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Don. What should be spoken here,

That darkness does the face of earth intomb, Where our fate, hid within an augre-hole, When living light should kiss it? May rush, and seize us? Let's away, our tears

Old Man. 'Tis unnatural, Are not yet brew'd.

Even like the deed that's done. On Tuesday last, Mal. Nor our strong sorrow

5 A faulcon, towring in her pride of place, Upon the foot of motion.

Was by a mousing owl hawk'd at, and kill'd. Ban. Look to the lady:

Rosse. And Duncan's horses, (a thing most And when we have our naked frailties' hid,

strange, and certain) That suffer an exposure, let us meet,

Beauteous, and swift, the minions of their race, And question this most bloody piece of work, 10 Turnd wild in nature, broke their stalls,tlung out, To know it further. Fears and scruples shake us: Contending 'gainst obedience, as they would In the great hand of God I stand; and, thence, Make war with mankind, Against the undivulg'd pretence I fight

Old Man. 'Tis said, they eat each other. [eyes, Of treasonous malice.

Rosse. They did so; to the amazement of mine Macb. And so do I.

15 That look'd upon't.Herecoires the good Macduff:All. So all,

Enter Macduff:
Macb. Let's briefly put on manly readiness,
And meet i' the hall together.



the world, sir, now? All. Well contented. Ereunt. Macd. Why, see you not?

[deed? Mal. What will you do? Let's not consort with 20 Rosse. Is't known, who did thismorethan bloody To shew an unfelt sorrow is an ottice [them:

Macd. Those that Macbeth hath slain. Which the false man does casy: I'll to England.

Rosse. Alas, the day! Don. To Ireland, I; our separated fortune

What good could they pretend? Shall keep us both the safer: where we are,

Macd. They were suborn'd: There's daggers in men's smiles: the near in blood, 25 Malcolm, and Donalbain, the king's two sons, The nearer bloody.

Are stol'n away and fled; which puts upon them Mal. This murderous shaft that's shot,

Suspicion of the deed. Hath not yet lighted; and our safest way

Rosse. 'Gainst nature still : Is, to avoid the aim. Therefore, to horse;

Thriftless ambition, that wilt ravin up And let us not be dainty of ieave-taking,

30 Thine own life's means !--Then 'tis most like, But shift away: There's warrant in that tbeft The sovereignty will fall upon Macbeth. Which steals itself, when there's no mercy left.

Macd. Heis already nam’d; and gone to Scone,

[Exeunt. To be invested. S CE N E

Rosse. Where is Duncan's body?

35 Macd. Carried to Colmes-kills; Enter Rosse, with an Old Man.

The sacred store-house of his predecessors, Old Man. Threescore and ten I can remember And guardian of their bones. well;

Rosse. Will you to Scone? Within the volume of which time, I have seen Macd. No, cousin, I'll to Fife. Hours dreadful, and things strange; but this sore 40 Hosse. Well, I will thither. (-adien! Hath trified former knowings.

[night) Macd. Well, may yon seethings well done there; Rosse. Ah, good father,

[act, Lest our old robes sit easier than our new! Thou seest, the heavens, as troubled with man's Rosse. Farewel, father.

[those Threaten his bloody stage: by the clock, 'tis day, Old Mun. God's benison go with you; and with And

yet dark night strangles the travelling lamp: 45 That would make good of bad, and friends of foes ! ls it night's predominance, or the day's shaine,



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(As upon thee, Macbeth, their

speeches shine") Enter Banquo.

Why, by the verities on thee made good,

155 May they not be my oracles as well, TIIou hast it now, King, Cawdor, Glamis

, all, And set me up in hope? But, hush ! no more. As the weird women promis’d; and, I fear, Senet sounded. Enter Macbeth as King ; Lady Thou playd'st inost foully for't: yet it was said, Macbeth, Lenox, Rosse, Lords, and Attendants. It should not stand in thy posterity;

Macb. Here's our chief guest. But that myself should be the root, and father 160 Lady. If he had been forgotten, Of many kings: If there come truth from them, It had been as a gap in our great feast, ? Meaning, our half-drest bodies.i. e. intention, design. Meaning, confidence in its quality.

3 * To pretend, means here purpose to themselves. 6 Colmes-hill, or Coln-kill, means Iona, one of the western isles, where most of the ancient kings of Scotland are buried. .i. e. prosper,



And all things unbecoming.

No son of mine succeeding. If it be so, Macb. To-night we hold a solemn supper, sir, For Banqno's issue have I tild? my mind; And I'll request your presence.

For them the gracious Duncan have I murderd; Ban. Lay your highness'

Put rancours in the vessel of my peace Command upon me; to the which, my duties 5 Only for them; and mine eternal jewel Are with a most indissoluble tye

Given to the common enemy of man', For ever knit.

To make them kings, theseed of Banquo kings! Macb. Ride you this afternoon?

Rather than so, come, fate, into the list, Ban. Ay, my good lord.

[advice And championme to theutterance !--Who'sthere? Macb. We should have else desir'd your good 10 Re-enter Sertunt, with two Murderers. (Which still hath been both grave and prosperous) Now go to the door, and stay there till we call. In this day's council; but we'll take to-morrow.

[Erit Servant. Is't far you ride?

Was it not yesterday we spoke together?
Bun. As far, my lord, as will fill up the time Mur. It was, so please your highness.
Twixt this and supper: go not my horse the bet-15 Macb. Well then, now
I must become a borrower of the night,


Have you considerd of my speeches? Know, For a dark hour, or twain.

That it was he, in the times past, which held you Macb. Fail not our feast.

So under fortune; which, you thought, had been Ban. My lord, I will not.

[stow'd Our innocent self: this I made good to you Macb. We hear, our bloody cousins are be-20 In our last conference, past in probation with you; In England, and in Ireland; not confessing How you were borne in hand'; how crost; the Their cruel parricide, filling their hearers

instruments; With strange invention: But of that to-morrow; Who wrought with them; and all things else, When, therewithal, we shall have cause of state,

that might Craving us jointly. Hie you to horse: Adieu, 25 To half a soul, and to a notion craz'd, Till you return at night. Goes Fleance with you? Say, Thus did Banquo. Bun. Ay, my good lord: our time does call i Mur. You made it known to us. upon us.

macb. I did so; and went further, which is now Macb. I wish your horses swift, and sure of foot; Our point of second meeting. Do you find Aud I do commend you to their backs. 30 Your patience so predominant in your nature, Farewel.

[Exit Banquo.

That you can let this go? Are you so gospellid', Let every man be master of his tinie

To pray for this good man, and for his issue, Till seven at night: to make society

Whose heavy hand hath bow'd you to the grave, The sweeter welcome, we will keep ourself. [you. And beggar'd yours for ever? Till supper-time alone: while then, God be with 35 I Mur. We are men, my liege.

[Exeunt Lady Macbeth, and Lords. Macb. Ay, in the catalogue you go for men; Sirrah, a word with you: Attend those men our As hounds,and greyhounds,inungrels, spaniels,curs, pleasure?

Shoughs', water-rugs, and demi-wolves, are cleped Ser. They are, my lord, without the palace gate. All by the name of dogs; the valued file Mlacb. Bring them before us.- To be thus, is 40 Distinguishes the swift, the slow, the subtle, nothing;

[Erit Sertant. The house-keeper, the hunter, every one But to be safely thus ;-Our fears in Banquo According to the gist which bounteous nature Stick deep; and in his royalty of nature

Hath in him clos'd; whereby he does receive Reigns that, which would be fear’d: 'Tis much Particular addition, from the bill he dares;

45 That writes them all alike: and so of men.
And, to that dauntless temper of his mind, Now, if you have a station in the file,
He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valour Not in the worst rank of manhood, say it;
To act in safety. There is none, but lie,

And I will put that business in your bosoms,
Whose being I do fear: And, under him, Whose execution takes your enemy off;
My genius is rebul'd; as, it is said,

50 Grapples you to the heart and love of us, Mark Antony's was by Cesar. Hechid the sisters, Who wear our health but sickly in his life, When first they put the name of King upon me,

Which in his death were perfect. And bade them speak to him; then, prophet-like, 2 Mur. I am one, my liege, They hail'd him father to a line of kings:

Whom the vile blows and buisets of the world l'pon my head they plac'd a fruitless crown, 55fIIave so incensed, that I am reckless what And put a barren scepter in my gripe,

I do, to spite the world. Thence to be wrench'd with an unlineal hand, 1 Alur. And I another,

'j. e. If he does not go well. 2i. e, defiled. the devil. *The word utterance is derived from the French outrance. A challenge or a combat a l'outrance, to extremity, was a fix'd term in the law of arms, used when the combatants engaged with an odium internecinum, an intention to destroy each other. Si. e, made to believe what was not true. Meaning, are you of that degree of precise virtue? Gospellers was a name of contempt given by the Papists to the Lollards. Shoughs are probably what we now call shocks. • The expression, valued file, seems to mean in this place, a post of honour; the first rank, in opposition to the last. File and list are synonymous




So weary with disasters, tugg'd with fortune', With them they think on? Things without all That I would set my life on any chance,

remedy To mend it, or be rid on't,

should be without regard: what's done, is done. Macb. Both of you

Macb. We bave scotch'd the snake, not kil'dit

, Know, Banquo was your enemy.

5 She'll close, and be herself; whilst our poor malice Mur. True, my lord.


Remains in danger of her former tooth. Alacb. So is he mine: and in such bloody dis- But let the frame of things disjoint, both the worlds That every minute of his being thrusts

sutier, Against my near'st of lite: And though I could Ere we will eat our meal in fear, and sleep With bare-fac'd power sweep him froin my sight, 10 In the afiliction of these terrible dreams, And bid my will arouch it; yet I must not, That shake us nightly: Better be with the dead, For certain friends that are both his and mine, Whom we, to gain our place, hare sent to peace, Whose loves I may not drop, but wail his fall Than on the torture on the mind to lie Whom I myself struck down: and thence it is, In restless ecstacy'.— Duncan is in his grave; That I to your assistance do make love; 15 After life's fitiul fever, he sleeps well; Masking the business from the comnion eye,

Treason has done his worst: nor steel, nor poison, For sundry weighty reasons.

Malice domestic, foreign levy, nothing, Níur. We shall, my lord,

Can touch him further! Perform what you command us.

Ludy. Come on; Gentle my lord, 1 Mur. Though our lives

20 Sleek o’er your rugged looks; be bright and jovial Macb. Your spirits shine through you. Within Among your guests to-night. this hour, at most,

Macb. So shall I, love; I will advise you where to plant yourselves; And so, I pray, be you: Let your remembrance Acquaint you with the perfect spy o' the time, Apply to Banquo; present him eminence', both The moment on't; for’t must be done to-night, 125 With eye and tongue: Unsase the while, that we And something from the palace; always thought, Must lave our honours in these flattering streanis; That I require a clearness*: And with him, And make our faces vizards to our hearts, (To leave no rubs, nor botches, in the work) Disguising what they are. Hleance his son, that keeps him company,

Lady. You must leave this.

[wife! Whose absence is no less inaterial to me

30 Macb. O, full of scorpions is my mird, dear Than is his father's, must embrace the fate Thou know'st, that Banquo, and his Fleance, lives. Of that dark hour: Resolve yourselves apart; Lady. But in them nature's copy's not eterne'. I'll come to you anon.

Macb. There's comfort yet, they are assailable; Alur. We are resolv'd, my lord.

Then be thou jocund: Ere the bat hath flown
Macb. I'll call upon you straight; abide within. 35 Hiscloister'd tlight; ere, to black Hecat's summons,
It is concluded :-- Banquo, thy soul's flight, The shard-borne beetle', with his drowsy hums,
If it find beaven,must tind it out to-night.[ Exeunt. Hath rung night's yawning peal, there sball be done

A deed of dreadful note.

Lady. What's to be done?
Enter Lady Macbeth and a Serrant.

140 Macb. Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest Lady. Is Banquo gone from court? Şerv. Ay, madam; but returns again to-night. 'Till thou applaud thedeed. Come, seeling' night,

Lady. Say to the king, I would attend his leisure Skarf up the tender eye of pitiful day; For a few words,

And, with thy bloody and invisible land, Sero. Madam, I will.

[Erit. 45 Cancel, and tear to pieces, that great bond Lady. Nought's had, all's spent,

Which keeps me pale!-Light thichens'?; and Where our desire is got without content;

the crow 'Tis safer to be that which we destroy,

Makes wing to the rooky wood"}: Than, by destruction, duell in doubted joy. Good things of day begin to droop and drowze ; Enter Macbeth.

50 While night's black agents to their preysdo rouze. How now, my lord? why do you keep alone, Thou marvellist at my words: but hold thee still; Of sorriest'tancies your companions making? Things, bad begun, make strong themselves by iil; Usingthosethoughts,whichshould indeedhavedy'd! 50, pr’ythee, go with me,

[Escani. i. e, worried by fortune, 2 Such a distance as mortal enemies would stand at from each other when their quarrel inust be determined by the sword. Meaning, the exact time. *j. e. Always remembering, that throughout the whole iransaction I must stand clear of suspicion. 5 i. e. Worth Jess, vile. Ecstacy here signifies any violent emotion of the mind, pain, agony. Pi. e. Do bim the highest honours. Eterne for eternak ? i. e. according to Mr. Steevens, the beetle borne along the air by its shards or scaly wings; shards signifying scales. But Mr. Tollet says, that shardborn beetle is the beetle born in dung; and that shard signifies dung, is well known in the North of Statfordshire, where cowshard is the word generally used for cow-dung. 10 A term of endearment. "' 1. e. bliuding. i. e. The light grows dull or nuddy, ii. e, to a rookery.








Aluc). Thou art the best o' the cut-throats; Yet

he's good, Enter three Murderers.

That did the like for Fleance: if thou didst it, 1 Alur. But who bid thee juin with us?

Thou art the non-pareil. 3 Hur. Macbeti.

5 Alur. Most royal sir, 2 Mur. lle needs not our mistrust; since he Fleance is ’scap'd.

[perfect; delivers

Alacb. Then comes my fit again: I had else been Our offices, and what we have to do,

Whole as the marble, founded as the rock; To be direction just.

As broad, and general, as the casing air: 1 Alur. Then stand with us.

10 But now, I am cabin’d, cribb’d, contin'd, bound in The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day: To saucy doubts and tears. But Banquo's safe? Now spurs the lated traveller apace,

Jur: Ay,my good lord: safe in a ditch he bides, To gain the timely inn; and near approaches With twenty trenched. gashes on his head; The subject of our watch.

The least a death to nature. 3.Vur. Hark! I hear horses. 15 dlach. Thanks for that:

[fied, [Banquo uithin.] Give us a light there, ho ! There the grown serpent lies; the worm that's 2 Mur. Then it is he; the rest

Hath nature that in time will venom breed, [row That are within the note of expectation,

Noteeth for the present.-Get thee gone; to-morAlready are i’ the court.

We'll hear, ourselves again. [Exit Murderer, i Alur. His horses go about.


Ludby. My royal lord, 3 Mur. Almost a mile: but he does usually, You do not give the cheer: the feast is sold, So all men do, from hence to the palace gate, That is not often vouch’l, wbile 'tis a making, Make it their walk.

'Tis given with welcome': To feed, were best Enter Banguo, and Fleance with a torch.

at home; 2 Mur. A light, a light!

25 Froin thence the sauce to meat is ceremony; 3 Mur. 'Tis he.

Meeting were bare without it. 1 llur. Stand to't.

[Enterthe Ghost of Bunquo, and sits in MacBan. It will be rain to-night.

bath's pluce.) 1 Mur. Let it come down.[They assault Banquo. Jach. Sweet remembrancer! Ban. Oh,treachery!Fly,goodFleance, tly, tly, tly: 30 Now, good digestion wait on appetite, Tlou may’st revenge.-- () slave!

And health on both! (Dies. Fleance escapes. Lun. May it please your bighness sit? [roof'd, 3 Nfur. Who did strike out the light?

Much. Dere had we now our country's honour Illur. Was't not the wav'?

Were the grac'd person of our Banquo present; 3 Alur. There's but one down; the son is Ned. 135 Who may I rather challenge for unkindness, 2 Xur. We have lost best half of our affair. Than pity for mischance! lfur. Well, let's away, and say how much is Rosse. His absence, sir,

[ness done.

[Exeunt. Lays blame upon his promise. Please it your highSCENE IV'.

To grace is with your royal company?
A Banquet prepared. Enter Macbeth, Lady, 10 Macb. The table's full.
Rosse, Lenor, Lords, and sittendants.

Len. Here is a place reserv’d, sir,
Macb. You know your own degrees, sit down: Mach. Where;

[your highness? And last, the hearty welcome.

[at first,

Len. Here, my good lord. What is't that moves Lords. Thanks to vour majesty.

Macb. Which of you have done this?
Alucb. Ourself will mingle with society, 45| Lords. What, my good lord ?
And play the humble host.

Macb. Thou canst not say, I did it: never shake
Our hosiens keeps her state; but, in best time, Thy goary locks at me.
We will require her welcome.

Rosse. Gentlemen, rise; his highness is not well. Ladij. Pronounce it for me,sir, to all our friends; Ladi. Sit, worthy friends:—my lord is often thus, For iny heart speaks, they are welcome. 50 And hath been from his youth: pray you, keep seat; Enter first vurderer to the door.

The it is momentary; upon a thought Macb. See, they encounter thee with their He will again be weil: if much you note him, hearts' thanks:

You shailotlend him, and extend his passion *; Both sides are even: Here I'll sit i’ the midst: Feed, and regard him not.---Are you a man? Be large in mirth; anon, we'll drink a measure 155 Macb. Ay, and a boldone, that dare look on that The table round.-- There's blood upon thy face. Which might appal the devil, lur. 'Tis Banquo's then.

Lady. 0

proper Macb. 'Tis better thee without, than he within. This is the very painting of your fear: Is he dispatch'd?

This is the air-drawn dagger, which, you said, Alur. My lord, his throat is cut; that I did for him.60 Led you to Duncan, Ohi, these flaws', and starts,

? That is, the best means to evade discovery. 2 From trancher, to cut. The meaning is, !' that which is not given cheerfully, cannot be called a gift,

* i, e, prolong bis suffering. ws are sudden gests,




Impostors to true fear,) would well become Macb. Can such things be,
A woman's story, at a winter's fire,

And overcome us' like a summer's cloud, [strange
Authoriz'd by her grandam. Shame itself! Without our special wonder? You make ine
Why do you make such faces? When all's done, Even to the disposition that I owe,
You look but on a stool.

[say you? 5 When now I think you can behold such sights, Macb. Prythee,see there! behold! look! lo! how And keep the natural ruby of your cheek, Why, what care I? If thou canst nod, speak too.- Iben mine is blanch'd with fear. If charnel-houses, and our graves, must send Rosse. What sights, niy iord? [and worse; Those that we bury, back;

our monuments Lady. I pray you, speak not; he grows worse Shall be the maws of kites.

10 Question enrages him: at once, good night:Lady. What! quite unmann'd in folly? Stand not upon the order of your going, Mucb. If I stand here, I saw him.

But go at once. Lady. Fie, for shame!


Len. Good night, and better health, Macb. Blood hath been shed ere now, i'the older Attend his majesty! Ere human statute purg'd the gentle weal'; 15 Lady. A kind good-night to all! [Ereunt Lords. Aye, and since too, murders have been perform’d Macb. It will have blood, they say; blood will Too terrible for the ear: the times have been,

have blood:

[speak; That, when the brains wereout, the man would die, Stones have been known to move, and trees to And there an end: but now they rise again, Augurs, and understood relations', have (forth With twenty mortal murders on their crowns, 20 By magot-pies', and choughs, and rooks, brought And push us from our stools: This is more strange The secret'st man of blood.- What is the night? Than such a murder is.

Lady. Almost at odds with morning, which is Ludy. My worthy lord,


[person, Your noble friends do lack you.

Macb. How say'st thou, that Macduff denies his Macb. I do forget.

25 At our great bidding? Do not muse? at me, my most worthy friends ; Lady. Did you send to him, sir? I have a strange infirmity, which is nothing (all: Macb. I heard it by the way: but I will send: To those that know me. Come, love and health to There's not a one of them, but in his house Then I'll sit down:-Give me somewine, till full:- I keep a servant fee'd. I will to

morrow I drink to the general joy of the whole table, 30 (And betimes I will) unto the weird sisters : Re-enter Ghost.

More shall they speak; for now I'am bent to know, And to our dear friend Banquo, whom we miss ; By the worst means, the worst: for mine own good, Would he were here! To all, and him, we thirst, AN

causes shall give way; I am in blood And all to all ?

Stept in so far, that, should I wade no more, Lords. Our duties, and the pledge. [hide thee! 35 Returning were as tedious as go o'er: Macb. Avaunt! and quit my sight! Let the earth Strange things I have in head, that will to hand; Thy bones are marrowless, thy blood is cold; Which must be acted, ere they may be scann'd'. Thou hast no speculation in those eyes

Lady. You lack the season of all natures, sleep: Which thou dost glare with!

Macb. Come, we'll to sleep: My strange and Ludy. Think of this, good peers,


self-abuse But as a thing of custom: 'tis no other;

Is the initiate fear, that wants hard use: Only it spoils the pleasure of the time.

We are yet but young in deed. [Exeunt. Nlacb. What nian dare, I dare:


Approach thou like the rugged Russian bear,
The arm'd rhinoceros, or the Hyrcan tyger,

45. Thunder.' Enter the three Witches, ineeting Take any shape but that, and my firın nerves

Hecate. Shall never tremble: or, be alive again,

1 Witch. Why, how now,

look And dare ne to the desert with thy sword;

angerly. If trembling I inhabit", then protest me

Hec. Have I not reason, beldamies as you are, The baby of a girl. Hence, horrible shadow! 50 Saucy, and overbold? How did you dare L'nreal mockery, hence!--Whv,so ;-being gone, To trade and traffic with Macbeih, am a man again.-- Pray you, sit still.

In riddles, and affairs of death; Lady. You have displac'd the mirth, broke the And I, the mistress of your charms, With most admir'd disorder, [good meeting, The close contriver of all harms,

* The gentle weal is the peaceable communitu. 2j. e. wonder. ' i. e. all good wishes to all ; such as he had named above, love, health, and joy. Pope reads, and tre think properly, inhibit; that is, if I refuse, or ernde thee. Meauing, puss oder us like a summer's cloud. Mr. Steevens elucidates this passage thus: “ You prove to me that I am a stranger even to my own disposition, “ when I perceive that the very object which steals the colour from my cheek, permits it to remain “ in yours. In other words,- -You prove to me how false an opinion I have hitherto maintained “ of my own courage, when yours on the trial is found to exceed it." By relation is here meant the connection of effects with causes. * i. e. magpies. Magot-pie is the original name of the bird, from magnt, Fr. and hence also the modern abbreviation of inug, applied to pies, ? To scan is to cxamine nicely. 10 i. e. refreshment.


Hecat'? you



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