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EARL OF Instrument of sasine of these lands given by the GLASGOW, Sheriff depute of Fife to Nicol Scrimzeor, 31st Oct.


The papers of Lord Glasgow at Hawkhead consist e almost entirely of the title deeds of lands. They ap

pear to have been arranged about the middle of last century, or earlier, in 51 masses containing 521 documents. The bundles have, however, been in many cases broken up, and the Charters are scattered over the floor of the Charter room, mixed up with business letters, accounts, and scraps, mostly of recent date.

The bundle No. 1 contained the writs vesting the lands of Auchinback and part of the lands of Halkhead, in the person of Sir John Ross, commencing with a Charter in his favour by King Robert III., dated 30th March 1390, to be held of the King and his successors as Stewarts of Scotland, blench, for payment of a pair of gloves or two pennies of silver.

The next is a Charter by King James II. to Sir John Ross, of Halkhead, Knight, of the lands of Tarbert, in the shire of Ayr, and the lands of Auchinback, on the resignation of Robert Ross, of Tarbart, dated 1450. The last in this bundle is a renunciation by Sir John Ross of his rights over Auchinback in favour of Charles Ross upon condition that he should marry the daughter of Nether Pollock, which was accepted as if he married Sir John's own daughter

The lands of Hawkhead and the representation of the Lords Ross merged in the Earls of Glasgow by the marriage of John, the third Earl, with Elizabeth, sister and heiress of William, thirteenth Lord Ross, about the middle of last century.

Among other lands in Midlothian which formerly belonged to the Lords Ross was the Barony of Stenhouse, on which was the celebrated Well of St. Catherine, of which Boece, in his History and Chronicles of Scotland, thus writes, “Nocht two miles fra Edinbrugh is “ ane fontane, dedicat to Sanct Katrine, quhair Sternis of oulie (oil), springis ithandlie with sic aboundance " that howbeit the Samin be gaderit away, it springs in continent with gret aboundance. This fontane “ rais throu ane drop of Sanct Katrinis oulie, quhilk “ wes brocht out of Mont Sinai fra hir sepulture to “ Sanct Margaret the blissit Quene of Scotland. Als sone as Sanct Margaret saw the oulie spring ithandlie " by divine miracle in the said place, scho gert big ane “ chapell thair in the honour of Sanct Katherine. This oulie hes ane singulare virteu aganis all maner of “ cankir and skawis.” (Bellenden's Translation.)

This was a place of devotion and resort in the middle ages, and among the many pilgrimages of King James IV. he did not forget the chapel of St. Catherine. In 1504 we find him making an offering “in Sanct “ Katrines of the oly Well ;" and, in 1617, when King James VI. returned to his ancient kingdom of Scotland he visited the Well, and by his orders the building which protected it was repaired, with the view of affording easy access to the oily matter floating on the surface, which continued to be prized in the cure of certain diseases.

Among the papers at Hawkhead several relate to the “ Kirklands of St. Catherine, called the Oylie Well.”

Presentation by Robert, Lord Ross, Patron to Roger
Wilson, 1566.

His Collation, 1581.
His Instrument of Institution, 1582.

Disposition of the Kirklands of St. Catherine's
Chapell, called the Oylie Well, by Michael Gilbert and
Mr. Thomas Ballantyne, to James Lord Ross, 1623.

At Kelburne, near Largs, another of Lord Glasgow's seats, there is a large collection of papers disposed in six or seven packing cases without any arrangement. There are a few Charters mixed with great quantities of old accounts, vouchers, and business letters, but none of the Charters are old, or of general interest. The lands of Kelburne have, however, been in the possession of the family of Boyle since the time of King Alexander III.


By a Charter, dated 13th February 1380, David Earl Palatine of Stratherne and Earl of Caithness, granted to John Rollo, with other lands those of Duncrub and Fyndony, with the meadow of Dunning.

The Charter is remarkable for a clause by which the Earl reserves the “Cathedra Comitis," or chair on which the Earl administered justice, and the place of the “domus capitalis.” of the lands of Fyndony "ex “ parte orientali cathedre supradicte."

There are other circumstances which seem to point out Dunning as a place of early importance and settlement. On a neighbouring height is one of those raths or duns of the early races, from which the territory seems to have acquired its name of Dunning, while a glen which runs up from the cultivated ground towards the Ochils is associated with one of the miracles of St. Serf, the great saint of Fife. According to the Life of this early missionary, he was on one occasion in retire. ment in his cell at Dunning when he was told of a terrible dragon which was wasting the country, on which the saint took his pastoral staff and slew the dragon in a valley, which “ ab illo autem die” says the Life of the Saint,“ dicitur vallis draconis," or according to the Chronicler Wyntoun

“ Quhare he was slayne that plas wes ay

“ The Dragownys Den cald to this day.” The glen is still known by this name, but the memory of its legendary origin is entirely lost. At the Church of Dunning, which was dedicated to St. Serf, is one of the towers of which that of St. Rule at St. Andrews is a specimen, and which seem to have been the immediate successors of the round towers, such as we see them at Abernethy and Brechin. A cross of a primitive type was recently found in the floor of the tower.

Gilbert, Earl of Stratherne, granted to the monastery of Inchaffray, which he had founded, the Church of St. Servanus, of Dunnyne, and a yearly sum of 20 marks out of the thanage of Dunnyne, which he gave in consideration of a release to him by the monks of any claim competent to them of augmentation of the Earl's second teinds from the year 1247. Part of this sum of 20 marks consisted of a payment formerly made by the monks to the Earl “pro frecellis," but which was now to cease.

The Charter by the Earl Palatine, of Stratherne, in favour of John Rollo, was confirmed by a Charter of Robert II., granted by the King at Methven, on the 4th of February in the 11th year of his reign. Both of these documents are now in the British Museum.

The papers at Duncrub are principally the later titles of the lands belonging to Lord Rollo, and do not generally call for special remark.

By a Charter of James V., dated 21st May 1540, in favour of Andrew Rollock, of Duncrub, the King erected his various lands into the Barony of Duncrub, and, with the view of promoting policy and building as well as for the comfort and refection of the lieges coming to the Church of Dunnyn, he erected the kirktoun of Dunnyn into a burgh of barony, with a weekly market; and a yearly fair to be held on the festival of St. Findoca, who was the patron of the adjoining parish of Gask.

Several Charters are granted by an “Alexander “ Thane," who probably derived his name from the early Thanes of the Earl, as he seems to have inherited part of their possessions.

One of them, dated 1st June 1546, is by Alexander Thane, of Edindonyng, to James Rollok, son of Andrew Rollok, of Duncrub, of his third part of the Mains of Edindonyng, and by another which illustrates some of the agricultural arrangements of the day, dated 5th March 1540, he conveyed to the said James, “illam “ peciam terre cum pertinenciis in qua inhabitat David “ Mashell extendentem ad viginti solidatas terrarum “ cum tribus lie sowmes animalium in lie ingerss et “ tribus in lie outgerss ac totam et integram illam “ meam peciam terre cum pertinenciis in qua inhabitat “ Donaldus Flokhart extendentem ad viginti solidatas " terrarum cum tribus lie sowmis animalium in lie “ ingerşs et tribus in lie outgerss ac totam et integram

meam illam peciam terre vocatam Cultis cum perti. “ nenciis olim occupatam per Valterum Law cum pas. “ tura animalium debita et consueta ac totam et inte

gram illam meam peciam terre quam olim occupavit “ Johannes Law cum pertinenciis suis et cum pastura “ animalium debita et consueta cum domibus ortis “ croftis earundem terrarum jacentium in baronia mea " de Edindonyng."

This deed probably describes certain pieces of arable land at Dunning, to which rateable grazings in the adjoining Ochil hills were attached.

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Sir Andrew Rollo, of Duncrub, received the honor of peerage in 1758. Having entered the army he was knighthood from James VI., and towards the end of present at the battle of Dettingen in 1743, and at a late his days he was created a peer by Charles II. The period he saw much service in the West Indies. In Patent, which is dated at Perth, 10th January 1651, June 1761 he took the Island of Dominica, defeating has a remarkable recital narrating the antiquity and the French with great promptitude and bravery, and services of the family of Duncrub, and then a clause there are among the papers at Duncrub several relating thus translated : “Moreover, understanding that the to this subject. " name of Rollok was at first Rollo, without the addi- Copy letter, Lord Rollo to William Pitt, Esq., one of 66 tion of the letter k (as evidently appears from the his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, from Gua“ ancient monuments of the progenitors of the said daloupe, 3rd June 1761. Others of the same series " family of Duncrub, and by a book of the Clerk from Guadaloupe are dated 8th June, 12th June, and register for the time, entitled 'Of the signification of 6th July. " 'words,” and the very same is clear from an infeft Letter from Mr. Pitt to Lord Rollo, 5th August 1761, “ ment granted by our most illustrious progenitor marked “most secret.” Letter, “C. Tounsend,” from " Robert the Second, the first Stewart who was King of the War Office to Lord Rollo, in America, dated 25th 66 Scotland, and from other evidences), but that thro' February 1762. Letter, Lord Albemarle to Lord Rollo, " length of time and old custom it is now abused and 3rd July 1763. Letter, General Gage to Lord Rollo, 66 corrupted :” therefore creates the said Sir Andrew 10th May 1763. Draft memorial, Lord Rollo to the Rollo, and his heirs, barons of Parliament by the title King, 16th Sept. 1763. of Lords Rollo, of Duncrub; ordaining them to bear After Lord Rollo had taken Dominica, Mr. Pitt wrote the surname of Rollo, and the arms of the Lords of to him with expressions of the King's approval of his proDuncrub. His eldest son, James, was knighted by ceedings, and added “I am now commanded by the King Charles I. He married for his first wife Lady Dorothea “ to inform your Lordship in the greatest confidence Graham, third daughter of the fourth Earl of Montrose, " that his Majesty has come to a resolution to attempt and sister of the great Marquis. On her death, in “ with the utmost resolution, the reduction of the Island 1638, he married, secondly, Lady Mary Campbell, “ of Martinique by a body of troops from North America, youngest daughter of the seventh Earl of Argyll.

" and that you may expect Major-General Monckton Among the papers at Duncrub is a letter from Mon " (whom Sir Jeffery Amherst, in consequence of the trose to his brother-in-law. It is without date, but “ power given him by his Majesty, has appointed to seems to have been written in 1643 when the great “ command on this expedition), with the forces destined general had retired from public action for a time, and " for this most important enterprize, to arrive in your paused before throwing himself into the royal cause. " parts towards the end of October. It is therefore In June 1643 Sir James Rollo accompanied the cove “ his Majesty's pleasure that your Lordship should, nanting preacher, Alexander Henderson, to a conference “ with the utmost secrecy, make all timely preparations at Stirling, with Montrose and his friends, when public " for co-operating with Major-General Monckton, or affairs were discussed, but which ended without any " the Commander-in-Chief of the troops above menmutual understanding being come to.

“ tioned, with as large a number of the men under The letter, which is as follows, seems to be a sort of " your command as can be spared consistently with manifesto by Montrose as to his position after this

" the security of the Island of Dominique, and your communing :-“Richt worschipful and loving brother, " Lordship will concert with Sir James Douglas or the “ Being in regaird of the present conditioune affaires “ Commander-in-Chief of his Majesty's ships at the “ ar and lyk to be into, out of honor and deutie and " Leeward Islands, and with the Governor of Guada“ commoune prudence convinced to ondertak this " loupe, the proper time and place for such troops as “ course, I could not, bothe frome my respects to you you shall be able to furnish to join the forces under " as ane particular freind and lykwayes as being onder

“ the command of Major-General Monckton in order " ane kynd of communing to the contrarie, Bot frielie " to proceed with him against Martinique, in the exe" and particularly let you know the reasons trewly • cution of which service the King has the firmest " that do obledge me to do it. Wherfor you wilbe “ reliance that your Lordship will continue to exert “ pleasit remember that in all ever past amongst us “ the same zeal and abilities which you have already so “ther wer four points I still absolutely provydit, which “ auspiciously manifested for the honor of his Majesty's " were, ffirst, If the third point of the covenant, the army." “ Kings honor and authoritie to be solemnly adheared The united forces of Lord Rollo and General Monck. “ unto, since our religioune and libertie wes alreddie ton landed in Martinique on 16th January 1762, and “ so wholie and firmly secured, whiche, wer thay in the island surrendered on the 4th of February. “ hayserd or by all appeirance possably questioned, I

JOHN STUART. " should als willingly mainteine as any els alyve. The " secound, that my honor whiche had beine so onjustly " blindined, micht be repaired in sum faire way. The " third, that wheras I had bene at so gret losses, all

THE MANUSCRIPTS AT COLZIUM OF SIR ARCHIBALD " just accompts might have beine acknowledgit. The

EDMONSTONE, BART., OF DUNTREATH.* " fourt, that thos of my freinds who had also suffered The lands of Duntreath formed part of the inheritance u should be taken in and acknowledgit in the same of the ancient Celtic Lords of Lennox, and it has been “ way; and thair wer also ane fyft, as yow may re stated by some of our writers that on the death of " member, which wes the assurances I should have for Duncan, the last earl of the line, in 1426, they fell to “ al the former. Now in this I think it is so notor to the Crown. It appears, however, that the earldom " us, and we so consius of it, as we can not in comoune devolved on Isabel, eldest daughter of Earl Duncan, 66 sence differ. And had this beine accordingly done, the widow of Murdach, Duke of Albany, who was exe" I should have als muche past frome my lyffe as ane cuted in 1425. “ jot of what wes comouned. Bot since be the con- The family papers begin with a charter by this Isabel " trarie all hes not onlie failed, bot the quyt other or Isabella, Duchess of Albany and Countess of Lennox, " acting, I could not for all the advantages in the to William de Edmonston, of Culloden, and Matilda “ world be accessorie, hot rathier tak this courss. Yet Stewart (daughter of Robert III.), his wife, of the lands " to show that my retrait is necessarie, and for no bad of Duntreth, in the Earldom of Lennox, dated 15th " end, I shall wishe to be no longer happie than I February 1445. The witnesses are, James Stewart, 66 constantly adheare to whatsumever the countrie or Arthur Stewart, and Walter Stewart, her grandsons, "6 this cause ar . . . conserned. Whiche houping will William de Levenax, her brother, Mr. David Rede, not onlie be satisfactorie to yourselfe, bot to all Rector of Muckarde, her chaplain, and Donald Clerk. “ the world who may have at greatest prejudice. I In 1452 King James II. confirmed the said lands to “ am your affectionat freind efter the auld maner.” William of Edmonston, and from him the lands are “ Montrose."

stated to have descended from father to son, to the The following postscript is in the handwriting of the present time by 13 descents. The documents connected Earl, the body of the letter being written by another : with the transmission of the various lands belonging to

“ Beleaue I will make all goode I ever professed, the family are in the charter room here. 66 wherof I will intreat you be confident, and iff any Among the miscellaneous charters. I noted one by “ ewille enseu it shall be my counterpartys fault and

Donald Lennox, Earl of Lennox, granting the lands of “ not myne, for I shall not be a medler iff I be not Muckrath to Alan de Brysbane, as also the lands of “ sorely putt to it."

Holme of Dalmartyne. This deed must have been The address on the outside is also written by Mon granted prior to 1373, when the Earl died. The wittrose, “ For the Right Worshipfull my loueing brother “ Sir James Rollok."

* Since the date of my inspection Sir Archibald Edmonstone died, and Andrew, fifth Lord Rollo, succeeded his father in the has been succeeded by his brother, Sir William Edmonstone, Bart.


SIR A. ED. nesses are, “ Dominis Malcolmo Flemyng, Comite de " bring trouble upon themselves. Is it not enough BIB A. ED.


" that they are overseirs who are already in office. MONSTONB. " Wvigton, Johanne Senescallo de Derneley, et Roberto

" Walays militibus, Domino Mauricio perpetuo vicario “ Except they would have a continued trouble in the
" de Kilmaronock, Roberto dicto Malkcelland, Fynlao “Church there is not another way to remove it, unless
“ de Camsy, Kessano clerico, et aliis."

“ his Majesty should be pleased to discharge the Act
Also the following:-Charter by Friar Henry Le- " made, which they deceive themselves that do expect,
vyngstoun, Commendator to the Preceptory of the " for anything I know."
Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, to Thomas de Bu- Six letters from the Viscount Claneboye to his nephew
chanan, of the lands of Lettyr, in the Earldom of the Laird of Duntreath, in the years 1627–1630.
Lennox; and another of the like tenor by Friar Henry Four letters to him from the Earl of Antrim, in the
Levingstoun, Knight of St. John's, to Thomas Bu- years 1629-1631.
chanan, dated 3rd February 1461, and sealed with the Letters of protection from the Earl of Argyll, General
common seal of office at Trefichin,

Monck, and General Lambert, to the Laird of Kilsyth.
The original Record of Temple Courts held at Liston Remonstrance by sundry nobles and others, appa-
in January and February 1459, by the above Henry rently to King James VI.

receptor. The first is dated 24th January To the King's Majesty. 1459, and the record bears that the court was fenced, the

That whereas your Majestie att the ymportunitie suits called, and an assize chosen. The nature of the

of some naturall subjectis of this realme of England business and the mode of its transaction will be seen

hath byne pleased to conferr upon them honors, titles, from the minutes :

and dignities peculiar to other of your Majestie's do“ Jacobus Mathei recitauit plegium quem inuenit minions, by which the nobilitie of this realme, either • Johannes Wilkison viz'. quod debet arare et occupare

in themselves, their children, or bothe, finde they are predictam terram quam serjiandus arare inhibuit et

prejudiced. “ illam arare voluit, cum periculo juris.

Our humble desire is, that with your gracious allow“ Dominus petiit in curia ab Alano Ricardi de ser

ance wee may challenge and preserve our birthrights, “ uicio sibi debito pro terris de Medhope, qui Alanus

and that wee may take no more notice of this “ per suum procuratorem petiit a domino mature aui

(to our prejudice) than the law of this land doth, but “ sari, qui remotus de curia et mature auisatus, intrans

that we may be excused yf in cyvill curtesye wee give “ dixit per dictum suum procuratorem se debere ser

them not the respect nor place as to noblemen; strangers “ uicia in suis curiis de Liston, et illa velle perimplere.

say that their being our countreymen, borne and inheri“ Johannes Bissate in amerciamento curie propter

tanced under our lawe, thar famylies and abode amongst disturbiam et querelam injuste factam in curia.

us, have yet procured ther translation into forrein Penes plegium quem inuenit Johannes Wilkison,

names only to our injury. ordinatum per assisam quod Thomas Daw illa die ad

But in this our addresse to your sacred Majestie ytt quindenam ut in propria curia probabit legitime

is farre from us to meddle with, much lesse to limit or “ quod Johannes Wilkison dedit consensum et con

interprett the power of sovereigntie, knowing that your “cessit ad partissionem illius terre penes quem plegius · Majestie being the roote whence all honor receaves its " fuit inuentus.

sappe under what titles soever, may collate what you “ Braciatores sunt in uoluntate domini.”

please, upon whom, when, and how you please. A number of royal and other letters are arranged

* Wherefore, with all humblenes, wee present this to in a volume. Of these are several by James IV. and

your gracious veiwe, confident of your Majesteis equall James V. to William Livingston, of Kilsyth, of a purely

favour berein, and now shall ever pray for the lasting formal nature. One by the latter monarch permits him,

continuance of your happie and glorious dayes. his son, and others to go on pilgrimage furth of the

Ro. Essex.

Will. Paget. realm.

R. Dorset.

Robert Spence.
Letter by Queen Mary to her mother, Mary of Guise,

J. Oxenford.

P. Stanhope. undated, but circ. 1554, in which she states that she has

R. Warwick.

William Say and heard how the Governor puts himself in her will, and

Ro. Willoughby.

Seale. has again put into her hands the principal places of the


Tho. Howard. kingdom, and how all the princes and great lords have

Jo. Darcye.

G. Gerard. returned to her; that she has arrived at Meudon, beside

Tho. Wentworth. Fra. Russell, the lady her grandmother, that she may there keep the

Edward Stourton.

E. Denny. feast of Pacque; in conclusion, supplicating the Creator

J. Mordaunt.

P. Noel.
to give her long health and a very happy life.

Thomas Windesore. T. Lyncoln, and
Several letters of James VI. and one of Charles I.,

Richard Dacre.

others. the last being a passport to George Levingstoun to

Henry Gray. proceed beyond the seas with five servants, dated Den

mark House, 12th June 1640.

Bond of Manrent and Maintenance by the Earl of
Lennox in favour of William Livingstone, of Kilsyth,
28th August 1506.

Licence by Alexander Stewart, Archbishop of St.

Andrews, by which he grants “ full licence, beneuo.

The first of this branch of the family of Murray was
“ lence, and fredome, to oure louit Widow, Elizabeth

Patrick, third son of Sir David Murray, of Tullybar. Levingstoun, the spouse of umquhile Alexander

dine, who flourished in the middle of the fifteenth cenLevingstoun, our tenent of oure landis and toune of

tury, and by the marriage of the late Sir William Keith “ Inchmachane, to compleit the band of matrimone

Murray with the heiress of Sir Alexander Keith, of " with ony lauchfull persoun she pleses and thinkis

Dunnottar, the representation of the two families “ expedient, without ony hurt or dammage to be

became united, and the papers at Ochtertyre which " impute be us to her thairfor. Subscrivit with oure

may be considered of most general interest relate to “ hand at our City of St. Androis, the secund day of

day of the history of the latter family. “ August the yeir of God lm. vo. and x. yeris." There

Sir William Keith, who in the middle of the fouris added before the signature, “al hurtis and dammage

nd dammage teenth century was Great Marischal of Scotland, in the “ at efter may folow to ws resarvait. A., Archbishop

year 1392 acquired from William of Lindsay, Lord of “ of Sanctadres."

Byres, the lands of Dunnottar, on the rocky coast of
Copy of letter by James, Earl of Morton, Regent, Kincardineshire, and one of the earliest documents in
authorizing James Stewart of Doune to receive the the collection relates to the history of a tower which he
bond of manrent from William Edmonstone of Dun-

proceeded to build there.
treath, conform to the contract and appointment made The site which he chose, a detached and nearly in-
between them anent the slaughter by the latter of accessible promontory of rock, appears to have been
James Stuart of Beith, the father of the former. 27th

one of importance from an early period, as we find in
March 1576.

one of the laws of King William the Lion that it is
Letter from the Archbishop of St. Andrews to the assigned as the “sted of warranty," or place to which
Laird of. Kilsyth, dated Dairsy, 27th July 1627, in warrants were to be returned for the district of the
regard to Mr. John Livingston, on whose behalf the Mearns. It would appear to have been the site of one
Laird had written. The Archbishop writes that he can of the early ecclesiastical settlements of the Celtic
only go by the law of the country, “ that he had not . period, the church of which was dedicated to St. Ninian.
“ the place he can blame himself only, that declared From the paper in question it would seem that before
“ he would not submit himself to the orders received the end of the fourteenth century the church had been
" in the Church. I love peace and wouid earnestly removed elsewhere, and that at this time Sir William
have it, but these sort of men will not cease till they Keith proceeded to erect his Tower of Dunnottar on

SIR P. K. what had previously been the site of the church and who received a substantial token of the town's kindness, SIR P. K. YCERAY. cemetery, an act for which he incurred ecclesiastical thus entered in their accounts.

MURRAY. censure as an invader of consecrated ground.

“ Item at command of the magistrattis and counsall
In a writ dated 18th July 1394, of which a careful “ gewin to Archibald Armstrong his Majesties plesant
copy made in the end of last century is in the collection quha come to this burght with the Inglishe Knichtis
here, addressed by Pope Benedict XIII. to the Bishop " quhen his Majestie was at the huntis in Munreamonth
of St. Andrews, he narrates the petition of Sir William " ane Portugall ducat, 531. 6s. 8d. While his Majesties
Keith, knight, setting forth the facts just referred to, "violers that accompaniet the saidis Knychtis got
and alleging how needful his tower was, “ad obvi “ 261. 138. 4d.
“ andum tribulationibus et inimicitiis tirannorum dicti Articles agriet vpon for ordowring the Houss of
“ regni et ad custodiam personarum et bonorum suo- Parliament. July 1641.
“ rum,” while its use inferred no injury to the new “ By the 4th of these it is ordained that “thair be twa
church or its rector, and therefore concluding that he “ sessiounes ilk day, ane fra 9 houris to 12 and ane
should be released from any excommunication which he “ uthir fra 3 houris to 6 houris, except but the Monday
might have incurred.

" altogidder frie, and on the Saturday ane sessione onlie
The Pope accordingly directed the bishop to inquire “ fra 9 houris to 12 houris in the foirnone, and no meiting
into Sir William's allegations, and if they should be “ in the efternone that day, and for better keiping therr
correct he empowered him to release Sir William from “ dyettis ordanes the sermones to end ilk day befoir 9
excommunication, “ facta prius per eum pro dicta rupe “ houris, and ordaines a great bell to ring a competent
“ eidem ecclesie congrua compensatione."

" space at the saidis severall houris of meeting, and a
A tower on the west or landward side of the rock is “ little bell in the Parliament House also to ring at the
obviously of a much earlier date than the rest of the “ houris of dissolving, as also ordaines the rolles to be
castle, and a recent examination of it leads me to believe “callit everie tyme quhen the preses sittis downe, and
that it is the tower erected by Sir William Lyndesay. “ quha beis not then present, and enterit eftir calling
It is still known as the Crawford Tower, and a tra “ out of the rollis, to pay the penalties following, vizt.,
dition of the seventeenth century preserved by Robert “i auchteine shillingis for ilk nobleman, twelfe shillingis
Gordon, of Straloch, connects it with the family of “ for ilk barone, sax shillingis for ilk burges. Item it is
Lindsay, and with the original transaction by which " ordained that thir penalties following, vizt., twentie
the lands and rock of Dunnottar became their property : “ pound for ilk nobleman, twentie merkis for ilk baronie,
“ Invenitur in registro confirmatio cambii facti inter “ and twa merkis for ilk Commissioner of burcht shall
“ Dominos Marescal et Lindsey, qui terras suas de " be payet be tham respective for ilk dayes absence,
“ Strudder (Achter-uder-Strudder in feofamento appel “ and the half of these penalties for ilk sessiounes
“ latur) pro castello et terris de Dunotyr, ad Linde “ absence, but the haill penalties to be payit for the
“ sium tunc pertinentibus, cum ea servitute ut filius “ Saturdayis absence, whairin thair is onlie one ses-
“ infans familia de Lindsey tempore belli a Domino sioune, and no licence nor excuss for absence to be
“ Marescallo in castro de Dunotyr cum servis suis pro “ granted but be the preses with consent of the houss."
“ dignitate aleretur." (Blaeu's Atlas, vol. Scotland, The humble remonstrance of the Erll of Erroll, heigh
1662, p. 93.)

Constabill of Scotland, to the Kingis most excellent
The preservation of the Regalia of Scotland in the Majestie and Estate of Parliament now conveined 21
Castle of Dunnottar in the time of the Commonwealth August 1646.
seems to have led King Charles II. to desire the acqui Commission by William, Earl Marischal, to James
sition for himself of a fortress so strong, and hallowed Arnot of Kirktonhill, narrating the warlike state of
by services so striking.

affairs, and that he “naves nonnullas egregias amplas et
Among the papers is a disposition by William, Earl " firmas armorum omni genere militum copiis tormentis
Marischal, in favour of his Majesty of the “castell " machinis apparatu omni bellico instructas quæ aut
“ towr, fortalice, and manor place of Donnottar, with “ prælio navali vel terrestri hostium impetum propulsare
" the haill, balls, gallries, chalmers, and uther office " ferocium (quoad fieri poterat) retundere Idonea
“ houssis thairto pertainand and belonging, and all " parandas curavi,” which vessels under the command
" that is within the utter yeat and port of the samen ;” of Arnot were for service under Uladislaus VII., King
but the document (dated in 1662) does not seem to of Poland. The document is signed by the Earl
have been completed.

Marischal apud palatium nostrum de Dunnottar 31st
Letter (undated) from the Privy Council of Scotland March 1634.*
(temp. Jac. VI.) to the Earl Marischal, asking him to “The Compt off the Master of Mershellis expenssis
set to work “the haill fowlaris within the boundis of " and his serwandis sen his arriving in Deip quhilk was
" your Lordships Commandiment and utheris pairtis in “ the xvi. day off Junii till his arriving in Semeur
" the countrie aboute, and caus thame fra tyme to tyme " quhilk was the vii. day of Julii anno 1601 yearis."
“ tak, slay, and send in to Johne Langwill, in Breichin, This account embraces his travelling expenses to Rouen,
“ all sortis and kindis of Murefowle upon preseut and Paris, Orleans, Tours, and Semeur, and amounts to 2161.
“ reddie payment” for his Majesties service at Holy. “ The Compt of the thingis (mainly articles of dress]
rood House, “and that your Lordship gif Command “as was coft for the maister and his seruandis,"
" that the fowlaris fill and stop the wombes of the said amounts to 4041.
" wyld fowle with heddir, or suche other thing, as may The history and origin of the Clanchattan from the
" keep the same caller."

concurring testimony of the Laird of Wardis and Mr.
The King, having revisited his ancient kingdom of John Forbes, Sheriff of Aberdene, two of the learnedst
Scotland in the year 1617, came as far north as the antiquaries of the Scots nation. 13 pp. 4to.
house of Kinnaird, in Forfarshire, to enjoy the sport Commission by King James VI., to George, Earl
of hunting. Another communication from the Privy Marischal and others, to treat with the King of Denmark
Council to the Earl Marischal, dated from Kinnaird, for the marriage of his daughter Anna with the King,
23rd May 1617, announces that, although sufficient 10th June 1589, with a docquet, dated at Elsinore 20th
order had been taken for bringing into his Majesties August 1589, signed by the Danish senators attesting
houses all sorts of provisions for the use of the King the correctness of the copy.
and his train, yet the negligence of purveyors, or as Letter from Christian IV., King of Denmark, to
athey averred the impossibility to get the provisions George, Earl Marischal, commending to him Severinus
required, “hes bred such scarcitie heire of kids, lambes, Ingemann, Customer of Copenhagen, who had a claim
" vealis, fed capons, pigeone, pertricks, pouttis, mure against Jonas Davidson, the Earl's vassal at Peterhead.
fools, blakcok, greyhen, brissell fooles, dotrealls, The letter has the King's signature, and is dated at
“ salmond, leprous and young haires, and all othir Copenhagen, 1st October 1604.
“ provisioun of that kynd, that if thaire be not some Extract of Act of the King and the estates of Parlia-
" present coorse takin thaire can be no housse keipit ment approving of the Earl Marischal's embassy to the
" for his Majestie heire.”

King of Denmark, dated 5th June 1592.
The Earl was directed to send to Kinnaird all such Notarial instrument, dated 20th February 1439,
provisions as he could procure by himself or his friends, setting forth that in a General Council, and in presence
is and withall that your Lordship send hither frequentlie, of the King, the procurator of Alexander of Seton,
“ not staying for the quantitie but lesse or maire as may Master of Gordon, Lord of Tulybothy being then
“ be had, so as they may come hither sweit and caloure.” present in said Council, he publicly protested that

While the King remained at Kinnaird “twenty none of the conditions, writs, or contracts made by his
" worschipful Knychtis and worthie gentillmen" of his mother or grandfather should come in prejudice of the
train,-perhaps to lessen the demands on the larder at said Alexander, or his heirs, touching their heritage ;
Kinnaird, paid a visit to the ancient burgh of Aberdeen or if made, he thereby revoked them. Immediately
of which they were admitted honorary burgesses. Among after this was done, Sir Robert of Keth, Master of that
the number was Archibald Armstrong, the King's jester, ilk, and Sir Andrew of Ogilby, of Inchmartyne, procu-


rators of Sir William of Keth, Marischal of Scotland, what title he claimed to possess his part of the lands in SIB P. K. publicly protested in the contrary. These things were dispute, who answered that he had no charter thereof,

done within the Castle of Edinburgh, in presence of nor did he know on what grounds the claim of the co-
David of Lyndessay, Earl of Craufurde; Sir William parceners rested, but he requested a delay of 15 days
of Crechton, Chancellor of Scotland; Sir Alexander of before the giving of judgement, which Sir Patrick was
Mungumry ; Sir John de Lyndissay, Lord of Byris; pleased to grant. None of the other parties appeared,
Sir Alexander of Levyngstoun, Lord of Calentare; Sir and after the whole proceedings in the record had been
Robert of Levyngstoun, Lord of Drumry; Sir John read over, the following deliverance was pronounced:-
of Rothwane, of that ilk; and Andrew Gray, Lord of “ Than the Curt fullely awisit with the consale of

“mony gude men thair beand, decretyt that the lande
Among the lands belonging to Sir Patrick Keith “ of Lytilton and Lowrandston in Ouchtercomane aucht
Murray are those of Easter Fowlis in the Carse of " to dwell yn to Sir Patrick's Grayis handis, to the
Gowrie, which formerly belonged to the Lords Gray. “ tyme that it was lauchfully recouerit fra the for-
The old title deeds of these are unarranged, and mingled " sayde Sir Patrick othir with trety or with proces of
with them are masses of accounts and letters on family “ lauch, the dome of qwhilk decrete the forsayde Sir
affairs of comparatively recent date. From these, how. “ Patrick delayt graciously deferryt tyl his lauchfulle
ever, I selected a few documents of considerable in- “ day next eftir pas, to prowe gif the forsayde personaris
terest, the first being of a class almost unknown in walde seke hym othir with tretys grace or lauch, and
Scotland. In form it is a long narrow roll of parch " assignet thareto, tewisday the xxi. day of Auryll
ment, of separate pieces stitched together, and it con “ next for to caus his dome to procede and to be giffyn
tains the record of four barony courts held by Sir “ gif thai come noucht, and that he made manyfest in
Patrick Gray, as Superior of the Barony of Langfor " playne Curt."
grund on a moothill or mound, called in the record the At the final Court held at the Hundhill on the 21st of
* hund hil” of Langforgrund, in the year 1385. It is April “throw Sir Patrick Gray, lorde of the chefe
valuable as an example of the formal procedure of one « barony of Langforgonde, mony nobillis thare beande,
of these feudal courts, with a final judgement; and for “ with consale of tha nobillis, and of his curt, he wele
preserving specimens of the vernacular Scotch of the “ awisit that the forsayde personaris contenyt in his
Carse of Gowrie at a very early period.

prosces souch hym nother with grace, lufe, na with
The first Court was held at the hill on Tuesday the “ lauch, to delay his dome na his proces, with consale
16th of January 1385. The Court being fenced, and the " of the forsayde curt and noblis that thare was, throw
authority of the Serjeant admitted, he was demanded “the moutht of Robert Louranson than demstare of
if he had executed the precept for summoning the 6 oure lord the kingis curt, and of his, it was giffyn for
tenants and parceners of Lytylton and Lowranston of " dome that the Lytilton and Lowrandston of Ouchter-
Achlyrcoman to appear, who answered that he had done “ comane suld dwell in the handis of the forsayde Sir
so, and read to the Court his citation as follows:-“I, “ Patrick and his ayeris, quhill the tyme that all the
• Robyn Jopson, sergand, lauchfully made and ordanyt “forsaydis personaris and all thaire namys nemmyt
" of the chef part of the barony of Langforgund throu “ sulde recouir the landys Othir be grace trety or
- Sir Patrick Gray, lord of that ilk chef part of that “ prosces of law, and thus endyt the proces."
" ilk barony in the sheradom of Perth, somonde at This record appears to me to be especially valuable
" the chef plaz of the teneindri of Lytilton and Low- for its fulness of detail, and as almost a solitary speci-
*** ranstone of Ochtyrcomane within the Lytilton, Sir men of the proceedings of a Barony Court in Scotland
“ Thomas the Hay, of Lowchqwhorwart, and Dam in the 14th century. It will be observed that the Court
“ Jonat, his spouse, throw reson of his spouse, Sir was held on a hill or mound-the moot hill of early
“ William of Cunygham, and Dam Margaret, his spouse, Celtic times—and that the Baron was attended in his
" Elezabeth of Maxwel, Alexandir of Kocborne, and little Court by the same officers as figure in the Courts
“ Katerin, his spouse, for reson of his spouse, and Du of the Sovereign, while the especial character of the
"i gal McDuel, and Eufam, his spouse, for resone of his proceedings is that of their strict adherence to legal
“ spouse, the Wedynysday, the xvi. day of the moneth formalities.
" of Nouember, that thai apere lauchfolly at the Hund- Another document of this series, similarly retrieved,
“ hil in Langforgrond, in the sheradom of Perth, to is also of an unusual character. It is an instrument
" Sir Patrick Gray, lord of the chef part of Langfor- dated in the parish church of St. Mary the Virgin, of
" gonde, and orlard of the landys of Lytilton and Dundee, on 20th February 1409, setting forth that Sir
“ Louranzstone of Ouchtircomon, thys tewysday that William of Lyndesay, of Rossy, and James Skrimgiour,
“nwys the xvi. day of this moneth of Jenuer, to schaw Constable of Dundee, Knights, Alan of Kynarde of
“ how and for qwat caus, throw awat chartir or ewydens that ilk, and Thomas Maule, of Panmure, appeared
" thai halde or clemys to hald the landys or tenandris before a notary and represented that in their presence
“ of Lytiltone and Lowranzstone of Achtyrcoman of Thomas Boyde appeared personally, asserting that he
• hym, and of his chef parts of the Barony of Lang- being employed in certain transactions by Andrew
66 forgond within the sheradom of Perth, and to do this Gray, of Fowlis, was sent by him to William Boyde,
“ day efter my somonz for yhour haldyng as the law brother of the lord of Kylmernock, with the view of
" and ordyr of law askys in yt selfe, yat I haf mad intimating and arranging the same, all of which the
" this somondys in this maner as I hafe recordyt lau- said William agreed to ratify thus “ quod si conti-
• fully, lo here my witnez Robyn Jonson of Balligyrnach “ gerit aliquo tempore in futurum sponsam dicti Wil-
" and Richard of Pentland, William Scot and Androw “ lelmi Boyde ab eo abscedere aut aliquo modo
" Yhong.”

" euadere, et ad dictam Andream Gray pro recreatione
None of the parties appearing, the Court decerned by “ habenda redire, sibi costagia faciendo aut eumdem
the mouth of Robert Laurenson, then Dempster of the " reprobando, idem Willelmus Boyde quitas dedit
King's Court, as well as of the Barony Court, that the “ dicte Andree Gray omnés terras dominii de Fowlis
Serjeant should levy, a distraint from each of the tenants ac firmas earumdem imperpetuum, plenariam po-
not compearing, of the value of six cows, and that they " testatem . eidem Andree concedendo dictas firmas
should again be summoned to a second Court at the earumdem terrarum antidicte sponse sue libere deli-
Hundhill to be held on Saturday, the 3rd of February, “ berandi et dandi ab eo imperpetuum, ac et dictus
there to show by what right they possessed the lands " Willelmus Boyde se contentum habuit et concepit.
in question.

“ quod sepedictus Andreas Gray non relaxauit nec
On that day the Court was constituted with the same " quitum dedit plegiagium centum et viginti marca-
formalities as before, and the Serjeant's citation was “ rum pro quibus omnes terre dominii de Foulis dicto
read and recorded, but the parties failed to appear. The “ Andree per Sponsam dicti Willelmi alias fuerant
Court again ordered a distraint of the like value of six “ implegiate." These things were done before wit-
cows to be raised, and a fresh summons to a Court to nesses Sir Walter of Lyndesay and Sir William of Hay,
be held at the Hundhill on Tuesday, the 25th day of Knights, Sir John Tempilman, Chaplain, Henry Maule,

Esquire, and Andrew of Leys, burgess of Dundee.
On that day a third Court was held with the like I noted another early Charter of some interest. By
result, and the parties were ordered to be cited to a it the granter conveys certain lands therein described
fourth Court to be held at the same place on Thursday, for homage and service, and in warranty of the cane or
the 8th of March.

can of other lands. This word can or cane occurs very
On that day accordingly a fourth Court was held at prominently in our early Scotch Charters, apparently to
the Hundhill by Sir Patrick Gray, at which Sir Thomas express the portion of rent paid in kind. In the pre-
Hay appeared and pleaded that he ought not to be held sent instance it would appear as if the can had formed
liable in the fines levied for his previous non-appearance, the principal return from the lands out of which they
and Sir Patrick of his special grace passed from the were payable. The Charter is by Margaret Syrays,
question thus raised, and proceeded to ask Sir Thomas by daughter of Duncan of Syrays, in favour of Sir John

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