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EARL OF Instrument of sasine of these lands given by the GLASGOW, Sheriff depute of Fife to Nicol Scrimzeor, 31st Oct.
The papers of Lord Glasgow at Hawkhead consist e almost entirely of the title deeds of lands. They ap
pear to have been arranged about the middle of last century, or earlier, in 51 masses containing 521 documents. The bundles have, however, been in many cases broken up, and the Charters are scattered over the floor of the Charter room, mixed up with business letters, accounts, and scraps, mostly of recent date.
The bundle No. 1 contained the writs vesting the lands of Auchinback and part of the lands of Halkhead, in the person of Sir John Ross, commencing with a Charter in his favour by King Robert III., dated 30th March 1390, to be held of the King and his successors as Stewarts of Scotland, blench, for payment of a pair of gloves or two pennies of silver.
The next is a Charter by King James II. to Sir John Ross, of Halkhead, Knight, of the lands of Tarbert, in the shire of Ayr, and the lands of Auchinback, on the resignation of Robert Ross, of Tarbart, dated 1450. The last in this bundle is a renunciation by Sir John Ross of his rights over Auchinback in favour of Charles Ross upon condition that he should marry the daughter of Nether Pollock, which was accepted as if he married Sir John's own daughter
The lands of Hawkhead and the representation of the Lords Ross merged in the Earls of Glasgow by the marriage of John, the third Earl, with Elizabeth, sister and heiress of William, thirteenth Lord Ross, about the middle of last century.
Among other lands in Midlothian which formerly belonged to the Lords Ross was the Barony of Stenhouse, on which was the celebrated Well of St. Catherine, of which Boece, in his History and Chronicles of Scotland, thus writes, “Nocht two miles fra Edinbrugh is “ ane fontane, dedicat to Sanct Katrine, quhair Sternis “ of oulie (oil), springis ithandlie with sic aboundance " that howbeit the Samin be gaderit away, it springs “ in continent with gret aboundance. This fontane “ rais throu ane drop of Sanct Katrinis oulie, quhilk “ wes brocht out of Mont Sinai fra hir sepulture to “ Sanct Margaret the blissit Quene of Scotland. Als “ sone as Sanct Margaret saw the oulie spring ithandlie " by divine miracle in the said place, scho gert big ane “ chapell thair in the honour of Sanct Katherine. This “ oulie hes ane singulare virteu aganis all maner of “ cankir and skawis.” (Bellenden's Translation.)
This was a place of devotion and resort in the middle ages, and among the many pilgrimages of King James IV. he did not forget the chapel of St. Catherine. In 1504 we find him making an offering “in Sanct “ Katrines of the oly Well ;" and, in 1617, when King James VI. returned to his ancient kingdom of Scotland he visited the Well, and by his orders the building which protected it was repaired, with the view of affording easy access to the oily matter floating on the surface, which continued to be prized in the cure of certain diseases.
Among the papers at Hawkhead several relate to the “ Kirklands of St. Catherine, called the Oylie Well.”
Presentation by Robert, Lord Ross, Patron to Roger
His Collation, 1581.
Disposition of the Kirklands of St. Catherine's
At Kelburne, near Largs, another of Lord Glasgow's seats, there is a large collection of papers disposed in six or seven packing cases without any arrangement. There are a few Charters mixed with great quantities of old accounts, vouchers, and business letters, but none of the Charters are old, or of general interest. The lands of Kelburne have, however, been in the possession of the family of Boyle since the time of King Alexander III.
By a Charter, dated 13th February 1380, David Earl Palatine of Stratherne and Earl of Caithness, granted to John Rollo, with other lands those of Duncrub and Fyndony, with the meadow of Dunning.
The Charter is remarkable for a clause by which the Earl reserves the “Cathedra Comitis," or chair on which the Earl administered justice, and the place of the “domus capitalis.” of the lands of Fyndony "ex “ parte orientali cathedre supradicte."
There are other circumstances which seem to point out Dunning as a place of early importance and settlement. On a neighbouring height is one of those raths or duns of the early races, from which the territory seems to have acquired its name of Dunning, while a glen which runs up from the cultivated ground towards the Ochils is associated with one of the miracles of St. Serf, the great saint of Fife. According to the Life of this early missionary, he was on one occasion in retire. ment in his cell at Dunning when he was told of a terrible dragon which was wasting the country, on which the saint took his pastoral staff and slew the dragon in a valley, which “ ab illo autem die” says the Life of the Saint,“ dicitur vallis draconis," or according to the Chronicler Wyntoun
“ Quhare he was slayne that plas wes ay
“ The Dragownys Den cald to this day.” The glen is still known by this name, but the memory of its legendary origin is entirely lost. At the Church of Dunning, which was dedicated to St. Serf, is one of the towers of which that of St. Rule at St. Andrews is a specimen, and which seem to have been the immediate successors of the round towers, such as we see them at Abernethy and Brechin. A cross of a primitive type was recently found in the floor of the tower.
Gilbert, Earl of Stratherne, granted to the monastery of Inchaffray, which he had founded, the Church of St. Servanus, of Dunnyne, and a yearly sum of 20 marks out of the thanage of Dunnyne, which he gave in consideration of a release to him by the monks of any claim competent to them of augmentation of the Earl's second teinds from the year 1247. Part of this sum of 20 marks consisted of a payment formerly made by the monks to the Earl “pro frecellis," but which was now to cease.
The Charter by the Earl Palatine, of Stratherne, in favour of John Rollo, was confirmed by a Charter of Robert II., granted by the King at Methven, on the 4th of February in the 11th year of his reign. Both of these documents are now in the British Museum.
The papers at Duncrub are principally the later titles of the lands belonging to Lord Rollo, and do not generally call for special remark.
By a Charter of James V., dated 21st May 1540, in favour of Andrew Rollock, of Duncrub, the King erected his various lands into the Barony of Duncrub, and, with the view of promoting policy and building as well as for the comfort and refection of the lieges coming to the Church of Dunnyn, he erected the kirktoun of Dunnyn into a burgh of barony, with a weekly market; and a yearly fair to be held on the festival of St. Findoca, who was the patron of the adjoining parish of Gask.
Several Charters are granted by an “Alexander “ Thane," who probably derived his name from the early Thanes of the Earl, as he seems to have inherited part of their possessions.
One of them, dated 1st June 1546, is by Alexander Thane, of Edindonyng, to James Rollok, son of Andrew Rollok, of Duncrub, of his third part of the Mains of Edindonyng, and by another which illustrates some of the agricultural arrangements of the day, dated 5th March 1540, he conveyed to the said James, “illam “ peciam terre cum pertinenciis in qua inhabitat David “ Mashell extendentem ad viginti solidatas terrarum “ cum tribus lie sowmes animalium in lie ingerss et “ tribus in lie outgerss ac totam et integram illam “ meam peciam terre cum pertinenciis in qua inhabitat “ Donaldus Flokhart extendentem ad viginti solidatas " terrarum cum tribus lie sowmis animalium in lie “ ingerşs et tribus in lie outgerss ac totam et integram
meam illam peciam terre vocatam Cultis cum perti. “ nenciis olim occupatam per Valterum Law cum pas. “ tura animalium debita et consueta ac totam et inte
gram illam meam peciam terre quam olim occupavit “ Johannes Law cum pertinenciis suis et cum pastura “ animalium debita et consueta cum domibus ortis “ croftis earundem terrarum jacentium in baronia mea " de Edindonyng."
This deed probably describes certain pieces of arable land at Dunning, to which rateable grazings in the adjoining Ochil hills were attached.
· LORD ROLLO.
Sir Andrew Rollo, of Duncrub, received the honor of peerage in 1758. Having entered the army he was knighthood from James VI., and towards the end of present at the battle of Dettingen in 1743, and at a late his days he was created a peer by Charles II. The period he saw much service in the West Indies. In Patent, which is dated at Perth, 10th January 1651, June 1761 he took the Island of Dominica, defeating has a remarkable recital narrating the antiquity and the French with great promptitude and bravery, and services of the family of Duncrub, and then a clause there are among the papers at Duncrub several relating thus translated : “Moreover, understanding that the to this subject. " name of Rollok was at first Rollo, without the addi- Copy letter, Lord Rollo to William Pitt, Esq., one of 66 tion of the letter k (as evidently appears from the his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, from Gua“ ancient monuments of the progenitors of the said daloupe, 3rd June 1761. Others of the same series " family of Duncrub, and by a book of the Clerk from Guadaloupe are dated 8th June, 12th June, and “ register for the time, entitled 'Of the signification of 6th July. " 'words,” and the very same is clear from an infeft Letter from Mr. Pitt to Lord Rollo, 5th August 1761, “ ment granted by our most illustrious progenitor marked “most secret.” Letter, “C. Tounsend,” from " Robert the Second, the first Stewart who was King of the War Office to Lord Rollo, in America, dated 25th 66 Scotland, and from other evidences), but that thro' February 1762. Letter, Lord Albemarle to Lord Rollo, " length of time and old custom it is now abused and 3rd July 1763. Letter, General Gage to Lord Rollo, 66 corrupted :” therefore creates the said Sir Andrew 10th May 1763. Draft memorial, Lord Rollo to the Rollo, and his heirs, barons of Parliament by the title King, 16th Sept. 1763. of Lords Rollo, of Duncrub; ordaining them to bear After Lord Rollo had taken Dominica, Mr. Pitt wrote the surname of Rollo, and the arms of the Lords of to him with expressions of the King's approval of his proDuncrub. His eldest son, James, was knighted by ceedings, and added “I am now commanded by the King Charles I. He married for his first wife Lady Dorothea “ to inform your Lordship in the greatest confidence Graham, third daughter of the fourth Earl of Montrose, " that his Majesty has come to a resolution to attempt and sister of the great Marquis. On her death, in “ with the utmost resolution, the reduction of the Island 1638, he married, secondly, Lady Mary Campbell, “ of Martinique by a body of troops from North America, youngest daughter of the seventh Earl of Argyll.
" and that you may expect Major-General Monckton Among the papers at Duncrub is a letter from Mon " (whom Sir Jeffery Amherst, in consequence of the trose to his brother-in-law. It is without date, but “ power given him by his Majesty, has appointed to seems to have been written in 1643 when the great “ command on this expedition), with the forces destined general had retired from public action for a time, and " for this most important enterprize, to arrive in your paused before throwing himself into the royal cause. " parts towards the end of October. It is therefore In June 1643 Sir James Rollo accompanied the cove “ his Majesty's pleasure that your Lordship should, nanting preacher, Alexander Henderson, to a conference “ with the utmost secrecy, make all timely preparations at Stirling, with Montrose and his friends, when public " for co-operating with Major-General Monckton, or affairs were discussed, but which ended without any " the Commander-in-Chief of the troops above menmutual understanding being come to.
“ tioned, with as large a number of the men under The letter, which is as follows, seems to be a sort of " your command as can be spared consistently with manifesto by Montrose as to his position after this
" the security of the Island of Dominique, and your communing :-“Richt worschipful and loving brother, " Lordship will concert with Sir James Douglas or the “ Being in regaird of the present conditioune affaires “ Commander-in-Chief of his Majesty's ships at the “ ar and lyk to be into, out of honor and deutie and " Leeward Islands, and with the Governor of Guada“ commoune prudence convinced to ondertak this " loupe, the proper time and place for such troops as “ course, I could not, bothe frome my respects to you “ you shall be able to furnish to join the forces under " as ane particular freind and lykwayes as being onder
“ the command of Major-General Monckton in order " ane kynd of communing to the contrarie, Bot frielie " to proceed with him against Martinique, in the exe" and particularly let you know the reasons trewly • cution of which service the King has the firmest " that do obledge me to do it. Wherfor you wilbe “ reliance that your Lordship will continue to exert “ pleasit remember that in all ever past amongst us “ the same zeal and abilities which you have already so “ther wer four points I still absolutely provydit, which “ auspiciously manifested for the honor of his Majesty's " were, ffirst, If the third point of the covenant, the “ army." “ Kings honor and authoritie to be solemnly adheared The united forces of Lord Rollo and General Monck. “ unto, since our religioune and libertie wes alreddie ton landed in Martinique on 16th January 1762, and “ so wholie and firmly secured, whiche, wer thay in the island surrendered on the 4th of February. “ hayserd or by all appeirance possably questioned, I
JOHN STUART. " should als willingly mainteine as any els alyve. The " secound, that my honor whiche had beine so onjustly " blindined, micht be repaired in sum faire way. The " third, that wheras I had bene at so gret losses, all
THE MANUSCRIPTS AT COLZIUM OF SIR ARCHIBALD " just accompts might have beine acknowledgit. The
EDMONSTONE, BART., OF DUNTREATH.* " fourt, that thos of my freinds who had also suffered The lands of Duntreath formed part of the inheritance u should be taken in and acknowledgit in the same of the ancient Celtic Lords of Lennox, and it has been “ way; and thair wer also ane fyft, as yow may re stated by some of our writers that on the death of " member, which wes the assurances I should have for Duncan, the last earl of the line, in 1426, they fell to “ al the former. Now in this I think it is so notor to the Crown. It appears, however, that the earldom " us, and we so consius of it, as we can not in comoune devolved on Isabel, eldest daughter of Earl Duncan, 66 sence differ. And had this beine accordingly done, the widow of Murdach, Duke of Albany, who was exe" I should have als muche past frome my lyffe as ane cuted in 1425. “ jot of what wes comouned. Bot since be the con- The family papers begin with a charter by this Isabel " trarie all hes not onlie failed, bot the quyt other or Isabella, Duchess of Albany and Countess of Lennox, " acting, I could not for all the advantages in the to William de Edmonston, of Culloden, and Matilda “ world be accessorie, hot rathier tak this courss. Yet Stewart (daughter of Robert III.), his wife, of the lands " to show that my retrait is necessarie, and for no bad of Duntreth, in the Earldom of Lennox, dated 15th " end, I shall wishe to be no longer happie than I February 1445. The witnesses are, James Stewart, 66 constantly adheare to whatsumever the countrie or Arthur Stewart, and Walter Stewart, her grandsons, "6 this cause ar . . . conserned. Whiche houping will William de Levenax, her brother, Mr. David Rede, “ not onlie be satisfactorie to yourselfe, bot to all Rector of Muckarde, her chaplain, and Donald Clerk. “ the world who may have at greatest prejudice. I In 1452 King James II. confirmed the said lands to “ am your affectionat freind efter the auld maner.” William of Edmonston, and from him the lands are “ Montrose."
stated to have descended from father to son, to the The following postscript is in the handwriting of the present time by 13 descents. The documents connected Earl, the body of the letter being written by another : with the transmission of the various lands belonging to
“ Beleaue I will make all goode I ever professed, the family are in the charter room here. 66 wherof I will intreat you be confident, and iff any Among the miscellaneous charters. I noted one by “ ewille enseu it shall be my counterpartys fault and
Donald Lennox, Earl of Lennox, granting the lands of “ not myne, for I shall not be a medler iff I be not Muckrath to Alan de Brysbane, as also the lands of “ sorely putt to it."
Holme of Dalmartyne. This deed must have been The address on the outside is also written by Mon granted prior to 1373, when the Earl died. The wittrose, “ For the Right Worshipfull my loueing brother “ Sir James Rollok."
* Since the date of my inspection Sir Archibald Edmonstone died, and Andrew, fifth Lord Rollo, succeeded his father in the has been succeeded by his brother, Sir William Edmonstone, Bart.
SIR A. EDMONSTONE,
SIR A. ED. nesses are, “ Dominis Malcolmo Flemyng, Comite de " bring trouble upon themselves. Is it not enough BIB A. ED.
" that they are overseirs who are already in office. MONSTONB. " Wvigton, Johanne Senescallo de Derneley, et Roberto
" Walays militibus, Domino Mauricio perpetuo vicario “ Except they would have a continued trouble in the
“ his Majesty should be pleased to discharge the Act
Monck, and General Lambert, to the Laird of Kilsyth.
receptor. The first is dated 24th January To the King's Majesty. 1459, and the record bears that the court was fenced, the
That whereas your Majestie att the ymportunitie suits called, and an assize chosen. The nature of the
of some naturall subjectis of this realme of England business and the mode of its transaction will be seen
hath byne pleased to conferr upon them honors, titles, from the minutes :
and dignities peculiar to other of your Majestie's do“ Jacobus Mathei recitauit plegium quem inuenit minions, by which the nobilitie of this realme, either • Johannes Wilkison viz'. quod debet arare et occupare
in themselves, their children, or bothe, finde they are “ predictam terram quam serjiandus arare inhibuit et
prejudiced. “ illam arare voluit, cum periculo juris.
Our humble desire is, that with your gracious allow“ Dominus petiit in curia ab Alano Ricardi de ser
ance wee may challenge and preserve our birthrights, “ uicio sibi debito pro terris de Medhope, qui Alanus
and that wee may take no more notice of this “ per suum procuratorem petiit a domino mature aui
(to our prejudice) than the law of this land doth, but “ sari, qui remotus de curia et mature auisatus, intrans
that we may be excused yf in cyvill curtesye wee give “ dixit per dictum suum procuratorem se debere ser
them not the respect nor place as to noblemen; strangers “ uicia in suis curiis de Liston, et illa velle perimplere.
say that their being our countreymen, borne and inheri“ Johannes Bissate in amerciamento curie propter
tanced under our lawe, thar famylies and abode amongst disturbiam et querelam injuste factam in curia.
us, have yet procured ther translation into forrein “Penes plegium quem inuenit Johannes Wilkison,
names only to our injury. “ ordinatum per assisam quod Thomas Daw illa die ad
But in this our addresse to your sacred Majestie ytt “ quindenam ut in propria curia probabit legitime
is farre from us to meddle with, much lesse to limit or “ quod Johannes Wilkison dedit consensum et con
interprett the power of sovereigntie, knowing that your “cessit ad partissionem illius terre penes quem plegius · Majestie being the roote whence all honor receaves its " fuit inuentus.
sappe under what titles soever, may collate what you “ Braciatores sunt in uoluntate domini.”
please, upon whom, when, and how you please. A number of royal and other letters are arranged
* Wherefore, with all humblenes, wee present this to in a volume. Of these are several by James IV. and
your gracious veiwe, confident of your Majesteis equall James V. to William Livingston, of Kilsyth, of a purely
favour berein, and now shall ever pray for the lasting formal nature. One by the latter monarch permits him,
continuance of your happie and glorious dayes. his son, and others to go on pilgrimage furth of the
Will. Paget. realm.
P. Stanhope. undated, but circ. 1554, in which she states that she has
William Say and heard how the Governor puts himself in her will, and
Seale. has again put into her hands the principal places of the
Tho. Howard. kingdom, and how all the princes and great lords have
G. Gerard. returned to her; that she has arrived at Meudon, beside
Tho. Wentworth. Fra. Russell, the lady her grandmother, that she may there keep the
E. Denny. feast of Pacque; in conclusion, supplicating the Creator
Thomas Windesore. T. Lyncoln, and
others. the last being a passport to George Levingstoun to
Henry Gray. proceed beyond the seas with five servants, dated Den
Bond of Manrent and Maintenance by the Earl of
BART., OF OCHTERTYRE.
The first of this branch of the family of Murray was
Patrick, third son of Sir David Murray, of Tullybar. “ Levingstoun, the spouse of umquhile Alexander
dine, who flourished in the middle of the fifteenth cen“ Levingstoun, our tenent of oure landis and toune of
tury, and by the marriage of the late Sir William Keith “ Inchmachane, to compleit the band of matrimone
Murray with the heiress of Sir Alexander Keith, of " with ony lauchfull persoun she pleses and thinkis
Dunnottar, the representation of the two families “ expedient, without ony hurt or dammage to be
became united, and the papers at Ochtertyre which " impute be us to her thairfor. Subscrivit with oure
may be considered of most general interest relate to “ hand at our City of St. Androis, the secund day of
day of the history of the latter family. “ August the yeir of God lm. vo. and x. yeris." There
Sir William Keith, who in the middle of the fouris added before the signature, “al hurtis and dammage
nd dammage teenth century was Great Marischal of Scotland, in the “ at efter may folow to ws resarvait. A., Archbishop
year 1392 acquired from William of Lindsay, Lord of “ of Sanctadres."
Byres, the lands of Dunnottar, on the rocky coast of
proceeded to build there.
one of importance from an early period, as we find in
one of the laws of King William the Lion that it is
SIR P. K. what had previously been the site of the church and who received a substantial token of the town's kindness, SIR P. K. YCERAY. cemetery, an act for which he incurred ecclesiastical thus entered in their accounts.
MURRAY. censure as an invader of consecrated ground.
“ Item at command of the magistrattis and counsall
" altogidder frie, and on the Saturday ane sessione onlie
" space at the saidis severall houris of meeting, and a
Constabill of Scotland, to the Kingis most excellent
affairs, and that he “naves nonnullas egregias amplas et
Marischal apud palatium nostrum de Dunnottar 31st
concurring testimony of the Laird of Wardis and Mr.
King of Denmark, dated 5th June 1592.
While the King remained at Kinnaird “twenty none of the conditions, writs, or contracts made by his
SIR P. K.
rators of Sir William of Keth, Marischal of Scotland, what title he claimed to possess his part of the lands in SIB P. K. publicly protested in the contrary. These things were dispute, who answered that he had no charter thereof,
“mony gude men thair beand, decretyt that the lande
“ prosces souch hym nother with grace, lufe, na with
" euadere, et ad dictam Andream Gray pro recreatione
“ quod sepedictus Andreas Gray non relaxauit nec
Esquire, and Andrew of Leys, burgess of Dundee.
can of other lands. This word can or cane occurs very