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Holland, Flanders, and other foreign parts in great numbers, and, contrary to the laws, reside in the city of London and suburbs, and many other cities and towns near the sea-coast, more especially, and without serving for the same, take away the trades and livelihood of many thousands of his Majesty's poor subjects. They bring no certificate to shew of what religion they are, or of their good behaviour, or of any honest and just occasion to depast out of their own country. [3 pp.]

[1630 ?].-Accompt specifying the particulars of the expenditure of 15,0001., being the whole allotment for the garrison of Berwick. [23 pp.]

(1630 ?).-Return of the names of the persons resident at Lacock [in Wilts or Yorkshire] who will not contribute their proportion of charge towards the raising of the militia. [1 p.]

11630 ?).—Note sent by Mr. Levison out of the Low Countries, giving particulars of the measure and price of certain pieces of arras tapestry, representing the story of Vertumnus and Pomona. The name of the master worker is Martin Rainbaut of Brussels. (1 p.]

11630 ).-Fragment of a treatise in Latin concerning the mode of holding Parliament, its composition, forms of procedure, privileges, and manner of summoning. (Much damaged at the edges by fire. 8 pp.)

1631, June 9.-Answer of Sir N. Hide, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, to the question referred by His Majesty to the Commissioners touching writs of error. [Certified copy. lp.]

1631, June 15.--Proclamation for preventing of deceit used in the importation of madder."

1631, Sept. 12 and 14.-Alderman Clement of Plymouth, 12 Sept., told me that since his time the New. foundland fisheries used not above two or three ships ; now yearly full 60, from Dartmouth 80, besides Barnstable and Topsham, &c. The Trinity Company send from the Council a command that no Flemings, French, or other strangers yearly buying fish shall not be permitted to carry what they buy from Plymouth or Dartmouth, &c. in their own ships, but shall be enforced to freight and carry it in English ships, on pretence that the English ships want freight and employment. Upon 14th Sept. the Master and Company of Trinity House, precepted by a pursuivant at Western men's costs, appeared. So did Messrs. William Plumleigb, Voysey, Clement of Plymouth, &c., but lords enough failing to attend], they were to attend next council day. (1 p.]

1631, Nov. 28. – MS. treatise, narrating at length the circumstances attendant on the trial of Donald, Lord Reye (Reay], and David Ramsey. The manner of their coming to, and carriage at their trial upon the 28th November 1631, before Robert, Earl of Lindsey, Lord High Constable, and others named, appointed to hold a marshal court for the sifting of these matters, and to proceed against the parties. Begins, Whereas his Majesty had been informed by Donald, Lord Reye, that David Ramsey had plotted, and was privy to divers treasons and conspiracies against his royal person and government. [60 pp.]

1632, May 28.- Plan of Capt. William Hart for a naval expedition to the Straits of Gibraltar. (1 p.)

1632, June 8. Star Chamber.-Order of Council. By former letters of the 30th April the magistrates of the several western ports usually trading into France were required to send up one or two persons of each port sufficiently authorised to attend the board the first day of Trinity Term, to treat with such persons as the Lords should appoint concerning the matters contained in a petition presented to the board by Thomas Kendall and other merchants resident at Rouen, and in particular for some course to be taken by an imposition to be laid upon all goods to be exported and imported out of that kingdom, whereby reimbursement may be made of money expended concerning the arrests of Marteau and de Launay, and the explanation of the Treaties of 1605 and 1610, without which the merchants of this kingdom cannot with safety trade thither. Divers persons authorised on behalf of the western ports, together with some of the merchants of London, did this day attend the board, when with their agreement it was ordered that Nicholas Spicer of Exeter, Richard Halworthy of Bristol, Richard Martyn of Totness, and others named on behalf of all the residents of the western ports, with Charles Snellinge, and five others, merchants, for the port of London, should meet and treat together for an accommodation in the said business. [1 p.)

1632, Oct. 22. Star Chamber.-Order of Council Recites the examination of Thomas Jupp, cloth-worker, of the City of London, concerning the counterfeiting

of seals usually affixed to the baize of Colehester, and DUKE OF fixing of them to other baize of meaner condition. His BERLAND. punishment. [3 pp.]

1632 ?-1633.-Entry book of receipts and expenditure for the years 1632 and 1633, probably kept by the steward of the Earl of Northumberland, specifying many minute and curious particulars of prices paid for various household requisites, apparel, wages, provisions, &c. The blank spaces in the book were subsequently filled up about the years 1706 and 1707. with rough accompts of money paid as wages, and for work done. [Much damaged by fire.]

1633–4, Feb. 17. Westminster.-MS. book containing a copy of the Royal Commission to Henry, Earl of Manchester, Lord Keeper, Thomas, Earl of Arundel, Earl Marshal, Edward, Earl of Dorset, Lord Chamberlain to the Queen, John, Earl of Bridgwater, Lord President of the Marches of Wales, Edward, Viscount Wimbledon, Francis, Lord Cottington, Sir Thomas Edmondes, Sir Henry Fane, Sir John Coke, Sir Francis Windebank, Sir John Finch, Sir William Slingsby, Sir Henry Spelman, Sir Arthur Ingram, Sir Henry Spiller, Sir John Bingley, Sir Thomas Cannon, Edward Aiscough, Thomas Brett, Nicholas Pay, and Thomas Bridgman, to make enquiry after exacted fees and innovated offices. [In Latin, with English translation on opposite page. 38 pp.]

1634, Sept. 6. Canbury.--Letters Patent granting to Mountjoy, Earl of Newport, the office of Master of the Ordnance. [Copy. 3 pp.)

1634.- Articles comprising a series of questions and resolutions concerning the better government of the country. Amongst other topics, that of apprenticing poor children by the parochial authorities, the power of the sessions to stay indictments and mitigate fines under certain conditions specified, the authority of constables to break into houses for the apprehension of convicted persons, cases of illegitimacy, relief of maimed soldiers, amount of fine for driving cattle upon the Sabbath day, taxes for the relief of the poor, settlement of the poor, law of servants and masters, appointment of constables, licensing of alehouses. [6) pp.]

1634.–MS. treatise entitled, “ The Modern Form of " the Parliaments of England." The first three chapters are devoted to the mode of assembling Parliament, and the ceremonials and forms of proceeding during the first three days. Chapter 4.--The manner of sitting, and when in robes. Chapter 5.-Proceedings on bills, and the forms observed in the various stages. Chapter 6.-Proceedings in judicature. Chapter 7.--The royal assent. [389 pp.)

(1635.1-A treatise arranged in the form of articles, and offered for consideration (of the Council], particularising and exemplifying the means by which the Hollanders and other petty states have enriched themselves, and augmented their trade. It is estimated that the Hollanders have about 3,000 ships to fish, and 50,000 persons employed yearly upon the coasts of England, Scotland, and Ireland, in the fishing trade. These 3,000 fishing vessels employ near 9,000 ships and 150,000 persons more by sea and land to make provision to dress and transport the fish they take, and return commodities, whereby they are enriched, and build yearly 1,000 ships, although they have not one timber tree growing in their own country, nor native commodities to load 100 ships, and yet they have about 20,000 ships and vessels, and all employed. 54 pp.)

[1639.] Notes from the parish register at St. Clement, Danes, London, and from some other register not. named.--25 March 1606, John Percie, son of Alexander Percie, baptised. 13 Sept. 1597, Henry, Lord Percy, buried. 13 Oct. 1602, Algernon Percy, son of the Earl of Northumberland, baptised. (1 p.]


1636–1639. 1635-6, Feb. 1.–Protection for the sailors of the “ Diamond” of Aldborough, exempting them from being pressed for the Royal Navy, the “ Diamond” being bound for a voyage to Newcastle, and thence to the east countries, to bring home sundry provisions for the use of the navy and other shipping. 1 p.)

1636, April 7. Whitehall.-Instructions sealed and signed by the Lords of the Admiralty for the Earl of Northumberland, as Admiral of His Majesty's Fleet in the “ Triumph,” prepared for the present expedition for guard of his Majesty's seas. [9 pp.)

1636, May 14. Pendennis.—John Trewbar (Lieu. tenant of the Castle of Pendennis] to Sec. Windebank.

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DUKE OP On the 11th May there arrived in Falmouth two frigates those parts where you lay to relieve Watt Steward in
NORTITUM. of Dunkirk, with four French ships taken at sea by case the storm threatened by M. Seneterre had been

them as prizes ; but having put forth of the harbour on as boisterous at sea as it seemed here. But for the
the 14th, they were encountered by the “ Black Bull” ordering of the fleet now you are in the Downs, his
of Amsterdam, commanded by Capt. John Van Galen, Majesty's pleasure is that you repair to the Holland
and belonging to the States of Holland, which ship fishing fleet as soon as you understand it is come out,
chased one of the frigates into the entrance of the and pursue your instructions concerning the licences
harbour under Pendennis fort.-Account of the fight, and the demanding such duties of them upon the ton,
The Dunkirker yielded his ship, which is now in the as his Majesty is resolved they shall answer him in
harbour of Helford, into the custody of the IIollander, acknowledgment of his sovereignty and hereditary
the captain of which refuses to deliver it to his dominion in his seas, of which the fishing is a prime
Majesty's officers. At the time of this conflict there and principal branch. His Majesty's pleasure is that
was in Helford, Timothy Hart, who carries the mer. you use the more diligence, because it is advertised
chant's tin from these parts, and who at his arrival in out of Holland that they have re-inforced their fishing
London can make you a full relation of the action. fleet, being resolved not to be regulated by licenses,
[Copy certified by Secretary Edw. Nicholas. lp.] but to continue their liberty of fishing as in former

1636, May 18. Whitehall.—The Lords of the Admi. times. One advertisement from Holland is to the
ralty to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, Admiral purpose, &c. 4 pp.)
of the Fleet. By the inclosed letter from the Lieu- 1636, July 4. Court at Oatlands.--Sec. Windebank
tenant of Pendennis Castle you will perceive a high to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. Has received
affront offered, as well under the said castle as in the his Lordship's letters of the 1st and 2nd July, with one
river of Helford, by Capt. John Van Galen, of the from Capt. Carterett, and sundry examinations of the
“ Black Bull,” of Amsterdam, which being an insolency French lately taken by Dunning.
not to be endured, we pray you to give order to some (About the Holland fisheries.) P.S.-We have letters
of the fleet under your charge to range those parts, as from the Earl Marshal of his first audience with the
well to apprehend the said Hollander, as to secure those Emperor at Lintz, which was nothing but matter of
seas from “ pickeronns” and sea rovers, who, under ceremony and fair promises of the Emperor. Prince
pretence of commissions of war, violate his Majesty's Robert is hurt with a fall in hunting, his horse having
roads and ports, and spoil his subjects. It is probable trod upon his face. He has been let blood, but is in
that the Hollander, if he escape such ships as you send no danger. [2 pp.)
into the West, may yet happen to be met with by some 1636, July 5. Oatlands.-The Council to Algernon,
other of the fleet in his Majesty's seas, wherefore we Earl of Northumberland. , . . The objections made
pray you to command all the ships under your charge against the fleet's going to the northward have been
that if they meet with the Hollander they make stay of taken into consideration, and nothing is found to hinder
him, and bring the ships into some of his Majesty's that service. His Majesty's express command, there-
ports, to be detained till we shall give further order fore, is that you stand to the northward, towards the
(1 p.]

fishings in those his Majesty's seas, and that you take
Enclose.-The above copy of a letter from John with you the licenses signed by his Majesty, with
Trewhar, Lieutenant of Pendennis Castle.

blanks, to be disposed of to such fishermen as shall
1636, June 8. Hampton Court.-Sec. Coke to Alger desire the same, and that you govern yourself and the
non, Earl of Northumberland, Admiral of the Fleet. fleet towards the said fishermen and the sacks attending
The King has read the Admiral's letter, and approves them, according to the directions formerly given you by
his conduct.-He also approves the course you intend his Majesty. ... We have received the inventories of
to take, to lie to and again about Scilly and the Land's the two French frigates taken by Dunning, with exami-
End, for securing Captain Steward's return, and after- nations of some of their men; but the former ought to
wards to return to the Downs, and thence to apply have been signed by the French captains as well as by
yourself to the business of the fishing. All your other Dunning. As for the thirteen French who pillaged a
letters were delivered, and such answers as come to my Scotch bark, and the three others who confess that they
hands shall be sent to you. I send a packet for Viscount were in the vessel that took the king's catch with the
Conway. [1 p.]

packet, and the two captains of these vessels, you shall
1636, June 12. Hampton Court.-Sec. Windebank to do well to cause them to be committed to prison in
Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. My elder brother, Dover, and the others sent away into France by the
Sec. Coke, not leaving me so much as a younger brother's first opportunity. You are to cause such persons as
portion in matter of business, wherein I can serve you, complain to have been pillaged by any of those French
so I can only offer myself to your lordship's command- to be bound over to give evidence against them at their
ments in anything wherein you may judge me useful, trial. [2 pp.)
and withal to represent to you my extreme contentment 1636, July 7. Tottenham.-Sec. Sir John Coke to
to find His Majesty (as he has reason) so well pleased the Earl of Northumberland. Your letters to his
with your gallant and discreet carriage in your great Majesty were graciously received, and there is full
charge. I have signified his Majesty's pleasure to his answer returned by our late joint letter sent by Wm.
ministers and agents in foreign parts to hold a straight Crane. Both his Majesty and the season require yonr
intelligence with you, and to give you advice from time speedy departure for the north, where the fishing began
to time of all occurrences. [2 pp.)

the last month. ... Charnace, the French Ambassador
1636, June 14. Hampton Court.--The Lords of the at the Hague, has not only publicly inveighed against
Admiralty to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. The the King's proclamation concerning fishing upon his
season for the fishing in the King's seas and on the coasts, but the same day that the proclamation was read
northern coasts begins about the 20th. We have pre- amongst the States, he declared to them that the
pared 100 licences signed by the King with blanks for French King's great fleet of 130 sail was then at sea
such buszes and other fishing-boats to fish in his and that his affection was most fervent for their liberty
Majesty's seas, as will take the same. His Majesty and greatness, being ready to concur for their assist-
tells us that he has already by word given your direc ance. Hereupon the States of Holland were careful
tions to take after the rate of 12d. a ton of each vessel to inform themselves of His Majesty's forces on foot
that carries his licence, and for such as refuse the same and at sea, and agreed to put to sea as many men-of-
you are to take order that they may not fish in his seas. war as they should be able to furnish of their own,
And in case they will fish without license, you are to and of those of Zealand, at least to make a shew,
send their vessels and fish into some of his Majesty's that they wanted not means to defend themselves in
ports, to be detained in safe custody till further order, that liberty whereunto they do pretend. And the
&c. (12 p.]

common voice is of 70 sail, designed for the service, 1636, July 1. Haines Hill, my house in Windsor with some number of land soldiers on board. In truth, Forest.-Sec. Windebank to Algernon, Earl of North- they have in readiness twelve frigates and six men-ofumberland. Your letter of the 25th June, together war, besides those of the fishing buss masters and the with one for the Lords of the Admiralty, was brought 22 ships of war, five frigates, and five yachts which to my lodging in court the 26th, but I being then at my the States-General provide. The first 18 put to sea on country house did not receive it till the 28th, at my the June for convoy of their herring busses, and all return to court. I presently acquainted his Majesty the rest will be ready towards the end of this July to go with it, who had been before undeceived concerning the under Admiral Dorp. In sum they resolve, as it is news of the French fleet's coming towards Dunkirk, written, to resist to the uttermost rather than undergo and he was very well satisfied with your return upon any such servitude as recognition and payment imply. that occasion, howsoever it were mistaken. I verily ... Though it may reasonably be conceived that believe it was some invention of the French, cast out they will hardly be provided for any great exploit, yet of design to draw your Lordship and your forces from to prevent the worst his Majesty has given order to





hasten the 10 ships that they may attend you by the end of this month. There is order also given to put in readiness 20 sail of merchant ships well fortified, &c. 2 pp.)

1636, July 8. Oatlands.-Henry, Earl of Holland, to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. His Majesty is much satisfied with your care and vigilance upon this occasion of the Spanish ambassador's landing to advertise him. ... I have likewise written by the King's command to Sec. Coke that there be a special care taken that before the ships go to Dunkirk such a proportion of those moneys as are brought over now by the ambassador may be landed according to the contract made, which you will do well likewise to have care of, for besides the benefit to this kingdom from the re-coining of such a proportion of silver, it will take away those discourses of our partiality when all the world shall see the benefit the King and kingdom receives by it, in which the King has been of late much abused, they having carried their monies to Dunkirk by the connivance of whom I will not know, contrary to their treaties and promises. [3 pp.)

1636, July 12. Bagshot.—Sec. Sir John Coke to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. Your order given to Captain Coke was very seasonable, and his Majesty requires you not to suffer any of the silver to be transported to Dunkirk till it appear under the hands of the officers of the customs, that the proportion agreed upon, which is two-third parts, be coined in his Majesty's mint. To this effect like order is given to the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington to provide for his Majesty's indemnity in this behalf. Your hundred licenses are to be disposed to those who first require them, and if any will accept of them you may give them like licenses under your own hand, with promise to procure his Majesty's band also if they stand upon it, &c. If they of Callais offer more affronts they must be suppressed, and strength left to that purpose ; but there is hope they will be quiet by the order of that State, and the rather because there is an agreement now settled betwixt the postmasters on both sides, and rati. fied by public act. [2 pp.]

1636, July 12. Bagshot. Enclosure in July 13.— Sec. Windebank to (Lord Treasurer Juxon and Francis, Lord Cottington). Capt. Steward, having acquainted his Majesty that he has brought great sums of money lately out of Spain to be consigned over to Dunkirk for the use of that King, which monies are hitherto staid until his Majesty's duties shall be paid, his Majesty commands that you take order for the answering of those duties, and thereupon immediately give order for transportation of the rest of that plate and treasure according to consignment. There is the more haste to be used in this business, because the Marquis of Mirabella, with sundry other persons of quality, being aboard his Majesty's ship, who are likewise by his Majesty's command to be wafted over to Dunkirk, do suffer there in the meantime. [Copy. p.)

1636, July 13. Fulham House.-Bishop Juxon of London, Lord Treasurer, and Francis, Lord Cottington, to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. Enclose a copy of Sec. Windebank's letter, signifying his Majesty's pleasure that those monies lately brought out of Spain to be consigned over to Dunkirk for the use of that King, shall, after payment of his Majesty's duties, have free leave to be transported according to the consignment. To which purpose we have written to his Majesty's officers to come aboard and receive his Majesty's duties, &c. [} p.]

1636, July 17. Court at Windsor.-Sec. Windebank to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. It is his Majesty's express pleasure that you make stay of the treasure lately brought out of Spain by Capt. Walter Steward, and that you suffer no part of it to be transported to Dunkirk or other part of the dominions of the King of Spain until you sball receive further command. ment from his Majesty, any former order notwithstanding to the contrary. (1 p.]

1636, July 18. Windsor. -Sec. Windebank to Alger non, Earl of Northumberland, about the same matter and the fisheries. I send a letter from the Lords of the Admiralty concerning the transportation of Job Harbin the merchant into Holland for redemption of his Majesty's jewels, for which you may give present order ; and when he shall have received them into his custody, because they are of great value, you shall give order for a ship of greater strength for his safe return, &c.

P.S. -I shall be for the most part, during his Majesty's absence, till he come to Woodstock, at my house in the country called Haines Hill, near Okingham. [3 pp.]

1636, July 20. Tottenham.-Sec. Sir John Coke to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. Our last by Mrs. Crane has, I suppose, satisfied your doubts, and there is order given for more passes to be sent with speed. Care must still be taken that the packet boats may be convoyed, and that they of Calais (Calesians) may not interrupt the same. It displeases his Majesty, and generally men are sorry, that Mr. Steward was so hasty without express warrant to carry his ship and money away to Dunkirk. I wish he may give a good account thereof to his master and to the State. His Majesty is now upon his progress, and comes to-morrow to Apthorp. The main business of this letter is to wish you a prosperous success in reducing our neighbours to a more respective sense. (1 p.)

1636, Aug. 7. Rufford Abbey.--Sec. Sir John Coke to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. Your last letters, written when you set sail from the Downs, have been delivered to his Majesty and your friends.- A supply of licences for fishing.–The fishing, which commonly begins at the Orcades about June 20, may be supposed by this time to have fallen down near to our English coast, and therefore I have sent the despatch to Scarborough for you. You can judge whether it will be necessary to keep all your fleet in those northern seas, or may spare part to scour the Channel to the Land's End westward ; for there the Turks, since your departure, have taken divers fishermen and others. . . . . His Majesty and the Prince Elector are in health, and much pleased with the weather and their daily hunting in this place, where Sir William Saville gives royal entertainment and great contentment to his Majesty and to all the train. On Tuesday next the King returns towards Nottingham, and after a week's abode at Tutbury, departs for Woodstock, where the Queen will meet him, and thence proceeds according to the gists. [2 pp.)

1636, Aug. 12. Oatlands.--Sec. Sir John Coke to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. Mr. Crane says that he has sent the proportion of victuals which was required, so I hope you will have no want. His Majesty still presses for your hastening towards Yarmouth.

-Instructions for filling in the fishing licences. For the Admiral's coming aboard ; if he put himself in your company, you must of necessity require it, for else you in a kind divide the sovereignty with them, which must not be suffered, whatsoever it costs; but it will be your wisdom not to seek to move the question of their admi. ral's coming aboard if they do decline you, and perform such homage as they have done hitherto, giving no affront in passing by you without performing due respect. The officers will have order for the ships to be sent to Portsmouth, when we shall meet with them. [2 pp.]

1636, Aug. 30. · Oxford.-Sec. Sir John Coke to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. Your . letters to me since your coming into the Downs have been shewed at Woodstock both to the King and the Lords of the Admiralty, and the resolution taken thereupon is that you must presently send for the guard of the west country three or four of those ships which are victualled for longest time.-Directs the victualling certain ships, and the discharging certain others. The ships sent to the west coast must ply along the coast as far as the Land's End and Scilly, and pursue all pirates and Turks infesting those parts, that so the Newfoundland fishermen and those that pass towards Bristol Fair may be protected by them, that the subjects in those parts may take knowledge of his Majesty's care of them, and find the benefit of his fleet at sea.—Directions for convoy of our own and foreign merchants :-For discharge of certain French put in at the Hyde, &c. [3 pp.)

1636, Sept. 7. Lindhurst. - Sec. Sir John Coke to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. I have acquainted the King with your letter of the 5th Sept., and with the inclosure from Sir William Boswell, and his pleasure is that with the remains of your fleet, which you say are ten ships, you take your course along the coast by Yarmouth and such places in which any fishing is continued.-Directions for his conduct, &c. [1 p.]

[1636 :].-Additional instructions for the Earl of Northumberland as Admiral of the Fleet, signed by the King. Among other things, “ Proceed with your “ fleet towards the Land's End and Scilly, where you “ must lye off and on towards the coast of Spain, to “ free our coasts and seas from Turkish pirates, and to “ secure our own ship, which is on her return from “ Spain, and such merchants as come from those parts.” [1 p.)

1636.-Brief journal delivered to his Majesty [by Algernon, Earl of Northumberland), reporting his




DUKE OF service with the fleet between 15th May and 2nd October NORTHUM. 1636. [13 p]

1636.--Key to the cypher employed in the correspondence between Sec. Coke and" [Algernon, Earl of Northumberland] Lord Admiral of the fleet in 1636. In this cypher the letters of the alphabet are represented by numbers. [3 pp.]

[1636 ].--Propositions by Sir Thomas Rowe for the formation of a West Indian Company. Begins, There is no other way advantageous and profitable to make a war upon the King of Spain, but in the West Indies 3 pp.]

1036-7, Feb. 7.—Question submitted by King Charles I. to the judges, whether, when the good and safety of the kingdom in general is concerned, and the whole kingdom in danger, the King may not by writ under the Great Seal command all subjects at their charge to provide and furnish such number of ships with men, victuals, and ammunition, and for such time as he shall think fit for the defence and safety of the kingdom, and by law compel the doing thereof in case of refusal or refractoriness, and whether in such case the King is not the sole judge both of the danger, and when and how the same is to be prevented and avoided. [Copy, p.]

1636-7, Feb. 7.-Answer of the judges to the question submitted by King Charles I. concerning the levying of ship-money. [Copy. p. Written upon the same paper as the preceding.)

1636-7, March 24.- Articles set down by the Lords of the Council according to the tenor of the Commission granted 28th Feb. 1636-7, for such merchants and owners who have leave from the Lords of the Admin ralty to repair to the seas against the subjects of the States General of the United Provinces by virtue of the said Commission. Entered by order in the Council Book, 24th March 1636-7. [3 pp.?

1637, April 15.-Instructions from the Lords of the Admiralty for the Earl of Northumberland, Admiral of the Fleet, in his Majesty's ship the “ Triumph," prepared for this present expedition for guard of his Majesty's seas. [6 pp.]

1637, June 6. Whitehall.-Instructions under his Majesty's sign manual for the Earl of Northumberland, “ whom we appoint to be our admiral, custos maris, and general of all our forces, for the present intended service. (In the margin are notes in his Majesty's own hand.] Underwritten, It is his Majesty's pleasure that this copy be taken and pursued as original instructions, being apostiled with his own hand, till further order be given. Signed, Sir John Coke. [6 pp.]

1637, June 12. Greenwich.--Sec. *Windebank to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. The enclosed from Mr. Comptroller will, I doubt not, acquaint you with the ratification of the treaty come very lately from France, which his Majesty has accepted, and there. upon the Prince Elector is to go for Holland to negotiate his own affairs, and to prepare the States to join in the confederacy. ... The fishing business is at a stop, but his Majesty's resolution is to break through all im pediments if his licences be taken. [2 pp. Damaged by fire.)

1637, June 18.-Sir H. Vane to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland.. I send a list of the Elector's train, which will amount to 160 persons ; for the meaner sort I have provided passage in three ships, with 60 horses and the baggage, which shall be all shipped to morrow night. I have directed them to steer their course through the King's channel, and shall beseech you to send three or four of the King's ships to meet with them at the Nore, and convoy them over to the mouth of the Muse. His Majesty approves your directions for the Elector and his brother to go in Sir H. Mervin's ship and your lordship to convoy him within sight of land on the other side, and then to stand your course for these seas. ... I had almost forgot to tell you that I spoke with his Majesty about the flag, and it is his order that your Lordship, as Admiral, carry the june in your own ship. The Earl Martial waits on the Prince to Rochester the first night, and myself on your Lordship in the “ Triumph," to kiss your hands, and to have an hour of freedom. The civil war I mentioned in my last between the two friends about their offices, is broken out, and is in every man's mouth the discourse of the Court. I thank you for the favour you have shown to my sons; I am glad they took their passage so timely for Holland. I do not think the Prince of Orange will take the field, notwithstanding they have made some warlike preparations, and the company are now at Nimeguen. If the million expected from France come not speedily, they will put themselves on the defensive; and if so, in regard of the Prince of Orange's

late indisposition, he will probably leave the command of such a war to Count William of Nassau and Count Harry of Frezeland. Your sister Carlisle comes not yet to Court, but lies at Whitehall. [Damaged by fire. 4 pp..

[1637, June ?].--Sec. Windebank to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. The secret treaty with the Infant Cardinal for procuring passes to such fishers of Holland as should take his Majesty's licenses to pass safely to and from their fishing in his Majesty's seas, is failed by the perverseness of the Spanish ministers; and the Hollanders have thereupon refused to take any of those licences which were sent to Sir William Boswell under his Majesty's hand and signet; nevertheless they intend to fish in his Majesty's seas this year as they have done heretofore, and some have gone to the north with strong convoys, as Sir William Boswell has advised you.-States the King's commands with regard to licences. [2 pp.]

1637, July 5. Greenwich.—Sir Henry Vane to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. .. News of a great defeat given by Duke Bernard [of Saxe Weimar] to the Duke of Lorraine's forces, himself being absent. I acquainted his Majesty with your proposition for Sallee, which he approved very well of, and gave me order to speak to the Lords of the Admiralty, which I have done, and they will presently receive order from us for the putting into execution of Rainsborow's design in the way you have directed.--Question between the Newcastle men and Mr. Morley relative to the coal trade.-The Bishop of Lincoln's cause will occupy the Lords the whole of this week. The King goes on Monday next to Theobalds, and the Queen to Oatlands, where the King will join her on the Saturday following. Her Majesty will go no part of the progress, but stay at Oatlands till the King's return. His Majesty goes the progress he first intended, and will not be at Salisbury, the town being so infected with the smallpox. P.S. It is affirmed here that Conn is elected a cardinal, but I don't believe it. The Chamberlain and Conde have both submitted to the King's order concerning the questions between them, and he had declared that he will have them still friends. The Earl of Leicester took his leave of the King this last Sunday, and next week he will be gone for France. [Partly damaged by fire. 4 pp.]

1637, July 6. Westminster.-Sec. Windebank to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland.-Explanation of a passage in his former letter sent with the fishing licences, as to what shall be done if the Dutch refuse to take the licences. The truth is, his Majesty in this conjuncture is not willing to proceed so roundly with them as he has done heretofore, and therefore thinks fit to hold this way of inviting them fairly to acknowledge his right, without sending his own fleet, which would be a manifest engagement and obligation to him in honour to perfect the work upon any conditions, and might be of dangerous consequence, and destructive to the present condition of his affairs.... I could not acquaint the King with your last despatch, he being at Havering; but I understand his purpose so particularly herein that you need not doubt to take this way. I send you the two last dispatches I received from Sir William Boswell and Mr. Gerbier. [Damaged by fire. 3 pp.)

1637, July 9. Court at Greenwich.-The Lords of the Admiralty to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. ... His Majesty being very sensible of the boldness of the French vessel of Calais, has commanded that you apprehend as many of the ships of that town as yon can meet with, and bring them into one of his Majesty's ports to answer the said insolency. We desire you for the future to take order that there be still a sufficient convoy sent to accompany such small frigates when they are employed to waft any ships, to prevent the dishonour of their being beaten or taken. (1 p.]

1637, July 6. Whitehall.-The Lords of the Admiralty to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. Directions with regard to an expedition to Sallee. (Much damaged by fire. lp.]

1637, July 24. Aboard the “Unicorn," in Scarborough Wick.-Capt. Richard Fielding to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. I found six or seven hundred busses as far north as Bufferness, with 23 sail of men-of-war of Holland and Zealand; and I acquainted their com. manders what order I had to distribute his Majesty's licences amongst the busses. They told me that they durst not suffer me (to do so] before they had order from their masters; but on the 21st I had their answer, although I could not possibly get it under their hands. I found those bussés very willing to pay, which I spoke with all, for before I came up with the men of-war, I


had given out two licences; but after they told me much pleased his Majesty to understand by your letters DUKE OF

NORTHUMthey durst not suffer my boat to pass up and down to the success of Capt. Rainsborow. [Damaged by fire. BERLAND. fetch them in. I having got their answer stood for the 1 p.) next port, and about two hours) after dinner I heard 1637, Sept. 20.-Henry Percy to Robert, Earl of shooting to leeward of me, which proved to be 13 sail Leicester. [Partly in cypher. On political affairs.] of Dunkirkers, and one States man-of-war engaged 1637.-Remembrances to be taken into consideration amongst them, which ship had got her payment before for the more efficient administration of the navy, and I could get up with them, for when I was within shot better defence of the kingdom. (Probably by Algernon, of her she sunk. There was one States man-of-war ahead Earl of Northumberland, as Lord Admiral of the fleet.) of me, who saved some of her men. I followed with [14 column, the other part of the page being cut out.] 15 Hollanders, but they outwent me, so that I gave (1637 27.-Request of the Company of Stationers of over and stood for this place. The Dunkirkers, so London to have power with

London to have power with a constable to enter into soon as they made out what I was, took in their flag

all houses and places where they shall have cause to and stood away with all the sail they could make. I

suspect that any printing presse or any books are which shall with all expedition make towards your Lordship

are Popish, scandalous, or unduely imprinted, and to from this place according to your order.

seize and take away the same; with the reasons why 1637, July 28. Windsor. --The King to Algernon,

this should be granted. [1 p.] Earl of Northumberland. . . . For the fishing busi

[1637 P].—Treatise by Sir John Watts, setting forth a ness I will not have you seek the fishers (until further

design for the taking of Hispaniola, entitled, “This order); but if they fall in your way you must make " relation is for future times, and by demonstration them pay the duty. (Wholly in the autograph of King " will appear more clear, but to be kept secret until Charles I.]

" the attempt discover the design.” [7 pp.] 1637, July 28. Court at Windsor.--Sec. Windebank

1637.-List made out by Capt. Barnes at his Mato Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. .His

jesty's command, and delivered by Mr. Porter, containMajesty, as you will have knowledge by his own letters,

ing the names of the captains employed the last year will take further deliberation how to govern himself

in the King's service under the Earl of Northumbertoward the refractory Hollanders, who take the advan

land, those formerly employed in the King's service at tage of this conjuncture to refuse his licences, &c,

sea, and those who were employed the last year as [Damaged by fire. 2 pp.]

1637, Aug. 1.-Sec. Windebank to Algernon, Earl of

Endorsed, “ The list presented to his Majesty when
Northumberland. I acquainted the King at Oatlands

" the captains were nominated for this year, 1637.
with your despatch of 29 July, who thereupon com-

[1 p.) manded me to signify his pleasure to you in these

1637.-Statement of abuses in the administration of
particulars. Directions, &c. for his conduct of the

the navy, reduced under the three heads, Unskilfulness
fleet. If any of your fleet may be of use to Capt.
Rainsborough at Sallee to perfect that service, and you

of Officers of the Navy, Defects in the System of

Victualing, and Choice of Commanders. [23 pp.]
can well spare them, you may then send two or three
ships thither.-Directions with regard to the Dunkirkers

[1637 ?].-Proposition by some undertaker not named
and the Holland fishermen.

for making saltpetre without any charge or trouble to P.S.-His Majesty will be at Oatlands again on

the subject, so that in future there will be no need to Saturday next, and upon Monday he begins his progress

buy it in foreign parts, nor to make it at home after from ... westward. (Damaged by fire. 3 pp.)

the course hitherto used, which is a great vexation to 1637, Aug. (10?].-Sec. Windebank to Algernon, Earl

the people, and yet his Majesty and the State be
of Northumberland. ... His Majesty is well satis-

thoroughly and continually supplied. (1 p.]
fied with the reasons you give in yours of the 4th for 1637-8, January 25.--Propositions by Capt. William
not sending more ships to Sallee. I have given direc- Rainborowe for redeeming the English captives in
tion to Capt. Fogg to suppress the report of the Holland Algiers, and suppressing the Algerian pirates, arranged
fishers refusing his Majesty's licences offered them,

in the form of articles. The redemption of the captives
whereof his Majesty is very sensible; and I have the for money will cost at least 100,0001., besides giving
same in charge to your lordship. You are to cause it encouragement to the pirates to take more. If his
to be reported through the whole fleet that the cause of Majesty set out a fleet to besiege them by sea, even
sending to the busses was to give them notice of the without land forces, it may in time effect the business,
forces prepared by the Dunkirkers to intercept them and give security for the future, they being forced to
on their return, and to offer them his Majesty's protec- deliver the captives. Or if his Majesty set out a fleet
tion, but no licence; that of the licences being to be and continue it three or four years, their ships will be
cried down. You shall instruct Capt. Fielding to be worm eaten and wrotten in that time. [1 p.]
more reserved. I delivered yours of the 4th with my 1693-8, Feb. 26. Newmarket. - Henry Percy to
own hand to the Countess of Carlisle, your noble sister, Robert, Earl of Leicester. I was much satisfied with
and hold it a great honor to bave occasion to kiss her the receipt of your letters, because in one of them you
hand. I have leave from his Majesty to enjoy my poor furnish me with those instruments and means I wanted
home in the country till his return to Oatlands, which before to serve you ; therefore if anything do miscarry
will be on Saturday fortnight, my brother secretary] for want of being most truly represented, I wish as
following the progress, to whom it will be more con- much misery to befall me as I hope will come to the
venient for you while in the west to address your mis-reporters. I intend to shew your letter to the
letters. [3 pp.]

Queen, there being no word that can give suspicion of
1637, Aug. 16. Haines Hill, near Okingham in communication with you, for that I have not been
Windsor Forest.-Sec, Windebank to Algernon, Earl allowed to do. I am most confident that you (Leicester)
of Northumberland. .... In the particular of Salee, will or have been named by the Queen. I find upon
his Majesty was satisfied with your reasons for not your last dispatch there has been consultations held by
sending any further supply to Rainsborough. [Damaged his Majesty for the sending of some one to Hamburgh,
by fire. 2 pp.)

and you have been named as understanding that
1637, Aug. 24. Oatlands.-Henry Percy to his brother, business best. [1 p.]
Robert, Earl of Leicester. . . . This is such a time 1637-8, March 7. Westminster.—Commission ap-
with us at Court in progress. I am much scandalised pointing Thomas, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, to be
for discovering the Queen's intention concerning Rossi- general of the army intended to be raised. [Copy. 18 pp.]
nus' (Coke's ?) place, for to my knowledge there can 1638, April 14.-Remembrances presented by the
nothing destroy the design so much as that; for it will officers of the navy to Algernon, Earl of Northumber-
not only give a great distaste to the King to hear how land, Lord Admiral. Proportion of timber required
they order those things without his knowledge, but for rebuilding two ships, for reparations at Chatham,
also give time to all who shall dislike of it to prepare for reparations of buildings and wharfs, and for re
every thing that may prejudice Leicester. [3 pp.] plenishing the magazine. In all, 7,950 loads. Total,
[Partly in cypher, fictitious names being substituted 18,8001. Articles specifying other matters of moment
for the persons intended, and altogether very unin- relative to thc navy requiring to be attended to.

[24 pp.]
[1637, Aug.]-Sec. Sir John Coke to Algernon, Earl 1638 (April 2].-Brief of Judge Croke's argument in
of Northumberland. In yours of the 31st July you Easter Term, stating the reasons on which he decides
mention two sloops. . . . Concerning the other against the legality of ship-money. [4 pp.]
sloop which ran aboard the Holland Vice-admiral, and 1638, May 19. Mincing Lane.-Report of the officers
was by him protected, I have by his Majesty's com- of the navy to the Lord Admiral, giving an estimate of
mand required Sir William Boswell to remonstrate this the charge for building of ten boats, for victualling of
wrong to the States, and to require reparation. It 4,000 men for 20 days in their passage, and the charge

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