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SENATE.)

United States and Mexico.

[FEB. 27, 1837

our Government in regard to the occupation of the Mex. for redress; but our reclamations, in almost every inican territory near the Sabine, and which had occasioned stance, had been evaded, and redress had been withheld. 80 much unpleasantness. While up, Mr. C. would take Mr. Ellis's letter of the 2016 September was, therefore, the opportunity of saying that he did not concur in all but a mere summing up of our causes of complaint-an the reasonings of the committee as to the publication of enumeration of demands which had been previously a pamphlet by Mr. Gorostiz3, the Mexican envoy ex made against the Mexican Government. That Governtraordinary. He, (Mr. C.,) however, would say that it ment ought to have been prepared to yield us prompt was a great diplomatic irregularity; but he did not think redress, or at least to have expressed iheir willingness it made out a case for war, or for any serious disturbance. to do so, as soon as they possibly could. He thought It was not an unusual case. He recollected an instance Mr. Ellis, in withdrawing from Mexico, tiad obeyed his which occurred while the American commissioners instructions, both in the spirit and in the letter. His were at Ghent, in 1814, at a most critical state of the opinion upon this point was very decided. He should negotiation--when it hurg, as it were, on a balance, and not have said another word upon ihe subject, but for a when it was exitimely doubtful whether there would not commentary on the report of ihe Committee on Foreign be a rupture.

Mr. C. here related that while he was Relations, which had appeared in a morning paper. at Ghent, treating with Lord Gambier and the other This article proceeded from a source which seemed to British commissioners, a publication from the United render a passing notice of it necessary. States, containing the correspondence between the Guy. The President, in his message, aller expressing his ernments of the United States and Great Britain, found opinion of the aggravated wrongs which we had suffered its way there. Lord Gambier, having seen it, expressed from Mexico, in which the committee entirely concurred, his surprise to Mr. C. that bis Government should have recommended that an act should be passed authorizing regiven publicity to this correspondence, and said he prisals, if, after making another demand, the Mexican could not see how they could justify the act. The other Government should refuse to come to an amicable adjust. commissioners were equally displeased at the occurrence. ment of the matters in controversy. lle expressed bis enMr. C. then explained to them that the course which i lire willingness, however, to co-operate with Congress in had been adopted was one growing out of the peculiar any other course which should be deemed honorable and structure of this Government, and which the people here proper. Under any circumstances, it was a matter of exdemanded of their servants. He (Mr. C.) mentioned treine delicacy for Congress to confer upon the Execu. this to show that what Mr. Gorostiza had done was a live the power of making reprisals, upon a future conthing not unexampled. It would be recollected that tingency. He would not say that cases might not occur but the other day, Mr. Pageot, just before embarking which would justify such a proceeding. These, if they for France from New York, published the letter of the should ever happen, would establish a rule for them. Duc de Broglie. Mr. Pageot had since returned to this selves. Unless an immediate and overruling necessity country, and been received frankly, and without any in- existed, which could brook nu delay, it was always safer timation of dissatisfaction on the part of our Government. and more constitutional to take the opinion of Congress And he (Mr. C.) had no more doubt of the fact than of upon events after they had happened, than to intrust & his standing on that floor at that moment, that there had power so important to the President alone. been information conveyed through sonie channel, ofli. The committee, under all the circumstances, did not cial or unofficial, to France, that Mr. Pageol's return to believe that our existing relations with Mexico presented the United States would be welcomed, without any dis such a case. They knew that General Santa Anna, whose pleasure being shown towards him in regard to his hav- life bad been justly forfeited, but which had been resto. ing published the letter of the Duc de Broglie; other- red to him by the magnanimity of the Government of wise, the French Government would not have sent bim to Texas, had recently arrived at Wasusington; tbat he had this country. Had Mr. Gorostiza not known the fact of been sent home in a Government vessel of the United this publication, he probably would not have pursued States; and that there was every reason to believe li's ar. the example set him.

rival would be bailed by the Mexicans with joy, and Mr. C. 'admiited that Jir. Gorostiza's conduct, in pub. that he would shortly be restored to the presidency of the lishing the pamphlet he did, was decidedly wrong, and Republic. Under such circumstances, it was but reasonhighly reprehensible; bul, as he had before said, it was able to bope that he would feel disposed to render to not, in bis opinion, an oflence justifying war. The this country the justice which was our due; and that, pamphlet had produced no impression, and had done no therefore, it was neither expedient nor necessary, at the mischief; and he thought the Secretary of State had acted present moment, to authorize any decisive measure of a highly wrong to make it a subject of communication to hostile character. the Mexican Government. Whilst, however, dir. C. Again: The committee were unanimously of opinion disagreed with the committee as to some parts of the re. that ihe 34th article of our treaty with Mexico required port, he concurred entirely with them in regard to the that a demand should be made, under its provisions, beresolution, and loped it would obtain the unanimous con fore resorting either to war or to reprisals. This artisent of the Senate.

cle was one of a peculiar nature. Ti might have been Mr. BUCHANAN said he had but a few remarks to impolitic to agree to it at first; but it was now a part of make upon this subject, in addition to those contained in our treaty, and its requisitions musi be held sacred. the report of the Committee on Foreign Relations. He Here Mr. B. read from the article, as follows: “ Thirdlys felt gratified that the Senator from Kentucky had con If (what indeed capnut be expected) any of the arcurred with the other members of the committee ir a ticles contained in the present irealy shall be violated large portion of their report, and that he would sustain or infracied in any manner whaicver, it is stipulated iba: the resolution with which it concluded. The justice of neither of the contracting parties will order or authorize the Senator's remarks in regard to the withdrawal of any acts of reprisal, nor declare war against the other, Mr. Ellis from Mexico would be polpable, if no clemand on complaints of injuries or daniages, until the said para had ever been made upon the Mexican Government for ty considering itseli offended shall fist base piesenied the redress of our grievances previous to his letter of to the other a slatement of such injuries or damages, September, 1836, to Mr. Monasterio. But the case verified by competent proofs, and demanded justice and was far different. This demand was not then made for satisfaction, and the same shall have been either refused the first time. On the contrary, year after year, time after time, whenever we sustained injuries, we had asked

or unreasonably delayed.”

This language was 100 plain to be niisunderstood. !!

FEB. 27, 1837.)

Texas--Alabama two per cent. Fund, &c.

(SENATE

was true that it did not extend to direct insults to the So it was national honor--such as violations of our flag, or oppro Resolved, unanimously, That the Senate concur in brious and injurious conduct towards our consuls. But opinion with the President of the United States, that the committee were very clear and unanimous in their another demand ought to be made for ihe redress of our opinion, that when pecuniary damages were sought by grievances from the Mexican Government, the mode and our citizens, for pecuniary injuries sustained, in viola. manner of which, under the 34th article of the trealy, so tion of any article of the treaty, before we could redress far as it may be applicable, are properly confided to his those injuries by reprisals, a previous demand must be discretion. They cannot doubt, from the justice of our made, in pursuance of its provisions. On this point, claims, that this demand will result in speedy redress: there could scarcely be two opinions.

but should they be disappointed in this reasonable ex. The treaty required something more than a mere pre. pectation, a state of things will then have occurred sentation of the complaints of individuals to the Mexican which will make it the imperative duty of Congress Government, through the agency of our minister to Mex. promptly to consider what further measures may be reico. Our Government must be the judge, in the first quired by the bonor of the nation and the rights of our instance, of the injuries requiring redress. We must injured fellow-citizens. decide this question ourselves. We are then bound to

TEXAS. present a statement of such injuries and damages to the

Mr. WALKER moved the consideration of his reso. Mexican Government, verified by competent proofs. lution for the recognition of the independence of Texas, That such a demand under the treaty had never been

Mr. HUBBARD moved to postpone its consideration made hitherto, must be apparent to all those who have

to Friday; and a desultory conversation took place upon read the correspondence.' Throughout the whole of it,

the motion, which was finally modified by inserting Wed. this article does not seem to have attracted any atten. nesday next, and carried, bý yeas and nays, as follows: tion. That it was not within the contemplation of Mr.

YEAS— Messrs. Bayard, Brown, Bachanan, Clayton, Forsyth, when he addressed the letter of instructions to

Davis. Hubbard, Kent, King of Alabama, King of Geor. Mr. Ellis of the 20th of July last, will appear conclusive.

gia, Knight, Lyon, Morris, Niles, Page, Prentiss, Rob. ly from that letter itself. After enumerating our causes bins, Ruggles, Sevier, Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, Tom. of complaint against the Mexican Government, he says: linson, Wall, Webster, Wright--25. " Though the Department is not in possession of proof

NAYS--Messrs. Benton, Black, Calhoun, Clay, Critof all the circumstances of the wrongs done in the above tenden, Cuthberi, Ewing of Illinois, Fulton), Hendricks, cases, as represented by the aggrieved parties, yet Linn, Mouton, Nicholas, Norvell, Parker, Preston, the complaints are such as to entitle them to be listened

Rives, Rubinson, Spence, Strange, Walker, White-21. to, and to justify a demand on the Mexican Government that they shall be promptly and properly examined, and

ALABAMA TWO PER CENT. FUND. that suitable redress shall be afforded."

The bill to advance $1,000,000, on the two per cent, The committee believed that it would require several land fund, to the States of Alabama and Mississippi, remonths to enable the Department of State to collect the spectively, being under considerationnecessary proofs for the purpose of verifying each of Mr. MOORE said he hacl presented a memorial from the private claims of our citizens, and to make the de. the Legislature of Alabama, in relation to a great work mand according to the treaty. All the necessary forms now in contemplation, to unite Mobile with the waters can probably not be complied with. until within two or of the Tennessee. He regretteil extremely that the three months of the meeting of the next Congress. Committee on Public Lands, to whom this memorial was They therefore thought it much better to wait this referred, had overlooked the views of that Legislature brief space, and refer the whole question to Congress, entirely, and bad reported the bill now before ihe Senthan to authorize ihe President immediately to issue let ale, without a due regard to their views. He bad no ters of marque and reprisal, in case the answer of the objections that Mississippi should dispose of her two Mexican Government should not prove satisfactory. Af. per cent. fund in any manner that she and her represent. ter this demand shall have been made, and the answer of atives might think proper; but lie had objections to the the Mexican Government received, ihe whole case will refusal of the same privilege to the State of Alabama. then be before Congress in a clear and distinct form. If He therefore moved to lay the bill on the table for the that Government should refuse to go us justice, he could present, preferring to run the risk of being misreprenot doubt but that Congress would adopt prompt meas,

sented as illiberal, to that of being unfaithful to the inures for vindicating the honor of the American Aag and terests of his constituents. asserting the just rights of our injured fellow.citizens. On this motion Mr. WALKER asked for the

yeas

and He should have been willing to use stonger language nays; which were ordered, and were taken, as follows: in the resolution appended to the report, but he believ Yeas-Messrs. Bayard, Brown, Calhoun, Clay, Clay. ed it was now presented in the best form. Whilst ne ton, Davis, Ewing of Ohio, Hendricks, Hubbard, Knight, . gotiation continued, it was not politic to use the language Linn, Moore, Mouton, Nicholas, Niles, Page, Prentiss, of menace.

Still he thought, from the report and the Presion, Robbins, Ruggles, Southard, Swift, Tallmadge, resolution, taken together, the Mexican Government Tipton, Tomlinson, Webster, White-27. could not fail to perceive the determination of that of Nars-Messrs. Benton, Black, Buchanan, Crittenden, the United States to enforce, in the most prompt and Fulton, Kent, King of Alabama, Lyon, Norvell, Parker, energetic manner, the redress of all our grievances. Rives, Robinson, Sevier', Spence, Strange, Walker--16. When Mr. BưCHANAN concluded, the question was

Soibe bill was ordered to lie on the table. taken on agreeing to the resolution reported by the

*JOIN MCCARTNEY. Committee on Foreign Relations, and decided as follows: YEAS-Messrs. Bayard, Benton, Black, Brown, Bu

The bill for the relief of John SicCartney coming up chanan, Clay, Clayton, Crittenden, Cuthbert, Davis Ew. on its third reading, ing of Illinois, Fulion, Grundy, Hendricks, Hubbard,

Mr. MOORE, of Alabama, addressed the Chair as fulKent, King of Alabama, King of Georgia, Knight, Linn, lows: Lyon, Morris, Mouton, Nicholas, Niles, Norvell, Page,

vir. President: The history of this claim may be gathParker, Prentiss, Preston, Rives, Robbins, Robinson,

ered by attention to the memorial and reporis that Ruggles, Sevier, Spence, Strange, Swift, Tallmage, bave been made by committees in both branches of the Tipton, Tomlinson, walker, Wall, Webster, White, National Legislature. A sketch of the meritorious char. Wright--46.

SENATE.]

Hall's Rifle.

[FEB. 27, 1837.

acter of the claimant may also be obtained from some of agent. He had no discretionary powers; he did nothing the accompanying vouchers. And, sir, I would not feel more than he was commanded to do; and the Goverothat I had discharged my entire duty to this worthy old ment is surely liable for the acts of its agent. It does gentleman, were I to omit to add my testimony in favor not follow, that because the agent is liable the Govern. of his entire honesty, integrity, and correct deportment, ment is not also liable. And, sir, in this case, the great for about twenty-seven years, during which time I have principle of civil liberty requires that the agent and known bim intimately,

Government both should be liable. The rights of the Mr. McCartney tells you in his memorial that he is citizen cannot be secure without this joint liability of one of that gallant band, of which but few now remain, both the Government and its agent. Let the principle who perilled every thing in the war of the Revolution for be but once established that this Government may at the liberty we now enjoy; and I can testify to one fact will, by its agents, violate the property of the citizen, in support of this position also, for it is known to me without being responsible for such violation, and there that he is now enjoying the small pittance given for his can be no security for private property. All that will valor and suffering, by a grateful country, in the way of be necessary to enforce a perfect despotism will be for a pension.

the Government to employ agents destitute of property, This claim was first presented in the House of Repre. and therefore irresponsible, and make any wanted atsentatives, by me, in 1822 or 1823; it was referred to the tack upon the property of the citizen, the agent pro. Committee on Indian Affairs, at the head of which the tecting himself behind bis bankruptcy, which will be a distinguished member from Tennessee, General Cook, complete shield, as far as he is concerned, and the cili. then presided as chairman, who, at that time, was a very zen without redress. This joint responsibility, there. influential member of the party called the radicals or re fore, of both the agent and the Government, is the safeformers; and to those who are acquainted with the his. guard of the liberty of the American citizen, and I hope tory of the times I need not say that that gentleman had will not be lightly abandoned by an American Senale. acquired a reputation for thorough investigation into all The question was then taken on the engrossment of claims, and a rigid watchfulness over the public treasure, the bill, and carried in the affirmative. which none except the Third Auditor, (Mr. Hagner,) After going through several other bills, who, I believe, is one among the best officers in the em On motion of Mr. EWING, of Ohio, it was ploy of the Government, ever enjoyed. It was prover. Resolved, that the Senate, during the remainder of bial then with that gentleman, as it is now with Mr. the session, take a recess from three o'clock to balf past Hagner, that whenever any claim has passed the ordeal four. of his investigation, and was approved, no one dared 10 The Senate then broke up, to meet again at balf past doubt its propriety and justice. That gentleman, at that four. lime, when a large public debt was hanging over the

EVENING SE9s10x. Government, and economy the order of the day, made a

The Senate met, pursuant to adjournment; and, after favorable report in McCartney's case, accompanied by a bill for his relies, which passed the blouse of Represeni- taking up and considering several bills, proceeded to

consider the bill to remunerate Captain Francis Allyn atives. I have felt it my duty to present the claim here

for conveying General Lafayette to the United States, in every session since I have had the honor of a seat here.

1824. It has passed and repassed here, but has halted and

This bill proposed to allow $4,000 to the captain and been lost in the House for want of time or other considerations.

owners of the ship Cadmus, for bringing over General Well, sir, having said thus much as regards Lafayette to this country. The captain relinqilished bis die history of the claim, what are the grounds upon place in the Havre line, and procured a ship on his own which it is attempted to be resisted?

Sir, according to the views given by the honorable responsibility, and was at expenses in going to Paris, &c. Senator from Vermont, [Mr. SWIFT,) and the views of character; it was making a commodity of the honor of

The bill was warmly opposed, as opprobrious in its this opposition rests more upon mere legal technicalities having tendered to the General his passage. The own

ers had had loud praises at the time for their liberality, than upon any broad principle of propriety, supported by equity and justice. It is alleged that the officer who yei now came to Congress for pay. took and carried away McCartney's property, although had been at large private expenses, for which he ought

It was contended, on the other hand, that this captain he acted in obedience to an order issued from the com

to be remunerated. It did not appear that the owners manding general, was a trespasser, the order illegal, therefore void, and the officer liable. Now, sir, to say

had ever requested any thing of the kind.

Afier a desultory debate, nothing as to the impracticability and impossibility of

Mr. BUCHANAN moved to lay the bill on the table, McCartney's obtaining redress in ihis way, when the officer was stationed at a garrison, out of the jurisdiction of and called for the yeas and days; which were taken, and

stood: Yeas 22, naye 18. the court, let us take for granted all this to be so, and

So the bill was laid on the table, but afterwards resuppose, for argument sake, that Mr. McCartney, instead of presenting lis claim to Congress, had brought sui: considered, and, after amendment, was agreed to, and

ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. against Lieutenant Houston for this trespass, committed in obedience lo the order issued by General Jackson, and

HALL'S RIFLE. suppose lie bad recovered damages against Houston, The bill to remunerate Captain John H. Hall, for imwould not Houston have made an immediate application provements in firearms, being under coosideration, to Congress for indennily? And would any Senator Mr. DAVIS desired to know thie merils of the bill. have besitated for a moment as to the propriety of grani. Mr. TIPTON said that he would siate, in a few words, ing the indemnity? No, sir; no. If, then, we would the reason which bad influenced the Committee on Milihave indemnified Houston, as I am fully persuaded every tary Affairs to report this bill in favor of J. H. Hall. Senator would have done, where, then, is the impropri. That individual was the inventor of the rifle commonly ety of giving McCartney relief in the fisi instance? called Hall's rifl, which had been introduced and ex

Indemnity has been given for trespasses commilled un. tensively lised in the army of the United States. Before der somewhat similar circumstances in the Northwestern this description of arms had been put into the hands of army. The statute book will prove this to be so. But, Mr. President, ibis officer acted merely as a ministerial I and were proved by boards of officers at Fortress Mon.

our soldiers, they had undergone a rigid examination,

Feb. 27, 1837.)

Hall's Rifle.

(SENATE,

roc, Greenleaf's Point, and Harper's Ferry, and were ed, and scattered them promiscuously over a long join. approved by the able and experienced officer at the head ers' workbench. One bundred stocks were then brought of the ordnance department, (Colonel Bomford.) Re from Hall's armory, which had been just finished, and on ports had been made by these boards of officers, among which no work or mounting bad ever been put. The whom were General Eustis, Colonel Crane, and ajor workmen then commenced putting the work taken from Hickman; all of whom, as well as Colonel Bomford, con off the stocks brought from the United States arsenal on cur in bearing testimony in favor of the rifle.

the 100 new stocks, the work having been repeatedly The board convened at Fortress Monroe stated that, in mixed and changed by us and the workmen also; all this long ranges of -, although the rifles were fired was done in our presence, and the arms, as fast as they with the usual charge of powder, viz: two eighths, the were put together, were handed to us and minutely exweight of their bullet, and the muskets with the increas- amined. We were unable to discover any inaccuracy in ed proportion of two fifths the weight of the ball, the any of their parts fitting each other, and we are fully relative execution was found to be in favor of Hall's ri-persuaded that the parts fitted, after all the changes fle; that, after having undergone 8,710 discharges, the they must have undergone by the workmen, as well as rifle appeared to be in a fit condition for service, consid. those made designedly by us in the course of two or ering the severe proof to which it had been subjected; three days, with as much accuracy and correctness as that it was equal to the service of sixteen active cam they did when on the stocks to which they originally bepaigns; and that further proof was con-idered unneces. | longed. sary, and was consequently discontinued.

"If the uniformity, therefore, in the component paris Captain Hall was also the inventor of machinery for the of small arms is an important desideratum, which, we identical construction of the different parts of firearms. presume, will not be doubted by any one the least conHe had accomplished what no other mechanic liad been versant with the subject, it is, in our opinion, completeable to accomplish in this or any other country-the iden- ly accomplished by the plan which Captain Hall has cartical construction of firearms. This name had been ried into effect. By no other process known to us (and given to the parts of firearms which were all perfectly we bave seen most, if not all, that are in use in the United equal, and made with such uniformity that, after disc States) could arms be made so exactly alike as to intermounting any number of these guns, and mixing their change and require no marks on the different parts; and different parts promiscuously together, we were able, we very much doubt whether the best workmen that from the confused mass of materials, to form a perfectly may be selected from any armory, with the aid of the fitted arm with the utmost facility, and without regard to best machines in use elsewhere, could, in a whole life, the particular stocks from which the mountings had been make a hurdred rifles or muskets that would, after bestripped. As evidence that Captain Hall had accomplish. ing promiscuously mixed together, fit each other with ed this most desirable object, he referred to a portion of the exact nicety that is to be found in those manufacturthe report of a board of practical armorers, appointed in ed by Captain Hall.” 1827, to examine the rifle and machinery invented by An attempt had been made by the Government of him. They say:

France, as early as 1722, to accomplish the identical con"In making this examination, our attention was di- struction of firearms; but it was abandoned, after expendrected, in the first place, for several days, to viewing the ing a large amount in the experiment. The attempt was operations of the numerous machines which were exhih renewed in 1785; some hundreds of sets were made, but, ited to us by the inventor, John H. Hall. Captain Call on being subjected to proof, it was found that the arms has formed and adopted a system in the manufacture of were only similar, not identical, and the effort was again small arms entirely novel, and which, no doubt, may be abandoned. attended with the most beneficial results to the country, Mr. T. said that Captain Hall had spent the best part especially if carried into effect on a large scale.

of a long life in the fabrication of arms, and machinery "Liis machines for this purpose are of several distinct connected with their manufacture. He had obtained classes, and are used for cutting iron and steel, and for patents for his invention, according to law; and both his executing wood work, all of which are essentially disa rifles and carbines, as well as the machinery for their ferent from each other, and differ materially from any identical construction, had been introduced and were other machines we have ever seen in any other establish extensively used in our armory. The bill which had

been reported made an appropriation of $20,000, to be " Their general merits and demerits, when contrasted paid to Mr. Hall for the right of using his arms and mawith the several machines hitherto in general use for the chinery by the United States. A sum equal to this had manufacture of small arms, will, perhaps, be better un been paid by an act of the last session to Captain Bell, of derstood by pointing out the difference of the results the ordnance, for his patent right to his new mode of produced by them, than by any very accurate descrip- pointing cannon; and he considered the improvements of tion of the machines themselves,

Captain Hall as a much more important invention. “It is well known, we believe, that arms bave never There had not been a full meeting of the Military Comyet been made so exactly similar to each other, by any mittee when he was instructed to report the bill. The other process, as to require no marking of their several sum fixed on wag the lowest proposed by any member parts, and so ihat those parts, on being changed, would present. He had no doubt that, if all the facts were unsuit equally well when applied to every other arm, (of derstood by the Senate, a larger sum would be voted to the same kind;) but the machines we have examined ef.

Mr. Hall. The statements now on our table sustained fect this with a certainty and precision we should not this opinion. They could be read, if any Senator wished have believed till we witnessed their operation.

it. The Senator from Mississippi (Mr. BLACK) said there “To determine this point, and test their uniformity was some prejudice against Hall's rifle. Mr. T. said beyond all controversy, we requested Colonel Lee, act that was true.

He had himself entertained strong pre ing siperintendent of the United States armory at this judices until the arm had been distributed, and had come place, to send to Hall's armory five boxes, containing 100 into actual service. He was convinced of its durability rifles manufactured by bim in 1824, and which had been and usefulness. He had been, as it were, raised with a in the arsenal (United States arsenal] since that period. rifle in his hand; and, after a careful examination of the We then direcied two of his workmen to strip off the one now referred to, he was glad to state his confidence work from the stocks of the whole hundred, and also to in its importance. The reports of the different boards take to pieces the several parts of the receivers, so call. I of skilful officers would, he hoped, convince the Senate.

ment.

SENATE.)
Colonel Arbuckle-Inauguration of President of the United States, &c.

[FEB. 28, 1837. The Senator from South Carolina [Mr. Preston) ob After the consideration of several other bills, jected to the second section of the bill, on account of the The Senate adjourned. provision it contained for the employment of Mr. Hall in our armory at Harper's Ferry. Mr. H. was now em

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 28. ployed, he believed, under a regulation of the Depart. ment. His services had been found indispensable; he INAUGURATION OF PRESIDENT OF THE UNI:

TED STATES. had been continually making improvements in the machinery used there. If the bill passed, the Executive The PRESIDENT pro. tem. presented a letter from Was authorized to employ Mr. H. at a salary not exceed the President elect of the United States, informing the ing $2,500, and his services could be dispensed with Senate that he would be ready to take the usual oath whenever the President or Congress thought proper. of office on Saturday, March 4, at 12 o'clock, noon, at Mr. Hall had been offered double the amount proposed such place and in such manner as the Senate might to be given him by the bill, by an agent of a foreign Gov. designate. ernment, for leave to use in that Government his patent Mr. GRUNDY offered a resolution for the appointright for his invention; but he had rejected the proposi- ment of a committee of arrangements, to make the re. tion, and chose to depend on the justice and liberality of quisite preparations for administering the oath to the his own Government.

President elect of the United States. Mr. T. said that it bad been his duty, as a member of Mr. CLAY said he would like to inquire whether pre. the Committee on Military Affairs, to bring this subject cedents had been examined on this subject. He was before the Senate. He had done so in a manner that aware that the Senate had always had a peculiar agercy would, he believed, give the members a proper under. in this business; but he was not aware why the Senale standing of the case. Jf, however, further information should act upon it any more than the House, or why it was called for, the rest of the report could be read. He was not a joint concern. lle remembered that, on the felt, personally, no solicitude on the subject. lle knew first election of Mr. Monroe, the committee of the Sen. that other arms, more recently invented, bad been pre. ate applied to him, as Speaker of the House, for the use sented at the War Department, and that a board had of the ciamber of the House; and he had told them that been directed to examine and prove them. But that he would put the chamber in order for the use of the board was unable to prosecute that duty satisfactorily Senate, but the control of it he did not feel authorized during the cold weather of last montli. A report need to surrender. They wished also to bring in the fine red not be expected before we adjourn; and he would be chairs of the Senate, but be told them it could not be content should the Senate postpone the decision of this done; the plain democratic chairs of the House were case until the next session, or determine upon it at this more becoming. The consequence was, that Mr. Montime. He could not doubt that the inventor of this val roe, instead of taking the oath within doors, took it out. vable and useful improvement woull one day be amply side, in the open air, in front of the Capitol. Mr. C. compensated by our Government.

mentioned this for the purpose of making the inquiry, Mr. PRESTON also explained; but observed that va. wliat was the practice, and on what it was founded, and rious discoveries had been made since the rifle of Captain why the Senate had the exclusive care of administering Hall, which might possibly supersede it. To settle this the oath. point, a series of experiments had been instituted, and Mr. GRUNDY said the committee had found no auwere proceeding at this time. He doubled the propriety thority but several precedents, which were in strict acof passing the bill in the mean time. He admitted the merit cordance with the proposition now proposed to be made. of that part of Captain Hall's invention by which the vari. He did not recollect any instance in which the House bad ous parts of a musket were made so uniformly that they participated in it; and, in fact, the House, as such, had might promiscuously be taken, and at once be put to no existence, their term having expired on the preceding gether, and would fit perfectly.

day. The committee had examined three cases of more Mr. TIPTON further explained, and vindicated the modern da!e, and had found nothing in opposition to the provisions of the bill. It was not imperative, but only practice proposed. If the commiliee could not get into permitied the Executive to employ his services as long The House, they could go out of doors. as they might be needed, at a salary not exceeding The resolution was adopted, and the Chair was au$2,500 a year.

thorized to appoint the above-named committee of three Mr. LINN testified, from the result of experience on members. the Western frontier, to the merits of this rifie, of which

THE DISTRIBUTION QUESTION. he spoke in high terms.

Mr. BLACK moved to lay the bill on the table; which The Senate, proceeded to the consideration of the motion prevailed, and the bill was laid on the table ac fortification bill; and the question being on the amend. cordingly.

ment reported by the Committee on Finance, viz: to COLONEL ARBUCKLE.

strike out the second section of the bill, which contains

the provision for the distribution among the States of The bill for the relief of Colonel Matthew Arbuckle, any surplus which may remain in the Treasury on the 1st of the United States army, having reference to certain of January, 1838land claims in Louisiana, was considered as in Committee dir. CALIOUN regretted that the commitce had of the whole, and explanations of it, involving various nol made a written report on so important a recommendlegal considerations, were given by Mr. SEVIER in its ation. favor, and by Messrs. PRESTON, BLACK, BUCHAN Mr. WRIGHT explained that the second section of the AN, and FULTON, in opposition.

bill being neither more nor less than the bill formerly On motion of Mr. BUCHANAN, the bill was amend introduced by the Senator from South Carolina bimself, ed by requiring Colonel Arbuckle to pay $1 25 per acre the case was fully understood by all the Senate, and needto the United States for the lands in question, on his ac ed no consumplion of time to explain it. As to a written ceptance of the bill: Ayes 16, noes 11.

report, there had been no time to prepare one, even bad A motion to lay the bill on the table was negatived, by the committee deemed it necessary. yeas 16, nays 17. And having been further amended, it Mr. CALHOUN reminded the Senate of the triumph. was lost, on the question of its engro:sment, by yea: 16, ant majority by which the deposite bill had been adopt

ed at the last session; and as ibere bad occurred notbing

nays 16.

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