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OFFICE, 43 WELLINGTON STREET, STRAND, W.C.

1871.

AG 305 Ny 119908 vitz 1971

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VA

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LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 7, 1871.

bably meant the conflict with the various forms

of religious error or heresy in the Church. Arch-
CONTENTS.-No 158.

image then tries his wiles, and separates the
NOTES:- Allegory in " the Faerie Queen.” 1.-- Letters of knight from Una; but his doing so by making
Nell Gwynne and Kitty Clive, 2 - Mons Vultur, 3 - Lon-
don Coffee Houses, 5 - · Legal Common-Places, temp.

him suspect her purity seems rather to break the
James I., I0.- Charbon de Terre:

a Liege Legend. 7 allegory. However, he abandons her, and then
Dr. Arbuthnot, 8 - An Inedited Elegy by Oliver Gold.

falls in with Duessa in company with a “faithless
smith – Discrepancies in Dates - The late Sir Samuel
O'Malles, Bart. - Shropshire Sayings - Eirov Baochurń -

Sarazin" named Sansfoy, that is, Paganism, whom
Average of Human Life - French War Songs – Mont he slays; and he is then deceived by Duessa, who
Cenis Tubnel, 9.

conducts him to the House of Pride, that is, the
QUERIES: -Allusion wanted : Henry Vaughan Ameri. Roman Empire, which now becomes Christian.
Raph Audley of Sandbach - Bible Illustrations - John Here he encounters and slays a brother of Sansfoy,
Bovey - Cathedral Bells – - Cobblers' Lambs in Italy - named Sansjoy, by which is perhaps meant the
Cookes: Cookesey: Cooke - Cornish spoken in Devon-
shire - The Dragon ---Eastern Story - Sir Charles

Eger joyless condition of the Empire when separated
ton, Knight - Equivalent Foreign Titles — " Le Farceur from the True Church. On his discovering the
du Jour et de la Nuit" - Letter of Galileo - Heraldic real nature of the House of Pride, be seizes the
of Mortimer – Pools, or Mouths of Streams – Privately- earliest opportunity of flight, and abandons it.
printed Books - The Print of “Guido's Aurora” - The

Una meanwhile wanders alone in search of the
Pronunciation of Greek and Latin, &c., 11.

champion who had deserted her. She meets with
REPLIES: — The Block Books, 13 - Parodies, 15 - The
* Blue-Laws”
of Connecticut, 16 – St. Augustin's Ser.

a lion, who becomes her protector. This lion
mons, 17 - A Winter Saying - Robur Caroli - Pear Tree forces an entrance for her into the house of Cor-
– Right to quarter Arms — Baron Nicholson - Epigram
on the Walcheren Expedition - Robert de Comyn, Earl

ceca and Abessa, and kills Kirkrapine, the para-
of Northumberland -- Cucumber - Lothing Land – “Cer- mour of the latter ; but is himself slain soon after,
tosino" - Ancient Scottish Deed - Royal Topography -
Paulet of Amport There was a little. Man "pateThin who had overcome Archimage, who

had rejoined

defending Una against a Paynim named Sansloy,
- The Rochester Hospital - Babies' Bells - Ecstaties - her under the form of the Red-cross Knight. From
Samplers - The Boy-Bishop

of the Propaganda for Christo him she is delivered by a band of fawns and
mas - Dur or Dour - The Paris Catacombs, &c., 18.
Notes on Books, &c.

satyrs whom her shrieks brought to her aid.

They lead her to their abode in the woods and
2otes.

mountains, where she lives among them and in-

structs them in morals and religion. By the aid
ALLEGORY IN "THE FAERIE QUEEN.”

of a knight named Sir Satyrane she leaves them,
Spenser styles his poem “a continued allegory and sets out again in quest of the Red-cross
or dark conceit"; but he does not by that meau Knight.
to say that it forms one continued allegory in the In this part of the allegory the lion seems to
sense in which we now understand the term. In signify the counts of Toulonse, who protected the
fact there is but one allegory in it-namely, the True Church against that of Rome, and gained its
first book, “ The Legend of Holiness”; and in all members admission into the religious houses
the rest of the poem the characters are mere against the will of their inmates, and punished
impersonations of moral or physical qualities, or those who made spoil of sacred things. By the
of real persons, without any specially connected Paynim Sansloy may be meant the papal adherents
series of events. I will here briefly state my con- under De Montfort and others, who overcame the
ception of what I regard as the only allegory of counts of Toulouse, and from whom Una is saved
the poem. This, then, I take to be the history by the satyrs, that is, the Waldenses, whose
of the Church from its commencement till the abode was in the woods and valleys of Switzer-
poet's own time. In Una I see, not Truth simply, land. Sir Satyrane, who is connected with them,
but the True Church ; in Duessa, not mere False- I take to represent the Iluguenots of France, who
bood, but the False Church-that of Rome. The derived their creed and their name from the
father and mother of Una, the king and queen reformer of Switzerland; and it is very remark-
of Eden, I take to be God the Father and the able that he and Sansloy are left fighting-just
ancient Adamic or patriarchal Church. In the as the Huguenots and the Papists were at the
Dragon I discern the great enemy of man, Satan. time—and are not mentioned any more in this
Ia the Red-cross Knight the Christian people, book.
represented by St. George, the patron saint of The Red-cross Knight meantime is overtaken
Eagland, the great champion of the true faith; and again seduced by Duessa, and he drinks of a
and finally, in Archimage, Satan in his character fountain, the water of which quite enervates him,
of the tempter and seducer.

and he is then seized and thrown into a loath-
The adventures of the knight begin with his some dungeon by a huge giant, who makes
entering the grove of Error, and his encounter- Duessa his leman, dresses her magnificently, and
ing and slaying that monster. By this is pro- mounts her on a strange beast with seven heads.

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