Imagens das páginas

are still found in accordance with our interests and happiness, | The frigate Macedonian is to be superseded by the and have their home in the inmost depths of the pure in heart Peacock sloop of war; and the number of inferior vesAnd they will continue to spread, until the islands, the oceans and the continents obey; and until non erit alia lex Romae, alia sels will probably be lessened. Delay, and even disAthenis, alia nunc, alia post hac, sed et omnes gentes, et omni appointment, seem to impend over the undertaking. tempore, una let, sempiturna et immortalis continebit. or all men, American scholars, and you among them, ought not to be ignorant of any thing which this book contains. If Cicero could declare that the laws of the twelve tables were worth all the libraries of the philosophers-if they were the carmen necessarium of the Roman youth, how laboriously, manu nocturna diurnaque

MY JESSIE DEAR. ought you to investigate its contents, and inscribe them upon your hearts. You owe to them the blessed civil institutions un.

A RHYMING ROMAUNT. der which you live, and the glorious freedom which you enjoy ; and if these are to be perpetuated, it can only be by a regard to

PART I. those principles. Civil and religious liberty is more indebted to Luther and Calvin and their compeers of the Reformation, and to the Puritans and Protestants of England, and the Hugenots of

Shall I tell thee a tale, my Jessie dear, France, than to any other men who ever lived in the anuals or It is a fearful tale! time. They led the way to that freedom and firmness, and inde. I learned it in my dreams yestreen, pendence of thought and investigation, and the adoption of these

Nay, do not grow so pale. principles, as the guide in social government, as well as private actions, which created a personal self-respect and firmness in its

Come laugh now, and I'll tell it thec, defence, which conducted us to a sense of equal rights and pri.

But if thou look'st so white, vileges, and eventually to the adoption of free written constitutions as the limitation of power. Be you imitators of them.

I'll think the vision shades are real, Make your scholarship subservient to the support of the same Which rose upon my sight. unchanging principles. They are as necessary now as they ever were, to the salvation of your country and all that is dear to Well! methought that we were wandering your hopes. The world is yet to be proselyted to them. Reli. Beneath that tall tree's shade, gion and liberty must go hand in hand, or America cannot be es.

In whose spread branches we have heard tablished; the bondage of the European man broken; Africa en. lightened, and Asia regenerated. And even here, we are not with

The cuckoo's mourning made. out peril. Look abroad; are not the pillars of our edifice sha

There we did breathe our earliest love, -ken? Is not law disregarded? Are not moral and social princi. ples weakened? Are not the wretched advocates of infidelity Now do not hang thy head,busy? The gun has indeed risen upon our mountain tops, but Dost not remember how I swore, it has not yet scattered the damps and the darkness of the val.

And the stars looked bright, leya. The passions are roused and misled. Ancient institutions

And the heavens hung o'er,are scorned. Our refuge is in the firm purpose of educated and moral men. Draw then your rules of action from the only safe

That I was thine forevermore, authority. Hang your banner on their outer wall. Stand by 'Till my poor heart was dead. them in trial and in triumph. Dare to maintain them in every position and in every vicissitude; and make your appeal to the It was a lightsome night, I ween, source from which they are drawn. And then, come what may, My heart did bless the fairy scene, contempt or fame, you cannot fall; and your progress, at every

And there was no dark on earth or sky, step, will be greeted by the benedictions of the wise and good-

But the shade of the oak SALVETE--SALVETE."

We were standing by. We renew our invitation, (and to our youthful read

Black was the oak, and vast, and grim, ers in particular,) to peruse with diligence this valuable

Tuneless its lofty bowers ; production ; feeling assured, as we do, that it will have

And it stood like a warrior a strong tendency to lead to an assiduous examination

In his mail, and study of that book, which at this day stands above all others, in the literature of every civilized nation on

Or a fiend-giant frowning the globe.

O'er the landscape pale, -
“A curse on the bright-eyed Powers !"
We sat within its shady hall,--

Thou know'st the bank full well,

And we whisper'd of our hopes and joys,

And the woes our love befell. Every person, anxious for the honor of this country, must regret to perceive the new difficulties that gather

We talk'd, and we talk'd, and the night wore old, around the naval expedition destined to explore the

And the moon run up the sky, South Seas. The flattering prospects held forth in our

And the shades did deepen, last number, with regard to this enterprise, seem to

And the boughs did sleep 'n,be overcast with clouds. Ill health bas obliged Com But by the sight modore Jones to resign his command : and it is not Of a chink of moonlight, yet certain, who will be his successor. But whoever

I saw a deep, black eye! he may be,-supposing him to possess equal qualifications with Commodore Jones for the trust-he will re The eye, the eye was very bright, quire wecks, if not months, to prepare for so long and 'Twas bright as bright could be; eventful a cruise, in such a manner as to conduct it It was so sweet and spiritful, prosperously. The squadron, too, is to be reduced. So full of all most beautiful,

Ring out, ring out thy silvery laugh,

'Tis sweet as a music vow.

It shone so clear from the black’ning tree,
So very light,
That the dark look'd bright,
By'r Lady, 'twas like thee !
'Twas strangely like my pretty Jess,

I saw it in the paly light;
The firmament hath not a star

That looks to me so bright.
The moon has burst from a fleecy cloud,
'Tis light, 'tis light as day,
And the glade, and the hill, and the tiny stream,
Gladden beneath its silver beam,
And the night-bird stills his wildest scream:
List! there is music as soft as a dream,
And tripping on the velvet green,
May'st see the dapper-fay!
I drew thee closer to my side,
I whisper'd thee more low,
I vowed, -and here I spoke aloud, -
And raised my face to the passing cloud:
“From thee, my love, my destined bride,
I ne'er, I ne'er will go !"
My arm did drop down from your waist,

My arm was stiff as lead,
And you did glide from my embrace,

Like a shadow of the dead.
Outfell the darkness from the tree,
And the eye was in its shade,–
Round and round it circleth thee-
Thou look'st beseechingly to me;
The eye did fire, and then did fade,
And I was alone in the moonlit glade.

A cry, and a bound,
And a rushing sound
Swept by,-
I burst from the ground,
For the spell was wound,

And the fiend did fly!
Wildly I grasped upon the air,
I clutched the stony mound,
I curs’d, and groan'd, and yell’d, and moan'd,
Yet all was still, but the echoing hill,
And my voice came back
Full clear and shrill,

And woke me from the swound.
And when I woke I started upright,
Look'd wildly around for the things of night,
But on mine eyes, the sun broke bright,
And the merry birds carolled to the morning's light.

And it were true, and did we part,

Would'st not be glad at all ?
There's many a heart in this bright world,

Would worship thee, for all !
Blisters be on my meddling tongue !

This makes thee weep so sore, -
Wilt heal it now, my blushing girl ?

I will not grieve thee more.
Now, blessings on thee, Jess, my dear,

Blessings from Him above !
We'll sing His songs in the still, bright eve,

And pray for His good love.
His seal on thee, no harm may come,

No blast of wicked dream;
And if thy lover's arm hath power,

No ill shall hurt his quean.
Green summer is now upon the trees,
And the painted time comes slow;
But when the leaf is on the brook,
And the solemn pencil hath gilt our nook,
Then, Jessie, then we'll whisper low,
Resting our eyes on the promise bow,-
To love in calm or tempest loud,

To love in weal or woe!
Philadelphia, 1837.

J. A.






In former times, Medicine was not at all what it is now. Any one, who knew the virtues of a few simple herbs, could practise it with fame and profit. Diseases were not many, or various. They were mostly rheumatisms, which the gentlemen caught in hunting; or crudities and pains arising from surfeit, after the long fasts which followed the failure of their stock of dried venison and parched corn. The only use for surgery, was to heal scratches and bruises received in their combats with wild beasts, or each other. All these hurts and maladies were readily cured by the old ladies of the tribe; sometimes by healing applications, but oftener by certain cunning words and ceremonies, which hardly ever failed, if the patient had faith in them. As to lectures, schools of Medicine, diplomas, long, strange technical terms, and pursy treatises in a dozen different languages, they were altogether unknown.

But now, the case is quite altered. The kinds of sickness have multiplied a hundred fold; and each kind has a hundred various symptoms, and wears a hundred various shapes, according to the diversities of frame and habit in patients. By this increase of discases,


Fie! Jessy, fie! what weeping now,

And scared as any dove,-'Twas but a dream, an idle dream

I would not fright my love. Come dry thine eyes, my winsome Jess,

Come smile upon me now,

the number of those who profess to cure them is also think it rich. Cite books and authors on all occasions : increased ; and the increase of doctors, again, has mul- the more numerous and high-sounding, the better. tiplied diseases. Old ladies have been supplanted by Talk of them so familiarly, that the world may think young gentlemen, who swarm out every spring, by them your most intimate acquaintance; as London thousands, from hives placed on purpose, in the towns dandies talk of lords and duchesses, of whom they know and cities. So many practisers not being able to earn only the titles.* Discuss theories boldly. Compare a livelihood, if the medical art remained simple as be- Sydenham with Boerhaave: question Harvey's claim fore, have invented new remedies, which, with the to the honor of having discovered the great circulation : help of new meats and drinks taken copiously, are every balance the Buononian system with Darwin's; and day giving birth to new diseases, or new appearances, blow Broussais sky high, as a fellow who would reduce which warrant the giving of new names. And from the science to the mere art of starvation, no better than the number of competitors, as well as from the number Sangrado's method of bleeding and hot water. How. and complexity of maladies, it has become so hard to ever poor a truism you utter, nail it with authority, thus: succeed in practice, that I have taken compassion upon 'Cullen and Brown inform us, that a cold, neglected, is young candidates for medical advancement, and deter- apt either to affect the lungs, or to settle into rheumamined to offer them the lights of my experience touch-tism. So have I heard a pretty gentleman say, “As ing the means of success.

Shakspeare observes, this is a very fine day.'”

Walk with a slow and solemn gait, as if pressed by IN YOUR TRAINING for the profession, do not trouble a weight of anxiety for numerous patients. Mount yourself with any private studies before you attend the your horse often; or if you have a sulky, it will be lectures: it will only blunt the edge of your curiosity better ; or a close carriage, best of all; and ride or in listening to them, and take away their great charm, drive as if life were at stake, by places where you will novelty. Besides, it will plant errors in your mind, certainly be seen; and let it appear that you are going which the professors will have to weed out, before they to see such and such persons, who are dangerously ill. can make their own true notions take root. Let them Contrive now and then to have yourseif called out have you as a blank sheet, upon which to write al from a dining party, or from your bed at midnight, to once the soundest and purest doctrines. Do not even visit some imaginary patient; but in the latter case, learn the meaning of any technical phrases before hand; be sure to let the messenger knock at your door loudly but leave them as knots to untie for your amusement, enough to wake several of your neighbors, who may as the lectures go on. It must add greatly to the in-hear him call for “Doctor" such a one ! terest you will feel; and it will require your attention When you happen at length to have a real patient, to be intensely fixed upon the lecturer. Should these be mysterious ; speak low; feel his pulse with your knots prove too hard to untie, that is, should the wisest look ; smell the handle of your cane ; and give terms of art remain unintelligible to you; comfort your a doubtful prognostic as to the event of his disease. self with the thought, that obscurity is a part of the Do not make light of his complaint, however trifling, sublime: and feast your fancy upon the depth and or groundless; if it be only a finger ache, treat it segrandeur those words no doubt involve, if you could riously: examine-dress it-give physic-talk learnedbut understand them.-Lectures you must be sure to ly; and you will be certain in the end to make it a attend : as many courses as may suffice to get you a serious affair sure enough to him, and a profitable one degree; because the name of a degree is a great thing. to yourself, or else, if all your endeavors fail to aggraIt will make you seem learned and wise, though you bevate it into a case of danger or difficulty, you may neither; and enable you to look down with scorn upon gain vast credit for so quick and easy a cure. Humor those, who, by the mere vulgar dint of study, experi- the appetites of your patients; despising the newence, kindness, and honesty, are winning the patronage fangled plan, of starving out sickness. What is the and wealth that rightfully belong to none but the surest attendant on disease? Weakness. And what holders of diplomas.

is the opposite of weakness—the attendant and sign of Never dim your eyes and muddy your brain by health ? why, strength. And what gives strength ? reading many authors. A medical dictionary, and one Eating and drinking. Therefore, not only permit, but or two books that quote a great many others, will fur- encourage your patients to eat and drink heartily ; and nish you with any quantity of technical phrases, and if that produce any ill effects, do you counterwork them with the names of so many authors, that you may by physic. The great virtue of modern improvements show off as a prodigy of learning at a very small ex. in the healing art is, to let men feast on, and then save pense of money, time, labor, or brains.

them from the ills which followed feasting in times of The ways of showing off are various. In conver- ignorance. One thing is certain : if this is not the sation, deliver yourself in long sentences, strung toge. best system for the patient, it is the best for the doctor. ther in speeches the very longest that your hearers You may get both name and money, by playing upon will endure, and uttered with your utmost gravity, people's imaginations. About one half of every disease and weightiest emphasis. Make it a rule, never to use is either quite imaginary, or is the effect of imagination. a word of one or two syllables, where a word of four, Act upon this hint, and you may generally heighten a five, or six can be pressed into the service; and always malady to what pitch you please, nay create it entire, to prefer a Greek, or at least a Latin term, to an English | by feeding the patient's fancy. A hypochondriac, for one. When you can express an idea by one, or a instance, or a dyspeptic, will believe he has any disease dozen words at your option, always choose the dozen: you may name to him: and after you have physicked for this will make your discourse flowing; and that him to your satisfaction, you may by working his fancy large class of men with whom words are coin, willl

Vide the Tale of a Tub.

the other way, often cure bim again ; unless you have events, a sufficient reason why you should discountecarried the joke too far, and got him past operating nance it is, that a cool-headed, sober people are the upon. In that case, you have only to take care that the very last to suit your purposes. world shall know it was the obstinacy of his disor There is one sort of subjects, alone, that should fill der, and not your treatment, that killed him. I would any large space in your journal; and that is politics; not recommend this method of making patients, how- I mean, party politics. What Demosthenes said of ever, unless they be scarce. If you have enough on action in speaking, you should hold with regard to hand without it, never resort to such an expedient: it politics: make it the first, the second, and the third is wanton ; and conscience ought to be obeyed, when requisite--the beginning, the middle, and the end, of not at variance with interest.

your newspaper. But do not attempt to take in the In most cases, when a patient dies under your hands, whole field. In politics, there are always two sides; you may say that you were sent for too late. Espe- one of which is your's and your party's, or the orthocially, if he was first in the care of another doctor, ne- dox side; the other is your adversaries', or the wrong ver fail to find something in his treatment, which gave side. For orthodoxy' signifies 'your opinions;' and a fatal turn to the malady. If you had been called in heresy' or 'heterodoxy' signifies opinions opposite to sooner (you should say or insinuate) you could have yours,' that is, ' wrong opinions.' Now, let your journal saved the patient.

shew forth the merits of none but the orthodox side. As soon as you get somewhat ahead in your profes- Hide the opposite from your readers, with the care of sion, lose no occasion of sneering at your competitors; a duenna. Thus, if you are for a particular measure, above all, at the younger ones, just entering the lists or system of measures, never print a single argument You will have a thousand opportunities of giving them against it: if you are against it, let no one dream, for sly cuts, and jostles, which may keep them down for a you, that a word can be said in its favor. If you are a long time; perhaps till you be rich, and ready to leave Clay-man, a Webster-man, or anybody's man (and the stage.

somebody's man you must be), suppress whatever may By following these precepts, and acting in their spirit raise the slightest suspicion that your favorite has a whenever they do not literally apply, you cannot help single fault, or his rival a single virtue. In a word, rising high, and rolling in wealth.

use all your power to make your own side seem bright, and spotless; and the other side, black as pitch.

When you wish to refute something which, as a CHAPTER II.

whole, is too hard for you, never copy it all into your ADVICE TO NEWSPAPER EDITORS.

columns; but only the most vulnerable passages.

These, thus 'torn from their context,' like stragglers The first thing to be thought of is, what are the from a hostile army, you may demolish with perfect great ends of editing a newspaper? Of course, you ease. In this way, an adversary may be cut up in the will answer, first, to strengthen your party, and se finest style, who, if you let him come fully before your cond, to raise and enrich yourself. Of course, too, you readers, may give you no small trouble. The way will not let the world know these to be your aims. some editors have, of spreading out in their own papers That, as any simpleton may see, would baulk them at whatever they mean to combat, (under the romantic once. No, no. Make the world think, that your notion of shewing their readers both sides) is mere COUNTRY is every thing with you ; that your party is knight-errantry; giving the adversary a foothold within to be upheld only as a prop to your country; and that their own camp: a weakness not at all enjoined by your humble self is nothing in your eyes, except as a modern chivalry. worker for your party's, that is for your country's

Able speeches and essays against your party, require good. For you must constantly strive to impress every especial caution; because there is danger lest your one with the idea, that your party and your country are readers chance to see them, and imbibe a heresy that the same thing.

cannot be driven out. Never slight such, therefore, A few hints, towards reaching the great ends which altogether ; but publish what may seem their purport; it is agreed you should aim at.

only so abridged, as to be harmless. And always acPrint as many fine sentences as possible, about giving company your abridgment with long comments of your the people light, and about virtue, justice, and expan- own or of some brother partisan, which, in its enfeebled sion of mind : but confine yourself to generalities on state, may crush it entirely; or at least may forestall these topics. Do not devote any portion of your paper the reader's mind so as to prevent its effect upon him. regularly to the elucidation of such truths as really For the editor's remarks are always first read. enlarge or refine the public mind : because, in propor Should any one have the hardihood to send you for tion as that is done, the public will become less and publication an essay on the other side, do not flatly less apt to allow you the influence which it is my de refuse ; for that would give too palpable a ground for sign to shew you how to obtain. For instance, while calling you unfair and illiberal: but contrive to be you strenuously aver your zeal for morality, do not much pressed for space just then ; or let documents, scruple to support as a candidate for office, a man or essays which have prior claims, or some other imagiwhose life has been glaringly immoral: and let no nable thing, crowd out the intruder: till at length, paragraph in behalf of the temperance reform (as it is either he will lose patience and withdraw his piece in called), or any other such stuff, enter your columns. disgust; or the nick of time he wrote for, will have Indeed, so many preachers, and weak people influenced passed away, and his readers (if any) will wonder what by them, have enlisted in this temperance cause, that ails that fellow-to be opening upon a cold trail. If it deserves only a sneer, as a vulgar fanaticism. At all you can find no excuse for delay, or if delay have not

the desired effect, smother the piece by putting it in editor may secure a Turkish unanimity, a catholic besome obscure part of your sheet, where not one eye in lief in his own infallibility, amongst his readers; which, ten, of your readers, ever fixes. Or hold it back at by proper co-operation, may be extended to those of any rate until you can write and publish a refutation, all the kindred presses; that is, to half, or more, of the or what you may swear is one: thus, like a wise doctor, community. And, that progress being made, why may making the antidote go with the poison. But which we not hope, in less than a century, to see orthodoxy ever course you take, protest loudly your love for the universal ? liberty of the press, and for free discussion: and glorify your own liberality, in publishing a piece against yourself. There are two other ways of crippling such an ad

THE RICHMOND LYCEUM, AND ITS versary. One is, to misprint him ; so that the best

JOURNAL. passages may lose their point and force, by having their chief words turned into others of either no meaning, An Association in this city, bearing the name of the or a wrong one. The other is, to leave out any pas- "Richmond Lyceum,” formed with a view to the imsage, even a whole paragraph or more, that galls you provement of its members and the encouragement of or your side very severely. By this method, many a literary taste and scientific knowledge, will soon comhome thrust has fallen to the ground: and by the mence the publication of a monthly magazine, to be former, pithy sentences have become such nonsense, called “THE JOURNAL OF THE RICHMOND Lyceum;" at that readers would turn from them with contempt, and the moderate price of one dollar and a half per annum. the author sicken at the silly figure he made.

The resemblance of character and objects, between You may gel a great name for candor, at a cheap this association and the Franklin Institute of Philadelrate, by sometimes owning yourself in the wrong, phia, it may be hoped, will exist also between the proabout some trifle; or even about a point of consequence, proposed magazine, and the justly esteemed ‘Journal when you see your mistake or falsehood on the verge of the Franklin Institute. That Institute and its of exposure. One such confession will gain you a journal, we believe, by diffusing useful knowledge in credit, upon which you may pass off a hundred distor-popular forms, have done and are doing an amount of tions or concealments of truth.

good scarcely surpassed by any other kindred enterBy such means, all who read no paper but yours, prise in the world. May they be successfully emuwill in time come to regard you as infallible. Among lated, by the young institution in Richmond! A fuller them, all heresy will be rooted out: and if all other notice will be taken of the latter, hereafter. presses would act with you, orthodoxy would completely triumph. But as this is not yet to be hoped for, you may rest content with two, great benefits, sure to result from the plan here recommended. First, your

NEGLECT OF TIME. party, seeing no merits in any other creed, or editor, will keep true to its creed, and to you; nay, perhaps will vanquish its adversary: and secondly, both parties,

The clock is to the eye unable to discern any reason for each other's opinions,

What reason 's to the soul; will be animated to that patriotic readiness to tear one another in pieces, which is so advantageous to the

Yet moments hasten by,

And man heeds not their roll: community, and especially to party leaders and trumpeters.

In dreams forgets the hour It is thus, that in certain parts of the world, particu

Which silently goes on, lar opinions have reigned supreme. It was thus, that

Until 'tis past his pow'r in some states of this Union, the tariff at one time so

To call back what is gone. signally triumphed. It is thus, that among certain sets of people at this day, notions, of which the truth

In vain the clock doth sound is very questionable, are held as axioms. Their news

Its warnings on the ear; papers and other oracles, watchfully exclude everything

In folly's meshes bound, that may excite a doubt as to those notions. It was

He has not time to hear. thus that Europe was lulled for centuries in the arms of the Holy Catholic faith, whose doctors, by wisely lock

Though reason points the way, ing up the Bible from their flocks, and by those per

And profit may await, suasive arguments, the rack and the stake, effectually

He learns not to obey,

Until it is too late. banished all heresy, till the rebel, Martin Luther, shewed mankind the other side of the question. And

He seems to pass through life, it is by kindred means, that now, in Turkey and Rus.

As if it had no close, sia, eighty millions of people are made to repose in the

As if it were not rife quiet belief, that the Sultan and the Czar have a divine

With vanity and woes. right to cut off as many heads as may suit their royal pleasure. It would be Utopian perhaps, to hope that

He marks with heedless eye in our time at least equal harmony can be produced in

The hours receding fast, this country; but no doubt a great deal may be done

Till time for him must die, by faithfully observing the foregoing counsel. Each

And hope depart at last.


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