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f free persons, including those bound to service for a nd excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other ual enumeration shall be made within three years after of the Congress of the United States, and within term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by e number of representatives shall not exceed one for sand, but each state shall have at least one representasuch enumeration shall be made, the state of New

be entitled to choose three; Massachusetts eight; Providence Plantations one; Connecticut five ; New Jersey four; Pennsylvania eight; Delaware one; rginia ten ; North Carolina five; South Carolina five;

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ncies happen in the representation from any state, the ty thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such f representatives shall choose their speaker and other have the sole power of impeachment.

senate of the United States shall be composed of each state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six enator shall have one vote. after they shall be assembled in consequence of the

shall be divided, as equally as may be, into three s of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the second year, of the second class at the expiration , and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth hird may be chosen every second year; and if vacan. signation or otherwise, during the recess of the legis

the executive thereof may make temporary appointnext meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill hall be a senator who shall not have attained to the 3, and been nine years a citizen of the United States, t, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for shosen. sident of the United States shall be president of the ive no vote, unless they be equally divided. bali choose their other officers, and also a president absence of the vice president, or when he shall exer. resident of the United States. shall have the sole power to try all impeachments that purpose they shall be on oath or afirmatioæ

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When the president of the United States is tried, the chief justice sh preside; and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence two thirds of the members present.

7. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further th to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any offi of honor, trust or profit under the United States; but the party conyict shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgme and punishment according to law.

SEC. 4. 1. The times, places, and manner of holding elections f senators and representatives, shall be prescribed in each state by t legislature thereof; but the congress may at any time, by law, make alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing senators.

2. The congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and su meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall law appoint a different day.

Sec. 5. 1. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, return and qualifications of its own members; and a majority of each sha constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjou from day, to day and may be authorised to compel the attendance absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as ea house may provide.

2. Each house may determine the rule of its proceedings; punish i members for disorderly behaviour, and with the concurrence of tw thirds, expel a member. ;

3. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from tin to time publish the same, excepting such parts ss may in their jud ment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the members of eith house, on any question, shall, at the desire of one fifth of those preser be entered on the journal.

4. Neither house during the session of congress, shall without t! consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any oth place than that in which the two houses shall be sittings

Sec. 6. 1. The senators and representatives shall receive a compe: sation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of tł treasury of the United States. They shall, in all cases, except treaso felony and breach of the peace be privile ged from arrest durir their attendance at the session of their respective houses and in goin to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in eithe house, they shall not be questioned in any other place.

2. No senator or representative shall, during the time for which ł was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of th United States, which shall have been created, or the emoluments where

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have been increased, during such time; and no person holding fice under the United States shall be a member of either house

his continuance in office. - 7. 1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house resentatives ; but the senate may propose or concur with amendas on other bills. very bill which shall have passed the house of representatives and nate, shall, before it'become a law, be presented to the president United States ; but if he approve, he shall sign it; if not, he shall it with his objections, to that house in which it shall have origin. ho shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed onsider it. If, after such reconsideration, two thirds of that hall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent together with the objec

the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and oved by two thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But in h cases, the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas ys, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill

entered on the journal of each house respectively. If any bill t be returned by the president within ten days (Sundays excepted

shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law in mner as if he had signed it, unless the congress by their adjourn: event its return, in which case it shall not be a law. ery order, resolution, or vote, to which the concurrence of the and house of representatives may be necessary, (except on a

of adjournment) shall be presented to the president of the States; and before the same shall take effect, shall be approved or being disapprovod by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of te and house

of representatives according to the rules and limit. rescribed in the caseof a bill. 8. The congress shall have power lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises ; to pay the d provide for the common defence and general welfare of the States; but all duties, imposts, and excises, shall be uniform ut the United States : borrow money on the credit of the United States : regulate commerce with foreign nations, and arnong the several nd with the Indian tribes : establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws bject of bankruptcy throughout the United States : coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin he standard of weights and measures :

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6. To provide for the punishment of countefeiting the securitie current coin of the United States :

7. To estahlish post-offices and post-roads:

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securis limited times, to authors and inventors the exclusive right to the spective writings and discoveries:

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court : To and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and ces against the law of nations :

10. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and rules concerning captures on land and water :

11. To raise and support armies : but no appropriation of mon that use shall be for a longer term than two years;

12. To provide and maintain a navy :

13. To make rules for the government and regulation of the lan naval forces :

14. To provide for calling forth the militia, to execute the the of the union, suppress insurrections and repel invasions :

15. To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the m and for governing such part as may be employed in the service United States, reserving to the states respectively the appointm the officers, and the authority of training the militia according discipline prescribed by congress :

16. To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, such distriet (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cessi particularstates, and the acceptance of congress, becoine the seat of th ernment of the United States, and to exercise like authority ov places purchased, by the consent of the legislature of the state in z the ssme shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, yards, and other needful buildings and,

17. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for cing into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers veste this constitution in the government of the United States, or in departinent or officer thereof.

SEC. 9. 1. The migration or importation of such persons as a the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be po lied by the congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation ne ceeding ten dollars for each person.

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspe unless when, in cases of rebellion or invasion, the public safety require it.

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!I of attainder, or ex post facto law, shall be passed!
ipitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in propor."
census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken:
x or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any state. No
shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to
one siate over those of another: nor shall vessels bound to

state, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another.
oney shall be drawn froin the treasury, but in consequence
ations made by law: and a regular statement and account of
s and expenditures of all public money shall be published
o time.
tle of nobility shall be granted by the United States, and no
Jing any office of profit or trust under them, shall without

of the congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, any kind whatever from any king, prince or foreign state.

1. No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confedeat letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; emit bills of ke any thing but gold and silver coin a tender in payment pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law in pairing On of contracts; or grant any title of nobility. zate shall, without the consent of the congress, lay any im. ies on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely r executing its inspection laws; and the nett produce of all mposts laid by any state on imports and exports, shall be = of the treasury of the United States, and all such laws pject to the revision and control of the congress.

No state sit the consent of congress, lay any duty of tonnage, keep hips of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement with another state, or with a foreign power, or engage in

actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not lay.

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ARTICLE SECOND. · The executive power shall be vested in a president of the is of America. He shall hold his office during the term ol and, together with the vice president, chosen for the saine ited as follows: tate shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof a number of electors equal to the whole number of senators itatives to which the state may be entitled in the congress ; or or representative, or person holding any office of trust or the United States, shall be appointed an elector.

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