feared gion were to close her eyes but for a moment, that infidelity would extend in England as that interval would be employed in tearing it had done in France. Five missionaries down the hedges, in rooting up the protec- of infidelity, termed St. Simonians, were tion, and in taking possession of the field now diffusing their sentiments. In conshe occupied. They must not look back, clusion, he appealed to the ladies on behalf they must not stand still—they must go on, of the Society. A distinguished lady bad conquering and to conquer. He had had presented him with the loan of two chapels, the happiness of introducing four persons in which he might preach to his countrymeti. into the Christian church in consequence The Chairman then rose, and, after a very of the agents of this Society. One of them impressive address, retired amidst reiterated had been snatched from confirmed infidelity applause. The chair was then taken by The system of combination now existing in Thomas Challis, Esq., and the meeting was this country was destructive to vital god- addressed by the Rev. H. Townley, the Rer. liness: he feared, that, unless they were John Edwards, the Rev. J. Dyer, J. Pitman, counteracted, they would overturn the foun- Esq., and by Thomas Challis, Esq. dation of peace and order.

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Italy, his

THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE to Turkey, to China, to the West Indies, how SOCIETY.

much would they behold to vex and grieve HE thirtieth anniversary of this society was their minds! They would behold beautiful ld in Exeter Hall on the 8th of May. On countries, but they would perceive so much e platform were the Bishops of Lichfield of poverty, crime, misery, and moral degrad Coventry, Winchester, and Chester ; the dation, that their pleasure would be deean of Salisbury, the Marquess of Chol- stroyed. But what a contrast was exhibited by mdeley, the Earl of Chichester, Lord Visc. the Bible Society !—there the more they exCorpeth, Lord Mountsandford, J. J. Gurney, amined, the more they were delighted. Could sq., and a great number of clergymen and they follow a Bible in its course, they would inisters of various denominations. Lord have to tell of new hearts and right spirits exley was in the chair.

created, and of thoughts loosened from things His Lordship observed, that, during the below and fixed on things above, of the sicksenty-three years of his connexion with bed comforted, and of prisoners and captives at society, he had never lost sight of its released; men and families, formerly in eat and noble objects, nor ever ceased to heathen darkness, enlightened by the word ay for its success. They had placed him, of hope and salvation; conversion spread r the first time, in his present situation, and

from individuals to families, from families to e trusted he should be endued with the districts, from districts to countries. This was irit which animated their late worthy pre

the Spirit's work, and his glory he would not dent. Those who remembered his manner,

give to another. Had they not seen someis amiable temper, the attitude and the thing of this in their list of donations ? One emeanour he always assumed, would wish was inscribed, “Thanksgiving for mercies at the same spirit might devolve on his received." What could inspire that, but the iccessor. When he first joined the society, Bible? Was it not the Bible that taught the le whole circulation did not exceed 35,000 poor widow, an inmate of an almshouse, to opies of the scriptures—it now exceeded

leave the half of her little property, her ight millions. Then its expenditure had

£2. 10s. to the Bible Society. In speaking ot exceeded £50,000; now it was consider- of other bequests, his Lordship said Mr. bly beyond two millions. Were the society Hughes had bequeathed his £100, and o close its labours, it would have conferred Mrs. Hannah More her £1000. he most invaluable blessings upon the world. Lord Viscount Morpeth moved the next reI would leave to posterity eight millions of solution in a very neat and elegant address. vibles and testaments, in 121 different lan- The Rev. David Abeel, American misuages and dialects, 72 of which were not sionary, in seconding the resolution, detailed before known as the vehicle of communicat

some facts in reference to China. It had ng divine truth. He trusted the operations

been asserted, that China could not be enof the society would go on, with increased tered, and that her 360 millions of souls energy and success.

must be left to perish. This opinion was The Report was read by the Rev. A. Bran- entertained only by protestant Christians.

Every sect, every religion, had found the The receipts amounted to


way to enter China, except the protestant The issues, at home and abroad 393,900

Christians. It was an opinion generally Free contributions £28,145. 2s. 2d.

received that the world was to be converted Scriptures sold . . 41,149. 2s.

by missionaries. He knew of but one misNew societies

sionary in whom he could place any confiAuxiliaries

dence. That missionary he had met with in Branches 10

China: he was instructed in languages, made Associations 154

voyages from island to island, entered vilGrants to Ireland

lages, and had dared to enter the palace of

Bibles. Testaments. him who styled himself the “Son of Heaven." To the Hibernian Bible Society 3000 5000 That missionary had done the speaker the To the Hibernian Society 5000 30,000 honour to be his companion. The audience Sunday School Society

8500 20,000 would desire to know who he was; he could

500 2000 tell them who he was not. He was not a Baptist Irish Society

1000 Churchman, nor a Dissenter; he was not a United Brethren


Calvinist, nor an Arminian; not an American, The Marquis of Cholmondeley moved the an Englishman, a Scotchman, nor a Holadoption of the Report.

lander. He hated all sects, but he loved the The Bishop of Chester seconded the reso- operations of the Bible Society. The Bible lution. The society, unlike some travellers Society was that which sent him forth. The to distant lands, who left their native country Bible! that was the name of the missionary, without notice, had commenced its travels in of whom he had spoken ! the families of their native parishes; and The Rev. Mr. Knill, (from Petersburg,) from that source were derived the funds had been appointed to India, and afterwards which carried it from China to Peru, from to Russia, and gave some interesting partiNewfoundland to Australia. Could they really culars relative to the distribution of the go, as they did with their mind's eye, to Russia, Scriptures in those extensive countries,



Irish Society


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