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London, July, 1852. Messrs. RIVINGTON beg to announce that they have just made a general reduction in the prices
of their Publications. A complete INDEX, containing the new prices and particulars of their plan, is now ready, and may be had gratuitously. Their arrangements with Authors will remain undisturbed under this system, upon which they propose to continue the publication of New Works and New Editions, in the hope of increasing the circulation of their books, and promoting uniformity and moderation of price, and assisting to maintain, by these arrangements, the respectability of the Bookselling Trade, and advance the interests of Literature.
A SELECTION FROM THE NEW INDEX:
Price. s. d. ADAMS'S (W.) Four Allegorics, with Memoir and
s. d. d.d. Portrait
NIXON'S (Bp.) Lectures on the Church Catechism,8vo. 18 0 10 6 90
160 ANDERSON'S (Hon. Mrs.) Memoirs of the Rev. R.
PALIN'S (W.) History of the Church of England,
1683 to 1717 Anderson
PALMER'S (W.) Origines Liturgicæ, 2 vols. 8vo. 10 6
180 16 0 BETHELL (Bp.) on Baptismal Regeneration, 8vo. 90 80
Treatise on the Church, 2 vols. 8vo.- 210 IR BOWEN'S (G.F.) Mount Athos, Thessaly, and Epirus 7 6 66
Episcopary Vindicated, post 8vo. 60 SO CASWALL'S (H.) History of the Mormons, post 8vo. 7 6 66
PARRY'S (Mrs.) Sunday Evenings on the Old Testa
ment CAVENDISH'S Life of Wolsey, by Holmes, small 4to. 12 0 10
66 56 COLLING WOOD'S (J.) Sermons on the Church, 8vo.
Gospels 70 69 CURETON'S (W.) Corpus Ignatianum, royal 8vo. 31 6 27 0
4 6 CUST'S (Sir E.) Family Readings on the Old Testa
PEILE'S (Dr.) Annotations on the Epistles, Vol. I. 8vo. 16 0
90 tament, 8vo. 21 0 18 0
8vo. DEBARY'S (T.) Residence in the Canary Islands, &c. 86 7 6
140 120 DOANE'S (Bp.) Sermons, 8vo. 18 0 16 0
8vo. D'OYLY'S (Dr.) Parochial Sermons, 2 vols. 8vo. 18 0
8 PLAIN SERMONS, 10 vols. 8vo., each
RENNELL'S (Major) Geography of Herodotus, o vols.
210 15 0
ROSE'S (Hugh J.) Sermons on the Duties of the Clergy,
90 SO Bishopric of Souls
66 56 Parochial Sermons
60 SO Second Series 60 50
SLADE'S (J.) Annotations on the Epistles, 2 vols. Svo. 18 0 16 0 Sketches in Verse; with Woodcuts - 60 50
Parochial Sermons, 7 vols. 12mo. (sold GIRDLESTONE'S (C.) Commentary on the Bible ; in
420 35 0 6 vols. Svo.
72 0 63 0
15 0 GRANT'S (Archd.) Bampton Lectures for 1843, 8vo. - 10 6 90
SMITH'S (Dr.) Manual of Theology, 12mo.
86 76 GRAY'S (Bp.) Key to the Old Testament and Apocry
Compendium of Theology, 12mo.
90 10 6 pha, 8vo.
80 90 GRESWELL (E.) on the Parables ; in 5 vols. 8vo.
TOWNSEND'S Old Testament Chronologically Ar-
36 0 300 HALES'S (Dr.) Analysis of Chronology, &c., 4 vols. 8vo. 630 31 0
New Testament ditto, ! vols. 8vo. 20 0 26 0 HARCOURT'S (L.V.) Lectures on the Gospels, 3 vols.
Bible, with Short Notes, ditto, ! vol. 8vo.
48 0 42 0
- 24 0 91 0 HARRISON'S (Archd.) Inquiry into the Rnbrics, 8vo. 10 6 90
Tour in Italy, post 8vo.
76 66 HENGSTENBERG'S Christology, by T. K. Arnold,
TYLER'S (J. E.) Meditations from the Fathers, 2 vols. 16 O 100 M.A., 8vo.
10 6 HODGSON'S (Chr.) Instructions to the Clergy, 8vo. 12 0
90 10 6
WALCOTT'S (M. E. C.) History of the English
76 6 G
10 6 HYMNS and Poems for the Sick and Suffering, se
WILBERFORCE'S (Bp.) Sermons, 12mo.
70 60 lected by Fosbery
7 6 JAMES'S (Dr.) Comment on the Collects, 12mo.
WILLIAMS'S (I.) Thoughts on Study of the Gospels 50
80 70 Christian Watchfulness, 12mo.
76 Morning and Evening Services, 2 vols. 15 0
86 76 KAYE (Bp.) on the Writings of Clement of Alexandria 12 0
80 70 KING'S (Mrs.) Female Scripture Characters, 12mo. 60 50
Third Year of the Ministry
8 6 LANDON'S (E. H.) Manual of Councils, 12mo.
12 0 10 6
8 6 LE BAS'S (C. W.) Life of Wiclif
60 5 0
80 70 Abp. Cranmer, 2 vols. 120 10 0
86 Abp. Laud
WINGARD'S (Abp.) Review of the Church of Christ 50
6 G 56 LONSDALE'S (Bp.) and Archdeacon HALE'S Com
WOODWARD'S (F. B.) Serinons, 12mo.
76 66 mentary on the Gospels, 4to.
15 0 13 0 WORDSWORTIIS (Dr. C.) Christian Institutes,
120 MAITLAND'S Essays on the Dark Ages, 8vo.
4 vols. 8vo. -
(Canon) Occasional Sermons,
80 MANT'S (Bp.) Book of Common Prayer ; with Notes 25 0 21 0
10 6 90
Lectures on the In-
10 6 Vol. I., 8vo.
10 6 90
19 Sermons on Pub'ic Occasions, 8vo. 10 6 90
(Chas.) Christian Boyhood, 2 vols. NICHOLSON'S (W) Sermons, 12mo.
by THOMAS CLARK Shaw, of No. 8. New Street Square, at No. 5. New Street Square, in the Parish of St. Bride, in the City of London, and
by GroRoR BRLL, of No. 186. Fleet Street, in the Parish of St. Dunstan in the West, in the City of London, Publisher, at No. 15.
aforesaid. - Saturday, July 24, 1852.
A MEDIUM OF INTER-COMMUNICATION
LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ANTIQUARIES, GENEALOGISTS, ETC.
" When found, make a note of," - CAPTAIN CUTTLE.
Vol. VI. - No. 144.]
SATURDAY, JULY 31. 1852.
Notes. NOTES :
Page The Electric Telegraph anticipated
THE ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH ANTICIPATED. Notes on Books and Bindings
94 Meteorological Observations in Greece
On looking over the other day some early num
95 A Note upon some receat Corruptions of the English
bers of The Spectator, my eye rested on a paper Language •
95 by Addison, in which he introduces, in his excelInscription on the Shrine of Edvard the Confessor 96
lent and playful manner, a quotation from Strada, Folk Lore: - Superstitions of the Higher Classes – Springs and Wells
a learned Italian Jesuit, in one of his Prolusiones Surnames assumed .
97 Academice; and though, it is true, the story aims at Minor Notes : - Chronogram a: Winchester Cathedral nothing farther than a chimerical supposition of - Cardinals in England_Robin Hood
the instantaneous transmission of thoughts and words QUERIES:
between two individuals, over an indefinite space, A Riddle
97 Was Dante ever at Oxford ?
and which, when Strada wrote and Addison quoted,
never entered into the minds of either as to its Minor Queries : - Rev. Thomas Watson, of St. Ste- almost ultimate realisation ; yet, as perhaps there
phen's, Walbrook, London t'as West the first preRaphaelile ?- Dirtionary of Proper Namei - Inscrip.
may be some persons who may not have particution on a Bell - Benjamin Lincoln of Massachuset:8- larly noticed this apparently prophetic forewarning, Gregorian Chants – Dress of the Clergy - Arrangement of Shakspeare's Plays - "Sic transit Gloria
I cannot help thinking that the story is worth reMundi"-"Jack" - Celebrated Trees - Wickliffe cording in “N. & Q." for the benefit of those who MSS. - Moroni's Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots Hugh Lupus. Earl of Chester, 1070_1101 - English
have never seen or thought on the subject. It Bishops deprived by Queen Elizabeth in June, 1559 –
should be observed that Strada tells this story English Bishops deprived, Feb. 1. 1691 – William Stafford - Sinking Fund
about 250 years ago, and Addison relates it 140
99 MINOR QUERIES ANSWERED: -" The Boild Pig".
years afterwards. Stone Coffins — “Conspicit urbein" - Old English
Addison tells us, in the 241st number of The Names of Flowers - Meaning of Slype - Hunchback styled " My Lord”. Boscovich
Spectator, that REPLIES:
“ Strada, in one of his Prolusions, gives an account of “ Ballad of the Three Sisters"
102 a chimerical correspondence between two friends by the Lambert the “ Arch-Rebell," by J. Lewelyn Curtis 103 help of a certain loadstone, which had such virtue in it, Earls Manuscript Emendations of the Text of Shak. that if it touched two several needles, when one of the speare, bs J. Payne Collier
needles so touched began to move, the other, though at Etymology of the Word “Devil"
105 Numerous Families, by Philip S. King
never so great a distance, moved at the same time and Surnames
in the same manner. He tells us that the two friends On a Passage in “ The Merchant of Venice," Act III.
being each of them possessed of one of these needles, Sc. 2., by Samuel Hickson
106 made a kind of dial plate, inscribing it with the fourReplies to Minor Queries : - Experto crede Roberto". Phelps's Gloucestershire Collect ons – Andrew Marvel
and-twenty letters, in the same manner as the hours of - Mexican Grammar - Burial without Sirvice - The
the day are marked upon the ordinary dial plate. They True Maiden-hair Fern - Royal Arms in Churches - then fixed one of the needles on each of these plates in Governor of St. Christopher in 1662 – Reverence to the Altar – Docking Horses' Tails - Apple-pie Order
such a manner that it could move round without im-Seth's Pillars - Paget Family - Dictionnaire Bib. pediment, so as to touch any of the four-and-twenty liog' aphique - Blind an's H Viday - " De Laudibus Sanctæ Crucis" - The Woodruff - Hydrophobia -
letters. Upon their separating from one another into Battle of Alfred the Great with the Danes, &c. 107 distant countries, they agreed to withdraw themselves MISCELLANEOUS :
punctually into their closets at a certain hour of the Notes on Books, &c.
113 day, and to converse with one another by means of this Books and Odd Volumes wanted
113 their invention. Accordingly, when they were some Notices to Correspondents
114 hundred miles asunder, cach of them shut bimself up in Advertisements
114 his closet at the time appointed, and immediately cast
his eye upon his dial plate ; if he had a mind to write
anything to his friend, he directed his needle to every VOL. VI.- No. 144.
letter that forined the words which he had occasion for,
NOTES ON BOOKS AND BINDINGS.
making a little pause at the end of every word or sen- leaves, woodcuts, and other matters, of little value tence, to avoid confusion. The friend in the mean- in their day, but worthy of preservation now. while saw his own sympai hetic needle moving of itself 8. Never allow the binder (as he is wont) to to every letter which that of his correspondent pointed remove the “ bastard," or half-title; for it is a at. By this means they talked together across a whole part of the book. continent, and conveyed their thoughts to one another 9. Never permit him to place oblong plates in in an instant over cities, or mountains, seus, or deserts."
ordinary books other than that the inscriptions Addison goes on to say,
beneath them read from the bottom of the page to “ That in the meanwhile, if ever this invention should the top, face they odd or even numbers. be revived or put in practice, I would propose that 10. Never bind a large map with a little volume, upon the lover's dial plate there should be written not for it will most likely tear away: it also injures only the four-and-twenty letters, but several entire the solidity of the book. Maps are better separate, words, which have always a place in passionate epistles, both for reference and preservation. When a map as flames, darts, die, language, absence, Cupid, heurt, eyes, is the size of two pages, it may be guarded at the hang, drown, and the like. This would very, much abridge the lover's pains in this way of writing a letter
, back, so as to form two leaves of the book. Maps as it would enable him to express the most useful and and plans may be thrown quite out of the volume, significant words with a single touch of the needle.”
by affixing them to blank leaves at the end ; the
student baving the whole plan before him during Now it appears very probable that so close a
reading. prediction, though taken under a playful and falsetto view, inight in the darker ages have given at the back ; serials and pamphlets are much
11. Never allow sheets to be pierced sideways the character of a prophet to good Mr. Strada, to say nothing of our friend Addison, who has thus in binding, the holes appear at the fore-edge.
damaged by this ethod: and if a plate be turned brought the story before our eyes.
12. Never bind up twelve volumes in one; it is Surbiton.
bad taste : nor tether a giant quarto to a dwarf duodecimo, as they are sure to fall out.
13. Never permit a volume to be cut down at
the edges, as it injures its proportion and dete(A Card to suspend in the Library.)
riorates its value. 1. Never cut up a book with your finger, or 14. Never have a book “finished" without the divide a printed sheet if it be ill folded, or one page date at the tail on the back; as it will save the will rob the other of margin.
student much trouble, and the book wear in and 2. Never lend a book without some acknowledgo out of the shelves. ment from the borrower; as “I O U.- L. S. D. 15. Never have registers or strings in your books -Ten Thousand a Year'-L. L. D."
of reference, as they are apt to tear the leaves. 3. Never bind a book wet from the press, as it Single slips of paper are the best registers, if too cannot with certainty be made solid without risk. | many be not inserted. ing the transfer of ink from one page to the other. 16. Never destroy all the covers of a serial
4. Never compress a book of plates in binding, work: if it contain an engraving not to be found as it injures the texture of the “impressions." in the book, bind one in at the end. It will show
5. Never brand books in unseemly places, or the method of publication, and prove of interest. deface them with inappropriate stamps; for to mar 17. Never in binding patronise “shams "— as the beautiful is to rob after generations.
imitation bands and false headbands, spurious 6. Never destroy an antique binding, if it be in russia or mock morocco if you desire durability moderate con lition ; for no other dress will so well and truth. suit its complexion. To rebind a rare book, for 18. Never allow books to be near damp, ever so any other purpose than its preservation, is a con- little, for they mildew very soon. ceit. When an old binding has been characteristic, 19. Never permit books to be very long in a let the new one be a restoration. Never put warm, dry place, as they decay in time from that modern books in antique jackets, or vice versa.
Gas affects bindings, and russia leather 7. Never destroy old writings or autographs upon (erroneously supposed to be the strongest) in par. fly-leaves, or otherwise, unless trivial; nor cast ticular. Morocco is the most durable leather. away the book-plates of a former owner, for they 20. Never stand books with roughly cut tops become matters of history, often in themselves ex- upon dusty shelves, as dirt falling upon their ends tremely curivus. It is a graceful act on the part insinuates there. Gilt edges are the most safe, as of a second possessor, in re-binding, to remove the dust may be removed from the metal without arms of the first to the end board of the volume, injury. that it may pass down to after ages with their own. 21. Never put books with clasps or carved sides In destroying old covers take care to examine their into the shelves ; or they are apt to damage their linings, for on some ancient boards are pasted rare neighbours. Books with raised sides may be kept
in the drawers of the library table with glass tops, tremes observed, are respectively 765.00, and the volumes being visible. Reading cushions pre- 744.02. vent wear and tear of bands.
Mean degree of humidity 66.67 F. 22. Never, in reading, fold down the corners of The prevailing winds are southerly, norththe leaves, or wet your fingers; but pass the fore- easterly, and north. The latter known as the finger of the right hand from the top of the page to “Etesian winds," during the months of June, the bottom in iurning over.
July, and August, come in gusts, and are very 23. Never permit foreign substances, as crumbs, bot. The rains generally fall in heavy showers (i. é. snuff, &c., to intrude into the backs of your books; torrents), but they rarely last long. Rain in nor make them a receptacle for botanical speci- summer, and snow in winter, are seldom known. mens, cards, or a spectacle case, as it is like to Thunder and lightning; loud, vivid, but uninjure them.
frequent. 24. Never pin torn sheets together, or sew them, The sky is generally without clouds; and in as a little paste and care will join severed edges. winter, very bright.
W. W. 25. Never leave a book face downwards, on La Valetta, Malta. pretext of keeping the place; for if it continue long in that position, it will ever after be disposed to open at the same page, whether you desire it or
A NOTE UPON SOME RECENT CORRUPTIONS OF THE not.
26. Never stand a book long on the fore-edge, or the beautiful bevel at the front may sink in. Different to.— Things which are unlike were 27. Never wrench a book open, if the back be
formerly considered to differ from each other : stiff, or the edges will resemble steps ever after;
some recent living authors make them differ to each but open it gently, a few pages at a time. other. Here are some examples of this incorrect
28. Never list tomes by the boards, but entire, mode of writing: or they may fail in the joints.
“ Who, she foresaw, would regard Mr. Pen's marriage 29. Never pull books out of the shelves by the in a manner very different to that simple, romantic, headbands, nor toast them over the fire, or sit upon honest, and utterly absurd way.”—Pendennis
, chap. vii. them; for " Books are kind friends, we benefit by “ Helen Pendennis was a country-bred woman; and their advice, and they exact no confessions." the book of life, as she interpreted it, told her a different
LUKE LIMNER. story to that page which is read in cities.” — Ibid.
How different to Lady Rockingham, who is always METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS IN GREECE. saying ill-natured things.". The Three Paths, vol. i. Meteorological observations taken at the Ob. p. 66.
« In a different sense to that in which our Saviour servatory of Athens (Greece) on the Hill of the Nymphs, west of the Acropolis, and at an elevation
applied it.”-Ibid. vol. i. p. 144. of 120 French metres above the surface of the sea. her Jane.”- ibid. vol. i. p. 173.
Appearing under such very different auspices to Mean Temperature during the Month of
Directly. This word, and its synonym immeJanuary, 1851
+ 6° Reaumur. diately, are often used in the sense of as soon as ; February
thus : March
+ 80.8 April
“ And directly the doctor was gone, Louisa ordered May
fires to be lighted in Mr. Arthur's room."- Pendennis, June
chap. xxii. July
Had the writer written “directly after the docAugust
tor was gone,” his sentence would have been good September ,
The Comparative and Superlative Degrees of November
+ 90.5 December
short Adjectives.-Many living writers form these + 70.1
by using more and most, instead of the terminations Mean temperature throughout the year +13° 7 er and est; for instance : Reanmur. During winter, Reaumur's thermometer rarely it much more easy to bear what is unpleasant.”.
“ Above all, pray for God's grace, and you will find
The falls below -3°; and during the period of the Two Paths, vol. greatest heats of summer, it rises to + 29° in the shade; and to + 45° in the sun.
Easier is good English ; more easy is not.
UNEDA. The mean state of the barometer (at a tempera
Philadelphia, Pa., June 15. 1852. ture of 0° of the mercury) is 753.02 (thousandih parts of a metre). The highest and lowest ex
THE SIIRINE OF EDWARD THE
Superstitions of the Higher Classes (Vol. vi., Being in Westminster Abbey last week, in com- p. 6.). - As your correspondent W. H. K. sugpany with two ladies, I-or rather, we (for I gests the insertion in “N. & Q." of superstitious know not which of us was foremost in the dis- notions and practices among the higher classes, I covery) -- noticed a circumstance of such extreme beg leave to mention a very superstitious practice interest, that I shall trouble you with the particu- which I have frequently submitted to when what lars of it.
is commonly called a stye in the eye first makes its All round the four sides of the shrine of Edward appearance"; viz. drawing a wedding-ring nine the Confessor, at the height of about seven feet times across the part affected. This is supposed to from the floor, there runs – or rather, there ran prevent all further irritation, &c. of the organ in till lately – a modern inscription in gilt letters, on question, and, “wonderful to relate," has generally a black ground. On the eastern side this inscrip- proved efficacious. tion has been almost entirely removed, and the I have often wondered why and when this abhard bed of cement beneath has been brought to surd custom was introduced, when receiving the light, indented, as it seems, with the marks of the mysterious nine strokes from the maternal ring. Byzantine mosaic which may have once adorned
Νεανίας. . that part of the shrine. But, besides these traces, I noticed other indentations, of quite a different
Springs and Wells (Vol. vi., p. 28.). - On this character, — letters made, as it seemed to me, with part of the coast of Pembrokeshire, between Tenby a flat tool; and perhaps (indeed, probably) with and the entrance to Milford Haven, is a sınall bay, out any external inscription to correspond. The steep in its sides, and so lashed by surf as rarely to letters are easily decypherable, when once atten- permit a boat to land. Here is the hermitave (or tion has been called to them, and are as follows:
chapel) of St. Gawen, or Goven, in which there is
a well, the water of which, and the clay near, is .. VXIT : IN : ACTVM: ROMANVS CIVIS HO ... used for sore eyes. Besides this, a little below the A small quantity of modern plaster conceals the chapel
, is another well, with steps leading down to first letter, and the last two or three of the inscrip- it, which is visited by persons from distant parts of tion. But the first letter can only be a “D." So the principality, for the cure of scrofula, paralrsis, that we do but desiderate the end of the last word, dropsy, and other complaints. Nor is it the poor in order to know who the “ Romanus civis" was, alone who make this pilyrimage: a case carne inore who in the year 1269 “ duxit in actum” the shrine immerliately under my notice, where a larly, a perof Edward the Confessor.
son of some fortune, having been for some time a Between the first “I” and “T" comes an archi- sufferer from a severe attack of paralysis, which tectural ornament; which recurs between the last prevented her putting her hand in her pocket, “S” and the initial “ II " of the last word. There took up her quarters at a farm-house near the are also two stops, of a lozenge shape, which well, and after visiting it for some weeks daily, separate the first, second, third, and fourth words returned home perfectly cured. From the cliff of the legend.
the descent to the chapel is by fifty-two steps, If you will take the trouble to go and examine which are said never to appear the same number this inscription – which I pointed out, by the way, in the ascent; which miglit very easily be traced to the wondering verger, and which he kept on
to their broken character. The building itself is describing “ with a difference,” in heraldic phrase, old, about sixteen feet long by cleven wide, has to every one he met — you will easily convince three doors, and a primitive stone altar, unler yourself that it certainly does not begin on the which the saint is said to be buried. The roof is south side of the shrine.' Nor, if I am correct in rudely vaulted, and there is a small belfry, where, supposing that "HO" are the first two letters of as trailition says, there was once a silver bell; and a proper name, is it likely that it extends any there is a legend attached, that some Danish or further, but is contained entirely on the eastern French pirates came by night, and having stolen side.
J. W. B. the bell from its place, in carrying it down to their Houghton Conquest.
boat, rested it for a moment on a stone, which ini.
mediately opened and received it. This stone is. [Some notices of this inscription will be found in still shown, and emits a metallic sound when struck Walpole's Anecdotes of Puinting, vol. i. p. 21., edit. by a stone or other hard substance. One of the 1826 ; Gough's Sepulchral Monuments, vol. i. p. 5.; and doors out of the chapel leads by a flight of six Neale's Westminster Abbey, vol. ii. p. 69. It is thought steps to a recess in the rock, open at the top, on by some writers that the artist was Pietro Cavallini.] one side of which is the Wishing Corner, a fissure
in the limestone rock, with indentations believed to resemble the marks which the ribs of a man forced into this nook would make, if the rock were