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the fowls, unless he be trained to silence. The fe- having more or fewer spots on their coat. I males admit the males before they are twelve have also linked tho turnspit, or terrier with months old. They remain in season ten, twelve, crooked legs, with the common terrier; because or even fifteen days, during which time they ad- the defect of the legs of the former has originally mit a variety of males. They come in season proceeded from a disease similar to the rickets, generally twice a-year, and more frequently in with which some individuals had been affected, the cold than in the hot months. The female and transmitted the deformity to their descengoes with

young about nine weeks. They gene- dants.' rally bring forth from six to twelve puppies. We shall now proceed to describe more partiThose of a small size bring forth four or five, cularly the principal varieties of this animal :sometimes but two. The whelps are commonly 1. The Beagle, the smallest hunting-dog used blind, and cannot open their eyes till the tenth in this country, is chiefly employed in chasing or twelfth day : the males resemble the dog, the the hare, and is remarkable for the melody of its females the bitch. In the fourth month, they tone. Huntsmen distinguish the rough and lose some of their teeth, which are soon suc- smooth beagle, but they are both the same ceeded by others.

species. Buffon has given a genealogical table of all 2. The Bull-dog derives its naine from the the known dogs, in which he makes the chien de barbarous diversion of bull-baiting in which it is berger, or shepherd's dog, the origin of the whole used. It is of the mastiff kind, but is smaller species, because it is naturally the most sensible. with a somewhat flatter snout, the lower jaw See plate, Dogs and Drains. This table is in- projecting considerably beyond the upper one. tended not only to exhibit the different kinds of its aspect is very ferocious, and its courage and dogs, but to give an idea of their varieties as obstinacy in attacking the bull are well known. arising from a degeneration in particular climates, It generally seizes on the lip or other part of the and from a commixture of the different races. face, pinning the bull, as it is called, to the The chien de berger, or shepherd's dog,' says ground, and maintaining its hold in spite of Buffon, is the root of the tree. This dog, when every effort of the animal to disengage himself. transported into Lapland, or other very cold cli- Goldsmith relates, that, at a bull-bait in the North mates, assumes an ugly appearance, and shrinks of England, a young man wagered that his dog into a smaller size; but in Russia, Iceland, and would attack the bull after his feet were cut off Siberia, where the climate is less rigorous, and one by one. The cruel experiment was tried, the people a little more advanced in civilisation, and the dog seized the bull as eagerly as ever! he seems to be better accomplished. These 3. Dalmatian, or Coach-dog, is an animal of changes are occasioned solely by the influence great beauty, being of a white color, elegantly of those climates, which produce no great altera- marked on all parts with numerous round black tion on the figure of this dog; for, in each of spots. The native country of this breed is unthese climates his ears are erect, his hair thick certain; it is commonly termed the Danish dog, and long, his aspect wild, and he barks less fre- and is usually kept by gentlemen as an attendant quently, and in a different manner, than in more on the carriage. favorable climates, where he acquires a finer po 4. Greenland, or Kamtschatdale dog: Dogs lisb. The Iceland dog is the only one that has of this species have a long sharp nose, erect not his ears entirely erect; for their extremities pointed ears, and a long tail, and are more like are a little inclined; and Iceland, of all the the shepherd's dog of various parts of Europe northern regions, has been longest inhabited by than any other. They are of different colors, half-civilised men.

The shepherd's dog, when and many of them curiously spotted. In sumbrought into temperate climates, and among a mer they scratch a hole in the earth in which they people perfectly civilised, as Britain, France, lie, as being cooler, and in the winter they bury Germany, would, by the mere influence of the themselves in the snow in the same way, as a climate, lose his savage aspect, his erect ears, his shelter from the frost. They can bear any derude, thick, long hair, and assume the figure of gree of cold better than heat; and in spring, the bull-dog, the hound, and the Irish grey- when the weather begins to be warm, they pant hound. The bull-dog and the Irish grey-hound as .f come off a long journey. As soon as these have their ears still partly erect, and very much dogs can eat, their training begins. They are resemble, both in their manners and sanguinary then tied to a stake, and plenteously fed with temper, the dog from which they derive their ori- soup made of fish, by which means they grow gin. The hound is farthest removed from the shep- stronger and larger than if suffered to be loose. berd's dog; for his ears are long, and entirely A dark place or pit is considered best for their pendulous. The gentleness, docility, and even confinement, as this makes them timid, and timidity of the hound, are proofs of his great afraid of surrounding objects, and they exert degeneration, or rather of the great perfection their strength more effectually to avoid them. he has acquired by the long and careful educa- All those designed for the draught are castrated, tion bestowed on him by man. The hound, the and have their tails cropped, and such as have harrier, and the terrier, constitute but one race; large bones, a broad foot, a wide mouth, and are for, it has been remarked, that in the same litter, thick made at the back of the head and in the hounds, harriers, and terriers, have been brought breast, are considered as the best adapted for forth, though the female hound had been covered work. Each dog has a particular name, as with ljy only one of these three dogs. I have joined us, which is of great use in driving them, as the the common harrier to the Dalmatian dog, or whole set is managed by the voice, neither reins Izarrisr of Bengal, because they differ only in nor whip being used for this purpose. They are

fed on fish, which is given them in all possible of the common greyhound. It is a beautiful and forms; raw, dressed, dried, fresh, frozen, or pu- delicate animal, not common in this country, trid. After they are full grown they are suffered the climate being too cold. to range at large during the summer, as their 8. Harrier, another of the hunting dogs, services are not then wanted, and they provide closely allied to the beagle, and like that kind their own food without any trouble to their comprehending several varieties. This is larger owners. They frequent the shore, and lurk on than the beagle, more nimble, and better adapted the banks of the rivers, often standing up to the to endure the labor of the chase. In the purbelly in water catching the fish, at which they suit of the hare it evinces the warmest ardor, snap with such a certain aim, that they seldom and frequently outstrips the speed of the fleetest miss it if within reach. When the salmon as- sportsman. A hybrid breed between this and the cend the rivers in great numbers, their food is terrier, is sometimes kept for hunting the otter. abundant, and they only eat the heads, as being 9. Blood-hound or Sleuth dog. This sort of the finest flavored. In autumn, want of food hound was held in high request among our ancesobliges them to return to the dwellings of their tors, and as it was remarkable for the most exmasters, where they are tied up, that they may quisite sense of smelling, was frequently embe ready for use when wanted. They are then ployed in recovering game that had escaped very fat, so that a small piece of dried fish is froin the hunter. It could follow, with great all that is given them, and this very sparingly, certainty, the footsteps of a man to a considerthat they may be the snoner fit for work, as a fat able distance, and was therefore of the utmost heavy dog is never a good traveller. They do utility in those barbarous and uncivilised times, not bark like the European dogs, but make a in tracing murderers and other felons through sort of howl, and at this season they express the the most secret coverts. In many districts, inmost piteous lamentations day and night for the fested with robbers, a certain number of these Joss of their liberty. The villages generally con- hounds were maintained at the public charge, sist of fifteen or twenty houses, each of which and in general proved the means of discovering has at least six dogs belonging to it, and when the perpetrators of crimes when every other enone dog sets up a howl, all the rest immediately deavour failed of success. The breed of this follow, and make the most horrible noise imagi- kind of dog is not very generally cultivated at nable.

this time. Some few are kept for the pursuit of Six of these dogs are the usual number deer which have been previously wounded by a yoked to a sledge, and they are capable of shot to draw blood, the scent of which enables drawing a weight of 600 or 700 pounds, at tne the dog to pursue with the greatest certainty. rate of ten or twelve versts an hour; the best During the American war numbers of them were dogs, however, will often go fifteen versts or sent to that country, and employed in discovering more, which is from eight to ten miles. With fugitives concealed in the woods and other secret about half a dried or frozen fish given them in places : they were in use also, for a similar purthe morning, they will run sixty or eighty, and pose, during the late revolts in the West-India sometimes even a hundred versts a day; after islands, and likewise in Ireland at the time of the which they are well fed. At other times food is last rebellion. They are sometimes employed in very sparingly administered to them. The price discovering deer-stealers, whom they infallibly of the common dogs is from thirty to forty rubles, trace by the blood that issues from the wounds but a good leader will sometimes sell for 100 of their victims. They are also said to be kept rubles.

in convents situated in the lonely mountainous 5. The greyhound is remarkable for the slen- countries of Switzerland, both as a guard to derness of its form, its elongated snout, and the the sacred mansions, and to find out the bodies extreme swiftness of its course. It is indeed of men who have been unfortunately lost in estecmed the fleetest of all the hunting dogs, crossing those wild and dreary tracts. but, as it wants the faculty of scent, follows hy 10. Old English hound is distinguished by its the eye. Formerly, the greyhound was held in great size and strength: the body is long, with a such esteem, that, by the laws of king Canute, it deep chest, its ears long and sweeping, and the was enacted that no one under the degree of a tone of its voice peculiarly deep and mellow. gentleman should presume to keep one. It possesses the most exquisite sense of smelling,

6. Irish greyhound. This is the largest of the and can often discover the scent an hour after dog kind, and in its appearance the most beau- the beagles have given it up. Dogs of this kind tiful and majestic. The breed is peculiar to Ire- were once common in Britain, and are said to land, where it was formerly of great use in have been formerly much larger than at present. destroying the wolves, with which that country 11. For-hound. The breeding and training was much infested, but is now extremely rare. of this kind of dog is attended to with so much These dogs are generally of a white or cinnamon care in this country, that they are superior in color, and more robust than the greyhound, their strength, agility, and swiftness, to these of every aspect mild, and their disposition gentle and other part of the world. It is affirmed, that the peaceable. It is said thai their strength is so fox-hounds reared in this country lose much of great, that in combat the mastiff or bull dog is far their native vigor, on being transported into any from being equal to them. They commonly seize other climate. In choosing these animals, such their antagonists by the back, and shake them to as stand high and appear light in their make are death.

deemed preferable. The fox-hound is not limited 7. Italian greyhound, has the body arched and to the pursuit of the fox only, but is instructed the snout tapering, but its size is only half that also to hunt the stag and other deer, and is found



equal to the most arduous contests of the chase. is remarkably api at receiving instruction, and is A chase of six or eight hours has been sustained chiefly employed in finding partridges, pheaby these hounds on many occasions; and in 1795, sants, &c., for the dog or gun. Merkin, a celebrated fox-hound bitch, was chal 19. Pug-dog has the nose turned upwards, lenged to run any hound of her years, five miles the ears pendulous, and body square. In its over Newmarket, giving 220 yards, for 10,000 outward appearance this animal resenibles the guineas, and as a run for trial, performed a race bull-dog in miniature: it was formerly very comof four miles in seven minutes and a half. mon in England, but has of late years become

12. King Charles's dog, a variety of the most elegant kind, and which is sufficiently known in 20. Setter, a nardy, nimble, and handsome this country under the appellation above-men- dog, possessed of an exquisite scent and sagacity tioned. The head is small and rounded, with in discovering various kinds of game, especially the snout short, and the tail curved back; its birds, and esteemed one of the most valuable of ears are long, hair curled, and feet webbed.. Its our hunting dogs. name is derived from its being a favorite of 21. Shepherd's dog, canis domesticus of LinCharles II., who was always accompanied hy næus, and le chien de berger of Buffon, is dissome of these beautiful animals.

tinguished by its upright ears and remarkable 13. Lion-dog, an animal generally of small velocity of the tail beneath; and stands at the size, having the head and fore part of the body head of the first class of farm dogs. This breed covered with shaggy hair, while the hind part is of dogs is said to be preserved in the greatest quite smooth, except a tuft at the end of the tail. purity in the northern parts of Scotland. In

Lurcher, the usual attendant on the driving a number of sheep to any distant part, a poacher, is a dog of smaller size than the grey- well-trained dog never fails to confine them to hound, and stouter in proportion; its hair rough the road; he watches every avenue that leads and commonly of a pale yellowish color, and the from it, and pursues the stragglers, if any should aspect of its visage remarkable for its sullenness. escape, and forces them into order without doing As this dog possesses the advantage of a fine them the least injury. If the herdsman be at scent, it is most commonly employed in killing any time absent from the flock, he depends upon hares and rabbits during the night-time. When his dog to keep them together; and, as soon as tumed into the warren it lurks about with the he gives the well-known signal, this faithful utmost precaution, and darts upon the rabbits, creature conducts them to his master, though at while feeding, without barking or making the a considerable distance. least noise; and then conveys his booty in silence 22. The Spaniel is known by its curled hair, to his master.

and propensity to the water. It is far more 15. Maltese dog, a variety with long soft and elegant than the water dog, and its aspect more silky hair, appertaining to the spaniel kind, very sagacious and mild: the ears are long and pensmall, and of a white color in general. This is dulous, and the hair beautifully crisped. It is one of the most elegant of the lap-dog kind, and chiefly used in discovering the haunts of waterin some varieties, as in the shock, is almost con- fowl, and in finding birds that have been shot in cealed in the hair which covers it from head to marshy places. foot.

23. Terrier, a small thickset dog, of which 16. Mastiff. This is the size of a wolf, very there are two kinds, one with the legs short, the robust in its form, and having the sides of the back long, and most commonly of a black or lips pendulous. Its aspect is sullen, its bark yellowish color mixed with white; the other of loud and terrific; and he appears every way more sprightly appearance, with the body shorter, formed for the important trust of guarding pro- and the color reddish-brown or black. In both perty committed to his care. As a house or yard the disposition is nearly the same; it has an dog, he may be perhaps more valuable than the acute smell, is generally an attendant on every Newfoundland breed, which is more commonly pack of hounds, and is very expert in forcing kept for this purpose. The mastiff, in its pure foxes and other game out of their coverts. state, is seldom met with. The generality of 24. Turnspit, a spirited and active dog, once dogs, distinguished by that name, are crossed an indispensable attendant on the spit. The breeds between the mastiff and bull-dog, or the turnspit is distinguished by having the body ban-dog.

long, the legs very short, and the tail curled on 17. Newfoundland dog, a variety of large size, the back ; its usual color is grayish, with black superior strength, sagacity, and docile disposi- spots. Gmelin has three varieties of this family tion. The feet of this kind of deg are more pal- of dogs, one of which has the feet straight, anomated than usual, and the animal is remarkably ther the feet curved, and the third having the partial tn the water. The breed of Newfound- body covered with long curly hair. land dogs was originally brought from the coun 25. Water dog, a variety, distinguished by its try of which they bear the name, where they are curly hair, which much resembles wool. The extremely useful to the settlers on those coasts, webs between the tocs are larger than in most who employ them as animals of burden, to bring other dogs, which sufficiently accounts for the wood from the interior of the country to the sea ease with which it swims, and renders it useful side : threc or four of them yoked to a sledge will in hunting ducks and other water-fowl. Dogs draw two or three hundred weight of wood piled of this breed are also frequently kept on board upon it for several miles with great ease. ships, for the purpose of sending into the water

18. Pointer, originally a native of Spain, but after any small article that may chance to fall long since naturalised in this country. This dog overboard.

In order to choose a dog and bitch for good morning they are to be taken out, but a little whelps, take care that the bitch come of a gener- milk; but if you stop for your own refreshment ous kind, be well proportioned, baving large ribs in the day, the dogs should also get a little bread and flanks; and likewise that the dog be of a and milk. A pointer ought not to be hunted good breed and young; for a young dog and an oftener than two or three days in a week; and old bitch breed excellent whelps. The best time unless you take care of his feet, and give him for hounds to be lined in, are the months of good lodging as well as proper food, he will not January, February, or March. The bitch should be able to perform that through the season. You be used to a kennel, that she may like it after her should therefore, after a day's hard hunting, whelping, and she ought to be kept warm. 'Let wash his feet with warm water and salt; and the whelps be weaned after two months old; and when dry, wash them with warm broth, or beer though it be somewhat difficult to choose a and butter, which will heal their soreness, and whelp under the dam that will prove the best of prevent a settled stiffness from fixing. It has the litter, yet some approve that which is last, been 'already observed, that dogs are of a hot and account him to be the best. Others remove constitution; the greatest relief to them in sumthe whelps from the kennel, and lay them se mer is twitch grass, sometimes called dog grass. verally and apart one from the other; then they It will therefore be proper to plant some of it in watch which of them the bitch first takes and a place into which the dogs may be turned every carries into her kennel again, and that they sup- morning; and by feeding freely on it, they will pose to be the best. Others again imagine that be cured of the sickness they are subject to, as which weighs least when it sucks to be the best: well as of any extraordinary heat of the blood; this is certain, that the lighter whelp will prove but unless the grass be of this sort, it will the swifter. As soon as the bitch is littered, it have no effect. Dogs are exposed to different is proper to choose them you mean to preserve, casualties, such as bites, blows, poison, &c. If and drown the rest : keep the black, brown, or of dogs are bitten by any venomous creatures, as one color, for the spotted are not much to be snakes, adders, &c., squeeze out the blood, and esteemed, though of hounds the spotted are to wash the place with salt and urine; then lay a be valued. Hounds for chase are to be chosen plaster to it made of calamine, pounded in a mor by their colors. The white, with black ears, and tar, with turpentine and yellow wax, till it come a spot at the setting on of the tail, are the prin- to a salve. If you give your dog some of the cipal to compose a kennel of, if of good scent juice of calamine to drink'in milk, it will be of and condition. The black hound, or the black service; or an ounce of treacle dissolved in sweet tanned, or the all liver-colored, or all whíte: the wine. If a dog has received any little wounds true talbots are the best of the stronger line; by forcing through hedges, or gets any lameness the grizzled, whether mixed or unmixed, so they from a blow or strain, bathe the

wound or grieved be shag-haired, are the best verminers, and a part with salt and cold vinegar (for warming it couple of these are proper for a kennel. In only evaporates the fine spirit); and when dry, short, take these marks of a good hound: that if a wound, you may pour in it a little friar's his head be a middle proportion, rather long balsam, which will perform the cure sooner than than round : his nostrils wide, his ears large, any method hitherto experienced. his back bowed; his fillet great, his haunches For stcaling a dog a man is to forfeit to the large, thighs well trussed, ham straight, tail big king, for the first offence, not less than £30, nor near the reins, the rest slender, the leg big, the more than £50, with the charges attendant on sole of the foot dry, and in the form of that of a his conviction, or be imprisoned not less than fox, with large claws. As pointers and spa- six, or more than twelve, months. Any person niels, when good of their kinds, and well broken, keeping a dog accustomed to bite, is liable to are very valuable to sportsmen, it is worth while be indicted for a common nuisance; and an to take some care to preserve them in health. action will lie against any person for any sheep, This very much depends on their diet and lodg- horse, &c , torn by a dog, if it is proved that the ing ; frequent cleaning their kennels, and giving animal has done so before them fresh straw to lie on, is very necessary; or,

Dogs, DISEASES OF. Dogs are subject to in summer time, deal shavings or sand, instead various diseases: the principal are thus deof straw, will check the breeding of fieas. A scribed by Blaine, with the method of their cure. dog is of a very hot nature ; he should there The canine asthma is hardly ever observed to fore never be without clean water by him, that attack any hut either old dogs, or those who, by he may drink when he is thirsty. In regard to confinement, too full living, and want of exer, their food, carrion is by no means proper for cise, may be supposed to have become diseased them: it must hurt their sense of smelling, on by these deviations from a state of nature. It is which the excellence of these dogs greatly de- hardly possible to keep a dog very fat for any pends. Barleymeal, the dross of wheat flour, great length of time, without bringing it on. or both mixed together, with broth or skimmed This cough is frequently confounded with the milk, is very proper food. For change, a small cough that precedes and accompanies distemper, quantity of greaves, from which the tallow is but it may be readily distinguished from this by pressed by the chandlers, mixed with flour, or an attention to circumstances, as the age of the sheep's feet well baked or boiled, are a very animal, its not affecting the general health, por good diet: and when you indulge them with producing immediate emaciation, and its less flesh, it should always be boiled. In the season readily giving way to medicine.

The cure is of hunting, it is proper to feed the dogs in the often very difficult, because the disease has tu evening before, and give them nothing in the general been long neglected before it is sufficiently

noticed by 'the owners.' As it is in general Distemper. This is by far the most common brought on by confinement, too much warmth, and most fatal among the diseases of dogs; and over-feeding; so it is evident the cure must hardly any young dog escaping it; and of the be begun by a steady persevering alteration in few who do escape it in their youth, threethese particulars. The medicines most useful, fourths are attacked with it at some period afterare alteratives, and of these occasional emetics wards : it being a mistake that young dogs only are the best. One grain of tartarised antimony have it. It, however, generally attacks before (i.e. tartar emetic), with two, three, or four the animal arrives at eighteen months old. When grains of calomel, is a very useful and valuable it comes on very early, the chances of recovery emetic. This dose is sufficient for a small dog, are very small. It is peculiarly fatal to greyand may be repeated twice a week with great hounds, much more so than to any other kind of success—always with palliation.

dog generally carrying them off by excessive Of diseases of the eyes dogs are subject to scouring. It is very contagious: but it is hy no almost as great a variety as ourselves, many of means necessary that there should be contagion which end in blindness. No treatment yet dis- present to produce it; on the contrary, the concovered will remove or prevent this complaint. stitutional liability to it is such, that any cold Sore eyes, though not in general ending in blind- taken may bring it on: and hence it is very ness, are very common among dogs. It is an common to date its commencement from dogs affection of the eyelids, is not unlike the scrofu- being thrown into water, or shut out on a rainy lous affection of the human eyelids, and is equally day, &c. There is no disease which presents benefited by the same treatment: an unguent such varieties as this, either in its mode of made of equal parts of nitrated quicksilver oint- attack or during its continuance. In some cases ment, prepared tutty and lard, very lightly ap- it commences by purging, in others by fits. Some plied. Dropsy of the eyeball is likewise some have cough only, some waste, and others have times met with, but is incurable.

moisture from the eyes and nose, without any Cancer. The virulent dreadful ulcer, that is so other active symptom. Moist eyes, dulness, fatal in the human subject, and is called cancer, wasting, with slight cough, and sickness, are the is unknown in dogs; yet there is very commonly common symptoms that betoken its approach. a large schirrous swelling of the teats in bitches, Then purging comes on, and the moisture from and of the testicles (though less frequent) in dogs, the eyes and nose from mere mucus becomes that as it sometimes becomes ulcerated, so it may puis, or matter. There is also frequently sneezing, be characterised by this name. In the early state with a weakness in the loins. When the disease of the disease discutients prove useful, as vine- in this latter case is not speedily removed, unigar with salt, and camphor and Spanish flies, versal palsy comes on. During the progress of with mercurial ointment, have sometimes suc- the complaint, some dogs have fits. When one ceeded ; taking care to avoid irritating the part fit succeeds another quickly, the recovery is exso much as to produce blister. But when the tremely doubtful. Many dogs are carried off swelling is detached from the belly, and hangs rapidly by the fits, or by purging; others waste penduioas in the skin, it had better be removed, gradually from the running from the nose and and as a future preventive suffer the bitch to eyes, and these cases are always accompanied breed, Schirrous testicles are likewise some with great marks of putridity. In the early times mct with; for these no treatment yet dis- stages of the complaint give emetics; they are covered succeeds but the removal of the part, and peculiarly useful. A large spoonful of common that before the spermatic chord becomes much salt, dissolved in three spoonfuls of warm water, affected, or it will be useless.

has been recommended; the quantity of salt Colic. Dogs are subject to two kinds of co- being increased according to the size of the dog, lic; one arising from constipation of the bowels, and the difficulty of making him to vomit. While the other is of a kind peculiar to dogs, apparently a dog remains strong, one every other day is not partaking of the nature of rheumatism, and also too much: the bowels,should be kept open, but of spasm. From a sudden or violent exposure active purging should be avoided. In case the to cold, dogs become sometimes suddenly para- complaint should be accompanied with excessive lytic, particularly in the binder parts; having looseness, it should be immediately stopped by great tenderness and pain, and every appearance balls made of equal parts of grim arabic, preof lumbago. In every instance of this kind there pared chalk, and conserve of roses, with riceis considerable affection of the bowels, generally milk as food. Two or three grains of James's costiveness, always great pain. A warm bath, powder may be advantageously given at night, external stin nts, but more particularly active in cases where the bowels are not affected, and aperients, remove the colic. Colic, arising from in the cases where the matter from the nose and costiveness, is not in general violently acute from eyes betokens much putridity, we have witnessed the pain it produces; sometimes it appears ac- great benefit from balls made of what is termed companied with more spasm than is immediately friars' balsam, gum guaiacum, and chamomile dependent on the confinement of the bowels. flowers in powder : but the most popular reIn the former give active aperients, as calomelmedy is a powder prepared and vended under with pil. cochiæ, i. e. aloetic pill and glysters; in the name of Distemper Powder, with instructions the latter castor oil, with laudanum and ether. for the use of it. Dogs, in every stage of the dis

Cough. Two kinds of cough are common ease, should be particularly well fed. A seton among dogs, one accompanying distemper, the we have not found so useful as is generally supother in an asthmatic affection of the chest. See posed; where the nose is much stopped, rubbing Canine Asthma.

on the upper paa is useful, and when

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