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PHILIP, King of France. Prince HENRY, Son to the King.
Lewis, the Dauphin. ARTHUR, Duke of Bretagne, und Nephew to the Arch-duke of AustriA. King.
Cardinal PÂNDULPHO, the Pope's Legate.. PEMBROKE,
Melun, a French Lord. Essex',
CHATILLON, Ambassador from France to King
Constance, Mother to Arthur.
and Niece to King John. JAMES Gurney, Servant to the Lady Faulcon. Lady FAULCONBRIDGE, Mother to the Bastard bridge.
and Robert Faulconbridge. PETER of POMFRET, a Prophet. Citizens of Angiers, Heralds, Executioners, Messengers, Soldiers, and other Attendants.
The SCENE, sometimes in England, and sometimes in France.
S CE N E I.
And put the same into young Arthur's hand, Northampton.
Thy nephew, and right royal sovereign.
K. Jöhn. What follows, if we disallow of this? Aroom of state in the palace.
Chat. The proud controul of fierce and bloody Euter King John, Queen Elinor, Pembroke, Es- 5 To inforce these rights so forcibly withheld. [war, ser, and Salisbury, with Chatillon.
K. John. Here have we war for war, and blood K. John. Now, say, Chatillon, what would for blood,
France with us? [France, Controulment forcontroulment; soanswer France. Chat. Thus, after greeting, speaks the king of Chat. Then take my king's defiance from my In my behaviour,“ to the majesty,
10 The farthest limit of my embassy. [mouth, The borrow'd majesty of England here.
K. John. Bear mine to him, and so depart in
An honourable conduct let him have;-
[Exeunt Chat. and Pem. Which sways usurpingly those several titles; 20! Eli. What now, my son? have I not ever said
Mr. Theobald remarks, that though this play had the title of The Life and Death of King John, yet the action of it begins at the thirty-fourth year of his life ; and takes in only some transactions of his reign at the time of his demise, being an interval of about seventeen years. Mr. Steevens observes, that Hall, HoHinshed, Stowe, &c. are closely followed not only in the conduct, but sometimes in the expressions throughout the following historical dramas ; viz. Macbeth, this play, Richard II. Henry IV. 2 parts, Henry V. Henry VI. 3 parts, Richard III. and Henry VIII. 2 William Mareshall
Jeffrey Fitzpeter, Ch.J. of England. William Longsword, son to Henry II. by Rosamond Clifford. · Roger, Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk. • i. e. in my character. "ri. e. opposition. Сс 2
How pers Essex,
How that ambitious Constance would not cease, O old Sir Robert, father, on my knee
ki John. Why, what a mad-cap hath hearen This might have been prevented, and made whole,
lent us here! With very easy arguments of love;
5 Eli. Ile hath a trick’ of Caur-de-lion's face, Which now the manage' of two kingdoms mu-t The accent of his tongue affecteth him: With fearful bloody issue arbitrate. [lis.
Do you not read soine tokens of my son K. John. Our strong possession, and our right for In the large composition of this man?
Eli. Yourstrongpossession,much more than your K.John. Mine eye bath weHexamined his parts, Or else it must go wrong with you, and me: [right;/10 And tinds them perfect Richard. --Sirrah, speak, So much my conscience whispers in your ear: What doth move you to claim your brother's land? Which none but heaven, and you, and I, shall bear. Phil. Because he hath a half-face, like my father; Enter the Sherif of Northamptonshire, who whis- With that half-face wodid he have all ny land:
A half-tac'd groat' five hundred pound a year! Esser.My liege, here is the strangest controversy, 15 Rob. Mygracious liege,whe:that my father liv'd, Come froin the country to be judg'd by you, Your brother did employ my father inuch ;That e'er I heard : Shall I produce the men? Phil. Well, sir, by this you cannot get my land;
K. John. Let them approach.--. [Exit Sheriff. Your tale must be, how he employ'd my mother. Our abbies, and our prioriės, shall pay
Rob. And once dispatch'd him in an embassy Re-enter Sherifl with Robert Faulconbridge; and 20 To Germany, there, with the emperor, Philip, his brother.
To treat of high affairs touching that time: This expedition's charge.- What men are you? The advantage of his absence took the king,
Phil.'Your faithful subject I, a gentleman, And in the mean time sojourn'd at my father's; Born in Northamptonshire; and eldest son, Where how he did prevail, I shame to speak; As I suppose, to Robert Faulconbridge; 25 But truth is truth; large lengths of seas and shores A soldier, by the honour-giving hand
Between my father and my nwther lay, Of Cæur-de-lion knighted in the field.
(As I have heard my father speak himself) K. John. What art thou ?
When this same lusty gentleman was got. Rob. Theson and heir to thatsame Faulconbridge. (pon his death-bed he by will bequeath'd
K. John. Is that the elder, and art thou the heir:30 His lands to me; and took it on his death, You came not of one mother then, it seems. That this, my mother's son, was none of his;
Phil. Most certain of one mother, mighty king, And, if he were, he came into the world
k. John. Sirrah, your brother is legitimate; Eli. Out on thee, rude man! thou dost shame Your father's wife did after wedlock bear him: thy mother,
And, if she did play false, the fault was hers; And wound her honour with this diffidence. Which fault lies on the hazard of all husbands
Phil. I, madam ? no, I have no reason for it; 40 That marry wives. Tell me, how if my brother, That is my brother's piea, and vone of mine ; Who, as you say, took pains to get this son, The which if he can prove, a' pops me out Had of your father claim'd this son for his? At least from fair five hundred pounds a-year: In sooth, good friend, your father might have kept Heaven guard niy mother's honour, and iny land! This calt, bred from his cow, from all the world; K. John. A good blunt fellow :- Why; being 15 In sooth, he might: then, if he were my brother's
, younger born,
My brother might not claim him; nor your father, Doth he lay claim to thine inheritance ?
Being none of his, refuse him: This concludes Phil. I know not why, except to get the land. My mother's son did get your father': heir; But once he slander'd me with bastardy:
Your father's heir must have your father's land. But whe'r I be as true begot, or no,
50 Rob. Shali then my father's will be of no force, That still I lay upon my mother's head;
Po cispossess the child that is not his ? But that I am as well begot, my liege,
Phil. Of no more force to dispossess me, sir, (Fair fall the bones that took the pains for me!) Than was his will to get me, as I think. Compare our faces, and be judge yourself.
Eli. Whether badst thou rather,--be a Faul. If old Sir Robert did beget us botli,
combridge, And were our father, and this son like him ;- And like thy brother, to enjoy thy land;
' That is, conduct, administration. ? • Meaning, that peculiarity of face which may be sufficiently shewn by the slightest outline. Our author is here knowinglý guilty of an avachronism, as he alludes io a coin not struck till the year 1504, in the reign of king Henry VII. viz. a groat, which, as well as the half groat, bare but half faces impressed. The groats of all our kings of Englaud, and indeed all their other coins of silver, one or two only excepted, had a full face crown'd; till Henry VII. at the time above mentioned, coined groats and half groats, as also some shillings
, with half taces, i. e. faces in profile, as all our coin has now. The first groats of king Henry Vill. were like those of his father; though afterwards he returned to the broad faces again. In the time of King John there we.e no groats at all, they being tirst, as far as appears, cuined in the reign of king Edward ill.
Or the reputed son of Cæur-de-lion,
Phil. Brother, adieu;Good fortune come to thee, Lord of thy presence', and no land beside? For thou wast got i' the way of honesty! Phil. Madam, an if my brotber bad my shape,
[Ereunt all but Philip. And I had his, sir Robert's his, like bim“;
A foot of honour better tlian I was.;
, now can I make any Joan a Lady: That in mine ear I durst not stick a rose', [goes! Good den, Sir Richard, -God-a-mercy, fillozu?;Lest men should say, Look, where three-tartning: And if his name be George, I'll call him Peter : And, to his shape, were heir to all this land, For new-made honour doth forget men's names: 'Would I might never stir from off this place, 101 Tis too respective", and too sociable, I'd give it every tout to have this face;
For your conversing. Now your traveller, I would not be Sir Nob in any case. [tune, He and his tooth-pick'at my worship's mess;
Eli. I like thee well; wilt thou forsake thy for And when my knightly stomach is suffic'd, Pequeath thy land to him, and follow me? Why then I suck my teeth, and catechise I am a soldier, and now bound to France. 15 My piked to man of countries :My dear sir, Phil. Brother, take you my land, I'll take my (Thus, leaning on my elbow, I begin) chance:
i slali besecch you—That is question now: Your face hath got tive hundred pound a-year; And then comes answer like an ABC-book!:-Yet sell your face for five pence, and 'tis dear. - Usir, says answer, at your best command: Madam, I'll follow you unto the death. 20 At your employment; at your sirrice, sir :
Eli. Nay, I would have yonigo before ine thither. . Vo, sir, says question; I, sweet sir, at yours: Phil. Ourcountry inannersgive our bettersuay. And so, ere answer knows what question would, K. John. What is thy name?
(Saving in dialogue of compliment;
But this is worshipful society,
Phil. Brother by the mother's side, give me your 30 That does not smack of observation:
Exterior forin, outward accoutrement;
But from the inward motion to deliver I am thy grandame, Richard ; call me so. 35 sweet, sweet, sweet poison for the age's tooth: Phil. Madam, by chance, but not by truth : Which" though I will not practise to deceive, What though?
Yet, to avoid deceit, I mean to learn; Something about, a little from the right,
For it shall strew the footsteps of my rising.--In at the window, or else o'er the hatch': But who comes in such báste, in riding robes ? Who dares not stir by day, must walk by night; 40 What woman-post is this ? hath she no husband,
And have is have, however men do catch: Chat will take pains to blow a horn before her'? Near or far off, well won is still well shot; Enter Lady Fuulconbridge and James Gurney. And I am I, howe'er I was begot.
O me! it is my mother:—How now, good lady? K. John. Go, Faulconbridge; now hast thou What brings you here to court so hastily? [he, thy desire,
45 Lady. Where is that slave, thy brother whereis A landless knight makes thee a landed 'squire.- Chat bold; in chase mine honour up and down? Come, madam, and come, Richarıl; we must speed Phil. My brother Robert? old Sir Robert's son? For France, for i'rance; for it is more than need. Lolbrand the giant, that same inighty mian?
'j. e. master of thy majestic figure and dignified appearance. ?The meaning is, “If I had his shape-Sir Robert's-as he has.” Sir Robert his, for Sir Robert's, is agreeable to the practice of that time, when the 's added to the nominative was believed, I think erroneously; to be a contraction of bis. Theobald says, that in this very obscure passage our poet is anticipating the date of another win; humorously to rally a thin face, eclipsed, as it were, by a full-blown rose. We must observe, to explain this aliusion, that queen Elizabeth was the first, and indeed the only prince, who coined in England three-half-pence, and three-farthing pieces. She at one and the same timecoined shillings, sixpences, groats, three-pences, two-pences, three-half-pence, pence, three-farthings, and half-; ence; and these pieces all had her head, and were alternately with the rose behind, and without the rose. The şhilling, groat, two-pence, penny, and half-peony, had it not: the other intermediate coins, viz. the șix-pence, three-pence, three-half-pence, and three-farthings had the rose. But Dr. Warburtun observes, that the sticking roses about them was then all the court-fashion. What then? 5 These expressions mean, says Mr. Steevens, to be born out of wedlock.. " i. e, a step. 'Faulconbridge here entertains himself with the ideas of greatness.--Good den, Sir Richard, he supposes to be the salutation of a vassal. God-a-mercy, tellow, his own supercilious reply to it. 'i. e. respectful. "To pick the teeth, and wear a piqued beard, were, in that time, marks of a traveller, or man affecting foreign' fashions. jo See notes, p. 164. Mi. e. as they then spoke and wrote it, an absey-book, ineaning a cutechism. " Which for this. 1? Dr. Johnson says, our author means, that a woman that trayelled about like a post, was likely to horn her husband,
1; it Sir Roberl's son that you seek so?
Some proper man, I hope; Who was it, mother? Ludy.Sir Robert'sson! Ay, thou unreverend boy, Lady. Hast thoudeny'dthyselfa Fauiconbridge; Sir Robert's son: Why scorn'st thou at Sir Robert Phil. As faithfully as I deny the devil. [ther? He is Sir Robert's son, and so art thou. (while? Lady. King Richard Cæur-de-lion was thy fa
Phil. James Gurney, wilt thou give us leave a 5 By long and vehement suit I was seduc'd
To make room for him in my husband's bed :Phil. Philip ?-sparrow!~James,
Heaven lay not my transgression to my charge! There's toys abroad“; anon I'll tell thee more. Thou art the issue of my dear offence,
[Exit James. Which was so strongly urged, past my defence. Madam, I was not old Sir Robert's son;
101 Phil. Now, by this light, were I to get again, Sir Robert might have eat his part in me Madam, I would not wish a better father. Upon Good-friday, and ne'er broke his fast : Some sins do bear their privilege on earth, Sir Robert could do well ; Marry, to confess! And so doth yours; your fault was not your folly: Could he get me? Sir Robert could not do it ; Needs must you lay your heart at hisdispose, We know his handy-work:-Therefore, gou: ino- 15 Subjected tribute to commanding love, To whom am I beholden for these limbs? (ther, Against whose fury and unmatched force Sir Robert never holp to make this leg.
The awless lion could not wage the fight, Lady. Hast thou conspired with thy brother too, Nor keep his princely heart from Richard's hands. That for thine own gain should'st defend mine He, that perforce robs lions of their hearts, honour?
20 May easily win a woman's. Ay, my mother, What means this scorn, thou most untoward knave: With all my heart I thank thee for my father! Phil. Knight, knight, good mother,-Basilisco Who lives and dares but say, thou didst not well like':
When I was got, I'll send his soul to hell. What! I am dub’d; I have it on my shoulder. Come, lady, I will show thee to my kin; But, mother, I am not Sir Robert's son; 25 And they shall say, when Richard me begot, I have disclaimed Sir Robert, and my land; If thou hadst said him nay, it had been sin : Legitimation, name, and all is gone:
Who says, it was, he lyes; I say, 'twas not. Then, good my mother, let me know my father ;
SC EN E I.
But with a heart full of unstained love:
35 Welcome before the gates of Angiers, duke. Before the walls of Angiers in France.
Lewis. A noble boy! Who would not do thee Enter Philip King of France, Lewis the Dauphin,
right? the Archduke of Austria, Constance, and Arthur. Aust. Upon thy cheek lay I this zealous kiss, Lewis. BEFORE Anglers well met, brave As seal to iliis indenture of my love; .-
40 That to my hoine I will no more return, Arthur, that great fore-runner of thy blood, Till Angiers, and the right thou hast in France, Richard, that robb’d the lion of his heart, Together with that pale, that white-fac'd shore, And fought the holy wars in Palestine,
Whose foot spurns back the ocean's roaring tides, By this brave duke came early to his grave: And coops from other lands her islanders, And, for amends to his posterity,
45 Even till that England, hedg’d in with the main, At our importance' hither is he come,
That water-walled bulwark," still secure To spread his colours, boy, in thy behalf; And confident from foreign purposes, And to rebuke the usurpation
Even 'till that utmost corner of the west, Of thy unnatural uncle, English John ;
Salute thee for her king : 'till then, fair boy, Embrace him, love him, give him welcome bither. 50 Will I not think of home, but follow arms.
Arthur. God shall forgive you Cæur-de-lion's Const. O, take his mother's thanks, a widow's The rather, that you give his offspring life, [death,
(strength, Shadowing their right under your wings of war: Till your strong hand shall help to give him I give you welcome with a powerless hand, To make a more requital to your love.
Good leare means a ready assent, * i. e. rumours, idle reports. "Faulconbridge's words here carry a concealed piece of satire on a stupid drama of thatage, printed in 1599, and called Soliman and Perseda. In this piece there is the character of a bragging cowardly knight, called Basilisco. His pretension to valour is so blown, and seen through, that Piston, a buttoon servant in the play, jumps upon his back, and will not disengage him, till he makes Basilisco swear upon his dudgeon dagger that he was a knave, krave, knare, and no knight, knight, knight, as Basilisco arrogantly stiled hiniself. In the same manner Philip, when his mother calls him knuve, throws off that reproach by humorously laying claim to bis new dignity of knighthood. Shakspeare here alludes to the old metrical romance of Richard Cour de lion, wherein this once celebrated monarch is related to have acquired his distinguishing ap pellation, by baving plucked out a lion's heart to whose fury he was exposed by the duke of Austria; for having slain his son with a blow of his fist. Si. e. importunity. i. e. greater,
. The peace of heaven is theirs, that lift England we love; and for that England's sake, Ir such a just and charitable war. [their swords With burthen of our armour here we sweat : K. Philip. Well then, to work; vur cannon This toil of ours should be a work of thine; shali be bent
But thou from loving England art so far, Against the brows of this resisting town. 5 That thou hast under-wrought' its lawful king, Call for our chiefest men of discipline,
Cut off the sequence of posterity, To cull the plots of best advantages:
Out-faced infant state', and done a rape We'll lay before this town our royal bones, Upon the maiden virtue of the crown. Wade to the market-place in Frenchmen's blood, Look bere upon thy brother Geffrey's face ;But we will make it subject to this boy.
10 These eyes, these brows, were moulded out of his: Const. Stay for an answer to your embassy,
This little abstract doth contain that large, Lest unadvis'd you stain your swords with blood: Which dy'd in Geffrey; and the hand of time My lord Chatillon may from England bring
Shall draw this brief into as huge a volume. That right in peace, which here we urge in war;
That Geffrey was the elder brother born, And then we shall repent cach drop of blood,
15 And this his son; England was Geffrey's right, That hot rash haste so indirectly shed.
And this is Geffrey's: In the name of God,
How comes it then, that thou art call'd a king, K. Philip. A wonder, lady !--o, upon thy wish, When living blood doth in these temples beat, Our messenger Chatillon is arriv'd.
Which owe the crown that thou o'er-masterest? What England says, say briefly, gentle lord,
20 K. John. From whom hast thou this great We coldly pause for thee; Chatillon, speak. [siege,
commission, France, Chat. Then turn your forces from this paltry
To draw my answer froni thy articles? (thoughts And stir them up against á mightier task.
K. Phil. Frontlat supernal judge, thatstirs good England, impatient of your just demands,
In any breast of strong authority, Hath put himself in arms; the adverse winds,
25 To look into the blots and stains of right. Whose leisure I have staid, have given him time That judge hath made me guardian to this boy : To land his legions all as soon as I:
Under whose warrant, i impeach thy wrong; His marches are expedient' to this town,
And by whose help, I mean to chastise it. His forces strong, his soldiers confident.
K. John. Alack, thou dost usurp authority. With him 'is come along the mother-queen,
301 K. Phil. Excuse it ; 'tis to beat usurping down.. An Ate, stirring bim to blood and strife;
Eli. Who is it, thou dost call usurper, France? With her, ber niece, the lady Blanch of Spain;
Const. Let me makeanswer;-thy usurping son.' With them a bastard of the king deceas'd:
Eli. Out, insolent! thy bastard shall be king; And all the unsettled humours of the land,- That thou may'st be a queen, and check the world!. Rash, inconsiderate, fiery voluntaries,
35 Const. My bed was ever to thy son as true, With ladies' faces, and fiery dragons' spleens,
As thine was to thy husband : and this boy Have sold their fortunes at their native homes,
Liker in feature to bis father Getfrey, Bearing their birthrights proudly on their backs,
Than thou and John in manners; being as like, To make a hazard of new fortunes here.
As rain to water, or devil to his dam. In brief, a braver choice of dauntless spirits,
40 My hoy a bastard! By my soul, I think, Than now the English bottoms have waft o'er,
His father never was so true begot ; Did never thoat upon the swelling tide,
It cannot be, an if thou wert his mother. [father. To do offence and scath in Christendom.
Eli. There's a good mother, boy, that blots thy The interruption of their churlislı drums
Const. There's a good grandam, boy, that
would blot thee.
[Drums beat. 45 Cuts off more circuinstance: They are at hand,
Aust. Peace! To parley, or to fight ; therefore, prepare.
Fuulc. Hear the crier. X. Philip. How inuch unlook'd for is this ex
Aust. What the devil art thou? pedition!
Fautc. Onethat will play the devil, sir, with you, Aust. By how much unexpected, by so much 50 An a' may catch your hide and you alone. We must awake endeavour for defence;
You are ihe hare of whoin the proverb goes, For courage mounteth with occasion:
Whose valour plucks dead lions by the beard; Let them be welcome then, we are prepard,
I'll smoak your skin-coat, an I catch you right;
Sirrah, look to't; i'faith, I will, i'faith. Enter King John, Faulconbridge, Elinor,'Blanch, 55 Blunch. O, well did he become that lion's robe; Pembroke, and others.
That did disrobe the lion of that robe! K. John. Peace be to France; if France in peace Faule. It lies as sightly on the back of him, Ourjust and lineal entrance to our own! (permit As great Alcides' shoes upon an ass: If not; bleed France, and peace ascend to heaven! But, ass, I'll take that burden from your back; Whiles we, God's wrathful agent, do correct 60 Or lay on that, shall make your shoulders crack. Their proudcontempt that beat his peacetoheaven. Aúst. What cracker is this same, that deats our K. Philip. Peace be to England; if that warreturn With this abundance of superfluous breath? [ears
; Froun France to England, there to live in peace ! King Lewis, determine what we shall do strait. That is, expeditious, ?i. e. destruction, barın.'i. e. undermined,