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Lear. What dost thou profess? What would'st jappears, as well in the general dependents, as in thou with us?

the duke himself also, and your daughter. Kent. I do profess to be no less than I seem; to Lear. lla! say'st thou so? serve him truly, that will put me in trust; to love Knight. I beseech you, pardon me, my lord, him that is honest; to converse' with him that is 5 if I be mistaken; for my duty cannot be siwise, and says little; to fear judgement; to fight, ent, when I think your híghness is wrong'd. when I cannot choose; and to eat no fish?.

Lear. Thou but remember'st me of inine own Lear. What art thou?

conception: I have perceiveda most faint neglect Kent. A very honest-hearted fellow, and as poor of late; which I have rather blained as mine own as the king.

10 jealous curiosity, then as a very pretence 'and purLear. If thou be as poor for a subject as he is pose of unkindness: I will look further into't.for a king, thou art poor enough. What would'st But where's my fool: I have not seen hiin these thou?

two days. Kent. Service.

Knight. Since my young lady's going into Lear. Whoin would'st thou serve?

15 France, sir, the fool hath much pin’d away. Kent. You.

Lear. No more of that; I have noted it well.Lear. Dost thou know me, fellow?

Go you, and tell my daughter I would speak Kent. No, sir; but you have that in your coun- with her.-Go you, call hither my fool.tenance, which I would fain call master.

Re-enter. Stercard. Lear. What's that?

200, you sir, you sir, come you hither: Who am I, Kent. Authority:

Stew. My lady's father.

[sir ? Lear. What services canst thou do?

Lear. My lady's father ! my lord's knave: you Kent. I can keep honest counsel, ride, run, whoreson dog! you slave ! you cur! mar a curious tale in telling it, and deliver a plain Slew. I am none of these, my lord; I beseech message bluntly: that which ordinary men are fit|25you, pardon ur.e. for, I am quality'd in; and the best of ine is dili- Lear. Do you bandy looks with me, you rascal? gence.

[Striking him. Loar, How old art thou ?

Stere. I'll not be struck, my lord. Kent. Not so young, sir, to love a woman for Kent. Nor tript neither; you base foot-ball singing; nor so old, to dote on her for any thing : 30 player. [Tripping up his heels. I have years on my back forty-eight.

Lear. I thank thee, fellow; thou serv'st me, Lear. Follow me; thou shalt serve me, if ) and I'll love thee. like thee no worse after dinner: I will not pari Kent. Come, sir, arise, away; I'll teach you from thee yet.—Dinner, ho, dinner!-Where's differences; away, away: If you will measure iny knave? my fool? Go you, and call my fool 33 your lubber's length again, tarry: but away: go hither:

lio: Have you wisdom? so. Enter Steward.

[Pushes the Stewurd out. You, you, sirrah, where's my daughter?

Lear. Now, my friendly knave, I thank thee : Stero. So please you,

[Erit there's carnest of thy service.[Giring Kent money. Lear. What says the fellow there?--Call the ti

Enter Fool. clotpole back. Where's my fool, ho?-I think Fool. Let me hire bim too ;--Here's my coxthe world's asleep.-llow now i where's thai comb.

[Giring kent his cup. mungrel?

Lear. How now, my pretty knave? how dost Knight. He says, my lord, your daughter is not thou? well.

Fool. Sirralı, you were best take my coxcomb. Lear. Why caine not the slave back to me, Kent. Why, fool? when I call’d hiin?

Fool. Wy, for taking one's part that is out of Knight. Sir, he answer'd me in the roundest favour: Nay, an thou canst not smile as the wind manner, he would not.

its, thou'lt catch cold shortly: There, take my Lear. He would not !

oxcomb*: Why, this fellow has banish'd two of Knight. My lord, I know not what the matter his daughters, and did the third a blessing against is ; but, to my judgement, your highness is not en- his will; it thou follow hiin, thou must needs wear tertain'd with that ceremonious affcction as you my coxcomb ---How now, puncler 'Would I were wont; there's a great abatement ot kindness had two coxcombs', and two daughters !

'To converse signifies immediately and properly to keep company, not to discourse ortalk.-- Llis meaning is, that he chooses for his companions men of reserve and caution ; men who are no tattlers nor tale-bearers, * In Queen Elizabeth's time, the Papists were esteemned, and with good reason, ene. mies to the government. Hence the proverbial phrase of He's an honest man, and eats no fish; to signify he is a friend to the government, and a Protestant; the cating fish, on a religious account, being then esteemed such a badge of popery, that when it was enjoin'd for a season by act of parliament, for the encouragement of the fish-iowns, it was thought necessary to declare the reason ; hence it was called Cecil's fast. 3 Pretence for design. Meaning his cap, called so becaus: on the top of the fool's or jester's cap was sewed a piece of red cloth, resembling the comb of a cock. The word, afterwards, was used to denote a vain, conceited, meddling fellow. * Two toolscaps, intended, as it seems, to inark double folly in the man that gives all to his daughters., 304

Lear.

the egg

Lear. Why, my boy?

Lear. What two crowns shall they be? Fool. If I gave them all my living, I'd keep Fool. Why, after I have cut the egg i’ the my coxcombs myself: There's mine ; beg ano- middle, and eat up the meat, the two crowns of ther of thy daughters.

When thou clovest thy crown i' the : Lear. Take heed, sirrah; the whip.

5 middle, and gavest away both parts, thou borest fool. Truth's a dog that must to kennel; he thine ass on thy back over the dirt: Thou had'st must be whipp'd out, when the lady brach' may little wit in thy bald crown, when thou gavest thy stand by the tire and stink,

golden one away. If I speak like myself in this, Lear. A pestilent gall to me!

let him be whipp'd that first finds it so. Fool. Sirrah, I'll teach thee a speech. [To Kent, 10 Fool's ne'er had less grace in a year';[Singing. Lear. Do.

For wise men are grown foppish;
Fool. Mark it, nuncle :-

And know not how their wits to wear,
Have more than thou showest,

Their manners are so apish.
Speak less than thou knowest,

Lear. When were you wont to be so full of
Lend less than thou owest”,

15 songs, sirrah? Ride more than thou goest,

Fool. I have used it, nuncle, ever since thou Learn more than thou trowest',

mad'st thy daughters thy mothers: for when thou Set less than thou throwest;

gav’st them the rod, and putt'st down thine own Leave thy drink and thy whore,

breeches, And keep in a-door,

20 Then they for sudden joy did weep, [Singing, And thou shalt have more

And I for sorrow sung,
Than two tens to a score.

That such a king should play bo-peep,
Kent. This is nothing, fool.

And go the fools among Fool. Then it is like the breath of an unfee'd Pr’ythee, nuncle, keep a school-master that can lawyer; you gave me nothing for't:- -Can you 25 teach thy fool to lie; I would fain learn to lie. make no use of nothing, nuncle?

Lear. If you lie, sirrah, we'll have you whipt. Lear. Why, no, boy; nothing can be made Fool. I marvel, what kin thou and thy daughters out of nothing.

are: they'll have me whipt for speaking true, Fool. Pr’ythee, tell him, so much the rent of thou'lt have me whipt for lying; and, sometimes, his land conies to; he will not believe a fool. 301 am whipt for holding my peace. I had rather

[To Kent. be any kind of thing, than a fool: and yet I would Lear. A bitter fool !

not be thee, nuncle; thou hast pared thy wit o' Fool. Dost thou know the difference, my boy, both sides, and left nothing in the middle: Here between a bitter fool and a sweet fool?

comes one of the parings. Lear. No, lad, teach me.

Enter Goneril. Fool. That lord, that counsell’d thee

Lear. How now, daughter? what makes that

frontlet on?
To give away thy land,,
Come, place hiin here by me,-

Methinks, you are too much of late i’ the frown,

Fool. Thou wast a pretty fellow, when thou Or do thou for him stand.

40 had’st no need to care for her frowning; now The sweet and bitter fool Will presently appear;

thou art an O without a figure: I am better than

thou art now; I am a fool, thou art nothing.The one in motley here,

Yes,forsooth, I will hold my tongue; [to Goneril.] The other found out there,

so your face bids me, though you say nothing. Lear. Dost thou call me fool, boy?

45 Mum, mum, Fool. All thy other titles thou hast given away He that keeps nor crust nor crum, that thou wast born with.

Weary of all, shall want some. Kent. This is not altogether fool, my lord. That's a sheal'd peascod'. (Pointing to Lear.

Fool. No, 'faith, lords and great men will not Gon. Not only, sir, this your all-licens'd fool; let me; if I had a monopoly on't, they would have 50 But other of your insolent retinue part on 't*: and ladies too, they will not let me Do hourly carp and quarrel ; breaking forth have all fool to inyself; they'll be spatching.-- In rank and not-to-be-endured riots. Sir, (you, Give ine an egg, nuncle, and I'll give thee two I had thought, by making this well known unto

ITo have found a safe redress; but now grow fearful, Brach-is a bitch of the hunting-kind. That is, do not lend all that thou hast.-To ove, in old English, is to posst ss. To trow, is an old word which signifies to bt lieve. * A satire on the gross abuses of monopolies at that time; and the corruption and avarice of the courtiers, who commonly went shares with the patentee.--Monopolies were, in Shakspeare's time, the common objects of satire. 5 The meaning is, There never was a time when fools were less in favour; and the reason is, that they were never so little wanted, for wise men now supply their place. Both the quarto editions readless wit for less grace. • Lear alludes to the fronthet, which was anciently part of a woman's dress. ii.e now a mere husk, which contains nothing.

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crowns,

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2

3

By what yourself too late have spoke and done, Is it your will speak, sir. ---Prepare my horses.That you protect this course, and put it on!

llo Albuny By your allowance; which if you should, the fault Ingratitude ! thou marble-hearted fiend, Would not’scape censure, nor the redresses sleep; More hideous, when thou shew'st thee in a child Which, in the tender of a wholesome weal, 5 Than the sea-monsters! Might in their working do you that offence, Alb. Pray, sir, be patient. Which else were shame, that then necessity Lear. Détested kite! thou liest: [To Goncril. Will call discreet proceeding.

My train are men of choice and rarest parts, Fool. For you trow, nuncle,

That all particulars of duty know; The hedge-sparrow fed the cuckoo so long, 10 And in the most exact regard support

That it had its head bit off by its young. The worships of their name.-0 most small fault, So, out went the candle, and we were left darkling. How ugly didst thou in Cordelia shew! (nature Lear. Are you our daughter?

Which, like an engine', wrench'd by frame of Gon. Coine, sir,

From the fixt place, drew from my heart all love, I would, you would make use of that good wisdom 15 and added to the gall. O Lear, Lear, Lear! Whereof'I know you are fraught; and put away Beat at this gate, that let thy folly in, These dispositions, which of late transforın you

[Striking his head. From what you rightly are.

And thy dearjudgement out!--Go, go, my people. Fool. May not an ass know when the cart draws Alb. My lord, I am guiltless, as I am ignorant the horse :-Whoop, Jug! I love thee?.

20 Of what hath inov'd you. Lear. Does any here know me:-Why, this is Leur. It may be so, my lord. not Lear:

[eyes: Ilear, nature hear; dear goddess, hear! Does Lear walk thus ? speak thus?--Where are his Suspend thy purpose, if thou didst intend Either his notion weakens, or his discernings To make this creature fruitful! Are lethargy'd-Ha! waking – 'Tis not so. 25 Into her womb convey sterility; Who is it that can tell me who I am ?-Lear's Dry up in her the organs of increase; shadow ?

And from her derogate' body never spring I would learn that; for by the marks

A babe to honour her! If she must teem, Of sov'reignty, of knowledge, and of reason, Create her child of spleen; that it may live, I should be false persuaded I had daughters.- 30 And be a thwart disnatur'da torment to her! Your name, fair gentlewoman?

Let it stamp wrinkles in her brow of youth: Gon. Come, sir,

With cadent’tcars fret channels in her cheeks; This admiration is much o' the favour

Turn all her mother's pains and benefits Of other your new pranks. I do beseech you To laughter and contempt ; that she may feel To understand my purposes aright:

135 How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is As you are old and reverend, you should be wise : To have a thankless child !--Away, away! [Exit. Here do you keep a hundred knights and squires; Alb. Now, gods, that we adore, whereof comes Men so disorder'd, so debauch'd and bold,

this? That this our court, infected with their manners, Gon. Never aftlict yourself to know the cause; Shews like a riotous inn: epicurisin and lust 40 But let his disposition have that scope Make it more like a tavern, or a brothel, [speak That dotage gives it. Than a grac'd palace! The shame itself doth

Re-enter Lear. For instant remedy: Be then desir’d By her, that else will take the thing she begs, Lear. What, fifty of my followers, at a clap? A little to disquantity your train;

45 Within a fortnight! And the remainder, that shall still depend“, Alb. What's the matter, sir? To be such men as may besort your age,

Lear. I'll tell thee;-Life and death! I am And know themselves and you.

asham'd Lear. Darkness and devils!

That thou hadst power to shake my manhood thus: Saddle niy horses; call my train together.--- 501

[To Goneril. Degenerate hastard! I'll not trouble thee; That these hot tears, which break from me perforce, Yet have I left a daughter.

[rabble Should make thee worth them.-Blasts and fogs, Gon. You strike my people; and your disorder'd Make servants of their betters.

The untented to woundings of a father's curse Enter Albany.

55 Pierce every sense about thee!-Old fond eyes, Lear. Woe, that too late repents,-0, sir, are Beweep this cause again, I'll pluck you out; you come?

And cast you, with the waters that you lose', ' i. e. promote, push it forward. ? Mr. Steevens has been infornicd, that this is a quotation from the burthen of an old song, ? A palace grac'd by the presence of a sovereign. Depend, for continue in serrice. 5. Mr. Upton observes, that the sea-monster is the Hippopotamus, the hieroglyphical symbol of impiety and ingratitude.-Sandys, in his Travels, says"that he killeth his sire, and ravisheth his own dam.”. • By an engine is meant the rack. Derogate here means digraded, blasted. * Disnatur'd is wanting in natural affection. ' i. e. falling tears. UnDeputed wounds, means wounds in their worst state, not having a tent in them to digest thein.

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upon thee!

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10

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To temper clay.--Ha! is it come to this? {ters: acquaint my daughter no further with any
Let it be so :-Yet I have left a daughter, thing you know than comes from her demand out
Who, I am sure, is kind and comfortable; of the letter : If your diligence be not speedy, I
When she shall hear this of thee, with her nails shall be there before you.
She'll flay thy woltish visage. Thou shalt find, 5 Kent. I will not sleep, my lord, 'till I have de-
That I'll resume the shape which thou dost think liver'd your letter.
I have cast off for ever; thou shalt,'I warrant thee. Fool. If a man's brains were in his heels,were't

[E.reunt Lear, Kent, and Attendants. not in danger of kibes? Gon. Do you mark that, my lord ?

Lear. Ay, boy. Alb. I cannot be so partial, Goneril,

10 Fool. Then I pr’ythee be merry; thy wit shall To the great love I bear you.

aot go slip-shod! Gon. Pray you, content.--Whiat, Oswald, ho! Lear. Ha, ha, ha! You, sir, inore knave than fool, after your master. Fool. Shalt see, thy other daughter will usc thee

(To the Fool.kindly; for though she's as like this as a crab is Fool. Nuncle Lear,nuncle Lear, tarry, and take 15 like an apple, yet I can tell what I can tell. the fool with thee.

Lear. Why, what canst thou tell, boy? A fox, when one has caught her,

Fool. She will taste as like this, as a crab dees And such a daughter,

to a crab. Thou canst tell why one's nose stands Should sure to the slaughter,

li' the middle of one's face? If my cap would buy a halter;

20 Lear. No. So the fool follows after.

Erit. Fool. Why, to keep one's eyes on either side Gon. This man hath had good counsel :

-A one's nose; that what a man cannot smell out, he hundred knights!

may spy into. 'Tis politic, and safe, to let him keep [dreain,

Lear. I did her wrong * : At point', a hundred knights. Yes, that on every Fool. Canst tell how an oyster makes his shell? Each buz, each fancy, each complaint, dislike, Lear. No, He may enguard his dotage with their powers, Fool. Nor I neither; but I can tell why a snail And hold our lives at mercy.-Oswald, I say !- has a house. Alb. Well, you may fear too far.

Lear. Why? Gon. Safer than trust too far:

30 Fool. Why, to put his head in; not to gire it Let me still take away the harms I fear,

away to his daughters, and leave his horns withNot fear still to be taken. I know his heart: out a case. What he hath utter'd, I have writiny sister; Lear. I will forget my nature. So kind a faIf she sustain him and his hundred knights, ther!Be my horses ready? When I have shew'd the unfitness,---How now, 35 Fool. Thy asses are gone about'en. The reaOswald:

son why the seven stars are no more than seven, Enter Stercard.

is a pretty reason. What, have you writ that letter to my sister? Lear. Because they are not eight. Stew. Ay, madam.

(horse: Fool. Yes, indeed: Thou would'st make a good Gon. Take you some company, and away to 40 fool. Inform her full of my particular fear:

Lear. To take it again perforce'!-Monster! And thereto add such reasons of

your own,

ingratitude As may compact it more?

Fonl. If thou wert my fool, muncle, I'd have And hästen your return, No, no, my lord, thee beaten for being old before thy time.

[Exit Stercard. 45 Lear. How's that? This milky gentleness, and course of yours, Fool. Thou should'st not have been old before Though I condeinn it not, yct, under pardon, thou hadst been wise. You are much more at task for want of wisdom, Lear. 0, let me not be mad, not mad, sweet Than prais'd for harmful mildness. [telli heaven! Keep me in temper; I would not be

Alb. How far your eyes may pierce, I cannot 50 mad! Striving to better, oft' we mar what's well.

Enter a Gentleman. Gon. Nay, then

How now? are the horses ready? Alb. Well, well; the event. [Ercunt. Gent. Ready, my lord. SCENE V.

Lear. Come, boy

[departure, A Court-yard before the Duke of Allany's Palace. 55 Fool. She that's a maid now, and laughs at my Enter Lear, K’ent, and Fool.

Shall not be a maid long unless things be cut Lear. Go you before to Gloster with these let!

shorter. · At point, probably means completely armed, and consequently ready at appointment or command on the slightest notice. That is, Unite one circumstance with another, so as to make a consistent account. * To be at task, is to be liable to reprehension and correction. * He is musing on Cordelia. • He is meditating on his daughter's having in so violent a manner deprived him of those privileges which before she had agreed to grant him.

ACT

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SCENE I.

Glo. But where is he? A Castle belonging to the Earl of Gloster.

Edm. Look, sir, I bleed.

Glo. Where is the villain, Edmund?
Enter Edmund and Curun, meeting.

Edm. Fled this way, sir. When by no means Edm. SAVE thee, Curan.

he could

[means, what? Cur. And you, sir. I have been with Gla. Pursue him, ho!-Go after. your father; and given him notice, that the duke Edm. Persuade me to the murder of your lordof Corntvall, and Regan his dutchess, will be But that I told him, the revenging gods. [ship: here with him to-night.

'Gainst parricides did all their thunders bend; Edm. How comes that?

10 Spoke, with how manifold and strong a bond Cur. Nay, I know not: You have heard of the The child was bound to the father ;-Sir, in fine, news abroad; I mean the whisper'd ones, for they Seeing how lothly opposite I stood are yet but ear-kissing arguments'?

To his unnatural purpose, in fell motion, Edm. Not l; Pray you, what are they? With his prepared sword, he charges home

Cur. Have you heard of no likely wars toward, 15 My unprovided body, lanc'd mine arm: 'twixt the dukes of Cornwall and Albany? But when he saw my best alarum'd spirits, Edm. Not a word.

Bold in the quarrel's right, rous'd to the encounter, Cur. You may then, in time. Fare you well, Or whether-gasted by the noise I made, sir.

[Erit. Full suddenly he fled. Edm. The duke be here to-night? The better! 20 Clo. Let him tly far: Best!

Not in this land shall he remain uncaught; [ter, This weaves itself perforce into my business! and found--Dispatch.—The noble duke my masMy father hath set guard to take my brother; My worthy arch* and patron comes to-night: And I have one thing, of a queazyè question, By his authority I will proclaim t, Which I must act:--Briefness, and fortune, work!--23 That he, which finds him, shall deserve our thanks, Brother, a word;-descend:-Brother, I say; Bringing the murderous coward to the stake;' Enter Edgar.

Ile that conceals him, death. My father watches:-0, sir, fly this place; Edm. When I dissuaded him from his intent, Intelligence is given where you are hid; And found him pight' to do it, with curst speech You have now the good advantage of the night:-30 I threaten'd to discover him: He replied, Have you not spoken'gainst the duke of Cornwall? “ Thou unpossessing bastard ! dost thou think, He's coming hither, now, i' the night, i' the haste, • If I would stand against thce, would the reposal And Regan with him; Have you nothing said “ Of any trust, virtue, or worth, in thee [deny, Upon his party'gainst the duke of Albany? “ Make thy words faith'd? No: what I should Advise yourself.

135“ (As this I would; ay, though thou didst proEdg. I am sure on 't, not a word.

“ My very character) I'd turn it all [duce Edm. I hear my father cominy, - Pardon me:- “ To thy suggestion, plot, and damned practice: In cunning, I must draw my sword upon you :- “ And thou must make a dullard of the world, Draw: Seem to defend yourself: Now quit you " If they not thought the profits of my death well.

[here !–10“ Were very pregnant and potential spurs Yield:-Come before my father;--Light, ho, “ To make thee seek it,” [Trumpets within. Fly,brother;-Torches! torches!—So, farewell.- Glo. O) strange, fasten'd villain! [him.

[Exit Edgar. Would he deny his letter, said he?-I never got Some blood drawn on mc would beget opinion Hark, the duke's trumpets! I know not why he

[l'ounds his arm. 45 Ofmymorefierceendeavour: I haveseendrunkards All ports I'll bar; the villain shall not 'scape; Do more than this in sport.-Father! father! Theduke inust grant me that: besides, his picture Stop, stop! No help?

I will send far and near, that all the kingdom Entër Gloster, and Servants with torches. May have due note of him: and of my land, Glo. Now, Edmund, where's the villain ? 50 Loyal and natural boy, I'll work the means Edm. Here stood he in the dark, his sharp To make thee capable? sword out,

Enter Cornwall, Regan, and Attendants. Munbling of wicked charms, conjuring the moon Corn. How now, my noble friend? since I To stand his auspicious mistress :

came hither, * Ear-kissing arguments means, that they are yet in reality only whisper'd ones. means delicate; what requires to be handled nicely. ' i.e. frighted. i. e. chief ; a word now used only in composition, as arch-angel, arch-duke. Pigit is pitch'd, fixed, settled. is severe, harsh, vehemently angry, ? i.e. capable of succeeding to my land, notwithstanding the legal bar of thy illegitimacy.

comes:

Queazy

5

6 Curst

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