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received? But a cry from the House of "Received,' or even its silence, dispenses with the formality of this question: it is then to be read at the table, and disposed of.



WHEN a motion has been made, it is not to be put to the question, or debated, until it is seconded.— Scob. 21.

The Senate say, No motion shall be debated until the same shall be seconded.-Rule 9.

It is then, and not till then, in possession of the House. It is to be put into writing, if the House or Speaker require it, and must be read to the House by the Speaker, as often as any member desires it for his information.-2 Hats. 82.

The rule of the Senate is, When a motion shall be made and sec onded, it shall be reduced to writing, if desired by the President or any member, delivered in at the table, and read by the President, before the same shall be debated.-Rule 10.

When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be stated by the Speaker; or, being in writing, it shall be handed to the chair, and read aloud by the clerk before debated.-Rules H. R. 38.

Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the Speaker or any member desire it.-Rules H. R. 39.

It might be asked, whether a motion for adjourn ment, or for the orders of the day, can be made by one member while another is speaking? It cannot. When two members offer to speak, he who rose first is to be heard, and it is a breach of order in another to interrupt him, unless by calling him to order if he

departs from it. And the question of order being decided, he is still to be heard through. A call for adjournment, or for the order of the day, or for the question, by gentlemen from their seats, is not a motion. No motion can be made without arising and addressing the chair. Such calls are themselves breaches of order, which, though the member who has risen may respect as an expression of impatience of the House against farther debate, yet, if he chooses, he has a right to go on.



WHEN the House commands, it is by an "order." But facts, principles, their own opinions and purposes, are expressed in the form of resolutions.

A resolution for an allowance of money to the clerks being moved, it was objected to as not in order, and so ruled by the chair. But on appeal to the Senate, (i. e., a call for their sense by the President, on account of doubt in his mind, according to Rule 16,) the decision was overruled.-Journ. Sen., June 1, 1796. I presume the doubt was, whether an allowance of money could be made otherwise than by bill.



EVERY bill shall receive three readings previous to its being passed and the President shall give notice at each, whether it be the first, second, or third; which readings shall be on three different daya unless the Senate unanimously direct otherwise.-Rule 26.

Every bill shall be introduced on the report of a committee, or by motion for leave. In the latter case, at least one day's notice shall be given of the motion; and the motion shall be made, and the bili introduced, if leave is given, when resolutions are called for: such motion, or the bill when introduced, may be committed.-Rules H. R. 108



ONE day's notice, at least, shall be given of an intended motion fo eave to bring in a bill.-Rule 25.

When a member desires to bring a bill on any subject, he states to the House in general terms, the causes for doing it, and concludes by moving for leave to bring in a bill, entitled, &c. Leave being given, on the question, a committee is appointed to prepare and bring in the bill. The mover and seconder are always appointed on this committee, and one or more in addition.-Hakew. 132; Scob. 40.

It is to be presented fairly written, without any erasure or interlineation; or the Speaker may refuse it. -Scob. 31; 1 Grey, 82, 84.



WHEN a bill is first presented, the clerk reads it at the table, and hands it to the Speaker, who, rising, states to the House the title of the bill; that this is the first time of reading it; and the question will be,

Then, sit

Whether it shall be read a second time? ting down, to give an opening for objections; if none be made, he rises again, and puts the question, Whether it shall be read a second time?-Hakew. 137, 141. A bill cannot be amended at the first reading, -6 Grey, 286; nor is it usual for it to be opposed then, but it may be done and rejected.-D'Ewes, 335, col. 1; 3 Hats. 198. (Vide Rules H. R. 109.)



THE second reading must regularly be on another day.-Hakew. 143. It is done by the clerk at the table, who then hands it to the Speaker. The Speaker, rising, states to the House the title of the bill, that this is the second time of reading it, and that the question will be, Whether it shall be committed, or engrossed and read a third time? ut if the bill came from the other House, as it always comes engrossed, he states that the question will be, Whether it shall be read a third time? An before he has so reported the state of the bill, no one is to speak to it.-Hakew. 143, 146.

In the Senate of the United States, the Isident reports the title of the bill, that this is the second ti ne of re ding it, that it is now to be considered as in a committee of the whole, and the question will be, Whether it shall be read a third time? , that it may be refarved to a special committee.-Vide Rule 27.



IF, on motion and question, it be decided that the bill shall be committed, it may then be moved to be referred to a committee of the whole House, or to a special committee. If the latter, the Speaker proceeds to name the committee. Any member also may name a single person, and the clerk is to write him down as of the committee. But the House have a controlling power over the names and number, if a question be moved against any one; and may in any case put in and put out whom they please.

Those who take exceptions to some particulars in the bill, are to be of the committee. But none who speak directly against the body of the bill. For he that would totally destroy, would not amend it.— Hakew. 146; Town. col. 208; D'Ewes, 634, col. 2; Scob. 47; or, as is said, 5 Grey, 145, the child is not to be put to a nurse that cares not for it.-6 Grey, 373. It is therefore a constant rule, "that no man is to be employed in any matter who has declared himself against it." And when any member who is against the bill, hears himself named of its committee, he ought to ask to be excused. Thus, March 6, 1606, Mr. Hadley was, on the question being put, excused from being of a committee, declaring himself to be against the matter itself.-Scob. 48.

No bill shall be committed or amended until it shall have been twice read, after which it may be referred to a committee.-Rule 27. The first reading of a bill shall be for information; and if oppositior made to it, the question shall be, "Shall this bill be rejected?" Is

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