Imagens das páginas

Naufrage de la Fregate, fc.-Account opera at Paris is a performance of which of the Loss of the Frigate Medusa, &c.; a foreigner can form to himself no adeby A. Corrcord and T. B. Hurey Savigny, quate idea. fc. in 8vo. with cuts.

The only new pieces performed in the This account might have been interest. last three months are, a small opera in one ing, but the authors have made a party act, called. Zeložda, or the Flowers, very pamphlet of it. The sufferers themselves coolly received by the audience, and the may have a right to complain, but private ballet of Proserpine, in three acts. This citizens are undoubtedly bound to respect ballet did not answer the general expectathe decisions of a court-martial. The cap- tion, and has been judged below the retain having been acquitted, we think it our putation of its author Gardel. duty to abstain from any reflections on this

2. The second in rank, though it work; for we wish equally to avoid hurt. ought undoubtedly to be the first, is THE ing the feelings of the authors, and attack. FRENCH THEATRE.

None but trageing the reputation of an officer in the king's dies and comedies are represented here. service.

Its existence dates from Moliere's time;

that is to say, since the ordinance of Louis N. B. We this moment learn that the XIV., by which the two theatres of the eleventh number of M. Fivée's Poli Hotel de Bourgogne and of Moliere were, tical and Administrative Correspondencs in 1650, united under Moliere's direchas been seized by the Attorney-General. tion. Talma is at present the first traWe are not yet acquainted with the con- gic aetor. His talents are great, and in tents of this publication.

some parts he is inimitable. It is only to be regretted that there are so few wherein he chooses to show himself. He regularly

appears in no more than eight or ten traQuarterly Survey of the Paris Theatres. gedies, so that the amateurs who frequent

Before we enter into particulars on the the French stage have seldom the satisfacParis theatres during the last three months, tion of seeing him in any new character. it may not be without interest to give our Lafont is far beneath him. St Prix has a readers a general retrospect of the present beautiful figure, and a fine voice; he spouts state of the French stage.

well, but wants animation. In comic parts 1. THE GRAND OPERA has the first Fleury is considered as the only one who rank among the French theatres. This shows any remains of the bon ton of the establishment owes it origin to the Cardi- late court. He is advanced in age, and is nal Mazarine, and has the title of a Royal expected to quit the stage soon after the Academy of Music. Louis XIV., with a Easter Holidays. Madame Leverd performs view to ennoble his newly erected opera, the coquette parts with tolerable éclat, but declared by a special, and rather curious, Mademoiselle Mars, in young ingenuous ordinance, that the prejudice existing girls, is the most inimitable actress that against all other actors should not take ever the French stage produced. Mi. effect in regard to the performers of the chot and Baptiste, Junior, are excellent in Royal Academy of Music, and that even a farmers and clowns. Some parts are, how. nobleman might sing or dance in public ever, at present entirely wanting, such as without any disparagement. Rumcau fathers and servants. Neither Grandmesis looked upon as the father of old French "nil, Caumont, nor Darincourt, have as yet music, which is undoubtedly the most ri- found worthy successors. diculous tiresome stuff that ever was in The house is large, but dismal ;-the tended to pass for amusement. J. J. Rous- music shocking ;-and the scenery very seau gave it a mortal stroke, first in his nusquin. According to the rates, the French letter on French music, and afterwards in actors are obliged to give at least two new his pretty little opera, The Village Sooth- pieces every month ; but they are extremesayer, which is still daily performed with ly remiss in their duty. During the three the greatest applause. The method of first months of this year, they have not singing is much altered for the better within given one new performance. The Earl of the last fifty years, though the actors keep Warwick, a tragedy by La Harpe, has still mostly true to their old fashioned been newly set for the stage, but has not screams, owing to the French setting more been more favourably received this time importance upon the acting than the sing. than when first performed about thirty ing of their operas. The orchestra is fine, years ago. and well conducted, though it has the fault We had just concluded this month's surof playing too loud. The true glory of the vey, when we heard of the shocking fire French opera is in the dancing and deco- which has consumed the Odéon, undoubt. rations, both of which are magnificent bc- edly the most elegant thcatre in Paris. An yond description. A good ballet at the account of it in our next


• state

THE DIRGE OF TIPPOO SULTAUN. A hundred granaries huge inclosed
From the Canăra.

Full eighteen sorts of foodful grain ;

Dark in his arsenals reposed
(By the late Dr John Leyden.)

Battle's terrific flame-mouthed train.
How quickly fled our Sultaun's state ! How paltry proud Durgoden's
How soon his pomp has passed away!

To his in fortune's prosperous day!
How swiftly sped Seringa's + fate

In wealth, in martial pomp elate, From wealth and power to dire decay !

All in a moment passed away! How proud his conquering banners few !

Before our prince of deathless fame How stately marched his dread array !

The silver trumpets shrilling sound, Soon as the King of earth withdrew

Applauding heralds loud acclaim, His favouring smile, they passed away!

And deep-toned nobuts + shook the Ilis peopled kingdoms stretching wide,

ground. A hundred subject leagues could fill ; His was the wealth by Rajahs won, While dreadful frowned, in martial pride, Beneath their high imperial sway,

A hundred droogs # from hill to hill. While eight successive ages run, His hosts of war, a countless throng, But all, alas ! has passed away!

His Franks, S impatient for the fray, How swift the ruthless spoiler came ! His horse, that proudly pranced along

How quick he ravaged none can say, All in a moment passed away!

Save HE whose dreadful eye of tiame His mountain forts of living stone

Shall blast him on the judgment day. Were hewn from every massy rock, The noontide came with baleful light, Whence bright the sparkling rockets shone, The Sultaun's corpse in silence lay;

And loud the vollied thunder spoke. His kingdom, like a dream of night, His silver lances gleamed on high,

In silence vanished quite away! His spangled standards fluttered gay ; But say, to fence the falling state, Lo, in the twinkling of an eye,

Who foremost trod the ranks of fame? Their martial pride hath passed away!

Great Kummer, chief of soul elate, Girt by the Cavery's holy stream,

And stern Sher-Khan of deathless name. By circling walls in triple row,

Meer Sadack, too, of high renown,
While deep between, with sullen gleam, With him what chieftain could com-

The dreary moat outspread below;
High o'er the portals jarring hoarse While Meer-Hussäin virgins own,

Stern ramparts rose in dread array ; As flowery bowed Meimmodeen fair.
Towers that seemed proof to martial force; Soobria, Mutte, Bubber-Jung,
All in a moment passed away!

Still foremost in the crush of fight, His elephants of hideous cry,

And he whose martial glory rung His steeds that pawed the battle ground, From realm to realm for dauntieas His golden stores that wont to lie

might; Thro' years of peace in cells profound,- Khan Jehan Khan, who stood alone, Himself a chief of prowess high,

Syed Sahib next, himself an host ; Unmatched in battle's stormy day ; The chiefs round Indra's angel throne Lo, in the twinkling of an eye,

Could ne'er such mighty prowess boast. Our dauntless hero passed away! Purniah, s sprung from Brahma's line, His countless gems, a glittering host, Intrepid in the martial fray,

Arranged in ninefold order smiled ; Alike in council formed to shine; Each treasured wealth the world can boast, How could our Sultaun's power decay! In splendid palaces were piled.

Ah ! soon it fled !--how small a weight Jewels enchased, a precious store,

Of nitrous sulphur sped the ball, Of fretted pride, of polish high,

Outweighed to dust a sinking state, Of costly work, which ne'er before

And bade our gallant Sultaun fall! Were heard with ear or seen with eye.

* One of the ancient Mahratta heroes. • Copied from the original, and presented

+ A sort of large drums.

An officer who, in the most gallant man. to the Editors by a gentleman lately return ner, defended the breach at Seringapatam. ed from India. of Seringapatam.

§ Tippoo's minister, (afterwards minister Hill forts.

of the present Rajah) who settled the coun§ Frenchmen.

try on the British obtaining possession of it.

pare ?


all grace


Yet, ranged in ranks around the throne,

SONYET FROM PETRARCH. His brave Moguls would proudly say, (Sonnet 88 of the First Book.) Did e'er this earth one sovereign own, My friend, shall I declare after what guise

Thine, thine were universal sway. My life is wasted ? 'tis, as 'twas of yore ! Careless of fate, of fearless mind,

I burn, and am in torment, as before, They feasted round in many a row; And every thought is Laura's as it flies. One bullet, viewless as the wind,

Here, I beheld her gentle,-there, her eyes Amid them laid the Sultaun low ! Changed their mild looks, and lofty glances Where, then, Allah's far-fam'd wore: power,

Here, coy and bashful,-there, her mirth The boasted inspiration's might ?

ran o'er, Where, in that unpropitious hour,

Now, soft to please,-now, haughty to Was fled thy Khoran's sacred light ?

despise. Vain was each pray'r and high behest How sweetly, here, she sang,--and, there,

When Rungah | doomed the fatal day! How small a bullet pierced thy breast !

Was seated ;--Here, she turned, and, How soon thy kingdom passed away!

there, did stay : Amid his queens of royal race,

Here on my heart, how fixed her bright

stars lay! Of princely form, the monarch trod ; Amid his sons of martial grace

Each word she spoke, each smile upon her

face, The warrior moved an earthly god. Girt with proud chiefs of prowess high,

Each shifting feature-in these dreams, alas!

Mymaster, Love, enchains me, night andday!
How proud was his imperial sway!
Soon as the god of Colusayes

Withdrew his smile, it passed away!
Coorg,† Cuddapah, † and Concan-land,+ Bid the cold and callous hearted

Brood o'er bliss he ne'er imparted :
These princely lords of old renown,

Let him linger, let him languish, To thee outspread the unweaponed hand,

In his sordid, selfish anguish :
And crouched at thine imperial frown;

Not a sun his soul shall borrow,
Proud mountain chiefs, the lofty crest
They bent beneath thy sceptered sway.

To dispel his night of sorrow;

And a something shall annoy, How dire the blow that pierced thy breast !

With a dread, his dreams of joy.
How soon thy kingdom passed away!

He knows not the blissful union
The sovereign of proud Delhi's throne,
That held the prostrate world in awe,

Souls partake by soft communion ;
Stree-Munt, I whose rule compels alone,

He knows not the pleasing sadness Mahratta tribes devoid of law;

Less allied to grief than gladness,

Which the pensive heart is proving,
The Rajahs of the peopled world

When its life consists in loving,
Resigned their realms in deep dismay,
Where'er thy victor flag unfurled-

As congenial pulses beat

With a mild and mutual heat.
How soon thy kingdom passed away!
From far Singala's $ region came

He who can despise thee, woman,

Must be more or less than human : The Anglian race, unknown to fly;

On his heart a frost is seizing,
Revering Rungah's sacred name,

In his veins the blood is freezing :
They dauntless pressed to victory.
Our lofty bulwarks down they threw,

If thou canst not, what can move it!

But his coldness none will covet ;
And bade their drums victorious bray ;

Not a bosom shall condole
Then every earthly god withdrew,
Then fled Seringa's pomp away.

With his poor and paltry soul.
Where were the chiefs in combat bred ?

Some may say thinc eyes are cheating, The hosts in battle's dreadful day !

Some may say thy love is fleeting, Ah! soon as Crishnu's q favour fied,

Some may say-but I believe not ; Our prince, our kingdom, passed away! Well I know thy smiles deceive not.

There is one,

whose face my being How vain is every mortal trust!

Finds redoubled life in seeing,
How empty earthly pomp and power!
Proud bulwarks crumble down to dust,

Who, with seraph smile, inspires

Gentle love and genial fires.
If o'er them adverse fortune lower!
In Vishnu's a lotus-foot alone

Fairy is her form of lightness,
Confide ; his power shall ne'er decay--

Azure is her eye of brightness, When tumbles cvery earthly throne,

Snowy is her brow,-above it
And mortal glory fades away !

Wreathe the auburn curls that love it,
Sweetly twining, and invading

Rosy checks that need not shading:
Hindoo deities. + Chieftains tri. Blush not at my telling thee,
butary to Tippoo. Mahratta chief. Oh my love that thou art she !
Lurupe-chiefly England. -




grows vertical.”

the “ Royal Society." This evidently

originated in a plan laid down by him, in Feb. 16.1818.-Mr Macvey Napier read,

a romantic piece, called the “ New At. er Remarks illustrative of the Scope and Infiu- lantis," where he paints an imaginary ence of the Philosophical writings of Lord Ba- college or society, to which he gives the con.” In this learned and interesting paper, name of “ Solomon's House." Sprat, Mr Napier endeavoured to controvert the Glanvill, Cowley, and other writers, whe opinions of some highly respectable recent witnessed the foundation of that illustrious writers, who have undervalued the merits society, universally describe it as establishof Lord Bacon's philosophy, and have con

ed altogether on Bacon's principles, and sidered the splendid progress of modern looked up to him as its virtual founder. experimental science, as independent of any The same testimony was shewn to be impulse which he may have given. Among as clearly rendered by the opponents these are found the distinguished names of of the experimental, or, as it was then Fabroni and Biot, to whom may be added, termed, the “ New Philosophy.” Dr the author of an able criticism in the Quar- Stubbes, the most indefatigable of these asterly Review, on Mt Dugald Stewart's Dis- sailants, brands the Royal Society as “ a sertation on the progress of Philosophy. The Bacon-fued generation,” and gives as a writer in the Review proved to have been

reason for his constant attacks upon that in many points inconsistent with himself; great man, that “ the repute of Lord and the only serious charge which he is

Bacon was great in that age," and " the able to advance against Lord Bacon, that Royal Society pretended to tread in his of believing in the possible transmutation

footsteps.' 6 The Lord Bacon," he saya, of metals into gold, seems to vanish, when

6 is like great piles, when the sun is not we find the same belief entertained, in a high, they cast an extraordinary shadox more improved age, by Boyle, and even

over the earth, which lesseneth as the sun by Newton. Mr Napier then began with

" How vain," observed a rapid sketch of the improvements intro- Mr Napier," the prophecy involved in this duced by Lord Bacon, into the mode of uncouth simile! The fame of Bacon has philosophizing, chiefly comprised in the brightened, as science has advanced, every diligent use of observation and experiment, new discovery bringing a fresh proof of and the making of general inferences, only that transcendent sagacity which enabled after a copious investigation of facts. These him so unerringly to plan and predict the principles stood much in need of illustra

indefinite enlargement of her empire." tion, at a time when many great men, and The most arduous and original part of among others, Descartes, contended for an the undertaking still remained. That Lord entirely opposite mode of carrying on in. Bacon's writings had been highly prized in quiries into nature. Mr Napier next pro- England, was more or less admitted by all; ceeded to the main object of his essay, but his most ardent admirers supposed that which was to prove the actual effects pro- his fame, till of late, was much confined to duced by Lord Bacon's writings. These his native country. Even Mr Stewart obwere illustrated by a most extensive research serves, that, for a century and a half, Lord into the writings of his contemporaries, Bacon failed to command the general ad. which leaves no doubt of the strong iin- miration of Europe.” The researches of pression made by his Novum Organon: Mr Napier, however, prove that the repuBen Jonson says, “ it really openeth all tation of Bacon, even during his lifetime, defects of knowledge whatsoever ;" and

was, if possible, greater abroad than at Sir Henry Wotton declares, “ your

It is said by Osborne, that the ship hath done a great and everlasting voice of foreign fame silenced the cry of benefit to all the children of Nature,

Atheism, which had been raised by the which never before had so true an inter

stupid bigotry of some of the schoolmen ; preter, or so inward a secretary of her and Dr Rawley distinctly states, that " his cabinet.” In an address from the Uni

fame was greater, and sounded louder versity of Oxford, he is called “ a mighty abroad than at home." It appeared that Hercules, who had, by his own hand, several editions of his works had been greatly advanced those pillars in the learned

printed in France and Holland, and high world, which by the rest of the wo

panegyrics are quoted from Peiresc, Gaswere supposed immoveable.” But the sendi, and even from Descartes. It was most striking proof of Bacon's influence proved, that he was held in high veneappeared in the formation of the Philoso- ration by several of the persons who took phical, which was afterwards formed into the lead in the formation of the Audens

Lord. home.

of Sciences. Ample proof was also given in which naval affairs were conducted. of the deep interest which his works ex. After coming home, he gradually matured cited among the philosophers of Italy. It his well known system of naval tactics. Mr appeared even that he was in correspond- Playfair observed, that no plan was then ence with Galileo, so that this great man known by which one fleet could bring anmight be partly indebted to Bacon for the other to action without great disadvantage. skill with which he conducted his inquiries It was impossible that the whole could be into nature. Mr Napier concluded with brought into line opposite to the enethe testimony of eminent German writers in my, without some part being first exposed the latter end of the seventeenth century, to an unequal combat and considerable particularly Morhof, Puffendorff, and Boer- loss. All these disadvantages were obvihaave.

ated, and, in case of superior valour, a March 16. - Professor Leslie read a complete victory secured, by the plan of paper on certain cold impressions transmit- bearing down upon the enemy's centre, and ted from the higher atmosphere, with the breaking his line. Admiral Rodney, well description of an instrument for measuring known as the first who put this grand manthem, to which he gives the name of Æth. æuvre in practice, universally declared himrioscope. By the help of this truly inge- self indebted for the knowledge of it to Mr nious instrument, we are enabled to disco- Clerk. To other testimonies, Mr Playfair ver the relative temperature of those remote could add that of Lord Haddington, who and elevated regions of the atmosphere saw this illustrious veteran, at an advanced which are inaccessible to direct observa- age, when he was unable to stir from his tions. The Æthrioscope, co'lecting the cold sofa. Even then he loudly professed his obpulses which shoot downward from the sky, ligations to the Naval Tactics, and cried indicates thus a much lower temperature out, with charasteristic enthusiasm, “ John. than that of the air by which it is sur Clerk for ever!” Lord Howe, when a rounded. The effect would be reversed if copy of the work was sent to him, wrote, it were carried to a considerable height that he admired the ingenuity of the wriabove the earth, and collected the warm ter, but that he would follow the old sys pulses which are sent from below. It is tem. In fact, however, before the 22d of needless to enlarge on the benefits which June, he must have changed his opimay result from such an instrument to nion ;– for he followed the plan of the the science of meteorology. Mr Leslie ex Naval Tactics, and thereby gained a comhibited it to the Society in three forms, plete triumph. It was by acting upon the differing in size and structure; but it would same system, that Lords St Vincent, Dunbe impossible, without the aid of plates, to can, and Nelson, gained that series of vicconvey any adequate idea of this beautiful tories which rendered theirnames immortal. invention.

In short, this system might justly be consi. April 6.- Professor Playfair read part of dered as the main instrument which raised a biographical account of the author of the the naval glory of Britain to such an unNaval Tactics.

rivalled height Mr Playfair then advertIn this essay, which excited the greatest ed, in terms of deep and eloquent regret, interest in the Society, Mr Playfair observa to the circumstance,--that no tribute of ed, that Mr Clerk belonged to a class of national gratitude had been paid to merit active and vigorous minds, which extend so transcendent. Whatever might be the their thoughts and inventions beyond their cause, it could little affect Mr Clerk, to regular and professional sphere. Mr Clerk, whom the proud consciousness of having however, though not a seaman, was led by conferred so signal a benefit on his native circumstances, at an early period of life, to country, must have afforded higher satis. take a voyage on board a ship of war, and faction than could be derived from any ad. was even present at the great fight near ventitious distinction. It could not but be Gibraltar. " His situation then as a specta- viewed in a different light, however, when tor, and not an actor, might be favour. considered as affecting the character of the able to the habit of reflecting on the mode nation and its rulers, for whom the bestowe

ing of honours and rewards upon great

public benefactors, must always be num, See the article Climate, in Supplemen bered as one of the most important and to Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol. III. p. imperious duties. 198–200.

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