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I have the honor tu be, very respectfully, your obedient Amount in hands of collectors,

$34,971 45 servant,

From which deduct amount of drafts on col-

lectors who have made no returns to this Treasurer of the United States. office, but only to the Secretary of the Hon. Levi WOODBURY,


500 00 Secretary of the Treasury.

Aggregate of statement A,

$34,471 45 D. Statement of moneys in the hands of Collectors and Re Amount in hands of receivers,

$930,764 39 ceivers subject to draft on the 11th September, 1837.

From which deduct amount of drafts on re

ceivers who have made no returns to this Collector. P. W. Leland, Fall River, Mass. $2,578 01

office, but only to the Secretary of the L. Williams,


109,483 98 New Bedford, Mass.

500 00 S. Stillwell, Oswegatchie, N. Y. 2,562 08 J. N. Barker,

Aggregate of statement B,

$821,280 41 Philadelphia, Penn. 14,960 00 C. D. McIndoe, Petersburg, Va.

1,273 22

L. Marsteller, Wilmington, N. C. 3,700 00
J. Ramsey,

Treasurer's Office, Sept. 15, 1837.
Plymouth, N. C.

300 00 J. K. Pringle, Charleston, S. C.

7,698 14 J. W. Breedlove, New Orleans, La.



$34,971 45 Receiver.

September 18, 1837. Subrnitted by the Chairman of the J. H. Larwell, Bucyrus, Ohio,

6,000 00

Committee of Ways and Means, and ordered to be J. Coates, Chillicothe, 'Ohio, 14,426 57

printed. M. Neville, Cincinnati, Ohio, 23,586 50 W. Blackburn, Lima, Ohio,

85,451 30 Estimated state of the Treasury on the 1st of October, D. C. Skinner, Marietta, Ohio,

10,000 00

1837. J. Findley, Wooster, Ohio,

941 56

Specie fund in land offices and
J. Hall,
Zanesville, Ohio, 12,218 49


$700,000 J. T. Pollock, Crawfordsville, la. 31,719 56

Do. in the mint,

800,000 J. Spencer, Fort Wayne, la. *124,206 28

$1,500,000 J. J. Real, Jeffersonville, la. 19,220 69

Balances due from banks, which will remain
S. W. Norris, Indianapolis, Ia.

15,161 01
undrawn on the 1st of October,

5,000,000 J. Jackson, La Porte, la.

48,417 35 Instalment due from the Bank of the United J. P. Drake, Vincennes, la.

60,574 86

States on the 1st of October, deducting the S. McRoberts, Danville, III.

9,267 56 A. M. Jenkins,

amount paid through an arrangement with
Edwardsville, III.

8,893 8!
the Navy Department, about

1,500,000 E. Humphreys, Kaskaskia, III.

25,243 27 T. Carlin, Quincey, III.

48,207 46

Available and unavailable funds $8,000,000 J. Taylor, Springfield, III.

33,915 38

Deduct the sums which will not be available
W. Linn,
Vandalia, II.

44,722 38

either for deposite or for current expenses

of Government for some time to come, viz: * Of this sum, $76,101 25 hus been placed by the receiver on special Employed in the mint for the purchase of deposite in the Bank of Indiana, at Lawrenceburg. Other sums, sla. ted is in the hands of recnivers, are, no doubt, on special deposita in bullion, &c., which cannot be applied to banks, under the instructions of the Secretary of the Treasury lo that any iminediate use,

$500,000 Vol. XIV.-AS


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of the five millions due from

half inillion allowed by law for the use of the banks, only $750,000 are due


4,000,000 from banks east and north of Virginia, and but $250,000

$15,100,000 from other banks, which can be

Deduct the available means in the 4th quarter 6,000,00 considered available ; leaving wholly unavailable in remoto

Amount to be provided

$9,100,000 banks,

$4,000,000 It is understood that the Bank of the United States has become

INDIANS IN MILITARY SERVICE. the purchaser of Treasury transfer drasts to the States,

Letter from the Secretary of War, in obedience to a reso(presuming that they were,

lution of the House of Representatives of the 18th Seplike other drafts, receivable in

tember, in relation to Indians employed in the military payment of public dues,) to

service. September 21, 1837, ordered to lie on the table. meet the instalment due on the

WAR DEPARTMENT, 1st of October. Whether they are received or not, the fund

September 21, 1837. will be unavailable in the one

Sir: I have the honor to transmit, herewith, a report of case the claim continues on the

the Commanding General, in answer to a resolution of the United States Bank, and in

House of Representatives of the 18th instant, relative to the the other the balance due from

number of Indians employed in the military service of the the State banks is increased to

United States since the commencement of the present Semithe amount of


nole war, and copies of all orders and instructions under

6,000,000 which said Indians have been employed, &c. Leaving in the Treasury, lo meet

Very respectfully, your most obedient servant, current expenses $2,000,00

J. R. POINSETT. Of which there is in specie 1,000,000

Hon. JAMES K. Polk, Balances due from non-specie

Speaker of the House of Rrepresentatives. paying banks 1,000,000

HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY, Probable state of the Treasury in the last quarter of the

Washington, September 19, 1637. year, excluding unavailable funds, or all funds which

Sir : In answer to a resolution of the House of Recannot be applied to the current expenses of the Govern- presentatives dated September 18, 1837, requiring " a statement.

ment of the number of Indians employed in the military

service of the United States since the commencement of Balance in the Treasury on the 1st of October

the present Seminole war, and copies of all ordes and inIn specie


structions under which Indians have been employed,” &c., In banks


I have respectfully to report, that an examination of the

$2,000,000 files in the Adjutant Cieneral's office, shows that a regi. Receivable from lands, probably

ment of Creek Indians, composed of fifteen companies, and less, but may be


amounting in the aggregate to seven hundred and fortyCurrent receipts from customs,

nine, was received into the service of the linited States on bonds, cash, duties, &c. if the

the 1st of September, 1836, by Major General Jesup's payment of the bonds be post

order, of which the following is an extract : poned, and not including sus

"HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE SOutii, pended bonds

1,000,000 Suspended bonds, payable from

Fort Mitchell, July 25, 1836.

“ORDER No. 50. the middle of November to the 1st of January


“1. A band of friendly Indian warriors will be immediReceipts from miscellaneous

ately raised and organized for special service, under in

structions from the Commanding General. They will be sources


mustered into the service, mounted, equipped, supplied, 4,000,000

and paid as mounted volunteers, for twelve months, 'unless $6,000,000

sooner discharged. Cptain J. F. Lane is appointed to

raise, organize, and command them. He will be mustered The expenditures during the last quarter, esti

in for the same period as Colonel, subject to the approval

of the President of the United States." mated at the monthly rates, for the first eight months in the year, will be


It is presumed that authority for the above was derived Extraordinary appropriations which will

from the Secretary of War's letter dated July 11, 1836, be immediately required for the Florida

of which the following is a copy : 1,600,000

"Wau DEPARTMENT, Allowance for drafts on banks, (41 millions

Washington, July 11, 1836. outstanding,) which have been issued, and

"sin: It has been suggested that a few Creek warwhich may be returned in the last quarter in

riors might be useful to Governor Call, and might be wilpayment of public dues, instead of money,

ling to be employed in the contemplated expedition against besides the million and a half purchased by

the Seminole Indians. You will please to correspond with the United States Bank

500,000 Governor Call on this subject, and if he should desire it, I Balance required to be in the Treasury to meet

would thank you to raise a small corps of this descrption, contingent Jemands, (particularly necessary

not exceeding two or three hundred, and send them when the outstanding appropriations amount

to Florida. They may be paid and organized as volunto 24 millions,) and exelading the additional

teers, but should be placed under the command of some


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white man, well acquainted with them, and who has their I hope and trust will last at least until we can get them confidence. It is presumed that enough young men would out of the country. I am using every exertion to effect be willing to go, without requiring their families to be re this object, and have no doubt but I shall be successful, in tained in Alabama until their return. This measure of re a measure, in the course of this spring. A report is going taining Indian families ought to be avoided, as the imme. the rounds of the public papers, that a large body of the diate removal of the Indians seems to be indispensably ne Creeks have joined the Seminoles; this, you may rely on, cessary.

Very respectfully, &c. is incorrect. I have recently visited all the lower towns,

"L. CASS and there is none of their people absent; and you may * Major Gen. T. S. JESOP,

rely on it that, including all the stragglers that may have Fort Mitchell, Alabama."

joined the Seminoles during the last summer, they cannot About the commencement of the Indian hostilities in

exceed one hundred in all; but I am told that they are reFlorida, a band of 90 friendly Indians was received into

inforced hy a number of runaway negroes, who are decidedthe service by Captain Belton, the commanding officer at

ly the most active, keen, and intelligent fellows amongst

them. Tampa bay, as seen by his letter of the 7th of January,

Whatever their strength was before this war, their 1836; but no rolls of them have been received, and it is

reinforcements cannot exceed three or four hundred, of not known for what tiine they were so employed; it is pre

every description. sumed not long, however.

In relation to the Creeks, there would be no difficulty On the recommendation of General Jesup, made on the in procuring their services, or in depending on them aster 17th June last, that a thousand Northern Indian warriors they were procured. Whether, under existing circumshould be engaged to take the place of the Creek regiment stances, the Government would be willing to employ them which was about to be discharged, the present Secretary of against the Seminoles, is more than I can say ; but, if War took measures, on the 25.h of July, to call into the they should, there would be no difficulty in procuring as service of the United States that force, to be composed as

many as you might choose to muster into service. follows:

I have the honor to remain your friend, &c., Delawares,


200 Shawnees,


Superintendent Creek removal. Sacs and Foxes,


Major General W. Scott, Kicapoos,


Commanding in Florida. Choctaws,


War DePARTMENT, It may be proper here to state that Major General Scott, in the month of March, 1836, called on Colonel Hogan,

Washington, January 21, 1836. the agent for the Creeks, to obtain from that nation five Sir : Major General Scott has been directed to assume hundred warriors, to serve against the Seminoles ; but

the general direction of operations in Florida. Recent inowing to delays and difficulties not within the General's telligence has led to the belief that the Creeks have activecontrol, they were not raised.

ly joined, or intend to join, the Seminole Indians in their The orders, instructions, and correspondence having hostilities. Should such prove to be the case, General reference to this subject, are hereunto annexed, marked Scott has orders to reduce the Creek Indians, as well as from 1 to 17, inclusive. Respectfully submitted. the Seminoles, to unconditional submission. In this event, ALEX. MACOMB, Major Gen'l,

you will please to report yourself to him, and communiCommanding in Chief.

cate to him all the instructions and information in your Hon. J. R. Poinsett, Sec'y of War.

possession respecting the views of the Government on the

subject of the removal of the Creek Indians. You will No. 1.

also carry into effect such instructions on this matter as he Fort MITCHELL,

may give you.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Creek Agency, Feb. 1, 1836.

LEWIS CASS. MY DEAN GENERAL: I have this day received a letter Col. John B. HOGAN, Columbus, Ga. from the honorable the Secretary of War, of which the enclosed is a copy, from which I have learned that you are

No. 2. again in the field, and that the important duty of subduing

TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA, the Seminoles has been assigned to you, and that I am or

March 7, 1836. dered to report myself to you, and receive and carry into Dear sir: Major Flournoy and Mr. Watson, of Coeffect such instructions as you may give me. Now, this lumbus, Georgia, who will hand you this letter, has apis all news to me, and is perfect Hebrew, unless the De- plied to me to receive into the service 200 Indians that he partment meant, in a modest way, to say to me, Take a has conditionally engaged. It is a matter over which I thousand of your Creek Indians and repair to Florida, and have no authority, and accordingly have referred him to aid General Scott to subdue these rascally Seminoles. you. If, as I presume will be the case, the Indians shall If this was their view, why not say so at once, and you betake themselves to hammocks and swamps, and seek for should, in a very short time, have me again along side of you, safety there, those Indians may prove highly serviceable tugging at the old oar. I have no doubt but that I could, in discovering their retreat; besiiles, as in war times neighin ten days, raise you 1,000 warriors, and be on the march boring tribes are not disposed to be inactive, they may join to join your army; and, in as many more days, be with the enemy if you refuse to take them into your service. I you; all that is necessary is an order to that effect. But the should think, therefore, it would be most advisable to auSecretary seems to think the Creek Indians are hostile. thorize those gentlemen to bring thom to Tampa. The This is not the fact; although some little skirmishing has Chattahoochie river being now in line order, they could taken place, on the Georgia side of the river, and some few very soon be transported in a steamboat to Tampa bay. lives have been lost on both sides; but a peace has been I have no news either from the army or elsewhere. Our effected here to-day between two militia general officers, difference with France is adjusted, without war and withfrom Georgia, and the chiefs; and an agreement has been out apology. signed by all the chiefs present. I was fifty miles below In this Territory horses, nor supplies for them, could be here night before last, anıl, hearing of these murders, I procured ; accordingly, one-half, say 300, were sent to came up yesterday, and to-day effected this peace, which 'Tampa bay, under Major Read. About 200 are, or soon


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will be, on the frontier about the Suwannee, to guard leobolo, who said he did not want his people to engage in against those marauding straying parties that may attempt any such war at present; that he was anxious to get off for any mischief there.

the West; but if the Secretary of war wanted his people to With great respect,

go, he did not wish them to go with men he did know,

J. H. EATON. and of course had no confidence in. Other chiefs told me Gen. WINFELD Scott.

the same thing. Mr. Watson continued to follow me No. 3.

about, and insisting that I must get him Indians to go ;

and at last lie became rude and offensive. I then cut him HEADQUARTERS Army or FLORIDA,

short, hy telling him if he had any coinmunications to ORDER No. 13.

Fort Drune, March 14, 1836. make me, to do it in writing, and I would in the same Gencral Thomas Woodward, of Macon county, Alaba manner reply. I also consulted the emigrating contract.

is authorized, aided by Majors J. H. Watson and W. ors, who I had reason 10 think were pushing on Waison, B. Flournoy, to accept the services of any fire hundred and asked them, if the Indian warriors were raised, if they Creek warriors, lo he employed as auxiliaries in the pres would give me, from under their hands, a relinquishment ent war against thc Seminole Indians. Should General of any claim they might hereafter choose to preser for damWoodward decline taking the command of these friendly ages on account of those Indians being carried to FlorIndians, Major Watson, assisted by Major Flournoy, will ida. 'They said they would not give any relinquishment, take the command of them.

but the Indians might go if the War Department required The United States agents in the Creck nation will give their services. every facility in raising and despatching the auxiliary force Whatever inclination I might have to obey General mentioned above. The force will proceed, by water, from Scott's orders, and certainly there is no officer I have ever the Creek country to Tampa bay, where, on its arrival, it served under that I more highly love and respect, and will be reported to any general or colonel who may be in whose orders at all times afforded me more pleasure to command in that quarter.

obey, yet, in the present instance, I have deemed it most Commissions, of course, cannot be granted to the gen- prudent to refer the whole matter to you. I can easily tlemen who may be employed with this force; but the perceive General Scott's situation when he gave that commander will be considered as having the rank of lieu- order to those young men, Watson and Flournoy, who tenant colonel, the next officer the rank of major, and the visited him at Picolata, and no doubt made a display of jhird that of captain. Should more officers be requisite, their patriotism and popularity among the Creeks, and one or two lieutenants will be recognised; but this will be urged the General to give them an order to bring into the a subject for future determination.

field 500 Indians. The General seeing but one side, and WINFIELD SCOTT. being pleased with their spirit, gave the order; you will No, 4.

see, loo, that the order (a copy of which I herewith en

close) does not embrace an order on the commissariat or WAR DEPARTMENT, April 12, 1836.

quartermaster general's department for subsistence and Sır: I enclose herewith an extract of a letter received transportation, or on the ordnance department for arms, or from Colonel Hogan, together with a copy of one this day their being mustered into the service of the United States, addressed to him.

nor was it personally addressed to Captain Page or myself, As my views are fully expressed in the letter to Colonel

or would Mr. Watson vouch that it was a correct copy of Hogan, I need not trouble you with a repetition of them.

General Scott's order, as he wrote it, he said, from memVery respectfully, your most obedient servant,

ory. If it is desirable to have the 500 Creek warriors enLEWIS CASS.

gage in this war, I have but little doubt they can be obtainMajor General Scott, Forl King, Florida.

ed, if proper persons are sent to command them, but I do

not think ihat either Mr. Watson or Mr. Flournoy are the Extract of a letler from John B. Hogan to the Secretary right sort of persons to be charged with such a command. of War, dated

I have no doubt of the bravery of either, but I should TUSKEGEE, March 28, 1836. think they lack the other requisites of a commander, viz: Sir: At this council Mr. John H. Watson, the same prudence, temper, caution, and experience. If, however, young man who commenced all the late disturbances at you wish the order complied with, it shall be attempted Columbus, by attacking a party of Creeks below Fort and enforced as far as my influence will go. Mitchell, in which affair two white men were killed ; this first communication to General Scott, I made a tender Mr. Watson came on the ground with a piece of paper of my services, should he require Indians in this campurporting to be a copy of an order recently issued by Ma- paign ; not having heard from him, I presumed the Deparljor General Scott, authorizing General Woodward, of this ment would sanction the employment of them, and thought place, who is one of the new batch of emigrating contract no more on the subject. If, however, I am mistaken, I ors, to accept the services of any 500 Creek Indians, as again lender my services to go as commander of such a volunteers. General W. declined making any efforts to body as the Department may order. A matter of that sort raise volunteers, by stating that it was a well-known facı is much more to my taste than the duties now assigned me. that he had no influence with the indians, but if they were I have the honor to remain your obedient servant, raised, and no better man could be found, he would go

JOHN B. HOGAN. with them; but, as far as I could understand his open Hon. Lewis Cass. Declarations, he appeared to disapprove altogether of the

No. 5. project, as it was his opinion that it would retard emigration. Mr. Watson, who appears to be a wild, rash, in

War DEPAHTMENT, April 12, 1836. considerate young man, insisted that I was bound to raise Sir: I have received your letter of the 28th ultimo. the warriors. I referred him to Captain Page, as a mili- With respect to the employment of the Creek Indians untary officer, and who was acting as superintendent, but he der the orders of General Scott, I am unwilling to give you seemed to think that a word or two from me would induce any definite instructions. I would rather that the campaign the chiefs to jump at the offer. In the mean time I con should be brought to a successful termination without the sulted Captain Page, who was decidedly opposed to send aid of the Creek Indians. Still, if from the nature of the ing Indians under the orders of such a man, and, indeed, operations, this cannot be done without sacrificing our own seemed to disapprove of it. I also consulted with Opoth- ' troops to the unhealthfulness of the climate in the sickly

In my

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You will repre

season of the year, the Department will consent to have a inoles of Florida during the next campaign, you are requicorps of these Indians raised, if they are willing to be so red to endeavor to engage for this service four hundred employed. But the time which has intervened since the Shawnees, two hundred Delawares, and one hundred authority given by General Scott on this subject, and the Kickapoos, to be selected from the most intelligent of those great changes which may have occurred in the state of best affected towards the United Stales. things in Florida, render it inexpedient to give directions sent to them that they will be divided into bands of fifty here to have any measures taken. I think it is best that you each, including the individual who may have the command should explain to the Creeks the views of General Scott, of each band, and who will be selected by those composing in relation to the employment of these young men, and re the bands out of their own number. The compensation of quest them to have in readiness the force which he required these Indians for six months' service will be as follows : to to be called out, should General Scott again renew the re the chief of each band four hundred and seventeen dollars, quisition. In the mean time I shall communicate these and to all others, each two hundred and seventy dollars. views to General Scott, and refer to his own discretion the Besides this pay, they will be subsisted at the expense of course which shall be taken.

the Government; and it may be proper to assure them that I have to request your zealous co-operation in whatever every effort will be made to give them, should they desiro measures General Scott may think necessary.

it, the same kind of ration which they now receive; and Very respectfully, your most obedient eewart. Cass.

that should any of the Indians thus engaged, die or be killed

while in the service of the Government, the amount of pay Colonel J. B. Hocar. Columbus, Georgia.

wbich may be due them for the six months' service will be

given to their families. No. 6.

These Indians will be armed with their own rifles and Extract from a letter of Major General Thomas S. Jesup to implements, so far as they possess them, and those who

the Hon. B. F. Builer, (Secretary of War ad interim,) may not have them of their own will be furnished by the dated

United States, the cost of which to be deducted from their “ Fort Dade, March 7, 1837. рау. .

Each band will select its own interpreter, who will - When the Indian regiment was raised in the Creek be enrolled and will compose one of the fifty. The comcountry for service in Florida, it was distinctly understood pensation of each interpreter, for the six morths' service, hy them, as well as by me, that they were to be allowed to will be three hundred and fifty dollars. return to Alabama in time to remove to the country as It is of great importance that the enrolment and organisigned to them in the west of the Mississippi, before the zation of this force should be comple sufficiertly early to season for planting their corn. I have found it necessary admit of its transportation to Tampa bay, Florida, by the to retain them in service up to this time, and it is important middle of October next at latest. In the duty of enrolling that they remain until the Seminoles remove. Had they and organizing, you will be assisted by one or more officers left me on the 1st of February, according to the assurances of the army, who will join you at the proper time for the given to them, I must have called into service at least two purpose, and who, when this duty shall have been completregiments of militia or volunteers, to have taken their places, ed, will take charge of the Indians, and conduct them in at a heavy expense; besides, there would have been much transports on their way to Florida. loss of time in discharging the Indians, and bringing into Very respectfully, your most obedient servant, service the militia. From a careful consideration of all the

J. R. POINSETT. circumstances in which I found myself, as well as from the Major R. W. CUMMINS, situation of the enemy, and the nature of the country in

Fort Leavenworth, Missouri. which we were operating, I was decidedly of opinion that [Same to Captain William Armstrong, substituting for sound policy, as well as considerations of economy, made the names and numbers of the tribes, two hundred Chocit proper to retain the Indian force. To induce them to laws. remain, I assured them that if they should be detained he Same to General J. M. Street, substituting for the names yond the planting season, the United States would not only and numbers of the tribes, one hundred Sacs and Foxes.] subsist them for twelve months after their arrival West, but, in addition to that period, until the time of gathering

No. 9. their crops next year. By the arrangement which I have Extract from a letter to Major General Thomas S. Jesup. made with them, a considerable sum will be saved to the

“War DEPARTMENT, July 1, 1837. Treasury in the end, and I respectfully ask that it be ap

" Measures have been taken to obtain the Indian force proved by the Department."

you have recommended, and it is hoped that one thousand

warriors will be at Tampa in time to co-operate with the No. 7.

regulars at the commencement of the campaign : say two War DEPARTMENT, March 27, 1837. hundred Delawares, four hundred Shawnees, one hundred Sir: I have had the honor to receive your letter of the Sacs and Foxes, one hundred Kickapoos, and two hundred 7th instant, respecting the further continuance of the regi- Choctaws; making in all one thousand warriors." ment of Creek warriors in the service of the United States. The reasons given by you for adopting this measure are

No. 10. entirely satisfactory, and the Department therefore approves

WAR DEPARTMENT, August !, 1837. it, and will carry into effect the assurances which you have Sir: I enclose for your information copies of instructions given those Indians respecting their subsistence after their that have been issued in reference to the employment of an arrival at their homes in the West.

Indian force during the next campaign in Florida.
Very respectfully, your most obedient servant,

Very respectfully, your most obedient servant,

J. R. POINSETT. Maj. Gen. Thomas S. JxSUP,

Major General Thomas S. Jesup,
l'ort Darle, Garey's Ferry, Florida.

Garey's Ferry, Florida.
No. 8.

No. 11.
War DEPARTMENT, July 22, 1837.

War DEPARTMENT, August 8, 1837. Sir: It having been deemed advisable to employ a body Sir : Major Brant, quartermaster at St. Louis, has been of friendly Indians to aid in the operations against the Sem- ' instructed to turn over to you the sum of three thousand

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