Imagens das páginas

Tumult at Vincennes. Insurrection in Britanny. The King limited to the Nominaa

tion of Six Ministers. Apprehensions of Hostile Intentions to France from the Em-

peror and the other Absolute Sovereigns in Europe. The Assembly demands an Er-

planation of his Conduct, and orders Preparations to face its Enemies. Zeal of the

Revolutionists for the Public Service. Consequences of the Decree for the Civic Oath.

Ecclesiastical Affairs. M. Mirabeau President of the Assembly. His Address to

the Deputation from the Quakers. Right of Primogeniture abolished. Sequestration.

Dissatisfaction of the Pope at the New Arrangement of Church Affairs in France.

Death of Mirabeau. Progress of the Assignats. Confidence of the Assembly in their

Strength and Resources. Suspicions of the King's Designs. His Complaint of ill

Treatment, and Declaration to the Public. Conduct of M. la Fayette to the Na-

tional Guards. Menaces of the German Princes. Altercations with the Pope. En-

mity of the Spanish Court to the Revolutionists. Suppression of the Duties on Pro-

visions brought into Paris. Progress of the Assignats. Scarcity of Cash. Appre-

hensions from the Emigrants and Foreign Powers. Message of the Assembly to the

Prince of Condé. Claims of the German Princes taken into Consideration, Decrees

against the Authority of the Pope. Various Decrees for the Security of the Assembly

and the Constitutional Government of the Nation. Increasing Popularity of the As-

sembly. Discontents of the People in Spain at the Government. Progress of the

Spirit of Liberty in various Countries of Europe. Forwarded by the Erertions of the

French. They become odious to Foreign Princes on that Account. Political Opin.

ions current at this Period. Hopes and Projects of the Enemies of the Revolution.

The King's Flight from Paris, and Recapture. Circumstances attending that Event.

Conduct of the Assembly on this Occasion. Declarations of the King and Queen.

Royal Manifesto. ' Assembly's Reply.



M. Bouillé's Letter to the Assembly. Commissioners sent to inspect the Frontier.

Violent Feuds in Paris. State of the Public Mind at this Juncture in France, and

in other Countries. Foreign Princes deeply interested in the King of France's Situ-

ation. Apprehensions entertained by the Emperor and other Sovereigns. Interference

of the King of Spain in Behalf of the King of France. Slighted by the Assembly

State of Parties at Paris. Progress of Republican Principles in France. Charges


the Royal Party. Conduct of the Assembly. Il Consequences of the King's

Flight to the Royal Cause, and to his Adherents. Deliberations in the Assembly

on the Constitutional Code. Decrees against the Emigrants. Insurrection of the

Republican Party quelled. Inviolability of the King's Person confirmed. Threats

of the German Princes. Rumours of a formidable Combination against France.

French Preparations for Defence. Various Orders of Knighthood abolished. Sig-

nature of former Titles prohibited. Decree for appointing a Governor to the King's

Son. Erpectations of the Popular Party from the Publication of the Constitutional

Code. Effects produced by the French Revolution in various Parts of Europe. Con-

stitutional Code completed. Endeavours to divide the Assembly into different Houses,

after the Model of the English Parliament. Unsuccessful. Respective Arguments

adduced by the Supporters of the Royal Prerogatives, and by their opponents. Ideas

entertained by the violent "Republicans, and by the Partizans of the old Government,

Character and Conduct of the Abbé Maury. "Ecclesiastical Matters. Honours paid

to the Memory and the Remains of Voltaire and Rousseau. Scarcity of Specie' and

Depreciation of Paper Money. French Princes and Emigrants. Plan for the

Deliverance of the King-Fails. Divisions in the Assembly. Various Decrees

сH AP.

CH A P. X.

Conduct of the Swiss Cantons, the King of Sweden, and of other Sovereigns towards

France. Avignon incorporated with France. Insurrection in Corsica suppressed. Suspicions entertained of the King's Brothers, and the Princes of the Blood Royal. Admonitions to the King. Constitutional Code presented to him. His Conduct on this Occasion highly satisfactory to the Public. Efforts of the Republicans to obstruct the final Settlement of the Constitutionineffectual. King's Letter to the Assembly. His Acceptance of the Constitution. Joy erpressed by the French at this Event Constitution solemnly proclaimed. Protest aguinst it by many Members of the Assembly. Spirited Opposition of M. Malonne. Violent Debates on the Administration of the Finances. **Dissolution of the Assembly.


C H A P. XI.

The Minister announces the prosperous State of the Finances of Great Britain. This

Statement followed immediately by a Declaration of the Necessity of preparing for War with Spain. Reflections on the annual Million for liquidating the National Debt. The Spaniards seize English Trading Vessels on the North West Coast of America. Circumstances that induced and encouraged them to tuke that bold step. Prepurations for War on the Part of both Spain and Great Britain. Arguments for the Universal Liberty of that Commerce, and Freedom of the Ocean; and for a Right of appropriating unoccupied Land, by Occupancy and Labour. Opposite Sentiments concerning Colonization at the Conclusion of the American War, and in the present Period. A Vote of One Million for Military Prepurations. Tone of the British Nation at the General Election for a New Parliament, 1790.



A new Parliament. Speech from the Throne. Various Observations thereon. Motion for the Papers relating to the Affair at Nootka Sound in both Houses. Negatived Motion for an Address to his Majesty on the Spanish Convention in both Houses. Debates thereon. Motion curried. Plan for defraying the Expences of the Spanish Armament. Impeachment of Mr. Hastings not abated by a Dissolution of Parliament. Petition of Mr. Hastings, and Motions in Parliament for continuing the Session until his Trial should be brought to a Conclusion. That complied with. War in India. Motions in Parliament for the Production of Papers relative to the Attack of Tippoo Sultan on the Lines of Travancore. Agreed to. Motions for censuring the War with Tippoo. Negatived. Resolutions approving the War. Agreed to. Motion for Leave to bring a Bill into the House of Commons for the Abolition of the Slave Trade. Negatived. A Bill passed for the Relief of the Protesting Catholics. Motion for the Relief of the Scots from the Test Act. Negatived.



The Order proper to be observed in Narration. Apology for not always adhering

strictly to that of Time. Message from his Majesty relative to Russia, and the Augmentation of our Naval Force. The only l'erms on which alone the Czarina was willing to make Peace with the Turks. The Mediation of the Allies for effecting that Object, hitherto fruitless. Growing Coldness and Jealousies between the Empress


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His Majesty's Speech to both Houses of Parliament, November 26, 1790

His Majesty's Speech to both Houses of Parliament, June 10, 1791

Message from his Majesty to the House of Commons, February 25, 1791

Message from his Majesty to the House of Commons, March 28

Message from his Majesty to the House of Commons, May 18

Protest of Lord Hawke, against the

Questions to be proposed to the Judges relative to

Mr. Hastings Trial, May 16

Protest in the House of Lords, against a proposed Amendment in the Libel Bill

June 8

Speech of the Earl of Westmorland, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, to both Houses of Par-

liament, January 20, 1791


Speech of the Earl of Westmorland, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, to both Houses of Pas-

liament, May 5



from the Emperor of Germany to the King of the French

Memoir left by the French King, and presented to the National Assembly of France,

June 21, 1791


Address from the National Assembly to the French Nation


Letter from M. Simolin, the Russian Ambassador, to M. Montmorin

Letter from M. de Bouille to the National Assembly


Letter from Roederer, Deputy to the National Assembly, to M. de Bouille

Declaration of 290 Deputies, on the Decrees which suspend the Exercise of the Royal

Authority; and which infringe the Inviolability of the Sacred Person of the King,

June 29


Declaration of the King of the French, June 26

M. de Bouille's Statement of the King's Journey from Chalons to Varennes, when his

Majesty and the Royal Family left Paris to go to Montmedi

Note from the King to the National Assembly, July 9


Letter from Monsieur and the Count d'Artois to the King their Brother 183

Letter from the Princes of Bourbon, to the same

Convention between the Emperor and the King of Prussia at Pilnitz, Aug. 21, ib.

Letter from the King to the National Assembly, announcing his Resolution to uccept the

Constitution, September 13


Letter of Instructions from M. Montmorin, Minister of France for Foreign Affairs,

sent by Order of the King to all his Ministers at Foreign Courts, April 23

The King's Speech to the National Assembly, on accepting the Constitution, Sep-

tember 14


Proclamation of Louis XVI. September 28


The King's Speech to the National Assembly, the last day of their Meeting, Sept. 30 197






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The King's Speech to the New National Assembly, October 7

198 Message from the National Assembly to the King, November 29

200 The King's Speech 'to the National Assembly, December 14

201 Address from the National Assembly to the King, December 16

203 Protest of the Princes of the House of Bourbon, against the King's Acceptance of the Constitution, October 8

204 Proclamation of the Brothers of the King of France, to dispel the Suspicions which have arisen of their Intention to dethrone their Brother

207 Answer of the King's Brothers to his Majesty's Letter, November 16

208 Substance of a Partition Treaty between the Courts in concert, concluded and signed at Pavia, July 1791

ib. Secret Articles of the Treaty, signed personally at Pilnitz by the Emperor and King of Prussia, August 27

210 Manifesto of the French Nation, decreed by the National Assembly, and ordered to be delivered by the Ministers, to all the Courts in Europe, Dec. 29

211 Answers of the several Courts, to Louis XVI. on his Notification of his Acceptance of the New Constitution, September 14

213 Copy of an Order of the Court of Brussels to the Magistrates of Ostend, October 1791

216 Copy of a Circular Dispatch of the Aulic and State Chancellor Prince de Kaunitz, to

the Ambassadors and Ministers of the Emperor of Germany, at the several Foreign Courts, November 1

ib, Circular Note sent by the Emperor to the different Powers in Europe, on of the French King's Acceptance of the Constitution, November 19

217 The Emperor's Answer to Louis XVI. respecting the Warlike Assemblies of Emigrants in Germany, November 1791

218 Letter from the French Princes to the Emperor, November 15, 1791

ib. Note delivered by Baron Nolchen to the Imperial Minister, November 30

220 Note from Prince Kaunitz Rietbergh to the French Ambassador at Vienna, December 21

221 Letter from the King to the National Assembly

222 Speech of the President of the United States to both Houses of Congress, Oct. 25' 223 Letter from the Empress of Russia to the Marshal de Broglio, October 29 227 A Memorial presented by the Deputies of the Greek Islands to the Empress of Russia,

offering the Imperial Grecian Throne to her second Grandson Constantine 228 Memorial from the Emperor of Germany to all the Great powers of Europe Agreement entered into at Pilnitz between the Emperor King of Prussia August 27

on the Subject



p. 230

Life of the late celebrated Chymist, Charles Rene de Fourcroy
Treatment, Mode of Life, Habits, and Comforts of the Negro Slaves in the British
West-India Islands

233 Account of an Interview with a Prince of Morocco, and a Visit to his Harem 237 Audience of the Emperor of Morocco

241 Short History of the Constitution Unigenitus

243 Account of the Theosophists and Rosicrusians

246 The Life of Christopher Smart, the Poet

256 Practical Character of St. Evremont

267 Anecdotes respecting the Death of Mirabeau

268 Account of the Life and Writings of Dr. Thomas Blacklock



* For these two papers, vide History of Europe, p. 72, &c.

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