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by the sword which the judge had in his hand, or in some way procured during the scuffle. While this was going on, Bailey passed into the more private part of the house; and there encountered the wife of the judge and young Mr. Beauregard, who shot him (Bailey) through the body under the right arm; the wound proving mortal, and giving him time only to pass to the street-door, when he fell. Eagan, finding himself mortally wounded by the sword of the judge, retired to the door, and fell across Bailey, and both instantly died. The other, a Mr. Marchand, had entered the house and received a wound, it is said, by the hands of the wife of the judge; and on his escaping the door of the house, and seeing Eagan and Baily wounded, and dying, he called out to the rest of the party, “Come on, my friends! my companions are killed, dead, dead, dead !"
On seeing and hearing this, they took to their heels and ran away. Marchand walked home holding his hand over the wound. It is said that he is not yet dead.
THE ALLEGED SLAVE CASE.-RIOT AND RESCUE.
Extract from N. Y. Newspaper, 1837. The Recorder yesterday, agreeably to adjournment, resumed the examination of the case of Dixon, claimed as a fugitive slave from Baltimore. In consequence of a great crowd that thronged the Recorder's office and the Halt, an adjournment was made to the Sessions-room, which was instantly crammed with a coloured assemblage, male and female. There were, besides, as many as a thousand blacks collected in the Park. Two witnesses were examined on the part of the prisoner one of them, a very respectable carman, who had known the prisoner well for between six and seven years; the other, a black barber from Philadelphia, named Charles Girard, who knew the prisoner in Philadelphia fifteen years ago, also his father and mother, who resided there. The Recorder then ordered another adjournment till to-day noon. As Mr. Fountain, the Deputy-sheriff, left the building with the prisoner, to remand him, he was set upon by a large body of blacks, who attempted to rescue the prisoner from him.' Justice Bloodgood, who happened to be at the door, sprung to the aid of the officer, when he was seized round the neck by a tall black woman and about the legs by a black man, whose united efforts brought his broad back to the ground. Two or three others improved the opportunity, and gave the magistrate some severe accompaniments with their fists. In the mean time the blacks had rescued Dixon from Mr. Fountain and set him at liberty. He immediately took to his heels and ran down Chambers-street, followed by a mob, who made the neighbourhood ring with cheers and shouts.
Having got through Chambers and Church streets, to Reade, Dixon drove into the passage to a jeweller's shop, a couple of doors from which he made his way into a coal-hole connected with it, where he ensconced himself and kept still. Fountain, however, had kept in his trail, and saw him dodge into his retreat; and, despatching a message to the policeoffice for assistance, a posse of officers repaired to his aid. They found the poor fellow crouched in a corner of the vault, and took possession of him without any difficulty. On their way up several blacks made an
attempt to liberate him again; but the constabulary force was rather too strong for them, and secured two or three of them, who were brought up and lodged in Bridewell. On searching Dixon, after arriving at Bridewell, a silver-mounted dirk, and an enormous spring jack-knife, the blade newly sharpened on both edges, were found upon him. Fortunately for him, he had discretion enough to abstain from attempting to use them. Indeed, he denies having entertained any design or wish to escape from Mr. Fountain, and declares he would not have done it had he not been virtually obliged to do so by the mob which rescued him. The act, on their part, besides being illegal and unjustifiable, cannot but be highly prejudicial to the cause of the object of their interference, and indeed to the cause of abolitionism generally. There was certainly every reason to believe Dixon would ultimately be cleared; but this act is well calculated to encourage the opinion that there is some great mistake, unintentional, doubtless, on the part of his witnesses, a detection of which was to be feared.
Amongst persons taken prisoners at the time of the rescue of Dixon in the Park, we are pained to have to record the seizure and imprisonment of a highly respectable member of the bar, Russell C. Wheeler, esq. He was brought in by officer Waldron, who charged him with having attempted to rescue from him a black fellow whom he had taken off of Justice Bloodgood at the time the latter was assaulted in the manner before stated. Mr. Waldron alleged, and his allegation was sustained by a number of witnesses, that in the scuffle to rescue the prisoner, Mr. Wheeler tore his coat almost entirely in two through the back. Justice Bloodgood held Mr. W. to bail, to answer the charge, in the sum of 10,000 dollars; and, having no friend present who could justify to that amount, he was committed to Bridewell : he remained there, however, but about an hour, when ample bail was tendered for him. For the sake of Mr. Wheeler's fair fame, it is to be hoped there is some unintentional mistake about the matter. He has certainly never been known hitherto to encourage an outrage upon those laws his professional oath obligates him to sustain; nor, indeed, has ever had the reputation of being an advocate of abolition..
OUTRAGES. Extract from The Pennsylvanian, 1835. At Princess Ann Court House, Va., on Tuesday last, a quarrel arose between Mr. Joshua James and John Butt, two citizens belonging to that part of the county, which ended in blows; and, during the scuffle, James drew a knife and stabbed Butt in the side. The wound is said to be severe, but not mortal. James was taken before the Court, which was then in session, and committed to jail.
On the same day, says The Norfolk Herald of the 7th, another and a still greater outrage was committed three miles from the Court-house, at the dwelling of a Mrs. Butt, the mother of the young man who was stabbed by James. Another of her sons, named Edward Butt, having, it is said, drank too freely, became quite furious, and committed a number of extravagances, to the great terror and annoyance of his aged mother and his sister Elizabeth, threatening at times to shoot the whole
family; and finally closed the scene of his maniac antics by seizing a gun 'and putting his threat into execution upon his sister, whom he brutally fred at and wounded so dangerously that her life is despaired of.
Extract from The Pennsylvanian, 1836. A man, named Boyd, was recently tried in Nicholas county, Kentucky, for murder, and sentenced to three years' solitary imprisonment; but the judge, on hearing the argument of his counsel, granted him a new trial, and admitted him to bail, which created great sensation amongst the people. On the last day of the Court, as the judge was returning home, he was played upon by an engine, and profusely covered with sewer-water. The district attorney, who was with him, also received a share, but he consoled himself by remarking, that" his misfortune resulted from keeping bad company."
Extract from The Cincinnati Whig. We are exceedingly pained to learn that while Mr. Clay was attending to a suit as counsel, in the Court-house at Lexington, a few days ago, some altercation took place between him and Col. Wooley, when the latter struck Mr. Clay, and immediately a general combat took place between the parties litigant. We regret to add, that the report states that Mr. Clay, during the affray, was considerably injured. As might be expected, the affair had created great excitement, and further difficulties were anticipated. We have heard no other particulars.
MURDER OF A JUDGE.
Extract from The Philadelphian, 1836.
St. Louis, Jan. 5. A LETTER to the editors, from Callaway county, gives the following account of the untimely and violent death of a most excellent citizen of that county :
“ An occurrence transpired last evening (as it is believed about eight o'clock) truly shocking to the feelings of humanity, and overwhelming to the unhappy family and friends of the unfortunate victim in this tragical event.
“ Judge Israel B. Grant, of the county of Callaway, in returning last evening from Fulton to his residence, was attacked and murdered within half a mile of his own house. He was shockingly mangled, having been stabbed six or seven times ; his throat was cut nearly to the bone of the neck, and he was considerably bruised, apparently with a club."
From the Philadelphia Exchange Books.
New York Gazette Office, Aug. 2, 1836,
half-past nine, A.M. MR. J. Coffee.—The annexed is a copy of a note just received from our Boston correspondents, the Messrs. Topliff, dated at one, P. M., yesterday :
DARING OUTRAGE. “ We are informed that this morning while the Supreme Court in this city was in session, and while Judge Shaw was about giving the decision in a case respecting two female slaves, who had been enticed away from their master while on a visit to this city, a large number of blacks, and among them many white persons, rushed into the Court-room, knocked down the constables, took the slaves and put them into a cárriage, and drove out of the city. There is a very great excitement here and serious consequences are apprehended."
EXTRACTS FROM PUBLIC AND OTHER DOCUMENTS,
&c, RELATIVE TO THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OF BANKING.
WASHINGTON'S OPINION OF PAPER-MONEY. Our readers have seen frequently the views of Jefferson on the subject of currency, but they may not know what were the sentiments of Washington on the same subject.
Mount Vernon, February 16th, 1787. Dear Sir :-Your favour of the 30th ult. came duly' to ' hand. To give an opinion in a case of so much importance as that which has warmly agitated the two branches of your legislature, and which, from the appeal that is made, is likely to create great, and perhaps, dangerous divisions, is rather a delicate matter : but as this diversity of opinion is on a subject which has, I believe, occupied the minds of most men, and as my sentiments thereon have been fully and decidedly expressed, long before the Assembly either of Maryland or of this State was convened, I do not scruple to declare that, if I had a voice in your Legislature, it would have been given decidedly against a paper emission, upon the general principles of its inutility as a representative, and the necessity of it as a medium.
To assign reasons for this opinion would be as unnecessary as tedious. The ground has been so often trod, that hardly a place remains untouched : in a word, the necessity arising from the want of specie is respresented greater than it really is. I contend that it is by the substance, and not by the shadow of a thing, that we are to be benefited. The wisdom of man, in my humble opinion, cannot, at this time, devise a plan by which the credit of paper money would be long supported : consequently depreciation keeps pace with the quantity of the emission, and articles for which it is exchanged rise in a greater ratio than the sinking value of the money. Wherein, then, is the farmer, the planter, the artisan, benefited ? The debtor may be, because, as I have observed, he gives the shadow instead of the substance; and in proportion to his gain, the creditor or the body politic suffers. Whether it be a legal tender or not, it will, as has been observed truly, leave no alternative. It must be that or nothing. An evil equally great is the door it immediately opens for speculation, by which the least designing, and perhaps most valuable part of the community, are preyed upon by the more knowing and crafty speculators.
But, contrary to my intention and declaration, I am offering reasons in support
of my opinion-reasons, too, which of all others are least pleasing to the advocates of paper-money. I shall, therefore, only observe generally, that so many people have suffered by the former émissions, that, like a burnt child who dreads the fire, no person will touch it who can possibly avoid it-the natural consequence of which will be, that the specie which remains unexported will be locked up. With great esteem and regard,
am, dear Sir, &c.
GEORGE WASHINGTON. To Thomas Stone.
For several months past, the pressure grew heavier and heavier. Great sacrifice of property of every description took place and many large mercantile houses, as well as bonest farmers and mechanics (dealing with banks, and running in debt) failed. So extensive were these among the merchants of the cities east of Baltimore, that it seemed to be disreputable to stop payment for less than 100,000 dollars --the fashionable amount was from 2 to 300,000 dollars; and the tiptop quality, the support of whose families had cost them from 8 to 12,000 dollars a-year, were honoured with an amount of debts exceeding 500,000 dollars and nearly as much as 1,000,000 of dollars. The prodigality, and waste of some of these were almost beyond belief-we have heard that the furniture of a single parlour possessed (we cannot say belonging) to one of them, cost 40,000 dollars. So it was in all the great cities--dash, dash, dash-venders of tapes and bobbins transformed into persons of high blood, and the sons of respectable citizens converted into knaves of rank-through speculation, and the facilities of the abominable paper system.