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DATE
1846. Iowa admitted into the Union as a free State, 12, 19
1847. Personal liberty laws passed by Pennsyl-

vania . . . . . . . 88, 136
1848. Wisconsin admitted into the Union as a free

State . . . . . . . . . 12, 19
Treaty of peace signed with Mexico . . .
"Upper California” acquired from Mexico. 18
Personal liberty laws passed by Rhode

Island . . . . . . . 88, 136
1849. California organized a State government . 19
1850. California admitted into the Union as a free

State . . . . . . . . . 12, 19
The slave trade abolished in the District of

Columbia . . . . . . . . 21
The slave territory extended to the Pacific,

below the line of 36° 30'. . . 21, 207
The Territory of New Mexico organized : 54

Georgia and other States threatened to secede 20
1853. The Mesilla Valley purchased from Mexico .

18
1854. The slavery line of Missouri Compromise in-

validated by the Kansas-Nebraska Bill 22, 91
Kansas and Nebraska organized as Territories 23
Personal liberty laws passed by Vermont,

Rhode Island and Connecticut . . 88, 136

Republican Party organized . . . . 91, 108
1855. First Free State Constitution adopted in

Kansas . . . . . . . . . 23
Personal liberty laws passed by Maine, Mas-

sachusetts, and Michigan . . . 88, 136
1857. Slave State Constitution adopted in Kan-

sas. . . . . . . . . . 23, 178
The Dred Scott decision declared slavery

rightful throughout the United States 25, 97
1858. Minnesota admitted into the Union . . II

Personal liberty laws passed by Kansas and

Wisconsin . . . . . . . 88, 136

DATE

PAGE

221

1858. The Republican party's attitude toward slav-

ery set forth by Lincoln at Springfield 98-111
1859. Oregon admitted into the Union . . . . II

Personal liberty law passed by Ohio . . . 88
1860. Lincoln elected president . . . . . . 121

December 14. Manifesto issued by Southern

Congressmen and senators in favor of a

Southern Confederacy . . . . . 127
December 18. Crittenden introduced in the

Senate a compromise resolution to fix

boundary between slave and free soil 124
December 20. South Carolina passed Ordi-

nance of Secession . . . . . . 130
December 20. South Carolina published

“Declaration of Causes” of secession and

“Address to the People" . . . 131-151
December 26. South Carolina took possession

of Fort Moultrie .
1861. January 8. The Star of the West fired upon

off Sumter . . . . . . . .
January 10-February 1. Mississippi, Florida,

Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas

passed secession ordinances . . . . 131
January 29. Kansas admitted into the Union

under a free State constitution . .
February 4. Confederate Provisional Con-

gress assembled . . . . . . . 210
February 8. Constitution of the Confederacy

adopted . . . . . . . . 211
March 4. Proposed Thirteenth Amendment,

perpetuating slavery, signed by Buchanan 456
April. Fort Pickens relieved . . . . . 394
April. The provisioning of Fort Sumter or-

dered . . . . . . . . . . 235
April 13. Fort Sumter fired on . . . . 237
April 14. Fort Sumter evacuated . . . 237

223

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DATE 1861.

238

April 15. First call made for volunteers ..
April 17. Virginia seceded . . . . . 239
April 18. Harper's Ferry abandoned . 239
April 19. The Sixth Massachusetts Regiment

attacked at Baltimore . . . . . 238 April 19. Blockade ordered of Confederate

coast. . . . . . . 361, 391, 510 April 20. Gosport Navy Yard abandoned. 239 April 20. Robert E. Lee resigned his commis

sion in the United States army . . . 239 April 23. Robert E. Lee appointed com

mander in chief of the forces of Vir

ginia . . . . . . . . . . 239 May 6. Arkansas seceded . . . . . 242 May 13. North Carolina seceded .. . 242 May 13. Great Britain issued proclamation

of neutrality . . . . . . . . 245 July 20. Richmond made the capital of the

Confederate government . . . . 242 July 21. Battle of Bull Run . . . . 248 August 6. Confiscation Act passed . . 249, 450 August 26. Forts Clark and Hatteras cap- .

tured . . . . . . . . . . 394 August 30. Frémont's Missouri emancipa

tion proclamation issued . . . . . 450 October 3. Battle of Corinth . . . . 285 October 21. The battle of Ball's Bluff . 252 October 31. McClellan appointed to succeed

General Scott . . . . . . 251 November. The president recommended Con

gress to enact compensated emancipation 450 November 7. Forts Beauregard and Walker

captured . . . . . . . . . 393 November 8. Mason and Slidell, the Con

federate commissioners to Europe, seized on board the Trent . . . . . . 252

DATE

PAGE 1861. December 25. The government ordered the

liberation of Slidell and Mason . . . 253 1862. January 19. The battle of Mill Spring . 258, 447

January 27. Lincoln ordered a general for

ward movement of the forces . . 258 February 6. Fort Henry captured . . . 258 February 7. Roanoke Island seized by the

Union forces . . . . . . . 258 February 16. Fort Donelson surrendered . 259 February 22. The legal-tender act passed 255 March 9. Fight between the Merrimac and

the Monitor . . . . . . . . 262 March 11. Confederate conscription act passed 261 March 22. The Confederate privateer, The

Florida, sailed from Liverpool . . 276, 359
April 6. The battle of Pittsburg Landing (or

Shiloh) . . . . . . . . . 263
April 7. Island No. 10 captured . . . .
April 10. Congress passed resolution in favor

of compensated emancipation . . .
April 24. New Orleans surrendered . . . 266
May 3. Yorktown evacuated by the Confed-

erates . . . . . . . . . 269 May 5. Battle of Williamsburg . . . . 269 May 9. Hunter issued military order eman

cipating slaves in Georgia, Florida, and

South Carolina . . . . . . 267, 451 May 10. Norfolk abandoned by the confed

erates . . . . . . . . . 269 May 10. Battle of McDowell . . . . 270 May 31-June 1. The battle of Seven Pines,

or Fair Oaks . . . . . . . 271 June 1. Lee appointed commander-in-chief of

the Confederate army . . . . . 272 June 19. Slavery in the Territories abol

ished . . . . . . . . . 266, 451

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DATE

PAGE

Tuly 1!. Ha Union armipowered

1862. June 26. Slavery abolished in the District

of Columbia . . . . . . . : 451 June 27. Battle of Gaines's Mill. . . 27 July. The Confiscation Act of 1861 amended

authorizing slaves to be employed in sup

pression of the rebellion . . . . 266, 451 July 1. Battle of Malvern Hill . . . July 2. Lincoln issued call for three hundred

thousand troops . . . . . . . 274 July 11. Halleck appointed to chief command

of the Union armies . . . . . 277 July 17. Congress empowered the president

to employ negroes in the army and navy. 343 July 22. A cartel arranged . . . . . 375 July 29. The Alabama sailed from Liverpool

and fitted at Azores . . . . . 276, 359 August. Lincoln authorized commanders to

employ slaves for defensive purposes. . 342 August 30. McClellan deprived of command

of the Army of the Potomac . '. , 277 August 30. The second battle of Bull Run, 277 September 2. McClellan assigned to com

mand of the forces in the field . . .
September 13. Harper's Ferry surrendered . 280
September 14. Battle of South Mountain . 279
September 17. Battle of Antietam . . .
September 22. Preliminary Emancipation

Proclamation issued . . . . . .
October 8. Battle of Perryville . . . .
November 7. McClellan relieved of com-

mand and succeeded by Burnside . . 286 December 13. Battle of Fredericksburg . . 287 December 28. The cartel rescinded . . .

December 31. Battle of Murfreesborough. 292 1863. January 1. Emancipation Proclamation is

sued . . . . . . . . . . 290

278

280

Sep

Proclamatottle of Perry relieved of

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