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From October, 1843, to May, 1844, increase in proportion. During the the aggregate prices were remarkably last year, that is from May, 1844, to steady. From that time to September, March, 1815, the advance in these goods they began to rise and the imports to has been as follows: Aggregate prices, May 1844,
282.86. March, 1845, :
Increase 10 per cent.,
The aggregate price of the same arti- $16,94 cts. per ton. The New York cles in 1836,was 357,913, or 10 per cent. price is consequently $19,00 more than higher than now. Some of these articles the foreign price. A large import may are quite as high as then, while others therefore be expected. An advance has fall far below those rates, as for instance, taken place on all articles during the iron, pig, and bar. Pig iron in parti- last six weeks, a result of the small cular is but $36,00 against $52,50, not- imports of the present year. We have withstanding that it has advanced $11,00 no official returns of the actual amount per ton, since October, 1843, when the of imports ; but the following statement present duty of $9 came into operation. of the amount of customs received at The iron has consequently risen $2 per New York and Boston for the first two ton more than the duty. This iron months of the year, affords a close apwhich sells in New York at $36, sold in proximation to the decline. England at the latest date at £3,10s. or
CUSTOMS DUTIES-NEW YORK AND BOSTON.
This evinces a decline of 25 per cent., liave the effect of forcing up prices to a or equivalent to $3,321,000 of dutiable paying point. It is observable, however, goods at these two points alone, equal that while this is the case with taxed to the rate of near $20,000,000 for the goods, the reverse is apparent when we union for the year. The goods imported turn to the prices of produce. The follast year having sustained a loss, a lowing is a table of produce. diminished quantity this year seems to
PRICES OF PRODUCE IN THE NEW YORK MARKET.
Ashes, Cotton, Dry Flour, Rye. Tar. Beef,
Rice. Tobacco, Wool, Total. cwt. Ky. merino.
1e43. Oct. 1814. Feb. April, Mlay, June, Sep. Oet. Nov. Dec., 1845. Jan. Feb., March, 1836. Oct.
32.57 32.50 31.821 30.51 31.171 30.981 31.813 31.353
2.874 0.02 0.40
3.75 0.05% 2.44
0 061 2.63
1.69 1.69 1.50
4.62 0.66 4.88 0.65 4.82 0.66
6.50 6.75 7.00
32.24 33.245 33.31
9.374 9.87 10.25
2.75 0.024 0.37
7.95 0.12% 3.25
The aggregate prices of these articles, 1844,since when they have gradually imit would appear, underwent a decline of proved, until they have nearly regained 10 per cent. from October, 1847, to June, the level at which they stood, October, 1843, and about 50 per cent of the prices 1836, the aggregate prices of these artithey commanded in the same month of cles will compare as follows:
1845 Produce, Oet. Feb. April. May. June. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. March.
66,444 33,504 32,574 32,50 31,887 30,51 31,17$ 30,984 31,814 31,3532,244 33,24 33,314 Goods, 357,914 282,874 281,934 281,18 292,864, 290,42 285,124 283,58 278,28) 279,291 288,89 296,76 312,02
The advance which is perceptible in depressed. As an instance of the benethe taxed goods has by no means taken fits derived by corporate factories from place in produce, and while large profits the existing state of things, we may have been reaped by the manufacturers, quote the following dividends of the jobbers have sustained losses and the Lowell factories, from official sources. farming interests have been greatly
$ 10,500,000 4.1-10 4.2-10 6.0 12.2 The amount of dividends for 1840 The revenues of the federal governwas $120,105, and in 1844 it had risen ment during the past year, were indeed to $1,262,100, an advance in profits large, but the amount of trade from evinced by no other occupation in the which they were extracted, was small country, and presenting a strong con- and a losing one ; so much so, that, as trast to the condition of the agricultu- above stated, the imports have again so rists generally. These facts have pre- far declined, as to affect the federal sented themselves in so significant a revenues and afford every indication manner during the past year, as to ex- that there will this year again be a deficite a considerable degree of attention cit in the means of the government. among that portion of our fellow citizens The estimated receipts and expenditures who have clung to the delusion of a for the year ending June 30, 1845, were “ home market.” They begin to con- as follows :sid seriously whether there may not be some mistake in the theory. In 1840, Lowell factory stock yielded as good
$31,945,018 dividends as test the farms in the coun- Lands, &c.
2,239,856 try. The tariff has increased those dividends 200 per cent, and has poured
Total Receipts, 34,184,874 into the pockets of the stockholders in
Expenditure, 35,019,431 hard cash $840,000 more than they
$ before received. If ever a “home mar
834,557 ket" is to exert its influence for the benefit of the farmer, it should be under The receipts thus far in the Treasury such circumstances; but the fact stands have been only $19,573,000 from cusout in bold relief, that low as were the toms, and to make good the estimates prices of farm produce then, they are $12,372,000 must be received between lower now, with no other hope of an November and July, exceeding the readvance, than that arising from the con- ceipts of last year by over $2,000,000 : tingency of a foreign demand.
whereas they are now running about 25 per cent. below last year. The re- case is already beginning to exert an sult will be a deficit up to July of at influence upon the markets, and in the least $4,500,000 from diminished cus- fall will probably exercise a restrictive toms, showing incontestably that the influence upon imports. weight of the present duties is too heavy In order to observe the effect which for a healthy state of trade. The deficit the present duties have had upon those in the revenue will in all probability articles of import which are most necesabsorb the whole surplus $7,857,379 sary to the consumers, we annex a which existed July, 1844, before Con- table showing the value imported for gress again meets, when a modification three years, and the amount of duty of the tariff will become imperative for collected on each for the two years purposes of revenue. This view of the Under the present tariff.
IMPORTS AND DUTIES INTO THE UNITED STATES FOR 1842, NINE MONTHS OF 1843
AND THE YEAR ENDING JULY 1, 1844.
Value. Duties. Leather goods......
43,644 15,134 77,487 23,216 boots and shoes. 47,178 16,557 5,871 25,534 8,363 Hats, Leghorn, &c.. 574,876 270,620 94,717 713,483 249,719 Molasses
1,942,575 1,134,620 582,914 2,833,753 1,122,429 Sugar, brown.. 5,434,750 2,426,041 1,738,358 6,793,540 4,396,437 Raisins, Muscatel... 797,961 276,164
212,490 318,142 254,773 Pepper
92,977 56,664 73,686 59,037 83,669 Nutmegs
66,715 14,688 8,601 97,532 19,942 Ginger, ground
46,144 43,513 22,123 56,027 29,251 Cassia
16,748 43,791 27,470 85,432 56,882 Pimento
39,416 47,441 52,720 46,765 43,499 Camphor, crude.. 15,320 22,531 2,804 97,496 12,227 Indigo..
731,350 432,035 21,002 1,145,067 69,585 Bleaching Powder, ..
59,205 14,337 111,092 26,748 Whiting.
456 Cordage, tarred.... 66,548 26,570 19,050 68,349 56,226
untarred 19,491 5,798 10,103 5,273 6,843 Hemp.
267,819 228,882 72,538 262,365 101,504 Pins, solid headed...
2,720 1,628 20,014 11,455 “ pound.....
670 22,921 11,474 Salt....
841,572 710,489 436,366 911,512 659,451 Coal
380,635 116,312 72,035 236,963 152,377 Bar Iron, rolled..... 2,053,453 511,282 393,496 1,065,682 947,280
hammered. 1,041,410 327,550 106,318 583,065 200,983 Iron, cables and parts 92,134 24,196 19,383 28,775 23,137 Other manufactures. 2,919,498 270,851 141,530 484,653 297,045
These are articles of prime necessity, cost forms an important part of the and the amount imported under the first price paid by the consumers, and when imposition of the tariff was cut down their means are limited, through the one half. In 1844 the prices conse- low price of what they sell, the quantity quent upon the short supply of 1843 they purchase must necessarily be rose so as to admit of the tariff, and more limited than if those duties were the value imported was nearly recover- not so high, as they can get less for ed, yielding a revenue of $9,005,166 or their money. Tne imports of free artione-third of the amount of the duties cles in the same time have been as collected for the year. This large follows: amount of duties added to the foreign
IMPORTS OF FREE GOODS INTO THE UNITED STATES.
1844. Quantity. Value. Quantity. Value. Quantity Value. Dye-woods..
428,049 Copper, pigs
688,610 Tea........ 15,692,094 4,527,108 13,866,137 3,849,228 15,353,524 4,075,195 Coffee.. .112,764,635 8,931,177 92,295,660 6,346,787 158,332,111 9,594,877 Specie....
5,810,428 Other articles... 11,474,475 2,218,433
3,680,741 Total ..... 30,627,686 35,574,584
In 1842 a number of articles were responding period of 1842. In those ad nitted free which in 1843 were char- nine months there was nearly as much ged with duties.
The imports of 1843 tea imported as for the whole year 1842, being for nine months only, the ratio of showing the reverse of the operation of free goods was larger than for the cor- dutiable goods.
NOTICES OF NEW BOOKS.
A Chaunt of Life, and other Poems, with of the days long past, when verse needed
Sketches and Essays. By Rev. RALPH no trick or affectation or gloss of novelty,
heart. Words, words, words have well
nigh spoilt our literature. Mr. Hoyt, to A little volume, but a very creditable his honor, is brief. He can do well, and one to the printers, who, we understand, what seems sometimes as difficult-he have taken up the publication, solely on
can let well alone. There is a vile species their own account, and for the author's of diluted blank verse for the most part apbenefit. One association of this kind, propriated to matters of description with some good will and good faith in it, small beer with the spigot out, which between a printer and an American au- should be every reader's aversion who has thor, is worth the reputation of a hundred ever looked into Shakspeare, or seen a reprints of foreign books snatched from classic author. If there is one general the importer's counter-an honor to the characteristic which runs through good humblest participants in the good work of literature, it is this a great respect for bringing together the materials for the fu. Time by a corresponding conciseness and ture American literature.
brevity. The art to put in three words The present volume of thirty-two pages what a common writer puts in a hundred contains at least two poems, very happily constitutes a great part of the difference hit off, and of enduring merit for the Ame- between an author and a brainless hack. rican Anthology. If the same propor- Mr. Hoyt's poetry shows an appreciation tions of good poetry were carried out of this truth-in many a trace of the light, through the multifarious volumes so label- quick, vanishing, fairy-footed step of led by the trade, there would be no com
the Muse. There is something to us very plaint of the “honey from Mount Hybla.” felicitous in this description of a snow We have seen many quartos, not taken storm. either from the lowest rank of dulness, with far less that is acceptable in them.
“E'en the old posts, that hold the bars
And the old gate, The two poems to which we allude, are
Forgetful of their wintry wars entitled “Snow," and the “ World for
And age sedate, Sale.” In the former there is a natural- High capped, and plumed, like white husars, ness and simplicity of description which
Stand there in state. has some touches in common with Burns.
The drifts are hanging by the sill, There is something of the good old music The eaves, the door;
But where's the well!
The WINTER MORN.''
The hay-stack has become a hill;
which Kent saw in the countenance of All covered o'erThe wagon, loaded for the mill
Lear, and called “Authority !"-someThe eve before.
thing that prompts allegiance. We were
led by a newspaper announcement two Maria brings the water-pail,
Sundays since to hear Mr. Hoyt preach
before the French congregation (the evenLike magic of a fairy tale, Most strange to tell,
ing service is in English) in the brick All vanished, --curb, and crunk and rail ;- building, in the rear of Dr. Spring's How deep it fell !
Church. The sermon was direct and full
of feeling, with that use of poetic lanThe rest is as good, and there is a delight- guage which sounds as it were a musical ful interior of an American country farm- requiem over the nothingness of life. house. The close we have heard noticed,
We have been thus personal, because in the reading of the poem, as very happy we think very little can be communicated
- bringing up the whole with a sharp in generalities ; because these personalifrosty word partaking of the atmosphere ties to us are everything, and we believe of the whole piece
the reader cannot be so easily interested
in any other way. We desire that the “ So cheerful-tranquil-snowy-fair,
reader shall enter upon the perosal of the
original poem “ New” in another column, The “ World for Sale” has great energy with the best disposition to enjoy —and a strong dash in it of wayward so we have told him what we could of melancholy, which is usually bought dear, the author. -paid for to the Shylocks out of the rud dy currency of the heart.
Mary Schweidler, the Amber Witch, the Who bids ?-who'll buy the Splendid Tear!
most interesting trial for Witchcraft
ever known, printed from an imperfect Wealth, Love, and Friendship are sold Manuscript by her father, Abraham at their price — 'tis an honest auc
Schweidler, the pastor of Coserow, in tioneer, as it needs ought to be, for the
the Island of Usedom. Edited by W. pulpit is his box, his purchasers are the MEINHOLD, Doctor of Theology, and congregation, and his hammer“ the sword
Pastor, etc., translated from the Gerof the spirit which is the word of God!"
man by Lady Duff Gordon.
New Wealth and the broad estate dwindle to
York: Wiley & Putnam. a burial place; love to a plumeless 192. dying bird; friendship, a broken staff. There was but a faint whisper at that last This forms the second volume of Wiley sale. The auctioneer of all earth's trea- and Putnam's Library of Choice Reading, sures catches a breath of enthusiasm, of which Eöthen was the first. It is one and sounds the trumpet of Fame.
of the very few works of fiction of late
years which bears about it the unmisFAME! hold the brilliant meteor high ;
takable marks of classicality. It was a How dazzling every gilded name? Ye millions, now's the time to buy!
memorable work in the original, and has How much for Fame! How much for Fame! been already adopted by acclamation in Hear how it thunders !-would you stand
the English library, where we may supOn high Olympus, far renowned,
pose the Vicar of Wakefield shaking Now purchase, and a world command ! And be with a world's curses crowned.
hands with its good, simple-hearted pas
tor, and De Foe nodding approval to the All are sold, but three treasures remain excessive probabilities, the vraisemblance « more sure than life or breath,” his of the style. The critics of Dr. Meinhold Faith, his Bible and his God.
were fairly taken in by his Art stepping The Chaunt of Life, of which the first so exactly in the footprints of Nature. canto only is given, appears a record of The little plot and counter plot of the personal history, and will be valued by story become of excessive interest, and those who can listen to the simple-minded will be very likely to cheat midnight of talk of a man who has been a pilgrim on several of its hours of slumber ; but the the earth, finding much sad but nothing anxiety we feel is excited by the characbarren.
ter evolved in the leading personages quite The Rev. Ralph Hoyt is a man in mid- as much as by the incidents. We have dle age, a Clergyman of the Protestant a relish of the latter after the story is Episcopal Church, and a portion of his 6 ravelled out," and can read the book face, chiefly about the eye, reminds us again and again. There is just that very much of Dr. Hawks. There is that mixture of folly and infirmity which nothin the countenance of each to which a ing but the courage of genius would man may attach himself-the something think of attributing to a hero and heroine,