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10. j is the same as ch with a throat murmur

added.

Pronounce joy, injure, judge. 50. Linguals. 1. I is a soft liquid murmur made by press

ing the tip of the tongue against the

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hard palate and letting the sound escape at the two sides of the tongue. Pronounce life, lily, lull.

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2. r is made by pressing the edges of the

tongue against the upper double teeth
on either side and holding the tip of
the tongue close to the hard palate, let-
ting the sound out over it.
Pronounce rend, terror, rear.

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51. Palatals. 1. k is a soft explosive sound made by press

ing the back of the tongue against the
soft palate and suddenly blowing them
apart.
Pronounce key, flicker, kick.

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2. g (hard) is the same as k with a throat murmur

added.
Pronounce gun, ragged, gag.

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3. y is made by curving the center of the tongue

up against the hard palate and letting the sound out over the tongue. Pro

nounce you, young, beyond. 4. q is a combination of k and w. It is made

by sounding a k, with the lips in the position for a w.

Pronounce quick, queer, bequeath. 5. x is a combination of k and s. It is made

by sounding a k and shifting quickly to the s position, so that the two sounds almost blend.

Pronounce extra, inexact, convex. 52. Nasals. 1. m see m under Labials. 2. n is a soft singing sound made by closing

the mouth cavity with the sides and tip
of the tongue, and turning the sound
into the nasal cavity.
Pronounce near, unknown, noon.

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Thiale

3. ng is made by closing the mouth cavity with

the back of the tongue and the soft palate, and turning the sound into the nasal cavity. This is really a second sound of n and not a g sound.

Pronounce flung, singing, rang. THE SPELLING OF CONSONANT SOUNDS 53. Here are some of the common forms which the consonant sounds take. Pronounce: wh

whistle. W

we, square, choir, one. f

fix, stiff, physics, tough, calf, soften,

sapphire, diphtheria.

vast, helve, halve, of, nephew. р

pet, steppe, happy, hiccough.
b

bet, plebe, ebb, cupboard.
met, summer, phlegm, psalm, jamb, hymn,

programme, drachm.
t

tip, bitter, pressed, thyme, two, debt, indict,

receipt, yacht, waste.
d

deal, add, loved, horde, should.
see, bless, pulse, waltz, dance, cease, scene,

coalesce, schism, sword, listen, isthmus,

psalm, distress.
zeal, dizzy, frieze, his, scissors, cleanse,

discern, czar, business, venison, beaux.
th (soft) thin, eighth, breath.
th (hard) this, breathe, soothe.
sh

sheet, sugar, chaise, assure, official, vitiate,

fashion, Asia, social, ocean, conscience, motion, fuchsia, pshaw.

m

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