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ECLECTIC FOURTH READER:
ELEGANT EXTRACTS IN PROSE AND POETRY,
RULES FOR READING,
EXERCISES IN ARTICULATION, DEFINING, ETC.
Rebised and Emproved.
Br WM. H. M° GUFFEY, LL. D.
REVISED STEREOTYPE EDITION.
CLARK, AUSTIN & SMITH.
CINCINNATI: W. B. SMITH & CO.
PUBLIC LIBRARUPERIOR SCHOOL BOOKS
EMBRACED IN THE
Eclectic Educational Series.
CHEAPEST SCHOOL BOOKS EVER PUBLISHED.
READING AND SPELLING.
McGUFFEY'S ECLECTIC PICTORIAL PRIMER, for little children,
MCGUFFEY'S ECLECTIC FIRST READER; lessons in reading and spelling for the younger pupils.
McGUFFEY'S ECLECTIC SECOND READER; lessons in reading and spelling for young pupils.
McGUFFEY'S ECLECTIC THIRD READER, for middle classes; chaste and instructive lessons in prose and poetry.
MCGUFFEY'S ECLECTIC FOURTH READER, for more advanced classes; elegant extracts in prose and poetry.
McGUFFEY'S ECLECTIC FIFTH READER, (Rhetorical Guide); a rhetorical reading book for the highest classes.
THE HEMANS' READER, for Female Seminaries. Elegant extracts in poetry and prose.
NEW ENGLISH GRAMMAR.
PINNEO'S PRIMARY GRAMMAR, on the analytic method; a complete work for beginners in the study.
PINNEO'S ANALYTICAL GRAMMAR; a full and complete treatise, for academies and schools.
RAY'S ARITHMETIC, PART FIRST; simple mental lessons and
RAY'S ARITHMETIC, PART SECOND; a complete text-book in
RAY'S ARITHMETIC, PART THIRD; for schools and academies ;
RAY'S ALGEBRA, PART FIRST; for common schools and academies;
Each PART of the Arithmetical course, as well as the Algebraic, is a complete
book in itself, and is sold separately.
Entered according to act of Congress, in the year Eighteen Hundred and Fifty-Three, by WINTHROP B SMITH, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the District of Ohio.
THIS volume treads in the steps of its predecessors, as far as princi ple is concerned. The chief difference between this and the "Third Eclectic Reader" is, that the rules are more specific; the exemplifications more numerous; the list of errors in pronunciation and articulation more extended; and the questions more copious, embrac ing a wider range, and requiring a more vigorous exercise of thought The mind of the pupil is presumed to have expanded, as he advanced through the preceding numbers of the "Series." In this book, therefore, he is to expect that higher claims will be made upon his powers of thought, both in the character of the lessons, and in the questions appended to them.
The lessons are of a higher grade than in the preceding volumes. The author, however, ventures to predict, that if any of them shall be found unintelligible to the younger classes of readers, it will not be those of the highest character for thought and diction, and especially in the selections from poetry. Nothing is so difficult to be understood as nonsense. Nothing is so clear and easy to comprehend as the simplicity of wisdom.
By the questions, all the pupil knows, and, sometimes more, will be put in requisition. This will not be unpleasant to those whose minds are sufficiently active and vigorous, to take delight in new efforts, and fresh acquisitions. It may even happen that some of the questions can not be answered by the instructor. Still, there is nothing which an intelligent teacher of a "common school" might not be expected to learn, or easily acquire. Nothing is so well taught as what has been recently learned. It is, however, the wish of the author, to incite the teacher to the adoption of the interrogative method orally, rather than confine him to the printed questions.
From no source has the author drawn more copiously than from the Sacred Scriptures. For this certainly he apprehends no censure. a Christian country, that man is to be pitied, who, at this day, can honestly object to imbuing the minds of youth with the language and spirit of the word of God. Among the selections from the Bible are some elegant specimens of sacred poetry, as arranged by Bishop Jebb and Dr. Coit.
To the present remodeled and enlarged edition, are added an introductory article on reading; definitions of the more difficult words in each lesson, in which the proper pronunciation is indicated and the art of speech denoted by the usual abbreviations; a notation, to a Considerable extent, of the proper inflection and emphasis, together with questions, and explanations of the same; and grammatical quesions. To the latter the attention of the teacher is especially invited, as they form a very important and valuable feature of the work. No teacher is aware, until he tries it, how far the study of grammar and that of reading may be united, with decided advantage to both.
The exercises on Articulation placed between the lessons, are also, in this edition, very much enlarged and considerably varied. With regard to the general plan of this series, as it has met so universally the approbation of intelligent critics, it needs here no explanation or defense.